Author: Michael J. Campbell,David Machin,Stephen J. Walters
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Provides students and practitioners with a clear, concise introduction to the statistics they will come across in their regular reading of clinical papers. Written by three experts with wide teaching and consulting experience, Medical Statistics: A Textbook for the Health Sciences, Fourth Edition: Assumes no prior knowledge of statistics Covers all essential statistical methods Completely revised, updated and expanded Includes numerous examples and exercises on the interpretation of the statistics in papers published in medical journals From the reviews of the previous edition: "The book has several excellent features: it is written by statisticians, is.... well presented, is well referenced.... and is short." THE LANCET "Many statisticians are concerned at the generally poor standard of statistics in papers published in medical journals. Perhaps this could be remedied if more research workers would spare a few hours to read through Campbell and Machin's book." BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL "... a simple, interesting and insightful introduction to medical statistics... highly recommended." STATISTICAL METHODS IN MEDICAL RESEARCH "Campbell and Machin found the golden mean... this book can be recommended for all students and all medical researchers." ISCB NEWSLETTER
This straightforward primer in basic statistics emphasizes its practical use in epidemiology and public health, providing understanding of essential topics such as study design, data analysis and statistical methods used in the execution of medical research. This new edition is substantially revised and includes entirely new material on statistical power and sample size. Clearly worded and assuming no prior knowledge, it gives full step-by-step guidance on performing statistical calculations. It contains numerous examples and exercises with detailed answers to help readers grasp the main points of these complex subjects with ease, providing doctors, nurses, health managers, researchers and students with a concise and practical guide
Now in its Fourth Edition, An Introduction to Medical Statistics continues to be a 'must-have' textbook for anyone who needs a clear logical guide to the subject. Written in an easy-to-understand style and packed with real life examples, the text clearly explains the statistical principles used in the medical literature. Taking readers through the common statistical methods seen in published research and guidelines, the text focuses on how to interpret and analyse statistics for clinical practice. Using extracts from real studies, the author illustrates how data can be employed correctly and incorrectly in medical research helping readers to evaluate the statistics they encounter and appropriately implement findings in clinical practice. End of chapter exercises, case studies and multiple choice questions help readers to apply their learning and develop their own interpretative skills. This thoroughly revised edition includes new chapters on meta-analysis, missing data, and survival analysis.
There has been a growing recognition of the importance of mathematical and statistical methods in the history of medicine, particularly in those areas where statistical methods are a sine qua non such as epidemiology and randomised clinical trials. Despite this expanding scholarly interest, the development of the mathematical and statistical technologies in the biological sciences has not been examined systematically. This collection of essays aims to provide a broader overview of this field, and to explore the use of these with the use of these quantitative technologies in medical and clinical cultures from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries.
Medical by Janet L. Peacock,Sally M. Kerry,Raymond R. Balise
Author: Janet L. Peacock,Sally M. Kerry,Raymond R. Balise
Publisher: Oxford University Press
As many medical and healthcare researchers have a love-hate relationship with statistics, the second edition of this practical reference book may make all the difference. Using practical examples, mainly from the authors' own research, the book explains how to make sense of statistics, turn statistical computer output into coherent information, and help decide which pieces of information to report and how to present them. The book takes you through all the stages of the research process, from the initial research proposal, through ethical approval and data analysis, to reporting on and publishing the findings. Helpful tips and information boxes, offer clear guidance throughout, including easily followed instructions on how to: -develop a quantitative research proposal for ethical/institutional approval or research funding -write up the statistical aspects of a paper for publication -choose and perform simple and more advanced statistical analyses -describe the statistical methods and present the results of an analysis. This new edition covers a wider range of statistical programs - SAS, STATA, R, and SPSS, and shows the commands needed to obtain the analyses and how to present it, whichever program you are using. Each specific example is annotated to indicate other scenarios that can be analysed using the same methods, allowing you to easily transpose the knowledge gained from the book to your own research. The principles of good presentation are also covered in detail, from translating relevant results into suitable extracts, through to randomised controlled trials, and how to present a meta-analysis. An added ingredient is the inclusion of code and datasets for all analyses shown in the book on our website (http://medical-statistics.info). Written by three experienced biostatisticians based in the UK and US, this is a step-by-step guide that will be invaluable to researchers and postgraduate students in medicine, those working in the professions allied to medicine, and statisticians in consultancy roles.
