Mathematics

Introductory Topology

Author: Mohammed Hichem Mortad

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 292

The book offers a good introduction to topology through solved exercises. It is mainly intended for undergraduate students. Most exercises are given with detailed solutions.
Mathematics

How Surfaces Intersect in Space

Author: J Scott Carter

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 338

View: 888

This marvelous book of pictures illustrates the fundamental concepts of geometric topology in a way that is very friendly to the reader. The first chapter discusses the meaning of surface and space and gives the classification of orientable surfaces. In the second chapter we are introduced to the Möbius band and surfaces that can be constructed from this non-orientable piece of fabric. In chapter 3, we see how curves can fit in surfaces and how surfaces can fit into spaces with these curves on their boundary. Basic applications to knot theory are discussed and four-dimensional space is introduced. In Chapter 4 we learn about some 3-dimensional spaces and surfaces that sit inside them. These surfaces help us imagine the structures of the larger space. Chapter 5 is completely new! It contains recent results of Cromwell, Izumiya and Marar. One of these results is a formula relating the rank of a surface to the number of triple points. The other major result is a collection of examples of surfaces in 3-space that have one triple point and 6 branch points. These are beautiful generalizations of the Steiner Roman surface. Chapter 6 reviews the movie technique for examining surfaces in 4-dimensional space. Various movies of the Klein bottle are presented, and the Carter-Saito movie move theorem is explained. The author shows us how to turn the 2-sphere inside out by means of these movie moves and this illustration alone is well worth the price of the book! In the last chapter higher dimensional spaces are examined from an elementary point of view. This is a guide book to a wide variety of topics. It will be of value to anyone who wants to understand the subject by way of examples. Undergraduates, beginning graduate students, and non-professionals will profit from reading the book and from just looking at the pictures. Contents:Front MatterSurface and SpaceNon-orientable SurfacesCurves and KnotsOther Three Dimensional SpacesRelationshipsSurfaces in 4-DimensionsHigher Dimensional SpacesBack Matter Readership: Undergraduates, graduates and mathematicians. keywords:Moving Surfaces;Surfaces;Triple Point;Branch Points “In this excellent book the author teaches us to see a bit more than it meets our eyes. Without hurry he introduces us to the world of topological images. Step by step the reader learns the beauty of topological vision. Surfaces and their intersections, curves and knots, three-dimensional manifolds, surfaces in dimension 4 etc., all these material are presented in an informal easy way, making the exposition available to undergraduate students. As to the pictures, they are really delightful. I especially enjoyed the movies of surfaces and movie moves. On the whole the book is a successful attempt of an introduction to topology focusing on its spirit and skipping its technical side.” Vladimir Turaev Directeur de Recherche au CNRS “This book is a definite enrichment to the literature in low-dimensional topology.” Mathematics Abstracts
Mathematics

Introduction to Topology

Author: Theodore W. Gamelin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 946

This text explains nontrivial applications of metric space topology to analysis. Covers metric space, point-set topology, and algebraic topology. Includes exercises, selected answers, and 51 illustrations. 1983 edition.
Mathematics

Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition

Author: Barrett O'Neill

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 651

Written primarily for students who have completed the standard first courses in calculus and linear algebra, Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition, provides an introduction to the geometry of curves and surfaces. The Second Edition maintained the accessibility of the first, while providing an introduction to the use of computers and expanding discussion on certain topics. Further emphasis was placed on topological properties, properties of geodesics, singularities of vector fields, and the theorems of Bonnet and Hadamard. This revision of the Second Edition provides a thorough update of commands for the symbolic computation programs Mathematica or Maple, as well as additional computer exercises. As with the Second Edition, this material supplements the content but no computer skill is necessary to take full advantage of this comprehensive text. Over 36,000 copies sold worldwide Accessible, practical yet rigorous approach to a complex topic--also suitable for self-study Extensive update of appendices on Mathematica and Maple software packages Thorough streamlining of second edition's numbering system Fuller information on solutions to odd-numbered problems Additional exercises and hints guide students in using the latest computer modeling tools
Mathematics

