Nature

Mapping and Modeling Weather and Climate with GIS

Author: Lori Armstrong,Kevin A. Butler,John Settelmaier,Tiffany C. Vance,Olga Wilhelmi

Publisher: ESRI Press

ISBN: 9781589483767

Category: Nature

Page: 370

View: 6606

Latest research by more than three dozen atmospheric science experts on GIS and weather and climate studies.
History

American Capitals

A Historical Geography

Author: Christian Montès

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022608051X

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 9707

State capitals are an indelible part of the American psyche, spatial representations of state power and national identity. Learning them by heart is a rite of passage in grade school, a pedagogical exercise that emphasizes the importance of committing place-names to memory. But geographers have yet to analyze state capitals in any depth. In American Capitals, Christian Montès takes us on a well-researched journey across America—from Augusta to Sacramento, Albany to Baton Rouge—shedding light along the way on the historical circumstances that led to their appointment, their success or failure, and their evolution over time. While all state capitals have a number of characteristics in common—as symbols of the state, as embodiments of political power and decision making, as public spaces with private interests—Montès does not interpret them through a single lens, in large part because of the differences in their spatial and historical evolutionary patterns. Some have remained small, while others have evolved into bustling metropolises, and Montès explores the dynamics of change and growth. All but eleven state capitals were established in the nineteenth century, thirty-five before 1861, but, rather astonishingly, only eight of the fifty states have maintained their original capitals. Despite their revered status as the most monumental and historical cities in America, capitals come from surprisingly humble beginnings, often plagued by instability, conflict, hostility, and corruption. Montès reminds us of the period in which they came about, “an era of pioneer and idealized territorial vision,” coupled with a still-evolving American citizenry and democracy.
Science

Spatial Interpolation for Climate Data

The Use of GIS in Climatology and Meteorology

Author: Hartwig Dobesch,Pierre Dumolard,Izabela Dyras

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118614992

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 8468

This title gives an authoritative look at the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in climatology and meterology. GIS provides a range of strategies, from traditional methods, such as those for hydromet database analysis and management, to new developing methods. As such, this book will provide a useful reference tool in this important aspect of climatology and meterology study.
Mathematics

Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS

Author: Hassan M. Khormi,Lalit Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482227401

Category: Mathematics

Page: 262

View: 9505

Master GIS Applications on Modelling and Mapping the Risks of Diseases Infections transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and black flies cause significant rates of death and disease, especially in developing countries. Why are certain places more susceptible to vector-borne diseases? Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS reveals how using geographic information systems (GISs) can provide a greater understanding of how vector-borne diseases are spread and explores the use of geographical techniques in vector-borne disease monitoring, management, and control. This text provides readers with a better understanding of the vector-borne disease problem and its impact on public health. Introduces New Spatial Approaches Based on Location and Environment The book exposes readers to information on how to identify vector hotspots, determine when and where they can occur, and eliminate vector breeding sites. Utilizing simple illustrations based on real data, as well as the authors’ more than 20 years of experience in the field, this text combines key spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS with real-world applications. It offers step-by-step instruction on developing vector-borne disease risk models at different spatial and temporal scales and helps practitioners formulate disease causation hypotheses and identify areas at risk. In addition, it addresses medical geography, GIS, spatial analysis, and modelling, and covers other factors related to the spread of vector-borne diseases. This book: Gives an overview of common vector-borne diseases, GIS-based mapping and modelling, impacts of climate change on vector distributions, and availability and importance of accurate epidemiologically relevant spatial data Describes modelling and simulating the prevalence of vector-borne diseases around the world Summarizes some key spatial techniques and how they can be used to aid in the analysis of geographical and attributed data Defines the concept of establishing and characterizing spatial data systems, including their quality, errors, references, and issues of scale, and building such a system from often quite separate, disparate sources Shows how to develop weather-based predictive modelling, which can be used to predict the weekly trend of vector abundance Provides a GIS case study for modelling the future potential distribution of vector-borne disease based on different climatic change scenarios Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS combines spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS, together with real-world applications to provide you with a better understanding of ways to map, model, prevent, and control vector-borne diseases.
Science

Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS

Author: Baxter E. Vieux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402409300

