Medical Anthropology

A Biocultural Approach

Author: Andrea S. Wiley,John S. Allen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190464493

Category:

Page: 512

View: 4755

Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach, Third Edition, offers an accessible and contemporary overview of this rapidly expanding field. For each health issue examined in the text, the authors first present basic biological information and then expand their analysis to include evolutionary, historical, and cross-cultural perspectives on how these issues emerged and are understood. Medical Anthropology considers how a biocultural approach can be applied to more effective prevention and treatment efforts and underscores medical anthropology's potential to improve health around the world.
Social Science

Medical Anthropology

A Biocultural Approach

Author: Andrea S. Wiley,John Scott Allen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199797080

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 1909

An ideal core text for introductory courses, Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach, Second Edition, offers an accessible and contemporary overview of this rapidly expanding field. For each health issue examined in the text, the authors first present basic biological information on specific conditions and then expand their analysis to include evolutionary, historical, and cross-cultural perspectives on how these issues are understood. Medical Anthropology considers how a biocultural approach can be applied to more effective prevention and treatment efforts and underscores medical anthropology's potential to improve health around the world. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * "Anthropologists in Action" examples show how various anthropologists address real-world health issues * Streamlined overview of infectious diseases, with less historical and biological detail * Further consideration of the ways in which climate change is already influencing human health
Social Science

Medical Anthropology

A Biocultural Approach

Author: Andrea Wiley,John S. Allen

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780195308839

Category: Social Science

Page: 478

View: 5981

Intended as the primary text for introductory courses on medical anthropology, this text integrates human biological data relevant to health and disease with both evolutionary theory and the social environments that more often than not produce major challenges to health and survival. Students who take this fastest-growing anthropology course come from a variety of disciplines (anthropology, biology, especially pre-med students, and health sciences, especially), so the text does not assume anything beyond a basic high-school level familiarity with human biology and anthropology. In addition to being the only current text that takes a biocultural approach, it provides a state-of-the-science review of selected topics and looks at the potential application of the biocultural anthropological approach to health interventions/prevention. Among the topics covered are nutrition, infectious disease, stress, reproductive health, behavioral disease, aging, race/racism and health, mental health, and healers and healing.
Education

Medical Anthropology , A Biocultural Approach

Anthropology, Anthropology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467239909

Category: Education

Page: 86

View: 1219

Facts101 is your complete guide to Medical Anthropology , A Biocultural Approach. In this book, you will learn topics such as Healers and Healing, Diet and Nutrition in Health and Disease, Growth and Development, and Reproductive Health plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Health & Fitness

Introducing Medical Anthropology

A Discipline in Action

Author: Merrill Singer,Hans A. Baer

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759110588

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 246

View: 9267

A new text in the growing field of medical anthropology.
Social Science

A Companion to Medical Anthropology

Author: Merrill Singer,Pamela I. Erickson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118863216

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 7075

Medical

Anthropology and Public Health

Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Author: Robert A. Hahn,Marcia Claire Inhorn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195374649

Category: Medical

Page: 730

View: 6088

Through 24 case studies from around the world, the volume provides a powerful argument for the imperative of anthropological perspectives, methods, information, and collaboration in the understanding and practice of public health.
Medical

Menopause

A Biocultural Perspective

Author: Lynnette Leidy Sievert

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813539994

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 9337

Menopause is a biological reality for all women in their forties and fifties. Yet the way we think about the cessation of menstruation is influenced by a variety of factors. Cultural and technological influences combine with biology to transform this universal phenomenon into an experience that varies considerably between cultures and individuals. In this concise book, Lynnette Leidy Sievert draws on her own case studies from Puebla, Mexico, and western Massachusetts, as well as on comparative data from other studies in places such as Slovenia, Paraguay, and Hawaii, to explore the different ways that women experience menopause around the world. Sievert suggests that attempts by medical professionals to define the “normal” occurrence of menopause, including its typical onset and symptoms, may not be realistic when considering how lifestyle, nutrition, and workload can contribute to diverging realities. She explores how women feel about hysterectomies, chemotherapy, and other medical procedures and treatments that stop menstruation prematurely. She also considers recent advances in technology, including post-menopausal birth, which have turned what was previously an unavoidable end of fertility into something that can be postponed. A unique comparative look at women’s experiences, this text brings new perspectives to the mainstream literature on the subject and invites readers to consider compelling questions about menopause, its meanings, and its future.
Social Science

