Mummies, Magic and Medicine in Ancient Egypt

Author: Campbell Price,Andrew Chamberlain,Roger Forshaw,Paul Nicholson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1784992437

Category:

Page: 520

View: 1651

This volume, published in honour of Egyptologist Prof. Rosalie David OBE, presents the latest research on three of the most important aspects of ancient Egyptian civilisation: mummies, magic and medical practice. Drawing on recent archaeological fieldwork, new research on Egyptian human remains, reassessments of ancient Egyptian texts and modern experimental archaeology, these essays try to answer some of Egyptology's biggest questions: How did Tutankhamun die? How were the Pyramids built? How were mummies made? A number of leading experts in their fields combine both traditional Egyptology and innovative scientific techniques to ancient material. The resulting overview presents the state of Egyptology in 2016, how it has developed over the last forty years, and how many of its big questions still remain the same.
Egypt

The Art of Medicine in Ancient Egypt

Author: James P. Allen,Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588391701

Category: Egypt

Page: 115

View: 1753

Diseases and injuries were major concerns for ancient Egyptians. This book, featuring some sixty-four objects from the Metropolitan Museum, discusses how both practical and magical medicine informed Egyptian art and for the first time reproduces and translates treatments described in the spectacular Edwin Smith Papyrus.
History

The Medicine of the Ancient Egyptians

Author: Eugen Strouhal,Bretislav Vachala ,Hana Vymazalova

Publisher: The American University in Cairo Press

ISBN: 977416640X

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 3529

Ancient Egyptian medicine employed advanced surgical practices, while the prevention and treatment of diseases relied mostly on naturalremedies and magical incantations. In the first of two volumes, The Medicine of the Ancient Egyptians explores these two different aspects, using textual sources and physical evidence to cast light on the state of ancient medical knowledge and practice and the hardships of everyday life experienced by the inhabitants of the land on the Nile. The first part of the book focuses on ancient Egyptian surgery, drawing mainly on cases described in the Edwin Smith papyrus, which details a number of injuries listed by type and severity. These demonstrate the rational approach employed by ancient physicians in the treatment of injured patients. Additional surgical cases are drawn from the Ebers papyrus. The chapters that follow cover gynecology, obstetrics, and pediatric cases, with translations from the Kahun gynecological papyrus and other medical texts, illustrating a wide range of ailments that women and young children suffered in antiquity, and how they were treated. Illustrated with more than sixty photographs and line drawings, The Medicine of the Ancient Egyptians is highly recommended reading for scholars of ancient Egyptian medicine and magic, as well as for paleopathologists, medical historians, and physical anthropologists.
Social Science

Unwrapping Ancient Egypt

Author: Christina Riggs

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0857854984

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9623

In ancient Egypt, wrapping sacred objects, including mummified bodies, in layers of cloth was a ritual that lay at the core of Egyptian society. Yet in the modern world, attention has focused instead on unwrapping all the careful arrangements of linen textiles the Egyptians had put in place. This book breaks new ground by looking at the significance of textile wrappings in ancient Egypt, and at how their unwrapping has shaped the way we think about the Egyptian past. Wrapping mummified bodies and divine statues in linen reflected the cultural values attached to this textile, with implications for understanding gender, materiality and hierarchy in Egyptian society. Unwrapping mummies and statues similarly reflects the values attached to Egyptian antiquities in the West, where the colonial legacies of archaeology, Egyptology and racial science still influence how Egypt appears in museums and the press. From the tomb of Tutankhamun to the Arab Spring, Unwrapping Ancient Egypt raises critical questions about the deep-seated fascination with this culture ? and what that fascination says about our own.
Social Science

Egyptian Mummies and Modern Science

Author: Rosalie David

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467948

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4664

Egyptian mummies have always aroused popular and scientific interest; however, most modern studies, although significantly increased in number and range, have been published in specialist journals. Now, this unique book, written by a long-established team of scientists, brings this exciting, cross-disciplinary area of research to a wider readership. It shows how this team's multidisciplinary, investigative methods and the unique resource of the Egyptian Mummy Tissue Bank are being used for the new major international investigations of disease evolution and ancient Egyptian pharmacy and pharmacology. It also assesses the current status of palaeopathology and ancient DNA research, and treatments available for conserving mummified remains. Descriptions of the historical development of Egyptian mummifications and medicine and detailed references to previous scientific investigations provide the context for firsthand accounts of cutting-edge research by prominent specialists in this field, demonstrating how these techniques can contribute to a new perspective on Egyptology.
Art

