Political Science

Nation-building as Necessary Effort in Fragile States

Author: René Grotenhuis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789462982192

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 6518

Policies intended to bring stability to fragile states tend to focus almost exclusively on building institutions and systems to get governance right. Simply building the state is often seen as sufficient for making it stable and legitimate. But policies like these, Ren� Grotenhuis shows in this book, ignore the question of what makes people belong to a nation-state, arguing that issues of identity, culture, and religion are crucial to creating the sense of belonging and social cohesion that a stable nation-state requires.
Political Science

Fixing Failed States

A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World

Author: Ashraf Ghani,Clare Lockhart

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195398610

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 495

Social science.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Language, Literature and the Construction of a Dutch National Identity (1780-1830)

Author: Rick Honings,Gijsbert Rutten,Ton van Kalmthout

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048526752

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 9557

The final decades of the eighteenth and the first decades of the nineteenth century show the birth of an early Dutch identity. In this time of political upheavel (the battle between Patriots and Orangists, the French occupation years and the period of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands), the study of Dutch language and literature received an important impulse. Many scholars, such as Matthijs Siegenbeek, Johannes Henricus van der Palm, Johannes Kinker and Willem Bilderdijk, made an effort to promote (the study of) Dutch language and culture, by writing studies, anthologies, essays. The study of the national language and literature was considered to be significant, not only for the Dutch sense of self-worth, but also for the recovery of the country, which was - according to many contemporaries - declining. In this book attention will be paid to twenty founding fathers of newly developed cultural nationalism in the period 1780-1830 and their various efforts in the creation of a new national identity.
Political Science

State Fragility and State Building in Africa

Cases from Eastern and Southern Africa

Author: Dele Olowu,Paulos Chanie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319206427

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 1261

This book describes the contrast between the strong economic growth and democratization that have occurred in Africa and its stalling political progress. It presents and discusses fragility as the phenomenon that has caused the state to remain weak and faltering and has led to at least one third of the continent’s citizens living in fragile states. Following the examination of the drivers of fragility and the impact of fragility on citizens and neighbouring states, the book discusses capacity building approaches. This part shows how effective states can be built on the African continent, a process that would result in a change from state fragility to state resilience. It is based on lessons learnt from close studies of the nations where the state has been most developed in the region, in Eastern and Southern Africa. The book provides and responds to the most recent and up-to-date information on African development and uses insights of people who have lived and worked in the continent for most of their lives.
Political Science

Women and Nation Building

Author: Cheryl Benard

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833043110

Category: Political Science

Page: 191

View: 9878

Using a case study of Afghanistan, this study examines gender-specific impacts of conflict and post-conflict and the ways they may affect women differently than they affect men. It analyzes the role of women in the nation-building process and considers outcomes that might occur if current practices were modified. Recommendations are made for improving data collection in conflict zones and for enhancing the outcomes of nation-building programs.
Political Science

Fixing Fragile States

A New Paradigm for Development

Author: Seth D. Kaplan

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780275998288

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 6876

Offers analysis into political, economic and business mistakes and solutions within fragile states. This title argues that to avoid revisiting the carnage and catastrophes seen in places like Iraq, Bosnia, and the Congo, the West needs to rethink its ideas on fragile states and start helping their peoples build governments that fit the landscape
Political Science

The Ideology of Failed States

Author: Susan L. Woodward

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176425

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 923

Contests to reorganize the international system after the Cold War agree on the security threat of failed states: this book asks why.

Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions

Backgrnd. and Congress. Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and Other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Author: Nina M. Serafino

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437930425


Page: 26

View: 2657

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The second session of the 111th Congress faces several issues regarding the continuing development of the Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI), the effort to develop a three-component ¿ready response¿ civilian force of 4,250 members. Contents of this report: (1) Proposals for New Civilian Forces; Creating Civilian Reconstruction and Stabilization (CRS) Capabilities; (2) Codifying CRS Assistance and State Dept. Capabilities; (3) Development of the CRS Office, Responsibilities, and Capabilities; Monitoring and Planning for Potential Conflicts; Developing and Carrying Out Conflict Response Activities; (4) Development of the Civilian Response Corps (CRC); (5) Issues for Congress: CRS Capacity and Status; Appropriate Size for the CRC; Flexible Funding. Illus.
Business & Economics

Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Author: Mr. E. Gelbard,Corinne Deléchat,Ms. Ejona Fuli,Mr. Mumtaz Hussain,Mr. Ulrich Jacoby,Mrs. Dafina Mulaj,Marco Pani,Gustavo Ramirez,Rui Xu

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1513500538

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 99

View: 9730

This paper analyzes the persistence of fragility in some sub-Saharan African states and the multiple dimensions of state weakness that are simultaneously at play. This study also provides an overview of the analytics of fragility, conflict, and international engagement with fragile states before turning to an assessment of the current state of affairs and the areas in which there has been progress in building resilience. The paper also looks at the role of fiscal policies and institutions and analyzes growth accelerations and decelerations. Seven country case studies help identify more concretely some key factors at play, and the diversity of paths followed, with an emphasis on the sequencing of reforms. The paper concludes with a summary of the main findings and policy implications.
Political Science

Building Militaries in Fragile States

Challenges for the United States

Author: Mara E. Karlin

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812249267

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 1423

With a rich comparative case-study approach that spans Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, Building Militaries in Fragile States unearths provocative findings that suggest the traditional way of working with foreign militaries needs to be rethought.

Building State Capability

Evidence, Analysis, Action

Author: Matt Andrews,Lant Pritchett,Michael Woolcock

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198747489


Page: 288

View: 4302

Governments play a major role in the development process, and constantly introduce reforms and policies to achieve developmental objectives. Many of these interventions have limited impact, however; schools get built but children don't learn, IT systems are introduced but not used, plans are written but not implemented. These achievement deficiencies reveal gaps in capabilities, and weaknesses in the process of building state capability. This book addresses these weaknesses and gaps. It starts by providing evidence of the capability shortfalls that currently exist in many countries, showing that many governments lack basic capacities even after decades of reforms and capacity building efforts. The book then analyses this evidence, identifying capability traps that hold many governments back - particularly related to isomorphic mimicry (where governments copy best practice solutions from other countries that make them look more capable even if they are not more capable) and premature load bearing (where governments adopt new mechanisms that they cannot actually make work, given weak extant capacities). The book then describes a process that governments can use to escape these capability traps. Called PDIA (problem driven iterative adaptation), this process empowers people working in governments to find and fit solutions to the problems they face. The discussion about this process is structured in a practical manner so that readers can actually apply tools and ideas to the capability challenges they face in their own contexts. These applications will help readers devise policies and reforms that have more impact than those of the past.
Political Science

US Nation-Building in Afghanistan

Author: Conor Keane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317003187

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 8880

Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The main objective of the book is to deepen readers understanding of the impact of bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the Bush Administration. It rejects the ’rational actor’ model, according to which the US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.
Political Science

State and Nation Making in Latin America and Spain

Republics of the Possible

Author: Miguel A. Centeno,Agustin E. Ferraro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107311306

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9617

The growth of institutional capacity in the developing world has become a central theme in twenty-first-century social science. Many studies have shown that public institutions are an important determinant of long-run rates of economic growth. This book argues that to understand the difficulties and pitfalls of state building in the contemporary world, it is necessary to analyze previous efforts to create institutional capacity in conflictive contexts. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the process of state and nation building in Latin America and Spain from independence to the 1930s. The book examines how Latin American countries and Spain tried to build modern and efficient state institutions for more than a century - without much success. The Spanish and Latin American experience of the nineteenth century was arguably the first regional stage on which the organizational and political dilemmas that still haunt states were faced. This book provides an unprecedented perspective on the development and contemporary outcome of those state and nation-building projects.