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 2300

This book presents a unified approach for modeling hydrologic processes distributed in space and time using geographic information systems (GIS). This Third Edition focuses on the principles of implementing a distributed model using geospatial data to simulate hydrologic processes in urban, rural and peri-urban watersheds. The author describes fully distributed representations of hydrologic processes, where physics is the basis for modeling, and geospatial data forms the cornerstone of parameter and process representation. A physics-based approach involves conservation laws that govern the movement of water, ranging from precipitation over a river basin to flow in a river. Global geospatial data have become readily available in GIS format, and a modeling approach that can utilize this data for hydrology offers numerous possibilities. GIS data formats, spatial interpolation and resolution have important effects on the hydrologic simulation of the major hydrologic components of a watershed, and the book provides examples illustrating how to represent a watershed with spatially distributed data along with the many pitfalls inherent in such an undertaking. Since the First and Second Editions, software development and applications have created a richer set of examples, and a deeper understanding of how to perform distributed hydrologic analysis and prediction. This Third Edition describes the development of geospatial data for use in Vflo® physics-based distributed modeling.
Science

Designing Better Maps

A Guide for GIS Users

Author: Cynthia Brewer

Publisher: ESRI Press

ISBN: 9781589484405

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 4437

Designing Better Maps: A Guide for GIS Users, second edition, breaks down the myriad decisions involved in creating maps that communicate effectively. The second edition includes updated material and a new chapter on map publishing.
Meteorology

From weather observations to atmospheric and climate sciences in Switzerland

Celebrating 100 years of the Swiss Society for Meteorology

Author: Saskia Willemse,Markus Furger

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 3728137456

Category: Meteorology

Page: 456

View: 8689

In 2016 the Swiss Society for Meteorology (Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, SGM) celebrates its 100th anniversary. Compared to other meteorological societies it is not among the oldest ones. Nevertheless, meteorology has gone through such a remarkable evolution in the past 100 years that it is worthwhile to take a look back and recapitulate the developments of both science and SGM – and to reveal their interaction. The idea of this book is to give an overview of what has happened in the field of atmospheric sciences in Switzerland since the first systematic long-term meteorological observations until today.
Technology & Engineering

Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470721448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 1531

The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS
Technology & Engineering

Hydraulic Modeling and GIS

Author: Lori Armstrong

Publisher: ESRI Press

ISBN: 9781589483019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 73

View: 1171

"Hydraulic Modeling and GIS is a best practices guide for developing a sustainable hydraulic model and maintenance strategy that makes optimal use of your GIS. This book addresses GIS-centered concepts and applications that will help you understand and improve hydraulic model structures, advanced spatial analysis, network connectivity and topology, hydraulic model development and maintenance strategies, and GIS database design. Hydraulic Modeling and GIS is a practical handbook for GIS managers, engineers, and decision makers in the water and wastewater utility industry"--
Science

Geographical Information and Climatology

Author: Pierre Carrega

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118600428

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 4241

This book includes two parts. The first part is more theoretical and general, and it covers fundamental principles: geospatial climate data measurement; spatial analysis, mapping and climate; geographical information, remote sensing and climatology; and geographical information for initialisation of forecasting and climate models. The second part describes geographical information used in various climate applications of importance today, related to risk: urban climate; air pollution; hydrological problems linked to climatology; forest fires.
History

The Map Book

Author: Peter Barber

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 0802714749

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 9302

Chronicles the historical development of maps and mapping from the Bronze Age to the present, collecting some 175 maps spanning ten millennia that represent the progress of civilization and technology, from military plans that depict enemy positions, to the famed London Underground layout, to the digitally enhanced renderings of today.
Computers

The ArcGIS Imagery Book

New View. New Vision

Author: Clint Brown,Christian Harder

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589484627

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 6430

A conceptual introduction and practical primer to the application of imagery and remote sensing data in GIS (geographic information systems).
Nature

Mapping Species Distributions

Spatial Inference and Prediction

Author: Janet Franklin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139485296

