Social Science

Modern Theory Of Critical Phenomena

Author: Shang-keng Ma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429978510

Category: Social Science

Page: 591

View: 8375

An important contributor to our current understanding of critical phenomena, Ma introduces the beginner--especially the graduate student with no previous knowledge of the subject-to fundamental theoretical concepts such as mean field theory, the scaling hypothesis, and the renormalization group. He then goes on to apply the renormalization group to selected problems, with emphasis on the underlying physics and the basic assumptions involved.
Science

Critical Phenomena in Liquids and Liquid Crystals

Author: Mikhail Alekseevich Anisimov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782881248061

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 7793

Phase transitions and critical phenomena in liquids and liquid crystals have been the subject of intensive research since the 1960s. However, books on this fascinating subject have tended to be written by theorists for theorists. Professor Anisimov offers us a new approach: he aims to introduce experimentalists to the modern theories and their applications. After introducing the thermodynamics of phase transitions, he presents the modern theory of critical phenomena. He then concludes by illustrating the utility of this theory in the analysis of experimental measurements in classical fluids and binary mixtures, superfluid mixtures of helium isotopes and liquid crystals. Not only will this book be enjoyed by experimental physicists, chemists and material scientists, it will also offer the theorist an insight into the interpretation of the experimentalist's work.
Science

Introduction to Statistical Physics

Author: Silvio Salinas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475735081

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 7546

This textbook covers the basic principles of statistical physics and thermodynamics. The text is pitched at the level equivalent to first-year graduate studies or advanced undergraduate studies. It presents the subject in a straightforward and lively manner. After reviewing the basic probability theory of classical thermodynamics, the author addresses the standard topics of statistical physics. The text demonstrates their relevance in other scientific fields using clear and explicit examples. Later chapters introduce phase transitions, critical phenomena and non-equilibrium phenomena.
Science

Quantum Field Theory

A Modern Perspective

Author: V. P. Nair

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387250980

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 2703

Quantum field theory, which started with Paul Dirac’s work shortly after the discovery of quantum mechanics, has produced an impressive and important array of results. Quantum electrodynamics, with its extremely accurate and well-tested predictions, and the standard model of electroweak and chromodynamic (nuclear) forces are examples of successful theories. Field theory has also been applied to a variety of phenomena in condensed matter physics, including superconductivity, superfluidity and the quantum Hall effect. The concept of the renormalization group has given us a new perspective on field theory in general and on critical phenomena in particular. At this stage, a strong case can be made that quantum field theory is the mathematical and intellectual framework for describing and understanding all physical phenomena, except possibly for a quantum theory of gravity. Quantum Field Theory: A Modern Perspective presents Professor Nair’s view of certain topics in field theory loosely knit together as it grew out of courses on field theory and particle physics taught at Columbia University and the City College of CUNY. The first few chapters, up to Chapter 12, contain material that generally goes into any course on quantum field theory, although there are a few nuances of presentation which readers may find to be different from other books. This first part of the book can be used for a general course on field theory, omitting, perhaps, the last three sections in Chapter 3, the last two in Chapter 8 and sections 6 and 7 in Chapter 10. The remaining chapters cover some of the more modern developments over the last three decades, involving topological and geometrical features. The introduction given to the mathematical basis of this part of the discussion is necessarily brief and should be accompanied by books on the relevant mathematical topics as indicated in the bibliography. Professor Nair also concentrates on developments pertinent to a better understanding of the standard model. There is no discussion of supersymmetry, supergravity, developments in field theory inspired by string theory, etc. There is also no detailed discussion of the renormalization group. Each of these topics would require a book in its own right to do justice to the topic. Quantum Field Theory: A Modern Perspective serves as a portal to so many more topics of detailed and ongoing research, referring readers to more detailed treatments for many specific topics. The book also contains extensive references, providing readers a more comprehensive perspective on the literature and the historical development of the subject. V. Parameswaran Nair is Professor of Physics at City College of The City University of New York (CUNY). Professor Nair has held Visiting Professorships at The Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics, Rockefeller University, Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Science

Introduction to the Theory of Critical Phenomena

Mean Field, Fluctuations and Renormalization

Author: D. I. Uzunov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810203887

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 3895

The sophistication of modern tools used in the study of statistical mechanics and field theory is often an obstacle to the easy understanding of new important current results reported in journals. The main purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to the methods of the fluctuation (field) theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena so as to provide a good source for research. The introductory contents are concerned with ideas of description, thermodynamic stability theory related to phase transitions, major experimental facts, basic models and their relationships. Special attention is paid to the mean field approximation and to the Landau expansion for simple and complex models of critical and multicritical phenomena. An instructive representation of the modern perturbation theory and the method of the renormalization group is developed for field models of phase transitions. The essential influence of the fluctuations on the critical behaviour is established together with the theory of correlation functions, Gaussian approximation, the Ginzburg criterion, ?- and 1/n- expansions as practical realizations of the renormalization group ideas. Applications of the theory to concrete aspects of condensed matter physics are considered: quantum effects, Bose condensation, crystal anisotropy, superconductors and liquid crystals, effects of disorder of type randomly distributed quenched impurities and random fields. This volume can be used as an advanced University course book for students with a basic knowledge of statistical physics and quantum mechanics. It could be considered as a complementary text to a standard University course on statistical physics.
Science