This volume, representing a compilation of authoritative reviews on a multitude of uses of statistics in epidemiology and medical statistics written by internationally renowned experts, is addressed to statisticians working in biomedical and epidemiological fields who use statistical and quantitative methods in their work. While the use of statistics in these fields has a long and rich history, explosive growth of science in general and clinical and epidemiological sciences in particular have gone through a see of change, spawning the development of new methods and innovative adaptations of standard methods. Since the literature is highly scattered, the Editors have undertaken this humble exercise to document a representative collection of topics of broad interest to diverse users. The volume spans a cross section of standard topics oriented toward users in the current evolving field, as well as special topics in much need which have more recent origins. This volume was prepared especially keeping the applied statisticians in mind, emphasizing applications-oriented methods and techniques, including references to appropriate software when relevant. · Contributors are internationally renowned experts in their respective areas · Addresses emerging statistical challenges in epidemiological, biomedical, and pharmaceutical research · Methods for assessing Biomarkers, analysis of competing risks · Clinical trials including sequential and group sequential, crossover designs, cluster randomized, and adaptive designs · Structural equations modelling and longitudinal data analysis
Medical by Gerald van Belle,Lloyd D. Fisher,Patrick J. Heagerty,Thomas Lumley
Author: Gerald van Belle,Lloyd D. Fisher,Patrick J. Heagerty,Thomas Lumley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A respected introduction to biostatistics, thoroughly updated and revised The first edition of Biostatistics: A Methodology for the Health Sciences has served professionals and students alike as a leading resource for learning how to apply statistical methods to the biomedical sciences. This substantially revised Second Edition brings the book into the twenty-first century for today’s aspiring and practicing medical scientist. This versatile reference provides a wide-ranging look at basic and advanced biostatistical concepts and methods in a format calibrated to individual interests and levels of proficiency. Written with an eye toward the use of computer applications, the book examines the design of medical studies, descriptive statistics, and introductory ideas of probability theory and statistical inference; explores more advanced statistical methods; and illustrates important current uses of biostatistics. New to this edition are discussions of Longitudinal data analysis Randomized clinical trials Bayesian statistics GEE The bootstrap method Enhanced by a companion Web site providing data sets, selected problems and solutions, and examples from such current topics as HIV/AIDS, this is a thoroughly current, comprehensive introduction to the field.
This book presents new and powerful advanced statistical methods that have been used in modern medicine, drug development, and epidemiology. Some of these methods were initially developed for tackling medical problems. All 29 chapters are self-contained. Each chapter represents the new development and future research topics for a medical or statistical branch. For the benefit of readers with different statistical background, each chapter follows a similar style: the explanation of medical challenges, statistical ideas and strategies, statistical methods and techniques, mathematical remarks and background and reference. All chapters are written by experts of the respective topics.
?konometrie; nicht nur der Begriff ist etwas sperrig, auch die Inhalte erschlie?en sich nicht jedem sofort. Wichtig und interessant ist sie aber trotzdem. Roberto Pedace erkl?rt Ihnen, worum es in der ?konometrie geht, wie Sie Test-Hypothesen aufstellen und vieles mehr. Er erl?utert, wie Sie mit Regressionsmodellen arbeiten und mit diskreten und abh?ngigen Variablen umgehen. Gegen Ende des Buches geht er ?ber die Basismodelle hinaus und f?hrt Sie in statische und dynamische Modelle sowie die Kunst der Vorhersagen ein.
Biostatistics is quickly becoming one of the most important areas of statistics due to the tremendous increase in health care needs. This book successfully introduces the terminology, concepts, and correct uses and interpretation of biostatistics. It is ideal for practitioners as well as students going into health care fields. Pedagogical features include formulas highlighted in text boxes and chapter summaries that highlight key vocabulary and concepts for the chapter. An accompanying Web site provides both MINITAB® and Microsoft® Office Excel® data files data for the case studies and exercises that are contained in the text.
Social Science by Christine Dancey,John Reidy,Richard Rowe
Statistics for the Health Sciences is a highly readable and accessible textbook on understanding statistics for the health sciences, both conceptually and via the SPSS programme. The authors give clear explanations of the concepts underlying statistical analyses and descriptions of how these analyses are applied in health science research without complex maths formulae. The textbook takes students from the basics of research design, hypothesis testing and descriptive statistical techniques through to more advanced inferential statistical tests that health science students are likely to encounter. The strengths and weaknesses of different techniques are critically appraised throughout, and the authors emphasise how they may be used both in research and to inform best practice care in health settings. Exercises and tips throughout the book allow students to practice using SPSS. The companion website provides further practical experience of conducting statistical analyses. Features include: • multiple choice questions for both student and lecturer use • full Powerpoint slides for lecturers • practical exercises using SPSS • additional practical exercises using SAS and R This is an essential textbook for students studying beginner and intermediate level statistics across the health sciences.