Failed and Failing States

The Challenges to African Reconstruction

Author: Muna Ndulo,Margaret Grieco

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing


Category: Law

Page: 217

View: 1586

State collapse is one of the major threats to peace, stability, and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa today. In a collapsed state the regime finally wears out its ability to satisfy the demands of the various groups in society; it fails to govern or to keep the state together. The collapse is marked by the loss of control over political and economic space. A collapsed state can no longer perform its basic security and development functions and has no effective control over its territory and borders. Efforts to avoid drawing other nations into a wider conflict created by the collapse of a state and creating favorable conditions for reconciliation and reconstruction of a failed state after it has collapsed present major challenges. In April, 2008 the Cornell Institute for African Development called a symposium on 'Failed and Failing States in Africa: Lessons from Darfur and Beyond' to address these critical issues. Key contributions to the symposium are brought together in this volume. Taken together these essays represent a significant discussion on the challenges presented by the presence of failing states within Africa.

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264098089


Page: 13

View: 6245

Beyond its principles on effective aid, the Paris Declaration lays out a practical, action-oriented roadmap to improve the quality of aid and its impact on development by 2010.
Political Science

Failed States

The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 9781429906401

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4260

The world's foremost critic of U.S. foreign policy exposes the hollow promises of democracy in American actions abroad—and at home The United States has repeatedly asserted its right to intervene against "failed states" around the globe. In this much anticipated sequel to his international bestseller Hegemony or Survival, Noam Chomsky turns the tables, charging the United States with being a "failed state," and thus a danger to its own people and the world. "Failed states" Chomsky writes, are those "that do not protect their citizens from violence and perhaps even destruction, that regard themselves as beyond the reach of domestic or international law, and that suffer from a ‘democratic deficit,' having democratic forms but with limited substance." Exploring recent U.S. foreign and domestic policies, Chomsky assesses Washington's escalation of the nuclear risk; the dangerous consequences of the occupation of Iraq; and America's self-exemption from international law. He also examines an American electoral system that frustrates genuine political alternatives, thus impeding any meaningful democracy. Forceful, lucid, and meticulously documented, Failed States offers a comprehensive analysis of a global superpower that has long claimed the right to reshape other nations while its own democratic institutions are in severe crisis, and its policies and practices have recklessly placed the world on the brink of disaster. Systematically dismantling America's claim to being the world's arbiter of democracy, Failed States is Chomsky's most focused—and urgent—critique to date.

After the War

Nation-building from FDR to George W. Bush

Author: James Dobbins

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833041819

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 1487

From the post-World War II era through the Cold War, post-Cold War era, and current war on terrorism, this volume assesses how U.S. presidential decisionmaking style and administrative structure can work in favor of, as well as against, the nation-building goals of the U.S. government and military and those of its coalition partners and allies.
Political Science

Making States Work

State Failure and the Crisis of Governance

Author: Simon Chesterman,Michael Ignatieff,Ramesh Chandra Thakur,United Nations University

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: 928081107X

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 8959

This publication is the result of a joint interdisciplinary project of the International Peace Academy and the United Nations University. It focuses on situations when state structures begin to break down or collapse, encompassing a range of crises from states in which basic public services are neglected to the total collapse of governance. It looks at the roles and responsibilities of key actors in the situation in relation to their own populations and the international community, and considers the lessons that can be drawn from a range of countries to develop effective strategies to address such situations.
Business & Economics

Global Strategic Assessment 2009

America's Security Role in a Changing World


Publisher: Defense Department


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 496

View: 564

Offers a conceptual pathway for U.S. policymakers to begin recalibrating America's security role to reverse what has appeared to be a widening gap between U.S. ends and means, now and in the future. Provides an overview of eight broad trends shaping the international security environment; a global analysis of the world's seven regions, to consider important developments in their distinctive neighborhoods; and, an examination of prospective U.S. contributions, military capabilities and force structure, national security organization, alliances and partnerships, and strategies.