An Introduction to Lebesgue Integration and Fourier Series

Author: Howard J. Wilcox

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 159

View: 577

This book arose out of the authors' desire to present Lebesgue integration and Fourier series on an undergraduate level, since most undergraduate texts do not cover this material or do so in a cursory way. The result is a clear, concise, well-organized introduction to such topics as the Riemann integral, measurable sets, properties of measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, convergence and the Lebesgue integral, pointwise convergence of Fourier series and other subjects. The authors not only cover these topics in a useful and thorough way, they have taken pains to motivate the student by keeping the goals of the theory always in sight, justifying each step of the development in terms of those goals. In addition, whenever possible, new concepts are related to concepts already in the student's repertoire. Finally, to enable readers to test their grasp of the material, the text is supplemented by numerous examples and exercises. Mathematics students as well as students of engineering and science will find here a superb treatment, carefully thought out and well presented , that is ideal for a one semester course. The only prerequisite is a basic knowledge of advanced calculus, including the notions of compactness, continuity, uniform convergence and Riemann integration.
Mathematics

Real Analysis

Author: Saul Stahl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 794

A provocative look at the tools and history of realanalysis This new edition of Real Analysis: A Historical Approachcontinues to serve as an interesting read for students of analysis.Combining historical coverage with a superb introductory treatment,this book helps readers easily make the transition from concrete toabstract ideas. The book begins with an exciting sampling of classic and famousproblems first posed by some of the greatest mathematicians of alltime. Archimedes, Fermat, Newton, and Euler are each summoned inturn, illuminating the utility of infinite, power, andtrigonometric series in both pure and applied mathematics. Next,Dr. Stahl develops the basic tools of advanced calculus, whichintroduce the various aspects of the completeness of the realnumber system as well as sequential continuity anddifferentiability and lead to the Intermediate and Mean ValueTheorems. The Second Edition features: A chapter on the Riemann integral, including the subject ofuniform continuity Explicit coverage of the epsilon-delta convergence A discussion of the modern preference for the viewpoint ofsequences over that of series Throughout the book, numerous applications and examplesreinforce concepts and demonstrate the validity of historicalmethods and results, while appended excerpts from originalhistorical works shed light on the concerns of influentialmathematicians in addition to the difficulties encountered in theirwork. Each chapter concludes with exercises ranging in level ofcomplexity, and partial solutions are provided at the end of thebook. Real Analysis: A Historical Approach, Second Edition isan ideal book for courses on real analysis and mathematicalanalysis at the undergraduate level. The book is also a valuableresource for secondary mathematics teachers and mathematicians.
Mathematics