Allied health professionals rely on Biostatistics for its high standards of statistical accuracy. It helps them develop a set of statistical tools that are relevant to their field. Now in its ninth edition, the book integrates new applications from several biological science fields throughout the pages. Each chapter now opens with bulleted objectives that highlight the main ideas. Summary boxes of formulae and statistical rules are presented for easy reference and review. Support is also provided for multiple programs such as SPSS, SAS, and STATA, in addition to Minitab. This includes screen captures and technology boxes with step-by-step help. Health professionals will then gain the ability to use technology to analyze data.
A fundamental and straightforward guide to using and understanding statistical concepts in medical research Designed specifically for healthcare practitioners who need to understand basic biostatistics but do not have much time to spare, The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses and Clinicians presents important statistical methods used in today's biomedical research and provides insight on their appropriate application. Rather than provide detailed mathematics for each of these methods, the book emphasizes what healthcare practitioners need to know to interpret and incorporate the latest biomedical research into their practices. The author draws from his own experience developing and teaching biostatistics courses for physicians and nurses, offering a presentation that is non-technical and accessible. The book begins with a basic introduction to the relationship between biostatistics and medical research, asking the question "why study statistics?," while also exploring the significance of statisitcal methods in medical literature and clinical trials research. Subsequent chapters explore key topics, including: Correlation, regression, and logistic regression Diagnostics Estimating means and proportions Normal distribution and the central limit theorem Sampling from populations Contingency tables Meta-analysis Nonparametric methods Survival analysis Throughout the book, statistical methods that are often utilized in biomedical research are outlined, including repeated measures analysis of variance, hazard ratios, contingency tables, log rank tests, bioequivalence, cross-over designs, selection bias, and group sequential methods. Exercise sets at the end of each chapter allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented concepts and techniques. The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses, and Clinicians is an excellent reference for doctors, nurses, and other practicing clinicians in the fields of medicine, public health, pharmacy, and the life sciences who need to understand and apply statistical methods in their everyday work. It also serves as a suitable supplement for courses on biostatistics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels.
This invaluable, jargon-free guide to essential medical terminology in an accessible A-Z format is ideal for medical, allied health and biomedical science students and researchers, clinicians and health care practitioners. Avoiding the complex language that is so often a feature of statistics and research methodology, this text provides clear and succinct explanations, clarifying meaning and showing the interdependencies between important concepts. This edition includes enhanced explanations of statistical concepts and methods—including more illustrative content—for greater accessibility. The book makes frequent use of examples from the medical literature, with reference to landmark studies, ensuring clinical relevance. It remains an ideal aid to accompany the reading and critical appraisal of medical and health care literature, now widely recognized to be a practical lifelong skill required by all health professionals throughout undergraduate and postgraduate studies and during clinical practice.
A new edition of the classic guide to the use of statistics in medicine, featuring examples from articles in the New England Journal of Medicine Medical Uses of Statistics has served as one of the most influential works on the subject for physicians, physicians-in-training, and a myriad of healthcare experts who need a clear idea of the proper application of statistical techniques in clinical studies as well as the implications of their interpretation for clinical practice. This Third Edition maintains the focus on the critical ideas, rather than the mechanics, to give practitioners and students the resources they need to understand the statistical methods they encounter in modern medical literature. Bringing together contributions from more than two dozen distinguished statisticians and medical doctors, this volume stresses the underlying concepts in areas such as randomized trials, survival analysis, genetics, linear regression, meta-analysis, and risk analysis. The Third Edition includes: Numerous examples based on studies taken directly from the pages of the New England Journal of Medicine Two added chapters on statistics in genetics Two new chapters on the application of statistical methods to studies in epidemiology New chapters on analyses of randomized trials, linear regression, categorical data analysis, meta-analysis, subgroup analyses, and risk analysis Updated chapters on statistical thinking, crossover designs, p-values, survival analysis, and reporting research results A focus on helping readers to critically interpret published results of clinical research Medical Uses of Statistics, Third Edition is a valuable resource for researchers and physicians working in any health-related field. It is also an excellent supplemental book for courses on medicine, biostatistics, and clinical research at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. You can also visit the New England Journal of Medicine website for related information.
Medical by David Machin,Michael J. Campbell,Say-Beng Tan,Sze-Huey Tan
Author: David Machin,Michael J. Campbell,Say-Beng Tan,Sze-Huey Tan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book provides statisticians and researchers with the statistical tools - equations, formulae and numerical tables - to design and plan clinical studies and carry out accurate, reliable and reproducible analysis of the data so obtained. There is no way around this as incorrect procedure in clinical studies means that the researcher's paper will not be accepted by a peer-reviewed journal. Planning and analysing clinical studies is a very complicated business and this book provides indispensible factual information. Please go to http://booksupport.wiley.com and enter 9781405146500 to easily download the supporting materials.
