Political Science

Managing Testimony and Administrating Victims

Colombia’s Transitional Scenario under the Justice and Peace Act

Author: Juan Pablo Aranguren Romero

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319458957

Category: Political Science

Page: 130

View: 1436

This book analyzes the implementation of Law 975 in Colombia, known as the Justice and Peace Law, and proposes a critical view of the transitional scenario in Colombia from 2005 onwards. The author analyzes three aspects of the law: 1) The process of negotiation with paramilitary groups; 2) The constitution of the Group Memoria Histórica (Historic Memory) in Colombia and 3) The process of a 2007 law that was finally not passed. The book contains interviews with key actors in the justice and peace process in Colombia. The author analyses the contradictions, tensions, ambiguities and paradoxes that define the practices of such actors. This book highlights that a critical view of this kind of transitional scenario is indispensable to determine steps towards a just and peaceful society.
Psychology

The Arts of Transitional Justice

Culture, Activism, and Memory after Atrocity

Author: Peter D. Rush,Olivera Simić

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461483859

Category: Psychology

Page: 198

View: 6245

​​The Art of Transitional Justice examines the relationship between transitional justice and the practices of art associated with it. Art, which includes theater, literature, photography, and film, has been integral to the understanding of the issues faced in situations of transitional justice as well as other issues arising out of conflict and mass atrocity. The chapters in this volume take up this understanding and its demands of transitional justice in situations in several countries: Afghanistan, Serbia, Srebenica, Rwanda, Northern Ireland, Cambodia, as well as the experiences of resulting diasporic communities. In doing so, it brings to bear the insights from scholars, civil society groups, and art practitioners, as well as interdisciplinary collaborations.
Political Science

Truth, Justice and Reconciliation in Colombia

Transitioning from Violence

Author: Fabio Andres Diaz Pabon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351373684

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 6146

The signing of the peace agreements between the FARC-EP and the Colombian Government in late November 2016 has generated new prospects for peace in Colombia, opening the possibility of redressing the harm inflicted on Colombians by Colombians. Talking about peace and transitional justice requires us to think about how to operationalize peace agreements to promote justice and coexistence for peace. This volume brings together reflections by Colombian academics and practitioners alongside pieces provided by researchers and practitioners in other countries where transitional justice initiatives have taken place (Bosnia and Herzegovina, South Africa, Sri Lanka and Peru). This volume has been written in the south, by the south, for the south. The book engages with the challenges ahead for the coming generations of Colombians. Rivers of ink have dealt with the end goals of transitional justice, but victims require us to take the quest for human rights beyond the normative realm of theorizing justice and into the practical realm of engaging how to implement justice initiatives. The tension between theory—the legislative frameworks guaranteeing human rights—and practice—the realization of these ideas—will frame Colombia’s success (or failure) in consolidating the implementation of the peace agreements with the FARC-EP.
Law

The Right to Reparation in International Law for Victims of Armed Conflict

Author: Christine Evans,E. Christine Evans

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107019974

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 8925

Christine Evans assesses the right to reparation for victims of armed conflict in international law and in national practice.
Colombia

Law in Peace Negotiations

Author: Morten Bergsmo,Pablo Kalmanovitz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788293081081

Category: Colombia

Page: 437

View: 4615

History

The Irish Revolution, 1916-1923

Author: Marie Coleman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317801474

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 8414

This concise study of Ireland’s revolutionary years charts the demise of the home rule movement and the rise of militant nationalism that led eventually to the partition of Ireland and independence for southern Ireland. The book provides a clear chronology of events but also adopts a thematic approach to ensure that the role of women and labour are examined, in addition to the principal political and military developments during the period. Incorporating the most recent literature on the period, it provides a good introduction to some of the most controversial debates on the subject, including the extent of sectarianism, the nature of violence and the motivation of guerrilla fighters. The supplementary documents have been chosen carefully to provide a wide-ranging perspective of political views, including those of constitutional nationalists, republicans, unionists, the British government and the labour movement. The Irish Revolution 1916-1923 is ideal for students and interested readers at all levels, providing a diverse range of primary sources and the tools to unlock them.
Philosophy

Reconciliation, Civil Society, and the Politics of Memory

Transnational Initiatives in the 20th and 21st Century

Author: Birgit Schwelling

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 383941931X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 372