Re-imagining Milk

Cultural and Biological Perspectives

Author: Andrea Wiley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136867317

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 8112

Written explicitly for undergraduates, Re-imagining Milk demonstrates how a particular commodity can be used to illustrate ethnocentric beliefs about the universal goodness of milk; biological variation in human populations; political and economic processes that inform dietary policies, nutrition education, and current trends in globalization; the utility of a biocultural approach to the study of food; the cultural construction of a commodity that is consumed by many students on a daily basis, or if not, certainly is one that students "know" they "should" consume daily.
Social Science

A Reader in Medical Anthropology

Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities

Author: Byron J. Good,Michael M. J. Fischer,Sarah S. Willen,Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405183152

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 8745

A Reader in Medical Anthropology: Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities brings together articles from the key theoretical approaches in the field of medical anthropology as well as related science and technology studies. The editors’ comprehensive introductions evaluate the historical lineages of these approaches and their value in addressing critical problems associated with contemporary forms of illness experience and health care. Presents a key selection of both classic and new agenda-setting articles in medical anthropology Provides analytic and historical contextual introductions by leading figures in medical anthropology, medical sociology, and science and technology studies Critically reviews the contribution of medical anthropology to a new global health movement that is reshaping international health agendas
Medical

Obesity

Cultural and Biocultural Perspectives

Author: Alexandra A. Brewis

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813548906

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 9761

In a world now filled with more people who are overweight than underweight, public health and medical perspectives paint obesity as a catastrophic epidemic that threatens to overwhelm health systems and undermine life expectancies globally. In many societies, being obese also creates profound personal suffering because it is so culturally stigmatized. Yet despite loud messages about the health and social costs of being obese, weight gain is a seemingly universal aspect of the modern human condition. Grounded in a holistic anthropological approach and using a range of ethnographic and ecological case studies, Obesity shows that the human tendency to become and stay fat makes perfect sense in terms of evolved human inclinations and the physical and social realities of modern life. Drawing on her own fieldwork in the rural United States, Mexico, and the Pacific Islands over the last two decades, Alexandra A. Brewis addresses such critical questions as why obesity is defined as a problem and why some groups are so much more at risk than others. She suggests innovative ways that anthropology and other social sciences can use community-based research to address the serious public health and social justice concerns provoked by the global spread of obesity.
Social Science

Medical Anthropology at the Intersections

Histories, Activisms, and Futures

Author: Marcia C. Inhorn,Emily A. Wentzell

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822352702

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 8703

In Medical Anthropololgy at the Intersections, leading figures in medical anthropology reflect on the field s past, present, and future, considering how it has developed dynamically in relation to activism, other anthropological subfields, and other disciplines.
Medical

Knowledge, Power, and Practice

The Anthropology of Medicine and Everyday Life

Author: Shirley Lindenbaum,Margaret M. Lock

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520077857

Category: Medical

Page: 428

View: 6986

These original essays, which combine theoretical argument with empirical observation, constitute a state-of-the-art platform for future research in medical anthropology. Ranging in time and locale, the essays are based on research in historical and cultural settings. The contributors accept the notion that all knowledge is socially and culturally constructed and examine the contexts in which that knowledge is produced and practiced in medicine, psychiatry, epidemiology, and anthropology. Professionals in behavioral medicine, public health, and epidemiology as well as medical anthropologists will find their insights significant.
Medical

A Heart for the Work

Journeys Through an African Medical School

Author: Claire L. Wendland

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226893278

Category: Medical

Page: 330

View: 7081

Burnout is common among doctors in the West, so one might assume that a medical career in Malawi, one of the poorest countries in the world, would place far greater strain on the idealism that drives many doctors. But, as A Heart for the Work makes clear, Malawian medical students learn to confront poverty creatively, experiencing fatigue and frustration but also joy and commitment on their way to becoming physicians. The first ethnography of medical training in the global South, Claire L. Wendland’s book is a moving and perceptive look at medicine in a world where the transnational movement of people and ideas creates both devastation and possibility. Wendland, a physician anthropologist, conducted extensive interviews and worked in wards, clinics, and operating theaters alongside the student doctors whose stories she relates. From the relative calm of Malawi’s College of Medicine to the turbulence of training at hospitals with gravely ill patients and dramatically inadequate supplies, staff, and technology, Wendland’s work reveals the way these young doctors engage the contradictions of their circumstances, shedding new light on debates about the effects of medical training, the impact of traditional healing, and the purposes of medicine.
Medical