Statistics in Medicine, Third Edition makes medical statistics easy to understand by students, practicing physicians, and researchers. The book begins with databases from clinical medicine and uses such data to give multiple worked-out illustrations of every method. The text opens with how to plan studies from conception to publication and what to do with your data, and follows with step-by-step instructions for biostatistical methods from the simplest levels (averages, bar charts) progressively to the more sophisticated methods now being seen in medical articles (multiple regression, noninferiority testing). Examples are given from almost every medical specialty and from dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, and health care management. A preliminary guide is given to tailor sections of the text to various lengths of biostatistical courses. User-friendly format includes medical examples, step-by-step methods, and check-yourself exercises appealing to readers with little or no statistical background, across medical and biomedical disciplines Facilitates stand-alone methods rather than a required sequence of reading and references to prior text Covers trial randomization, treatment ethics in medical research, imputation of missing data, evidence-based medical decisions, how to interpret medical articles, noninferiority testing, meta-analysis, screening number needed to treat, and epidemiology Fills the gap left in all other medical statistics books between the reader’s knowledge of how to go about research and the book’s coverage of how to analyze results of that research New in this Edition: New chapters on planning research, managing data and analysis, Bayesian statistics, measuring association and agreement, and questionnaires and surveys New sections on what tests and descriptive statistics to choose, false discovery rate, interim analysis, bootstrapping, Bland-Altman plots, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), and Deming regression Expanded coverage on probability, statistical methods and tests relatively new to medical research, ROC curves, experimental design, and survival analysis 35 Databases in Excel format used in the book and can be downloaded and transferred into whatever format is needed along with PowerPoint slides of figures, tables, and graphs from the book included on the companion site, http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123848642 Medical subject index offers additional search capabilities
Wie die Spanische Grippe die Gesellschaft veränderte
Author: Laura Spinney
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Der Erste Weltkrieg geht zu Ende, und eine weitere Katastrophe fordert viele Millionen Tote: die Spanische Grippe. Binnen weniger Wochen erkrankt ein Drittel der Weltbevölkerung. Trotzdem sind die Auswirkungen auf Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur weitgehend unbekannt. Ob in Europa, Asien oder Afrika, an vielen Orten brachte die Grippe die Machtverhältnisse ins Wanken, womöglich beeinflusste sie die Verhandlung des Versailler Vertrags und verursachte Modernisierungsbewegungen. Anhand von Schicksalen auf der ganzen Welt öffnet Laura Spinney das Panorama dieser Epoche. Sie füllt eine klaffende Lücke in der Geschichtsschreibung und erlaubt einen völlig neuen Blick auf das Schicksalsjahr 1918.
Regression Methods for Medical Research provides medical researchers with the skills they need to critically read and interpret research using more advanced statistical methods. The statistical requirements of interpreting and publishing in medical journals, together with rapid changes in science and technology, increasingly demands an understanding of more complex and sophisticated analytic procedures. The text explains the application of statistical models to a wide variety of practical medical investigative studies and clinical trials. Regression methods are used to appropriately answer the key design questions posed and in so doing take due account of any effects of potentially influencing co-variables. It begins with a revision of basic statistical concepts, followed by a gentle introduction to the principles of statistical modelling. The various methods of modelling are covered in a non-technical manner so that the principles can be more easily applied in everyday practice. A chapter contrasting regression modelling with a regression tree approach is included. The emphasis is on the understanding and the application of concepts and methods. Data drawn from published studies are used to exemplify statistical concepts throughout. Regression Methods for Medical Research is especially designed for clinicians, public health and environmental health professionals, para-medical research professionals, scientists, laboratory-based researchers and students.
The second volume in the Wiley reference series in Biostatistics. Featuring articles from the prestigious Encyclopedia of Biostatistics, many of which have been fully revised and updated to include recent developments, Biostatistics in Clinical Trials also includes up to 25% newly commissioned material reflecting the latest thinking in: Bayesian methods Benefit/risk assessment Cost-effectiveness Ethics Fraud With exceptional contributions from leading experts in academia, government and industry, Biostatistics in Clinical Trials has been designed to complement existing texts by providing extensive, up-to-date coverage and introducing the reader to the research literature. Offering comprehensive coverage of all aspects of clinical trials Biostatistics in Clinical Trials: Includes concise definitions and introductions to numerous concepts found in current literature Discusses the software and textbooks available Uses extensive cross-references helping to facilitate further research and enabling the reader to locate definitions and related concepts Biostatistics in Clinical Trials offers both academics and practitioners from various disciplines and settings, such as universities, the pharmaceutical industry and clinical research organisations, up-to-date information as well as references to assist professionals involved in the design and conduct of clinical trials.