Ancient Egypt

Author: Campbell Price

Publisher: Pocket Museum

ISBN: 9780500294086

Category: Art

Page: 288

View: 5654

A detailed exploration of 200 Ancient Egyptian objects from museums around the world, gathered here into one handy, pocket-sized guide
Egypt

Science in Egyptology

Author: Ann Rosalie David

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719022043

Category: Egypt

Page: 525

View: 422

Social Science

Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt

Author: Kathryn A. Bard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134665253

Category: Social Science

Page: 968

View: 545

The Encyclopedia opens with a general map of the region and a chronology of periods and dynasties, providing a context for the entries. The first section of the volume then comprises 14 overviews which explore the history and significance of each period. The main body of the text offers more than 300 alphabetically organized entries, written by some of the most eminent scholars in this field. Areas covered include: artefacts - glass, jewellery, sculpture archaeological practices - dating techniques, representational evidence, textual sources biographies - Howard Carter, Gertrude Caton Thompson, Gaston Maspero buildings - cult temples, private tombs, pyramid complexes geographical features - agriculture, climate, irrigation sites - Abydos, Dakhla Oasis, Thebes social organization - kingship, law, taxation The text is extensively illustrated with over 120 images. Each entry is followed by a selected further reading section which includes foreign language sources to supplement the available works in English.
History

Temple Ritual at Abydos

Author: Rosalie David

Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society

ISBN: 9780856982323

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 8633

The Temple of Seti I at Abydos is is one of the great monuments of the New Kingdom. Rosalie David's book, last printed more than 30 years ago, offers a guide to its magnificent reliefs and wall paintings, explaining the scenes of ritual and worship. This new edition will, for the first time, also include some of the outstanding watercolours by Amice Calverley and Myrtle Broome that were published between 1933 and 1958.
History

Apostasy and Jewish Identity in High Middle Ages Northern Europe

'Are You Still My Brother?'

Author: Simha Goldin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719095778

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 1945

The attitude of Jews living in the medieval Christian world to Jews who converted to Christianity or to Christians seeking to join the Jewish faith reflects the central traits that make up Jewish self-identification. The Jews saw themselves as a unique group chosen by God, who expected them to play a specific and unique role in the world. This study researches fully for the first time the various aspects of the way European Jews regarded members of their own fold in the context of lapses into another religion. It attempts to understand whether they regarded the issue of conversion with self-confidence or with suspicion, and whether their attitude was based on a clear theological position, or on issues of socialisation. The book will primarily interest students and lecturers of Jewish/Christian relations, the Middle Ages, Jews in the Medieval period, and inter-religious research.
History

monarchs of the nile

Author: Aidan Dodson

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774246005

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 7893

This book presents a concise account of the lives and times of some of the more significant occupants of the Egyptian throne, from the unification of the country around 3000 BC down to the extinction of native rule just under three millennia later. Some, such as Tuthmosis III, had a majorimpact on their time, and were remembered by their own people until the very civilization collapsed. Others, such as Tutankhamun, were soon forgotten by the Egyptians themselves, only to burst into popular culture thousands of years after their deaths, as a result of the labors of modernarcheologists. Still more remain unknown outside the small circle of professional archeologists, but led lives that call out for wider dissemination. This book sets out to provide a mix of all three categories, in an attempt to present a balanced view of Egyptian kings and their range ofachievements.
Social Science

The Royal Tombs of Ancient Egypt

Author: Aidan Dodson

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 1473880041

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 2257

The royal tombs of ancient Egypt include some of the most stupendous monuments of all time, c
Business & Economics

The Ancient Egyptian Economy

3000–30 BCE

Author: Brian Muhs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107113369

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 402

View: 3552

The first economic history of ancient Egypt employing a New Institutional Economics approach and covering the entire pharaonic period, 3000 30 BCE."
Religion