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 9509

Maps of species' distributions or habitat suitability are required for many aspects of environmental research, resource management and conservation planning. These include biodiversity assessment, reserve design, habitat management and restoration, species and habitat conservation plans and predicting the effects of environmental change on species and ecosystems. The proliferation of methods and uncertainty regarding their effectiveness can be daunting to researchers, resource managers and conservation planners alike. Franklin summarises the methods used in species distribution modeling (also called niche modeling) and presents a framework for spatial prediction of species distributions based on the attributes (space, time, scale) of the data and questions being asked. The framework links theoretical ecological models of species distributions to spatial data on species and environment, and statistical models used for spatial prediction. Providing practical guidelines to students, researchers and practitioners in a broad range of environmental sciences including ecology, geography, conservation biology, and natural resources management.
Science

Satellite Soil Moisture Retrieval

Techniques and Applications

Author: Prashant K Srivastava,George Petropoulos,Y.H. Kerr

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128033894

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 1346

Satellite Soil Moisture Retrieval: Techniques and Applications offers readers a better understanding of the scientific underpinnings, development, and application of soil moisture retrieval techniques and their applications for environmental modeling and management, bringing together a collection of recent developments and rigorous applications of soil moisture retrieval techniques from optical and infrared datasets, such as the universal triangle method, vegetation indices based approaches, empirical models, and microwave techniques, particularly by utilizing earth observation datasets such as IRS III, MODIS, Landsat7, Landsat8, SMOS, AMSR-e, AMSR2 and the upcoming SMAP. Through its coverage of a wide variety of soil moisture retrieval applications, including drought, flood, irrigation scheduling, weather forecasting, climate change, precipitation forecasting, and several others, this is the first book to promote synergistic and multidisciplinary activities among scientists and users working in the hydrometeorological sciences. Demystifies soil moisture retrieval and prediction Links soil moisture retrieval techniques with new satellite missions for earth and environmental science oriented problems Written to be accessible to a wider range of professionals with a common interest in geo-spatial techniques, remote sensing, sustainable water resource development, and earth and environmental issues
Science

Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture

Author: Mannava V.K. Sivakumar,Raymond P. Motha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540727460

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 9347

Based on an International Workshop held in New Delhi, India, this work should be of interest to all organizations and agencies interested in improved risk management in agriculture. In many parts of the world, weather and climate are one of the biggest production risks and uncertainty factors impacting on agricultural systems performance and management. Both structural and non-structural measures can be used to reduce the impacts of the variability (including extremes) of climate resources on crop production.
Computers

Visualize This

The FlowingData Guide to Design, Visualization, and Statistics

Author: Nathan Yau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118140265

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 9675

Practical data design tips from a data visualization expert of the modern age Data doesn?t decrease; it is ever-increasing and can be overwhelming to organize in a way that makes sense to its intended audience. Wouldn?t it be wonderful if we could actually visualize data in such a way that we could maximize its potential and tell a story in a clear, concise manner? Thanks to the creative genius of Nathan Yau, we can. With this full-color book, data visualization guru and author Nathan Yau uses step-by-step tutorials to show you how to visualize and tell stories with data. He explains how to gather, parse, and format data and then design high quality graphics that help you explore and present patterns, outliers, and relationships. Presents a unique approach to visualizing and telling stories with data, from a data visualization expert and the creator of flowingdata.com, Nathan Yau Offers step-by-step tutorials and practical design tips for creating statistical graphics, geographical maps, and information design to find meaning in the numbers Details tools that can be used to visualize data-native graphics for the Web, such as ActionScript, Flash libraries, PHP, and JavaScript and tools to design graphics for print, such as R and Illustrator Contains numerous examples and descriptions of patterns and outliers and explains how to show them Visualize This demonstrates how to explain data visually so that you can present your information in a way that is easy to understand and appealing.
Science

Modeling the Impact of Climate Change on Rice Production in Asia

Author: Robin B. Matthews

Publisher: Int. Rice Res. Inst.

ISBN: 0851989594

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 6871

This text quantifies the impact of climate change on rice production using crop simulation models, and integrates existing knowledge of the effects of increased levels of carbon dioxide and temperature
Technology & Engineering

GIS Tutorial for Health

Author: Kristen Seamens Kurland,Wilpen L. Gorr

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 1589481798

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 9407

Designed to benefit health management students and practitioners, this illustrated tutorial is an introduction to help students investigate patterns of uninsured and poor populations, prepare spatial data to analyze environmental hazards, analyze youth pedestrian injuries, and more. This edition is updated for ArcGIS 9.2.