Human Diet And Nutrition In Biocultural Perspective

Past Meets Present

Author: Tina Moffat,Tracy Prowse

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385347

Category: Medical

Page: 282

View: 3471

There are not many areas that are more rooted in both the biological and social-cultural aspects of humankind than diet and nutrition. Throughout human history nutrition has been shaped by political, economic, and cultural forces, and in turn, access to food and nutrition has altered the course and direction of human societies. Using a biocultural approach, the contributors to this volume investigate the ways in which food is both an essential resource fundamental to human health and an expression of human culture and society. The chapters deal with aspects of diet and human nutrition through space and time and span prehistoric, historic, and contemporary societies spread over various geographical regions, including Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia to highlight how biology and culture are inextricably linked.
Social Science

Supernatural as Natural

A Biocultural Approach to Religion

Author: Michael Winkelman,John R. Baker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317343735

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1215

This book provides a general introduction to the biological and evolutionary bases of religion and is suitable for introductory level courses in the anthropology and psychology of religion and comparative religion. Why did human ancestors everywhere adopt religious beliefs and customs? The presence and persistence of many religious features across the globe and time suggests that it is natural for humans to believe in the supernatural. In this new text, the authors explore both the biological and cultural dimensions of religion and the evolutionary origins of religious features.
Social Science

Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective

Author: Ann McElroy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429973101

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 2161

Global environmental change and recent worldwide infectious-disease outbreaks make the ecological perspective of medical anthropology more important a field of study than ever. In this premier teaching text, authors Ann McElroy and Patricia K. Townsend integrate biocultural, environmental, and evolutionary approaches to the study of human health, providing a complete and authoritative ecological perspective that is essential for interpreting medical anthropology. Research by biological anthropologists, archaeologists, and paleopathologists illuminates the history and prehistory of disease, along with coverage of contemporary health issues, both local and global. This sixth edition is thoroughly revised and updated, with expanded discussion on the interaction of environment and infectious disease; new material on climate change, globalization, and the effects of war on physical and mental health; and an entirely new chapter on ethics in community health and medical anthropology. Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective captures the essentials of the discipline and covers its ever-changing topics, trends, and developments in an engaging, accessible way.
Social Science

Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology

Author: Peter J. Brown,Svea Closser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315416166

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 7934

The editors of the third edition of the seminal textbook Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology bring it completely up to date for both instructors and students. The collection of 49 readings (17 of them new to this edition) offers extensive background description and exposes students to the breadth of theoretical, methodological, and practical perspectives and issues in the field of medical anthropology. The text provides specific examples and case studies of research as it is applied to a range of health settings: from cross-cultural clinical encounters to cultural analysis of new biomedical technologies and the implementation of programs in global health settings. The new edition features: • a major revision that eliminates many older readings in favor of more fresh, relevant selections; • a new section on structural violence that looks at the impact of poverty and other forms of social marginalization on health; • an updated and expanded section on “Conceptual Tools,” including new research and ideas that are currently driving the field of medical anthropology forward (such as epigenetics and syndemics); • new chapters on climate change, Ebola, PTSD among Iraq/Afghanistan veterans, eating disorders, and autism, among others; • recent articles from Margaret Mead Award winners Sera Young, Seth Holmes, and Erin Finley, along with new articles by such established medical anthropologists as Paul Farmer and Merrill Singer.
Social Science

Anthropology of Infectious Disease

Author: Merrill Singer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315434717

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5309

This book synthesizes the flourishing field of anthropology of infectious disease in a critical, biocultural framework. Leading medical anthropologist Merrill Singer holistically unites the behaviors of microorganisms and the activities of complex social systems, showing how we exist with pathogenic agents of disease in a complex process of co-evolution. He also connects human diseases to larger ecosystems and various other species that are future sources of new human infections. Anthropology of Infectious Disease integrates and advances research in this growing, multifaceted area and offers an ideal supplement to courses in anthropology, public health, development studies, and related fields.
Medical

Biocultural Dimensions of Chronic Pain

Implications for Treatment of Multi-Ethnic Populations

Author: Maryann S. Bates

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791427361

Category: Medical

Page: 205

View: 4058

Based on qualitative and quantitative studies in the United States and Puerto Rico, this book demonstrates the significant effect of patients' and health care providers' ethnic and cultural backgrounds on chronic pain.