Policies intended to bring stability to fragile states tend to focus almost exclusively on building institutions and systems to get governance right. Simply building the state is often seen as sufficient for making it stable and legitimate. But policies like these, Ren� Grotenhuis shows in this book, ignore the question of what makes people belong to a nation-state, arguing that issues of identity, culture, and religion are crucial to creating the sense of belonging and social cohesion that a stable nation-state requires.
Chinese is a discourse-oriented language and the underlying mechanisms of the language involve encoding and decoding so the language can be correctly delivered and understood. To date, there has been a lack of consolidation at the discourse level such that a reference framework for understanding the language in a top-down fashion is still underdeveloped. The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Discourse Analysis is the first to showcase the latest research in the field of Chinese discourse analysis to consolidate existing findings, put the language in both theoretical and socio-functional perspectives, offer guidance and insights for further research and inspire innovative ideas for exploring the Chinese language in the discourse domain. The book is aimed at both students and scholars researching in the areas of Chinese linguistics and discourse analysis.
This book describes the contrast between the strong economic growth and democratization that have occurred in Africa and its stalling political progress. It presents and discusses fragility as the phenomenon that has caused the state to remain weak and faltering and has led to at least one third of the continent’s citizens living in fragile states. Following the examination of the drivers of fragility and the impact of fragility on citizens and neighbouring states, the book discusses capacity building approaches. This part shows how effective states can be built on the African continent, a process that would result in a change from state fragility to state resilience. It is based on lessons learnt from close studies of the nations where the state has been most developed in the region, in Eastern and Southern Africa. The book provides and responds to the most recent and up-to-date information on African development and uses insights of people who have lived and worked in the continent for most of their lives.
This book provides a unique account of the pursuit of security at the edge of the global order. It sheds light on reform of state police and armed forces, and analyses the alternative security structures that emerge in the absence of the state. This book remains open-minded as to which 'model' for security is better.
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The second session of the 111th Congress faces several issues regarding the continuing development of the Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI), the effort to develop a three-component ¿ready response¿ civilian force of 4,250 members. Contents of this report: (1) Proposals for New Civilian Forces; Creating Civilian Reconstruction and Stabilization (CRS) Capabilities; (2) Codifying CRS Assistance and State Dept. Capabilities; (3) Development of the CRS Office, Responsibilities, and Capabilities; Monitoring and Planning for Potential Conflicts; Developing and Carrying Out Conflict Response Activities; (4) Development of the Civilian Response Corps (CRC); (5) Issues for Congress: CRS Capacity and Status; Appropriate Size for the CRC; Flexible Funding. Illus.
Offers a conceptual pathway for U.S. policymakers to begin recalibrating America's security role to reverse what has appeared to be a widening gap between U.S. ends and means, now and in the future. Provides an overview of eight broad trends shaping the international security environment; a global analysis of the world's seven regions, to consider important developments in their distinctive neighborhoods; and, an examination of prospective U.S. contributions, military capabilities and force structure, national security organization, alliances and partnerships, and strategies.
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
Category: Political Science
This book analyzes the achievements of the UN World Summit of September 2005 in the field of conflict prevention, human security, and the advancement of the security development nexus. The book examines the Summit Outcome Document, which contains important general endorsements of the objective to strengthen conflict prevention capacities at the UN and fully supports the mission of the Special Advisor of the Secretary General on the Prevention of Genocide. This document commits all Member States for the first time to develop a notion of "human security" that recognizes that all individuals, in particular vulnerable people, are entitled to freedom from fear and freedom from want. It embraces the concept of a "responsibility to protect" against genocide, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. The book looks at how the newly established Peacebuilding Commission can play an important overall preventive role, in particular by ensuring that post-conflict countries do not relapse into armed conflict. It suggests the upcoming Comprehensive Report on Conflict Prevention by the UN Secretary General and a new General Assembly Resolution should operationalize and implement the shift from reaction to prevention. The United Nations for the 21st Century supports the call for a special summit meeting in 2010 on conflict prevention and human security with the objective to adopt a Global Action Plan on Conflict Prevention and Human Security, which should specify concrete agreements for allocating the resources necessary to bring peace planning, conflict prevention, and peacebuilding strategies to fruition.
Designed to strengthen and deepen implementation of the Paris Declaration, the Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) takes stock of progress and sets the agenda for accelerated advancement towards improving the quality and impact of aid.