Policies intended to bring stability to fragile states tend to focus almost exclusively on building institutions and systems to get governance right. Simply building the state is often seen as sufficient for making it stable and legitimate. But policies like these, René Grotenhuis shows in this book, ignore the question of what makes people belong to a nation-state, arguing that issues of identity, culture, and religion are crucial to creating the sense of belonging and social cohesion that a stable nation-state requires.
Chinese is a discourse-oriented language and the underlying mechanisms of the language involve encoding and decoding so the language can be correctly delivered and understood. To date, there has been a lack of consolidation at the discourse level such that a reference framework for understanding the language in a top-down fashion is still underdeveloped. The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Discourse Analysis is the first to showcase the latest research in the field of Chinese discourse analysis to consolidate existing findings, put the language in both theoretical and socio-functional perspectives, offer guidance and insights for further research and inspire innovative ideas for exploring the Chinese language in the discourse domain. The book is aimed at both students and scholars researching in the areas of Chinese linguistics and discourse analysis.
Oscillations in opium poppy production in Afghanistan have long been associated with how the state was perceived, such as after the Taliban imposed a cultivation ban in 2000-1. The international community's subsequent attempts to regulate opium poppy became intimately linked with its own state-building project, and rising levels of cultivation were cited as evidence of failure by those international donors who spearheaded development in poppy-growing provinces like Helmand, Nangarhar and Kandahar. Mansfield's book examines why drug control - particularly opium bans - have been imposed in Afghanistan; he documents the actors involved; and he scrutinizes how prohibition served divergent and competing interests. Drawing on almost two decades of fieldwork in rural areas, he explains how these bans affected farming communities, and how prohibition endured in some areas while in others opium production bans undermined livelihoods and destabilized the political order, fuelling violence and rural rebellion. Above all this book challenges how we have come to understand political power in rural Afghanistan. Far from being the passive recipients of violence by state and non-state actors, Mansfield highlights the role that rural communities have played in shaping the political terrain, including establishing the conditions under which they could persist with opium production.
Based on stakeholder consultations and supported by data, this report reviews the implementation of the Fragile States Principles in Timor-Leste, and identifies priority areas to improve the impact of international engagement.
Backgrnd. and Congress. Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and Other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities
Author: Nina M. Serafino
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The second session of the 111th Congress faces several issues regarding the continuing development of the Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI), the effort to develop a three-component ¿ready response¿ civilian force of 4,250 members. Contents of this report: (1) Proposals for New Civilian Forces; Creating Civilian Reconstruction and Stabilization (CRS) Capabilities; (2) Codifying CRS Assistance and State Dept. Capabilities; (3) Development of the CRS Office, Responsibilities, and Capabilities; Monitoring and Planning for Potential Conflicts; Developing and Carrying Out Conflict Response Activities; (4) Development of the Civilian Response Corps (CRC); (5) Issues for Congress: CRS Capacity and Status; Appropriate Size for the CRC; Flexible Funding. Illus.
With a rich comparative case-study approach that spans Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, Building Militaries in Fragile States unearths provocative findings that suggest the traditional way of working with foreign militaries needs to be rethought.
State collapse is one of the major threats to peace, stability, and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa today. In a collapsed state the regime finally wears out its ability to satisfy the demands of the various groups in society; it fails to govern or to keep the state together. The collapse is marked by the loss of control over political and economic space. A collapsed state can no longer perform its basic security and development functions and has no effective control over its territory and borders. Efforts to avoid drawing other nations into a wider conflict created by the collapse of a state and creating favorable conditions for reconciliation and reconstruction of a failed state after it has collapsed present major challenges. In April, 2008 the Cornell Institute for African Development called a symposium on 'Failed and Failing States in Africa: Lessons from Darfur and Beyond' to address these critical issues. Key contributions to the symposium are brought together in this volume. Taken together these essays represent a significant discussion on the challenges presented by the presence of failing states within Africa.
Offers a conceptual pathway for U.S. policymakers to begin recalibrating America's security role to reverse what has appeared to be a widening gap between U.S. ends and means, now and in the future. Provides an overview of eight broad trends shaping the international security environment; a global analysis of the world's seven regions, to consider important developments in their distinctive neighborhoods; and, an examination of prospective U.S. contributions, military capabilities and force structure, national security organization, alliances and partnerships, and strategies.
Designed to strengthen and deepen implementation of the Paris Declaration, the Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) takes stock of progress and sets the agenda for accelerated advancement towards improving the quality and impact of aid.
Towards an Effective and Efficient International Regime for Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding
Author: Detlev Wolter
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
Category: Political Science
This book analyzes the achievements of the UN World Summit of September 2005 in the field of conflict prevention, human security, and the advancement of the security development nexus. The book examines the Summit Outcome Document, which contains important general endorsements of the objective to strengthen conflict prevention capacities at the UN and fully supports the mission of the Special Advisor of the Secretary General on the Prevention of Genocide. This document commits all Member States for the first time to develop a notion of "human security" that recognizes that all individuals, in particular vulnerable people, are entitled to freedom from fear and freedom from want. It embraces the concept of a "responsibility to protect" against genocide, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. The book looks at how the newly established Peacebuilding Commission can play an important overall preventive role, in particular by ensuring that post-conflict countries do not relapse into armed conflict. It suggests the upcoming Comprehensive Report on Conflict Prevention by the UN Secretary General and a new General Assembly Resolution should operationalize and implement the shift from reaction to prevention. The United Nations for the 21st Century supports the call for a special summit meeting in 2010 on conflict prevention and human security with the objective to adopt a Global Action Plan on Conflict Prevention and Human Security, which should specify concrete agreements for allocating the resources necessary to bring peace planning, conflict prevention, and peacebuilding strategies to fruition.
Political Science by Anne-Marie Slaughter,Carl Bildt,Kazuo Ogura
This broad-ranging report addresses differing national, regional, and cultural views on today's most pressing security issues. The authors discuss questions of national vs. human security policy, military intervention, unilateralism, legality, legitimacy, and efficiency in evaluating potential responses to such global threats as terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and massive human rights violations.
This 2010 edition of the OECD Development Co-operation Report describes how the Development Assistance Committee has responded to the economic, food and climate change crises of recent years and how DAC countries are working to make aid more effective.
Post-Conflict Peacebuilding comes at a critical time for post-conflict peace building. Its rapid move towards the top of the international political agenda has been accompanied by added scrutiny, as the international community seeks to meet the multi-dimensional challenges of building a just and sustainable peace in societies ravaged by war. Beyond the strictly operational dimension, there is considerable ambiguity in the concepts and terminology used to discuss post-conflict peacebuilding. This ambiguity undermines efforts to agree on common understandings of how peace can be most effectively 'built', thereby impeding swift, coherent action. Accordingly, this lexicon aims to clarify and illuminate the multiple facets of post-conflict peacebuilding, by presenting its major themes and trends from an analytical perspective. To this end, the book opens with a general introduction on the concept of post-conflict peacebuilding, followed by twenty-six essays on its key elements (including capacity-building, conflict transformation, reconciliation, recovery, rule of law, security sector reform, and transitional justice). Written by international experts from a range of disciplines, including political science and international relations, international law, economics, and sociology, these essays cover the whole spectrum of post-conflict peacebuilding. In reflecting a diversity of perspectives the lexicon sheds light on many different challenges associated with post-conflict peacebuilding. For each key concept a generic definition is proposed, which is then expanded through discussion of three main areas: the meaning and origin of the concept; its content and essential components; and its means of implementation, including lessons learned from past practice.