Introduction to the Theory of Critical Phenomena

Mean Field, Fluctuations and Renormalization

Author: Dimo I. Uzunov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814299499

Category: Science

Page: 673

View: 5485

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena. The content covers a period of more than 100 years of theoretical research of condensed matter phases and phase transitions providing a clear interrelationship with experimental problems. It starts from certain basic University knowledge of thermodynamics, statistical physics and quantum mechanics. The text is illustrated with classic examples of phase transitions. Various types of phase transition and (multi)critical points are introduced and explained. The classic aspects of the theory are naturally related with the modern developments. This interrelationship and the field-theoretical renormalization group method are presented in details. The main applications of the renormalization group methods are presented. Special attention is paid to the description of quantum phase transitions. This edition contains a more detailed presentation of the renormalization group method and its applications to particular systems.
Literary Criticism

Modern Critical Theory and Classical Literature

Author: Irene J. F. De Jong,J. John Patrick Sullivan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004095717

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 292

View: 3980

In recent decades the study of literature in Europe and the Americas has been profoundly influenced by modern critical theory in its various forms, whether Structuralism or Deconstructionism, Hermeneutics, Reader-Response Theory or Rezeptionsasthetik, Semiotics or Narratology, Marxist, feminist, neo-historical, psychoanalytical or other perspectives. Whilst the value and validity of such approaches to literature is still a matter of some dispute, not least among classical scholars, they have had a substantial impact on the study both of classical literatures and of the mentalite of Greece and Rome. In an attempt to clarify issues in the debate, the eleven contributors to this volume were asked to produce a representative collection of essays to illustrate the applicability of some of the new approaches to Greek and Latin authors or literary forms and problems. The scope of the volume was deliberately limited to literary investigation, broadly construed, of Greek and Roman authors. Broader areas of the history and culture of the ancient world impinge in the essays, but are not their central focus. The volume also contains a separate bibliography, offering for the first time a complete bibliography of classical studies which incorporate modern critical theory.

STATISTICAL MECHANICS, 2ND ED

Author: Kerson Huang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9788126518494

Category:

Page: 512

View: 4569

Market_Desc: · Senior/Graduate Level Courses in Statistical Mechanics offered for 2 Semester in Department of Physics. About The Book: Unlike most other texts on the subject, this clear, concise introduction to the theory of microscopic bodies treats the modern theory of critical phenomena. Provides up-to-date coverage of recent major advances, including a self-contained description of thermodynamics and the classical kinetic theory of gases, interesting applications such as superfluids and the quantum Hall effect, several current research applications, The last three chapters are devoted to the Landau-Wilson approach to critical phenomena. Many new problems and illustrations have been added to this edition.
Science

A Modern Introduction to Quantum Field Theory

Author: Michele Maggiore

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198520735

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 2131

The importance and the beauty of modern quantum field theory resides in the power and variety of its methods and ideas, which find application in domains as different as particle physics, cosmology, condensed matter, statistical mechanics and critical phenomena. This book introduces the reader to the modern developments in a manner which assumes no previous knowledge of quantum field theory. Along with standard topics like Feynman diagrams, the book discusses effective lagrangians, renormalization group equations, the path integral formulation, spontaneous symmetry breaking and non-abelian gauge theories. The inclusion of more advanced topics will also make this a most useful book for graduate students and researchers.
Science

Quantum Field Theory

A Modern Introduction

Author: Michio Kaku

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195076523

Category: Science

Page: 785

View: 9685

Provides a comprehensive discussion of the gauge revolution and the theoretical and experimental evidence which makes the Standard Model the leading theory of subatomic phenomena.
Science

Die Ordnung der Zeit

Author: Carlo Rovelli

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644000751

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 6573

Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".
Science

A Modern Course in Statistical Physics

Author: Linda E. Reichl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527690484

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 5665

A Modern Course in Statistical Physics is a textbook that illustrates the foundations of equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical physics, and the universal nature of thermodynamic processes, from the point of view of contemporary research problems. The book treats such diverse topics as the microscopic theory of critical phenomena, superfluid dynamics, quantum conductance, light scattering, transport processes, and dissipative structures, all in the framework of the foundations of statistical physics and thermodynamics. It shows the quantum origins of problems in classical statistical physics. One focus of the book is fluctuations that occur due to the discrete nature of matter, a topic of growing importance for nanometer scale physics and biophysics. Another focus concerns classical and quantum phase transitions, in both monatomic and mixed particle systems. This fourth edition extends the range of topics considered to include, for example, entropic forces, electrochemical processes in biological systems and batteries, adsorption processes in biological systems, diamagnetism, the theory of Bose-Einstein condensation, memory effects in Brownian motion, the hydrodynamics of binary mixtures. A set of exercises and problems is to be found at the end of each chapter and, in addition, solutions to a subset of the problems is provided. The appendices cover Exact Differentials, Ergodicity, Number Representation, Scattering Theory, and also a short course on Probability.
Science