A Handbook of Ancient Religions

Author: John R. Hinnells

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461982

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 3788

Ancient civilisations exercise an intense fascination for people the world over. This Handbook provides a vivid, scholarly, and eminently readable account of ancient cultures around the world, from China to India, the Middle East, Egypt, Europe, and the Americas. It examines the development of religious belief from the time of the Palaeolithic cave paintings to the Aztecs and Incas. Covering the whole of society not just the elite, the Handbook outlines the history of the different societies so that their religion and culture can be understood in context. Each chapter includes discussion of the broad field of relevant studies alerting the reader to wider debates on each subject. An international team of scholars convey their own deep enthusiasm for their subject and provide a unique study of both popular and 'official' religion in the ancient world.
History

The Sunshade Chapel of Meritaten from the House-of-Waenre of Akhenaten

Author: Josef Wegner

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 1934536873

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 7524

The quartzite architectural block E16230 has been on display in the Penn Museum for 115 years. E16230 is one of the few large architectural pieces in the world surviving from the much-debated reign of the "heretic" king Akhenaten. This block is one of the most historically significant objects on display in the Egyptian galleries, yet it has never been analyzed or published. This volume addresses that glaring gap and provides for the first time a translation and discussion of the important texts on the object, along with analysis of the architectural evidence it provides. The block is part of the once intensely ornamented façade of a solar chapel ("sunshade") dedicated to princess Meritaten, the eldest daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. The large (1100 kg) block originates in a chapel that was part of a royal ceremonial palace of Akhenaten named Per-Waenre ("the house of the Unique-one-of-Re"). Later, after demolition of the building, the block was reused in the city of Heliopolis as the base for a sphinx of king Merenptah (Dynasty 19). Subsequently the block underwent a final stage of reuse in Cairo in the Islamic Period where it was found ca. 1898 in the Mousky district of central Cairo. Because the block is such a major architectural element it provides considerable detail in the reconstruction of the essential appearance, decoration, and other aspects of the Meritaten sunshade. The volume addresses the significance of the piece and the Meritaten sunshade in the context of Akhenaten's monumental program. Major implications emerge from the analysis of E16230 providing further evidence on the royal women during Akhenaten's reign. The book examines two possibilities for the original location of the Per-Waenre in which the Meritaten sunshade stood. It may be part of a large Amarna Period cult precinct at Heliopolis, which may, like the capital city at Tell el-Amarna, have born the wider name Akhet-Aten, "Horizon of the Aten." Alternatively it could derive from Tell el-Amarna itself, possibly belonging to a hitherto unidentified palatial complex at that site. The book is a contribution to the study of one of the most debated eras of ancient Egyptian history focused on this long-ignored treasure of the Penn Museum's Egyptian collection. University Museum Monograph 144
History

The Archaeology of Ancient Egypt

Beyond Pharaohs

Author: Douglas J. Brewer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052170734X

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 2431

An introduction to the archaeological study of ancient Egypt which bridges the gap between disciplines by explaining how archaeologists tackle various problems.
History

Re-Orienting the Renaissance

Cultural Exchanges with the East

Author: G. Maclean

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230523862

Category: History

Page: 187

View: 6284

This book explores how the Renaissance entailed a global exchange of goods, skills and ideas between East and West. In chapters ranging from Ottoman history to Venetian publishing, from portraits of St George to Arab philosophy, from cannibalism to diplomacy, the authors interrogate what all too often may seem to be settled certainties, such as the difference between East and West, the invariable conflict between Islam and Christianity, and the 'rebirth' of European civilization from roots in classical Greece and Imperial Rome.
Religion

Religion and Magic in Ancient Egypt

Author: Rosalie David

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141941383

Category: Religion

Page: 512

View: 8291

The ancient Egyptians believed that the Nile - their life source - was a divine gift. Religion and magic permeated their civilization, and this book provides a unique insight into their religious beliefs and practices, from 5000 BC to the 4th century AD, when Egyptian Christianity replaced the earlier customs. Arranged chronologically, this book provides a fascinating introduction to the world of half-human/ half-animal gods and goddesses; death rituals, the afterlife and mummification; the cult of sacred animals, pyramids, magic and medicine. An appendix contains translations of Ancient Eygtian spells.
Tombs

