An Introduction to the Lydians
Author: Annick Payne,Jorit Wintjes
The Lydians, speakers of an ancient Indo-European language, dominated Western Asia Minor under the Mermnad dynasty in the 7th and 6th centuries BC. The final Mermnad king of Lydia, Croesus, is still cited today as the epitome of incredible riches. Apart from the figure of Croesus, the Lydians are well known because they are famously credited with the invention of coinage, and because of the prominence of Lydian tales in Graeco-Roman literature, in particular in the writings of the Greek historian Herodotus. These, in turn, inspired many later accounts and artistic representations, including Friedrich Hebbel's tragedy 'Gyges und sein Ring' and Alexander Zemlinky's opera 'King Candaules'. First-hand information on the Lydians stems mainly from archaeological research, as the available corpus of native Lydian texts is limited in size and genre, while later sources may show bias and distance to events recorded. This volume combines current historical, linguistic, and archaeological research to discuss the following topics: Lydian history and archaeology; language and writing; money, religion, and burial customs; concluding with the perception of Lydia throughout history. The book offers an up-to-date introduction to the Lydians, with extensive bibliographical references for further study. It is aimed at a wide audience, including general readers and scholars. A particular focus lies on the re-interpretation of the available text sources, taking into account recent advances made in neighboring academic fields in the study of ancient Anatolian civilizations.
Politics, Colonies and Trade
Author: Maria Eugenia Aubet
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This updated version of Maria Eugenia Aubet's highly praised book (1993) incorporates the most recent research findings on the ancient civilization of Phoenicia and includes an updated bibliography. The Phoenicians established the first trading system in the Mediterranean basin between the eighth and sixth centuries B.C. Continuous archaeological research over the past decades has transformed our understanding of Phoenicia, its colonies and their relationship to local communities. First Edition Hb (1993): 0-521-41141-6 First Edition Pb (1996): 0-521-56598-7
The Herostratos Syndrome
Author: Albert Borowitz
Publisher: Kent State University Press
Category: Political Science
"The study of terrorism requires interdisciplinary inquiry. Proving that terrorism cannot be the exclusive focus of a single field of scholarship, Borowitz presents this complex subject using sources based in religion, philosophy, history, Greek mythology, and world literature, including works of Chaucer, Cervantes, Mark Twain, and Jean-Paul Sartre." "Written in clear and direct prose, Terrorism for Self-Glorification is original, thorough, and thought provoking. Scholars, specialists, and general readers will find this study of terrorism fascinating and illuminating."--BOOK JACKET.
Author: Piotr Taracha
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
This book examines Hittite religion from a historical point of view, stressing two basically different stages in its development. The Old Hittite pantheon of the capital Hattu?a maintains the indigenous religious tradition of the Hattians without any trace of Mesopotamian, Hurrian or Syrian influence, although Hittite and Luwian deities were worshiped in the family and house cults. The Hittite religion of the Empire period has been examined from a new viewpoint. At the time there were two offi cial pantheons in the state and the dynastic cult respectively. The former is an amalgam of Hattian, Hittite, Luwian, Hurrian, Syrian and Mesopotamian deities organized on a geographical principle, whereas the latter is purely Hurrian, refl ecting the religious beliefs of the new royal family of Kizzuwatnan origin that also infl uenced local pantheons of central and northern Anatolia. Through the Hurrians, Mesopotamian and Syrian cults were adopted. Simultaneously, many aspects of the Luwian religious tradition were absorbed into both the state and local cults.
Zoroastrianism in Greek and Latin Literature
Author: Albert De Jong
This volume is intended as a contribution to the history of Zoroastrianism. It attempts to show the diversity of beliefs and practices of ancient Zoroastrianism by analysing and interpreting all classical references to the religion of the ancient Persians.
Author: Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
This book explores the representation of Persian monarchy and the court of the Achaemenid Great Kings from the point of view of the ancient Iranians themselves and through the sometimes distorted prism of Classical authors.
The Ancient World in an Age of Globalization
Author: Assyrian and Babylonian intellectual heritage project. Annual symposium
A collection of articles from various disciplines on globalization
Studies on the Chester Beatty Kephalaia Codex
Author: Iain Gardner,Jason D. Beduhn,Paul Dilley
Mani at the Court of the Persian Kings explores new evidence from the Chester Beatty Kephalaia, which presents Mani at the heart of Sasanian Iran, in dialogue with sages and nobles, acting as a cultural mediator between East and West.
