History

Life Along the Silk Road

Author: Susan Whitfield

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 104

"In this long-awaited second edition, Susan Whitfield expands her trailblazing exploration of the Silk Road and broadens her rich and varied portrait of life along the great premodern trade routes of Eurasia. This new edition is comprehensively updated to support further understanding of themes relevant to global and comparative history. In the first 1,000 years after Christ, merchants, missionaries, monks, mendicants, and military men traveled on the vast network of Central Asian tracks that became known as the Silk Road. Whitfield recounts the lives of twelve individuals who lived at different times during this period, including two new characters: an African shipmaster and a Persian traveler and writer during the Arab caliphate. With these additional tales, Whitfield extends both geographical and chronological scope, bringing into view the maritime links across the Indian Ocean and depicting the network of north-south routes from the Baltic to the Gulf. Throughout the narrative, Whitfield conveys a strong sense of what life was like for ordinary men and women on the Silk Road, the individuals usually forgotten to history. A work of great scholarship, Life along the Silk Road continues to be extremely accessible and entertaining"--Provided by publisher.
Political Science

طريق الصين: رحلة في مستقبل قوة صاعدة

Author: Rob Gifford

Publisher: العبيكان للنشر

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 491

الطريق 312 هو الطريق الصيني 66. وهو ينساب ممتداً مسافة ثلاثة آلاف ميل من الشرق إلى الغرب، ماراً عبر مدن المصانع من المناطق الساحلية، وعبر القلب الريفي للصين، ثم صعوداً إلى داخل صحراء غوبي، حيث يندمج هناك مع طريق الحرير القديم. ويشهد هذا الطريق العام كل جزء من الثورة الاجتماعية والاقتصادية التي تقلب الصين عاليها سافلها. وفي هذا الكتاب المدهش على نحو كامل، والشخصي على نحو عميق، يرتحل مراسل الراديو الوطني العام روب غيفورد الجدير بالثناء، والمتحدث بطلاقة بلغة الماندرين، في هذه الرحلة المؤثرة على طول الطريق 312 من بدايته في مدينة الازدهار شنغهاي إلى نهايته على الحدود من كازاخستان. ويكشف غيفورد الفسيفساء الغنية للحياة الصينية الحديثة في كل تناقضاتها، وهو يطرح الأسئلة الحرجة التي نسألها جميعنا عن الصين: هل ستكون فعلاً القوة العظمى الكونية التالية؟ هل هي صلبة وقوية مثلما تبدو من الخارج؟ ومن هم الشعب الصيني العادي، الذين يفترض أن ينتمي إليهم القرن الحادي والعشرون؟ وغيفورد ليس وحيداً في رحلته، فإن أضخم هجرة في التاريخ الإنساني تحدث الآن على طول الطرق العامة مثل الطريق 312، وعشرات الملايين من الناس يغادرون بيوتهم بحثاً عن العمل. وهو يرى علامات ازدهار الاقتصاد الحضري في كل مكان، ولكنه يكشف الغطاء أيضاً عن الكثير من مواطن الضعف في البلاد، وعن بعض المشكلات المستحكمة التي يمكنها أن تُخرِج صعود الصين عن مساره. والمغامرة الآسرة للانتباه مرويَّة كلها من خلال جماعة من أصحاب الشخصيات الفياضة بالألوان الذين يقابلهم غيفورد: من مذيعين ثرثارين ناجحين من شباب حضر ممتهنين طموحين من مقدمي برامج المقابلات، ومن فلاحين مفقَّرين ونساء ساقطات مأساويات، ومن باعة أجهزة الهاتف الجوال، ومن مرضى الإيدز، ومن رهبان التيبت. وهو يركب مع أعضاء من نادي سيارات الجيب في شنغهاي، ويركب مجاناً بإيقاف السيارات عبر صحراء غوبي، ويغني الكارايوكي وهي أغان شعبية وفق موسيقى مسجلة مع العمال المهاجرين في شاحنات تتوقف على طول الطريق. وروب غيفورد، وهو يروي رحلاته على طول الطريق 312، يعطي وجهاً لبلاد كانت تاريخياً، بالنسبة إلى الغربيين، بلاداً بلا وجه، وينفخ الحياة في أمة أحيلت في الكثير من الأحيان إلى إحصاءات اقتصادية. وأخيراً، فهو يصدر الصوت بالتحذير من أن الأمور ليست كلها على ما يرام في قلب الأرض الصينية، وأن مشكلات جدية تنتظر أمامها، وأن مستقبل الغرب قد صار مستقبلا مرتبطاً ارتباطاً لا يمكن فكاكه مع مصير 1.3 بليون نسمة من الشعب الصيني. العبيكان للنشر
Business & Economics