The Oxford Handbook of the Valley of the Kings

Author: Kent Weeks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199931631

Category: Tombs

Page: 648

View: 1710

The royal necropolis of New Kingdom Egypt, known as the Valley of the Kings (KV), is one of the most important--and celebrated--archaeological sites in the world. Located on the west bank of the Nile river, about three miles west of modern Luxor, the valley is home to more than sixty tombs, all dating to the second millennium BCE. The most famous of these is the tomb of Tutankhamun, first discovered by Howard Carter in 1922. Other famous pharaoh's interred here include Hatshepsut, the only queen found in the valley, and Ramesses II, ancient Egypt's greatest ruler. Much has transpired in the study and exploration of the Valley of the Kings over the last few years. Several major discoveries have been made, notably the many-chambered KV5 (tomb of the sons of Ramesses II) and KV 63, a previously unknown tomb found in the heart of the valley. Many areas of the royal valley have been explored for the first time using new technologies, revealing ancient huts, shrines, and stelae. New studies of the DNA, filiation, cranio-facial reconstructions, and other aspects of the royal mummies have produced important and sometimes controversial results. The Oxford Handbook of the Valley of the Kings provides an up-to-date and thorough reference designed to fill a very real gap in the literature of Egyptology. It will be an invaluable resource for scholars, teachers, and researchers with an interest in this key area of Egyptian archaeology. First, introductory chapters locate the Valley of the Kings in space and time. Subsequent chapters offer focused examinations of individual tombs: their construction, content, development, and significance. Finally, the book discusses the current status of ongoing issues of preservation and archaeology, such as conservation, tourism, and site management. In addition to recent work mentioned above, aerial imaging, remote sensing, studies of the tombs' architectural and decorative symbolism, problems of conservation site management, and studies of KV-related temples are just some of the aspects not covered in any other work on the Valley of the Kings. This volume promises to become the primary scholarly reference work on this important World Heritage Site.
Chronology, Historical

Crusades and Exoduses

Author: A. T. Fomenko

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781977933577

Category: Chronology, Historical

Page: 200

View: 8073

The most probable prototype of the historical Jesus was Andronikos I Komnenos (allegedly AD 1183 to 1185), the Emperor of Byzantine, reflected in the consensual history for his numerous failed reforms; his traits and deeds reflected in 'biographies' of many real and imaginary persons. According to New Chronology, the New Testament is the rendition of religious events of the XIIth century AD. Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the followers and relatives of Jesus idem Emperor Andronicus killed during a religious mutiny. Crusades have ended with the Sack of Constantinople in 1204. The historical Jesus Christ is a composite figure and reflection of the Bible prophet Elisha, Osiris, god of the death, life, and resurrection, Pope Gregory VII, Saint Basil of Caesarea, and even Li Yuanhao ("Son of Heaven"), Euclides, Dionysius and Andronikos I Komnenos the emperor of Byzantine. The seemingly vast differences in the biographies of these figures result from a difference in languages. The consensual world history was manufactured in Europe in XVI-XIX centuries with political agenda of powers of that period on the basis of erroneous chronology elaborated by Jesuits Joseph Justus Scaliger and Dionysius Petavius. - By the middle of XVI th century the prime political agenda of Europe that reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily to the Evil Empire of Eurasia, was to free Europe. - The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists and scientists in XV - XVII th centuries in creation and dissemination of fictional Ancient World served this agenda. - The fictional Ancient World was created by representing events of XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before according to the ancient sources they wrote by authorities they invented. - The European aristocracy, a considerable part of which were fugitives from Byzantine and/or the inheritors of Eurasian warlords, supported the myth of Ancient World to justify its claims to countries they ruled. - The black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants developed and supported the myth of Ancient World to justify their claims of being more ancient and to separate themselves from Eurasian orthodoxy in the countries ruled by European aristocracy. - The scientists supported the myth of Ancient World as safe cover for their heretic research that produced results contrarian to the tenets of Christianity. They justified their discoveries by authorities of ancient scientists they themselves invented and used as pseudonyms. - The humanists developed and supported the myth of Ancient World as a cozy safe haven for their ideas that conflicted with Christianity and aristocracy. They disguised and justified their ideas on authorities of ancient authors of their own making and wrote under their glorious aliases. Saint Augustin being prescient said .."beware of mathematicians, especially when they speak the truth! "