View: 3681

How did civil society function as a locus for reconciliation initiatives since the beginning of the 20th century? The essays in this volume challenge the conventional understanding of reconciliation as a benign state-driven process. They explore how a range of civil society actors - from Turkish intellectuals apologizing for the Armenian Genocide to religious organizations working towards the improvement of Franco-German relations - have confronted and coped with the past. These studies offer a critical perspective on local and transnational reconciliation acts by questioning the extent to which speech became an alternative to silence, remembrance to forgetting, engagement to oblivion.
Law

Building a Future on Peace and Justice

Studies on Transitional Justice, Peace and Development The Nuremberg Declaration on Peace and Justice

Author: Kai Ambos,Judith Large,Marieke Wierda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540857540

Category: Law

Page: 572

View: 4148

Results of the 2007 Nuremberg Conference on Peace and Justice: Tensions between peace and justice have long been debated by scholars, practitioners and agencies including the United Nations, and both theory and policy must be refined for very practical application in situations emerging from violent conflict or political repression. Specific contexts demand concrete decisions and approaches aimed at redress of grievance and creation of conditions of social justice for a non-violent future. There has been definitive progress in a world in which blanket amnesties were granted at times with little hesitation. There is a growing understanding that accountability has pragmatic as well as principled arguments in its favour. Practical arguments as much as shifts in the norms have created a situation in which the choice is increasingly seen as "which forms of accountability" rather than a stark choice between peace and justice. It is socio-political transformation, not just an end to violence, that is needed to build sustainable peace. This book addresses these dilemmas through a thorough overview of the current state of legal obligations; discussion of the need for a holistic approach including development; analysis of the implications of the coming into force of the ICC; and a series of "hard" case studies on internationalized and local approaches devised to navigate the tensions between peace and justice.
Political Science

Memory and Transitional Justice in Argentina and Uruguay

Against Impunity

Author: Francesca Lessa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137269391

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 6128

This interdisciplinary study explores the interaction between memory and transitional justice in post-dictatorship Argentina and Uruguay and develops a theoretical framework for bringing these two fields of study together through the concept of critical junctures.
Religion

Pursuing Just Peace: An Overview and Case Studies for Faith-Based Peacebuilders

Author: Mark M. Rogers,Tom Bamat,Julie Ideh

Publisher: Catholic Relief Services

ISBN: 1614920303

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 5322

This book on faith-based peacebuilding is a practical resource for peacebuilding practitioners and all others who are grappling with injustice and conflict. Seven case studies describe concrete initiatives within highly diverse contexts. Three case studies focus on strengthening internal church peacebuilding capacity through peace education, one looks at the role of alliances and networks in advocacy for addressing gender-based violence and three focus on ecumenical and inter-religious collaboration. An introductory essay provides a general overview and literature review for faith-based peacebuilding, discusses processes and describes key roles that faith-based actors can play.
Colombia

Distributive Justice in Transitions

Author: Morten Bergsmo

Publisher: Torkel Opsahl Academic Epublisher

ISBN: 9788293081128

Category: Colombia

Page: 442

View: 6989

The chapters of this book explore, from different disciplinary perspectives, the relationship between transitional justice, distributive justice, and economic efficiency in the settlement of internal armed conflicts. They specifically discuss the role of land reform as an instrument of these goals, and examine how the balance between different perspectives has been attempted (or not) in selected cases of internal armed conflicts, and how it should be attempted in principle. Although most chapters closely examine the Colombian case, some provide a comparative perspective that includes countries in Latin America, Africa, and Eastern Europe, while others examine some of the more general, theoretical issues involved.
Education

Critical Issues in Peace and Education

Author: Peter Pericles Trifonas,Bryan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136923098

Category: Education

Page: 162

View: 3737

This collection asks theorists and educational practitioners from around the world influenced by the schools of feminist pedagogy, critical pedagogy, anti-racist or postcolonial pedagogy, and gay and lesbian pedagogy to reflect upon the possibilities of articulating a "curriculum of difference" that critically examines the cross-cultural issues of peace and education that are at the forefront of global education issues today. Contributors examine the conceptualizations of peace and education within, between, and across cultures through the conceptualization of pedagogical possibilities that create an openness toward the horizons of the other within communal formations of difference permeating the public sphere. They take up new ways of questions related to globalization, difference, community, identity, peace, democracy, sexuality, ethics, conflict, politics, feminism, technology, language rights, cultural politics, Marxism, and deconstruction that have a vast literary history in and outside the area of "education." This volume makes a significant contribution to the question of difference and its quintessential role in peace education for the new millennium.
Political Science