Broken Arrow of Time

Rethinking the Revolution in Modern Physics

Author: Bloyd,James Galen Bloyd

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 059517874X

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 7168

This fine example of critical writing examines the arrow of time as it is conceived by theoretical physicists. Exploring areas in science from quantum theory and relativity to cognitive science and philosophy, the book appeals to a more classical realism, approaching a work tempered for the conservative scientist while remaining provocative enough to challenge any reader. The arguments are build upon currently accepted theory, however, the radical conclusion reveals a surprisingly consistent view between classical and modern physics, illustrating how classical physics can be reasonably advanced, instead of replaced, to account for contemporary theory. To accomplish this coherent view, all that is required is a shift in the way we think about time. By simply demystifying the arrow of time, we can begin to see how the inexplicable nature of modern physics, such as “quantum weirdness,” is not only comprehensible but is exactly what we would expect from our theories. Though this conclusion is counter to the consensus in the physics of the last century, the book is highly persuasive. Indeed, it may just compel every reader to rethink the predicament in today’s theoretical physics.
Computers

Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Molecular Simulation

Author: Mark Tuckerman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198525265

Category: Computers

Page: 696

View: 8795

By uniting basic concepts in equilibrium and time-dependent statistical mechanics with modern computational techniques, the book provides a comprehensive view of how theory proceeds from concepts to model construction to practical algorithms.
Science

A Modern Approach to Critical Phenomena

Author: Igor Herbut

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139460129

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1995

Critical phenomena is one of the most exciting areas of modern physics. This 2007 book provides a thorough but economic introduction into the principles and techniques of the theory of critical phenomena and the renormalization group, from the perspective of modern condensed matter physics. Assuming basic knowledge of quantum and statistical mechanics, the book discusses phase transitions in magnets, superfluids, superconductors, and gauge field theories. Particular attention is given to topics such as gauge field fluctuations in superconductors, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition, duality transformations, and quantum phase transitions - all of which are at the forefront of physics research. This book contains numerous problems of varying degrees of difficulty, with solutions. These problems provide readers with a wealth of material to test their understanding of the subject. It is ideal for graduate students and more experienced researchers in the fields of condensed matter physics, statistical physics, and many-body physics.
Science

Theory of Nonequilibrium Superconductivity

Author: N. B. Kopnin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507888

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 490

This is the first text on the modern theory of superconductivity. It deals with the behaviour of superconductors in external fields varying in time, and with transport phenomena in superconductors. The book starts with the fundamentals of the first-principle, microscopic theory of superconductivity, and guides the reader through the modern theoretical analysis directly to applications of the theory to practical problems. The reader of this book will learn about the methods of quantum field theory applied to nonstationary superconductivity in their most advanced formulation, namely about the so-called semi-classical version of the real-time Green's function technique applied to the celebrated Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer model of superconductivity. A considerable part of the book is devoted to vortex dynamics, dealing with the behaviour of superconductors in the most practical situation when they carry electric currents in the presence of a magnetic field.
Science

Path Integrals in Physics

Volume II Quantum Field Theory, Statistical Physics and other Modern Applications

Author: M Chaichian,A Demichev

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750308021

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 3751

The path integral approach has proved extremely useful for the understanding of the most complex problems in quantum field theory, cosmology, and condensed matter physics. Path Integrals in Physics: Volume II, Quantum Field Theory, Statistical Physics and other Modern Applications covers the fundamentals of path integrals, both the Wiener and Feynman types, and their many applications in physics. The book deals with systems that have an infinite number of degrees of freedom. It discusses the general physical background and concepts of the path integral approach used, followed by a detailed presentation of the most typical and important applications as well as problems with either their solutions or hints how to solve them. Each chapter is self-contained and can be considered as an independent textbook. It provides a comprehensive, detailed, and systematic account of the subject suitable for both students and experienced researchers.
Computers

HCI Theory

Classical, Modern, and Contemporary

Author: Yvonne Rogers

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608459012

Category: Computers

Page: 129

View: 2669

Theory is the bedrock of many sciences, providing a rigorous method to advance knowledge, through testing and falsifying hypotheses about observable phenomena. To begin with, the nascent field of HCI followed the scientific method borrowing theories from cognitive science to test theories about user performance at the interface. But HCI has emerged as an eclectic interdiscipline rather than a well-defined science. It now covers all aspects of human life, from birth to bereavement, through all manner of computing, from device ecologies to nano-technology. It comes as no surprise that the role of theory in HCI has also greatly expanded from the early days of scientific testing to include other functions such as describing, explaining, critiquing, and as the basis for generating new designs. The book charts the theoretical developments in HCI, both past and present, reflecting on how they have shaped the field. It explores both the rhetoric and the reality: how theories have been conceptualized, what was promised, how they have been used and which has made the most impact in the field -- and the reasons for this. Finally, it looks to the future and asks whether theory will continue to have a role, and, if so, what this might be. Table of Contents: Introduction / The Backdrop to HCI Theory / The Role and Contribution of Theory in HCI / Classical Theories / Modern Theories / Contemporary Theory / Discussion / Summary