Author: Timothy Howe,Sabine Müller,Richard Stoneman
Publisher: Oxbow Books
In the ancient Greek-speaking world, writing about the past meant balancing the reporting of facts with shaping and guiding the political interests and behaviours of the present. Ancient Historiography on War and Empire shows the ways in which the literary genre of writing history developed to guide empires through their wars. Taking key events from the Achaemenid Persian, Athenian, Macedonian and Roman ‘empires’, the 17 essays collected here analyse the way events and the accounts of those events interact. Subjects include: how Greek historians assign nearly divine honours to the Persian King; the role of the tomb cult of Cyrus the Founder in historical narratives of conquest and empire from Herodotus to the Alexander historians; warfare and financial innovation in the age of Philip II and his son, Alexander the Great; the murders of Philip II, his last and seventh wife Kleopatra, and her guardian, Attalos; Alexander the Great’s combat use of eagle symbolism and divination; Plutarch’s juxtaposition of character in the Alexander-Caesar pairing as a commentary on political legitimacy and military prowess, and Roman Imperial historians using historical examples of good and bad rule to make meaningful challenges to current Roman authority. In some cases, the balance shifts more towards the ‘literary’ and in others more towards the ‘historical’, but what all of the essays have in common is both a critical attention to the genre and context of history-writing in the ancient world and its focus on war and empire.
Ein altanatolischer Staat zwischen Griechenland und dem Vorderen Orient
Author: Peter Högemann,Norbert Oettinger
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
In diesem Buch wird das Reich der Lyder zum ersten Mal nicht mehr als Anhängsel der Kolonialgeschichte Ioniens, nämlich als hellenisiertes Barbarenreich am östlichen Rand der griechischen Kulturwelt, dargestellt, sondern als eigenständiges Mitglied des Alten Orients. Die Hochschätzung des Orients, wie sie die griechische Dichterin Sappho für das Lydische Reich um 600 v. Chr. empfand, schlug nach dem Sieg über die Perser bei den Griechen in Überheblichkeit um. Wer nicht Grieche war, der galt ab nun als Barbar. In Wirklichkeit aber waren die Lyder Träger einer hohen Kultur gewesen. Durch unser wachsendes Verständnis der Inschriften in lydischer Sprache sowie von Götternamen, Herrschertitel und anderem mehr beginnen nämlich in unserem Jahrzehnt zum ersten Mal auch die Lyder selbst zu uns zu sprechen. Es wird immer deutlicher, dass sie nicht nur in ihrer Sprache den Hethitern und Luwiern verwandt waren, sondern auch in ihrer geistigen und religiösen Kultur noch in deren Tradition standen. Deutlich wird das an den Götternamen sowie den Staatsverträgen, die durch die Lyder auch an Sparta und dann auch Athen vermittelt wurden. Die wichtigste Quelle für die Lyder bleibt aber nach wie vor der griechische Historiker Herodot, auch wenn er erst mehr als 120 Jahre nach dem Untergang des Lydischen Reiches schrieb. Erst er entwarf in seinem Geschichtswerk das zeitliche und räumliche Koordinatensystem, in dem er auch das Lyderreich verorten konnte. Angeregt wurde er dazu durch den schnellen Wechsel der Ereignisse innerhalb dieser 120 Jahre, was ihn auf die Idee des Kreislaufs (kyklos) der menschlichen Dinge brachte, und nicht zufällig steht das lydische Reich in seinem Geschichtswerk an erster Stelle. Was wir heute besser erkennen können als Herodot zu seiner Zeit, das ist die relative Einheitlichkeit der Staaten des Alten Orients, die zur Zeit des Lydischen Reiches bestand. Der orientalische Raum hat nämlich wegen der Bedrohung durch iranische Reitervölker im Norden und arabische Kamelreiter im Süden relativ gleichförmige Einrichtungen geschaffen, insbesondere durch die Aufstellung einer regulären Reiterei als Teilstreitkraft seiner Heere. Aber auch sonst wird in diesem Buch versucht, aus unserem heutigen Wissen über den Alten Orient im Allgemeinen und die Hethiter im Besonderen heraus die Aussagen Herodots besser zu verstehen und nicht selten auch in ihrer griechisch ausgerichteten Sinnrichtung zu korrigieren. Dabei galt aber immer das Prinzip des Respekts gegenüber dieser unersetzlichen Quelle.