Applications of Contact Geometry and Topology in Physics

Author: Arkady L Kholodenko

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 492

View: 388

Although contact geometry and topology is briefly discussed in V I Arnol'd's book “Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics ”(Springer-Verlag, 1989, 2nd edition), it still remains a domain of research in pure mathematics, e.g. see the recent monograph by H Geiges “An Introduction to Contact Topology” (Cambridge U Press, 2008). Some attempts to use contact geometry in physics were made in the monograph “Contact Geometry and Nonlinear Differential Equations” (Cambridge U Press, 2007). Unfortunately, even the excellent style of this monograph is not sufficient to attract the attention of the physics community to this type of problems. This book is the first serious attempt to change the existing status quo. In it we demonstrate that, in fact, all branches of theoretical physics can be rewritten in the language of contact geometry and topology: from mechanics, thermodynamics and electrodynamics to optics, gauge fields and gravity; from physics of liquid crystals to quantum mechanics and quantum computers, etc. The book is written in the style of famous Landau–Lifshitz (L–L) multivolume course in theoretical physics. This means that its readers are expected to have solid background in theoretical physics (at least at the level of the L–L course). No prior knowledge of specialized mathematics is required. All needed new mathematics is given in the context of discussed physical problems. As in the L–L course some problems/exercises are formulated along the way and, again as in the L–L course, these are always supplemented by either solutions or by hints (with exact references). Unlike the L–L course, though, some definitions, theorems, and remarks are also presented. This is done with the purpose of stimulating the interest of our readers in deeper study of subject matters discussed in the text. Contents:Motivation and BackgroundFrom Ideal Magnetohydrodynamics to String and Knot TheoryAll About and Around Woltjer's TheoremTopologically Massive Gauge Theories and Force-Free FieldsContact Geometry and PhysicsSub-Riemannian Geometry, Heisenberg Manifolds and Quantum Mechanics of Landau LevelsAbrikosov Lattices, TGB Phases in Liquid Crystals and Heisenberg GroupSub-Riemannian Geometry, Spin Dynamics and Quantum-Classical Optimal ControlFrom Contact Geometry to Contact TopologyClosing Remarks:The Unreasonable Effectivenessof Contact Geometry and Topology in Physical SciencesAppendices:Heisenberg Group in the Context of Sub-Riemannian Geometry and Optimal ControlSub-Riemannian Dynamics of Josephson JunctionsQuantum Computers and Quantum Random WalksThe Measurement Protocol. Geometry and Topology of Entanglements Readership: Students in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Keywords:Force-Free Fields;Contact and Sub-Riemannian Geometry;Optimal Control;Theoretical PhysicsKey Features:This book is the world's first book on contact/sub-Riemannian geometry and topology for physicistsUnlike books discussing mathematical methods for physicists, this book discusses physical problems first and only then uses new mathematics to solve these problems. Problems are selected from practically all branches of theoretical physicsThis is done with the purpose of demonstrating that contact geometry should be looked upon as a universal language/technical tool of theoretical physicsReviews: “This book is written in the style of the well-known Landau-Lifshitz multivolume course in theoretical physics and its prime goal, as the author puts it, is to show the diversity of applications of contact geometry and topology. I enjoyed reading this book, in which the author allows readers to see for themselves “the same forest behind different kinds of trees”. I strongly recommend this book to interested readers.” MathSciNet
Mathematics

Differential Equations with Applications and Historical Notes, Third Edition

Author: George F. Simmons

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 764

View: 932

Fads are as common in mathematics as in any other human activity, and it is always difficult to separate the enduring from the ephemeral in the achievements of one’s own time. An unfortunate effect of the predominance of fads is that if a student doesn’t learn about such worthwhile topics as the wave equation, Gauss’s hypergeometric function, the gamma function, and the basic problems of the calculus of variations—among others—as an undergraduate, then he/she is unlikely to do so later. The natural place for an informal acquaintance with such ideas is a leisurely introductory course on differential equations. Specially designed for just such a course, Differential Equations with Applications and Historical Notes takes great pleasure in the journey into the world of differential equations and their wide range of applications. The author—a highly respected educator—advocates a careful approach, using explicit explanation to ensure students fully comprehend the subject matter. With an emphasis on modeling and applications, the long-awaited Third Edition of this classic textbook presents a substantial new section on Gauss’s bell curve and improves coverage of Fourier analysis, numerical methods, and linear algebra. Relating the development of mathematics to human activity—i.e., identifying why and how mathematics is used—the text includes a wealth of unique examples and exercises, as well as the author’s distinctive historical notes, throughout. Provides an ideal text for a one- or two-semester introductory course on differential equations Emphasizes modeling and applications Presents a substantial new section on Gauss’s bell curve Improves coverage of Fourier analysis, numerical methods, and linear algebra Relates the development of mathematics to human activity—i.e., identifying why and how mathematics is used Includes a wealth of unique examples and exercises, as well as the author’s distinctive historical notes, throughout Uses explicit explanation to ensure students fully comprehend the subject matter Outstanding Academic Title of the Year, Choice magazine, American Library Association.
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