Routledge Handbook of the History of Sustainability

Author: Jeremy L. Caradonna

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 444

View: 365

The Routledge Handbook of the History of Sustainability is a far-reaching survey of the deep and contemporary history of sustainability. This innovative resource will help to define the history of sustainability as an identifiable field. It provides a unique resource for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and scholars, and delivers essential context for understanding the current state and future path of the sustainability movement.? The history of sustainability is an increasingly important domain within the discipline of history, which draws on an interdisciplinary set of fields, ranging from energy studies, transportation, and urbanism to environmental history, economics, and philosophy. Key sections in this handbook cover the historiography of sustainability, resilience and collapse in historical societies, the deep roots of sustainability (seventeenth century to nineteenth century), the recent history of sustainability (twentieth century to present), and core issues and key debates in sustainability. This handbook is an invaluable research and teaching tool for those interested in the history and development of sustainability and an essential resource for the many sustainability studies programs that now exist in the world's universities.
Social Science

Anthropology Explored, Second Edition

Author: Ruth Selig

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 356

This new edition offers a variety of clearly written and readily accessible articles from the Smithsonian’s highly acclaimed, award-winning publication AnthroNotes. Some of the world's leading anthropologists explore fundamental questions humans ask about themselves as individuals, as societies, and as a species. The articles reveal the richness and breadth of anthropology, covering not only the fundamental subjects but also the changing perspectives of anthropologists over the 150-year history of their field. Illustrated with original cartoons by anthropoligst Robert L. Humphrey, Anthropology Explored opens up to lay readers, teachers, and students a discipline as varied and fascinating as the cultures it observes.
Art

Cave Temples of Mogao at Dunhuang

Author: Roderick Whitfield

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page: 160

View: 393

The Mogao grottoes in China, situated near the town of Dunhuang on the fabled Silk Road, constitute one of the world’s most significant sites of Buddhist art. The hundreds of caves carved into rock cliffs at the edge of the Gobi desert preserve one thousand years of exquisite art. Founded by Buddhist monks as an isolated monastery in the late fourth century, Mogao evolved into an artistic and spiritual mecca whose renown extended from the Chinese capital to the Western Kingdoms of the Silk Road. Among its treasures are miles of stunning wall paintings, more than two thousand statues, magnificent works on silk and paper, and thousands of ancient manuscripts, such as sutras, poems, and prayer sheets. In this new expanded edition, Cave Temples of Mogao at Dunhuang, first published in 2000, combines lavish color photographs of the caves and their art with the fascinating history of the Silk Road to create a vivid portrait of this remarkable site. Chapters narrate the development of Dunhuang and the Mogao cave temples, the iconography of the wall paintings, and the extraordinary story of the rare manuscripts—including the oldest printed book in existence, a ninth-century copy of the Diamond Sutra. The book also discusses the collaboration between the Getty Conservation Institute and Chinese authorities in conservation projects at Mogao, and the ways in which the site can be visited today.
History

Fruit from the Sands

Author: Robert N. Spengler

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 505

"The foods we eat have a deep and often surprising past. Many foods we consume today--from almonds and apples to tea and rice--have histories can be traced along the tracks of the Silk Road out of prehistoric Central Asia to European kitchens and American tables. Organized trade along the Silk Road dates to at least Han Dynasty China in the second century B.C., but the exchange of goods, ideas, cultural practices, and genes along these ancient trading routes extends back five thousand years. Balancing a broad array of archaeological, botanical, and historical evidence, Fruit from the Sands presents the fascinating story of the origins and spread of agriculture across Inner Asia and into Europe and East Asia. Through the preserved remains of plants in archaeological sites, Robert N. Spengler III identifies the regions where our most familiar crops were domesticated and follows their routes as people carried them around the world. Vividly narrated, Fruit from the Sands explores how the foods we eat have shaped the course of human history and transformed consumption all over the globe"--Provided by publisher.
Art

Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road

Author: Neville Agnew

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page: 516

View: 532

Neville Agnew, senior principal project specialist at the GCI, is the author of numerous publications in research chemistry and conservation, including (with two coauthors) the book Cave Temples of Mogao: Art and History on the Silk Road. --Book Jacket.
Political Science

Introduction to International and Global Studies, Second Edition

Author: Shawn C. Smallman

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 350

This innovative introduction to international and global studies, updated and revised in a new edition, offers instructors in the social sciences and humanities a core textbook for teaching undergraduates in this rapidly growing field. Encompassing the latest scholarship in what is a markedly interdisciplinary endeavor, Shawn Smallman and Kimberley Brown introduce key concepts, themes, and issues and then examine each in lively chapters on essential topics that include the history of globalization; economic, political, and cultural globalization; security, energy, and development; health; agriculture and food; and the environment. Within these topics, the authors explore such timely and pressing subjects as commodity chains, labor (including present-day slavery), human rights, multinational corporations, and the connections among them. New to this edition: * The latest research on debates over privacy rights and surveillance since Edward Snowden's disclosures * Updates on significant political and economic developments throughout the world, including a new case study of European Union, Icelandic, and Greek responses to the 2008 fiscal crisis * The newest information about the rise of fracking, the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the decline of the Peak Oil movement, and climate change, including the latter's effects on the Arctic and Antarctica * A dedicated website with authors' blog and a teaching tab with syllabi, class activities, and well-designed, classroom-tested resources * An updated teacher's manual available online, including sample examination questions, additional resources for each chapter, and special assistance for teaching ESL students * Updated career advice for international studies majors