Rivista di Storia, Letteratura, Diritto e Culture dell'Antichità
Publisher: LED Edizioni Universitarie
Table of Contents: Ethnicity e storiografia dei Greci d’Asia, Marina Polito - Les désignations des Grecs d’Asie à l’époque classique, entre ethnicité et jeux politiques, Dominique Lenfant - L’Oriente Vicino: le tradizioni sulla Lidia nello specchio di Erodoto, Francesca Gazzano - L’origine contesa delle città licie occidentali: dal mito alla colonia, Simone Podestà - Sui «Cari barbarofoni» di Il. II 867, Martina Saviano - Ioni senza malakie: Chio, Erodoto e la rivolta ionica, Eduardo Federico - Tradizioni sull'autoctonia nelle città ioniche d'Asia, Ferdinando Ferraioli - Sui racconti di fondazione di Cos, Alfredo Novello - Demodamante di Mileto e l’identità ionica, Cinzia Susanna Bearzot - Ethnicity et koina supra-civiques d’Asie Mineure. Quelques réflexions à partir de l’étude comparée du koinon d’Athéna Ilias et du koinon des Ioniens, William Pillot - Le archaiologiai della dodecapoli ionica: etnicità e scrittura della storia in Paus. VII 2, 3 ss., Marina Polito - I racconti di fondazione su Colofone, Valentina Mongiello
Author: Shaye J. D. Cohen
Publisher: Presbyterian Publishing Corp
This is the third edition of Shaye J. D. Cohen's important and seminal work on the history and development of Judaism between 164 BCE to 300 CE. Cohen's synthesis of religion, literature, and history offers deep insight into the nature of Judaism at this key period, including the relationship between Jews and Gentiles, the function of Jewish religion in the larger community, and the development of normative Judaism and other Jewish sects. Cohen offers students more than just history, but an understanding of the social and cultural context of Judaism as it developed into the formative period of rabbinic Judaism. This new edition includes a brand-new chapter on the parting of ways between Jews and Christians in the second century CE. From the Maccabees to the Mishnah remains the clearest introduction to the era that shaped Judaism and provided the context for early Christianity.
Neighbours and Rivals
Author: Beate Dignas,Engelbert Winter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A narrative history, with sourcebook, of the turbulent relations between Rome and the Sasanian Empire.
Author: Glenn R. Bugh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This Companion volume offers fifteen original essays on the Hellenistic world and is intended to complement and supplement general histories of the period from Alexander the Great to Kleopatra VII of Egypt. Each chapter treats a different aspect of the Hellenistic world - religion, philosophy, family, economy, material culture, and military campaigns, among other topics. The essays address key questions about this period: To what extent were Alexander's conquests responsible for the creation of this new 'Hellenistic' age? What is the essence of this world and how does it differ from its Classical predecessor? What continuities and discontinuities can be identified? Collectively, the essays provide an in-depth view of a complex world. The volume also provides a bibliography on the topics along with recommendations for further reading.
Author: Gideon Bohak,Yuval Harari,Shaul Shaked
This volume brings together thirteen studies by as many experts in the study of one or more ancient or medieval magical traditions, from ancient Mesopotamia and Pharaonic and Greco-Roman Egypt to the Greek world, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It lays special emphasis on the recurrence of similar phenomena in magical texts as far apart as the Akkadian cuneiform tablets and an Arabic manuscript bought in Egypt in the late-twentieth century. Such similarities demonstrate to what extent many different cultures share a “magical logic” which is strikingly identical, and in particular they show the recurrence of certain phenomena when magical practices are transmitted in written form and often preserve, adopt and adapt much older textual units.
Papers in Honour of Brian Shefton
Author: Brian Benjamin Shefton,Kathryn Lomas
This collection of essays, in honour of Professor B.B. Shefton, provides an innovative exploration of the culture of the Greek colonies of the Western Mediterranean, their relations with their non-Greek neigbours, and the evolution of distinctive regional identities.
An Interdisciplinary Anthology
Author: Mary Harlow,Marie-Louise Nosch
Publisher: Oxbow Books
Category: Crafts & Hobbies
Twenty chapters present the range of current research into the study of textiles and dress in classical antiquity, stressing the need for cross and inter-disciplinarity study in order to gain the fullest picture of surviving material. Issues addressed include: the importance of studying textiles to understand economy and landscape in the past; different types of embellishments of dress from weaving techniques to the (late introduction) of embroidery; the close links between the language of ancient mathematics and weaving; the relationships of iconography to the realities of clothed bodies including a paper on the ground breaking research on the polychromy of ancient statuary; dye recipes and methods of analysis; case studies of garments in Spanish, Viennese and Greek collections which discuss methods of analysis and conservation; analyses of textile tools from across the Mediterranean; discussions of trade and ethnicity to the workshop relations in Roman fulleries. Multiple aspects of the production of textiles and the social meaning of dress are included here to offer the reader an up-to-date account of the state of current research. The volume opens up the range of questions that can now be answered when looking at fragments of textiles and examining written and iconographic images of dressed individuals in a range of media. The volume is part of a pair together with Prehistoric, Ancient Near Eastern and Aegean Textiles and Dress: an interdisciplinary anthology edited by Mary Harlow, C_cile Michel and Marie-Louise Nosch
Author: Beate Pongratz-Leisten
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Addressing the relationship between religion and ideology, and drawing on a range of literary, ritual, and visual sources, Beate Pongratz-Leisten argues that Assyria as a polity was as much exposed to (and influenced by) Babylonia in the south as it was to the Hittite and Hurrian cultural horizon in the north, and that this exposure was clearly reflected in the formulation and development of Assyria's royal ideology.