Thoroughly researched, Rodney Castleden's Minoans: Life in Bronze Age Crete here sues the results of recent research to produce a comprehensive new vision of the peoples of Minoan Crete. Since Sir Arthur Evans rediscovered the Minoans in the early 1900s, we have defined a series of cultural traits that make the ‘Minoan personality’: elegant, graceful and sophisticated, these nature lovers lived in harmony with their neighbours, while their fleets ruled the seas around Crete. This, at least, is the popular view of the Minoans. But how far does the later work of archaeologists in Crete support this view? Drawing on his experience of being actively involved in research on landscapes processes and prehistory for the last twenty years, Castleden writes clearly and accessibly to provide a text essential to the study of this fascinating subject.
Thoroughly researched, Rodney Castleden's Minoans: Life in Bronze Age Crete here sues the results of recent research to produce a comprehensive new vision of the peoples of Minoan Crete. Since Sir Arthur Evans rediscovered the Minoans in the early 1900s, we have defined a series of cultural traits that make the 'Minoan personality': elegant, graceful and sophisticated, these nature lovers lived in harmony with their neighbours, while their fleets ruled the seas around Crete. This, at least, is the popular view of the Minoans. But how far does the later work of archaeologists in Crete support this view? Drawing on his experience of being actively involved in research on landscapes processes and prehistory for the last twenty years, Castleden writes clearly and accessibly to provide a text essential to the study of this fascinating subject.
Neopalatial Crete - the 'Golden Age' of the Minoan Civilization - possessed palaces, exquisite artefacts, and iconography with pre-eminent females. While lacking in fortifications, ritual symbolism cloaked the island, an elaborate bureaucracy logged transactions, and massive storage areas enabled the redistribution of goods. We cannot read the Linear A script, but the libation formulae suggest an island-wide koine. Within this cultural identity, there is considerable variation in how the Minoan elites organized themselves and others on an intra-site and regional basis. This book explores and celebrates this rich, diverse and dynamic culture through analyses of important sites, as well as Minoan administration, writing, economy and ritual. Key themes include the role of Knossos in wider Minoan culture and politics, the variable modes of centralization and power relations detectable across the island, and the role of ritual and cult in defining and articulating elite control.
Der Gründungsmythos unseres Kontinents ist unauflöslich mit der sagenumwobenen griechischen Insel Kreta verbunden: In Gestalt eines weißen Stiers entführt der verliebte Göttervater Zeus die phönizische Königstochter Europa über das Meer und setzt sie erst wieder an der Küste Kretas ab. Sie gebiert ihm drei Söhne – Minos, Rhadamanthys und Sarpedon –, die ihrerseits als bedeutende Gestalten der griechischen Mythologie auftreten. Vom Namen des Minos, der als König auf Kreta herrscht, leitet sich jener der minoischen Hochkultur ab (3000–1450 n. Chr.), deren reiches archäologisches Erbe noch heute auf Kreta zu bewundern ist. Die Paläste der Minoer werden schließlich von mykenischen Griechen eingenommen. Doch auch ihre Herrschaft versinkt gegen Ende des 2. Jt. n. Chr. in schriftloses Dunkel, ehe sich seit dem 8. Jh. n. Chr. eine neue Kultur in einer Vielzahl von Gemeinden mit differenzierter Gesellschaftsstruktur und bald auch einem entwickelten Rechtswesen herausbildet. Auch wenn die Vorherrschaft einzelner Städte auf Kreta in den folgenden Jahrhunderten mehrfach wechselt und schließlich die Insel unter den Römern – nicht zum ersten und auch nicht zum letzten Mal – zum Objekt einer Fremdherrschaft wird, so bleibt sie doch stets ein bedeutender Faktor der antiken Welt. Kretas wechselvolle Ereignisgeschichte und seine kulturgeschichtliche Vielfalt läßt Angelos Chaniotis in diesem Buch wieder lebendig werden.
The Mycenaean world: the stuff of legends and heroes who conquered Troy and who still stand at the heart of Greek identity today. This clear, detailed study brings their civilisation, culture, and history to life for both students and enthusiasts
Sanitation and intestinal health is something we often take for granted today. However, people living in many regions of the developing world still suffer with debilitating diseases due to the lack of sanitation. Despite its clear impact upon health in modern times, sanitation in past populations is a topic that has received surprisingly little attention. This book brings together key experts from around the world to explore fascinating aspects of life in the past relevant to sanitation, and how that affected our ancestors. By its end readers will realize that toilets were in use in ancient Mesopotamia even before the invention of writing, and that flushing toilets with anatomic seats were a technology of ancient Greece at the time of the minotaur myth. They will see how sanitation compared in ancient Rome and medieval London, and will take a virtual walk around the sanitation of York at the time of the Vikings. Readers will also understand which intestinal parasites infected humans in different regions of the world over different time periods, what these parasites tell us about early human evolution, later population migrations, past diet, lifestyle, and the effects of sanitation technology. There is good evidence that over the millennia people in the past realized that sanitation mattered. They invented toilets, cleaner water supplies, drains, waste disposal and sanitation legislation. While past views on sanitation were very different to those of today, it is clear than many past societies took sanitation much more seriously than was previously thought.
From the deepest layer of the Labyrinth under the Royal Palace to the topmost floor of the prison tower, this enthralling version of the myth of the maze and the Minotaur by master storyteller Patrice Kindl is filled with the marvelous and the strange.
An authoritative and comprehensive study of life in Bronze Age Crete and Greece, written for the NSW Ancient History Course. Features: Explores all aspects of Bronze Age political, cultural, social, economic and religious life Superbly illustrated Offers a glossary of relevant Bronze Age terms and a series of appendices on Bronze Age palaces Engaging class exercises and extension tasks Relevant source material and research reports Fascinating descriptive studies of the important palaces at Knossos and Pylos.
King Arthur is often written off as a medieval fantasy, the dream of those yearning for an age of strong, just rulers and a contented kingdom. Those who accept his existence at all generally discard the stories that surround him. This exciting new investigation argues not only that Arthur did exist, as a Dark Age chieftain, but that many of the romantic tales - of Merlin, Camelot and Excalibur - are rooted in truth. In his quest for the real King Arthur, Rodney Castleden uses up-to-date archaeological and documentary evidence to recreate the history and society of Dark Age Britain and its kings. He revives the possibility that Tintagel was an Arthurian legend, and proposes a radical new theory - that Arthur escaped alive from his final battle. A location is even suggested for perhaps the greatest mystery, the whereabouts of Arthur's grave. King Arthur: The Truth Behind the Legend offers a more complete picture of Arthur's Britain and his place in it than ever before. The book's bold approach and compelling arguments will be welcomed by all readers with an interest in Arthuriana.
This book discusses the nature and process of change in human society over the past two million years. The author draws on economic, historical and biological concepts to examine the driving forces of change and looks to likely developments in the future. This analysis produces some very thought-provoking and controversial conclusions.
History by Sarah Cappel,Ute Günkel-Maschek,Diamantis Panagiotopoulos
Author: Sarah Cappel,Ute Günkel-Maschek,Diamantis Panagiotopoulos
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Louvain
More than 100 years ago Sir Arthur Evans' spade made the first cut into the earth above the now well-known Palace at Knossos. His research saw the birth of a new discipline: Minoan Archaeology. The present volume aim to outline current trends and prospects of this scientific field.