The Struggle for Memory in Latin America

Recent History and Political Violence

Author: Eugenia Allier-Montaño,E. Crenzel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113752734X

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 1535

This book examines the struggles that unfolded in Latin America over the memory of the pasts of political violence experienced by the countries of the continent in the second half of the twentieth century: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, the United States, Guatemala, El Salvador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay.
Law

Law, Memory, Violence

Uncovering the Counter-Archive

Author: Stewart Motha,Honni van Rijswijk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317569210

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 1355

The demand for recognition, responsibility, and reparations is regularly invoked in the wake of colonialism, genocide, and mass violence: there can be no victims without recognition, no perpetrators without responsibility, and no justice without reparations. Or so it seems from law’s limited repertoire for assembling the archive after ‘the disaster’. Archival and memorial practices are central to contexts where transitional justice, addressing historical wrongs, or reparations are at stake. The archive serves as a repository or ‘storehouse’ of what needs to be gathered and recognised so that it can be left behind in order to inaugurate the future. The archive manifests law’s authority and its troubled conscience. It is an indispensable part of the liberal legal response to biopolitical violence. This collection challenges established approaches to transitional justice by opening up new dialogues about the problem of assembling law’s archive. The volume presents research drawn from multiple jurisdictions that address the following questions. What resists being archived? What spaces and practices of memory - conscious and unconscious - undo legal and sovereign alibis and confessions? And what narrative forms expose the limits of responsibility, recognition, and reparations? By treating the law as an ‘archive’, this book traces the failure of universalised categories such as 'perpetrator', 'victim', 'responsibility', and 'innocence,' posited by the liberal legal state. It thereby uncovers law’s counter-archive as a challenge to established forms of representing and responding to violence.
Law

Traditional Justice and Reconciliation After Violent Conflict

Learning from African Experiences

Author: Lucien Huyse,Mark Salter

Publisher: International IDEA

ISBN: 9789185724284

Category: Law

Page: 203

View: 6050

This book presents the findings of a major comparative study examining the role played by traditional justice mechanisms in dealing with the legacy of violent conflict in Africa. It focuses on case studies of five countries -- Rwanda, Mozambique, Uganda, Sierra Leone and Burundi - that are used as the basis for outlining conclusions and options for future policy development in the related areas of post-conflict reconstruction, democracy building and development. "Traditional Justice & Reconciliation After Violent Conflict" suggests that in some circumstances traditional mechanisms can effectively complement conventional judicial systems and represent a real potential for promoting justice, reconciliation and a culture of democracy. At the same time it cautions against unrealistic expectations of traditional structures and offers a sober, evidence-based assessment of both the strengths and the weaknesses of traditional conflict management mechanisms within the broader framework of post-conflict social reconstruction efforts. The book is intended to serve both as a general knowledge resource and as a practitioner's guide for national bodies seeking to employ traditional justice mechanisms, as well as external agencies aiming to support such processes.
Law

Constitutionalism of the Global South

The Activist Tribunals of India, South Africa, and Colombia

Author: Daniel Bonilla Maldonado

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107067936

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4712

The Indian Supreme Court, the South African Constitutional Court and the Colombian Constitutional Court have been among the most important and creative courts in the Global South. In Asia, Africa and Latin America, they are seen as activist tribunals that have contributed (or attempted to contribute) to the structural transformation of the public and private spheres of their countries. The cases issued by these courts are creating a constitutionalism of the Global South. This book addresses in a direct and detailed way the jurisprudence of these Courts on three key topics: access to justice, cultural diversity and socioeconomic rights. This volume is a valuable contribution to the discussion about the contours and structure of contemporary constitutionalism. It makes explicit that this discussion has interlocutors both in the Global South and Global North while showing the common discourse between them and the differences on how they interpret and solve key constitutional problems.