Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Violence, Homicide, and War

Author: Todd K. Shackelford,Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199738408

Category: Psychology

Page: 546

View: 1057

The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Violence, Homicide, and War synthesizes the theoretical and empirical work of leading scholars in the evolutionary sciences to produce the first extensive and authoritative review of this literature. Its breadth of coverage is unique, and ensures that the handbook provides essential reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, anthropology, criminology, sociology, ethology, biology, and behavioral ecology.
Science

Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates

Author: Alexander Weiss,James E. King,Lindsay Murray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461401766

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 9619

Recently, there has been an increased interest in research on personality, temperament, and behavioral syndromes (henceforth to be referred to as personality) in nonhuman primates and other animals. This follows, in part, from a general interest in the subject matter and the realization that individual differences, once consigned to ‘error’ terms in statistical analyses, are potentially important predictors, moderators, and mediators of a wide variety of outcomes ranging from the results of experiments to health to enrichment programs. Unfortunately, while there is a burgeoning interest in the subject matter, findings have been reported in a diverse number of journals and most of the methodological and statistical approaches were developed in research on human personality. The proposed volume seeks to gather submissions from a variety of specialists in research on individual differences in primate temperament, personality, or behavioral syndromes. We anticipate that chapters will cover several areas. The first part of this edited volume will focus on methodological considerations including the advantages and disadvantages of different means of assessing these constructs in primates and introduce some statistical approaches that have typically been the domain of human personality research. Another part of this edited volume will focus on present findings including the physiological and genetic bases of personality dimensions in primates; the relationship between personality and age; how personality may moderate or impact various outcomes including behavior, health, and well-being in captive and non-captive environments. For the third part of the volume we hope to obtain summaries of the existing work of the authors on the evolutionary important of personality dimensions and guideposts for future directions in this new and exciting area of research.
Medical

The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory and Other Research Animals

Author: Robert C. Hubrecht,James Kirkwood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444318780

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 2229

The seminal reference on the care of laboratory and captive animals, The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory and Other Research Animals is a must-have for anyone working in this field. The UFAW Handbook has been the definitive text since 1947. Written for an international audience, it contains contributions from experts from around the world. The book focuses on best practice principles throughout, providing comprehensive coverage, with all chapters being peer reviewed by anonymous referees. As well as addressing the husbandry of laboratory animals, the content is also of great value to zoos and aquaria. Changes for the eighth edition: Revised and updated to reflect developments since publication of the previous edition. New chapters on areas of growing concern, including: the 3Rs; phenotyping; statistics and experimental design; welfare assessment; legislation; training of people caring for lab animals; and euthanasia. All material combined into one volume for ease of reference. This book is published on behalf of UFAW (The Universities Federation for Animal Welfare), with whom we also publish the UFAW/Wiley-Blackwell Animal Welfare Book Series. This major series of books provides an authoritative source of information on worldwide developments, current thinking and best practice in the field of animal welfare science and technology. For details of all of the titles in the series see www.wiley.com/go/ufaw.
Anthropology

New Perspectives in Anthropology

Author: P. K. Seth,S. Seth

Publisher: M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788185880198

Category: Anthropology

Page: 359

View: 5763

The book, New Perspectives in Anthropology, brings together information about many diverse attributes of MAN in an attempt to understand him in its entirely. As the subtlety and complexity of anthropology becomes better understood, the issues emerging from the integration of biology, behaviour and culture inter alia human evolution, primate behaviour and human variation shall become increasingly relevant and interesting.
Science

New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates

Distribution, Ecology, Behavior, and Conservation

Author: Alejandro Estrada,Paul A. Garber,Mary McDonald Pavelka,LeAndra Luecke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387258728

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 4543

The purpose of this volume is to present a comprehensive overview of recent advances in primate field research, ecology, and conservation biology in Mesoamerica. The overall goal of each contribution is to integrate newly collected field data with theoretical perspectives drawn from evolutionary biology, socioecology, biological anthropology, and conservation to identify how our current knowledge of primate behavior and ecology has moved beyond more traditional approaches. A corollary to this, and an important goal of the volume is to identify geographical regions and species for which we continue to lack sufficient information, to develop action plans for future research, and to identify areas for immediate conservation action. Despite many decades of primate research in Mesoamerica, much is still unknown concerning the basic ecology and behavior of these species, demography, current distribution, and conservation status of local populations, and the effectiveness of conservation policies on primate survivorship. Four major areas of research are the focus of the volume: Evolutionary Biology and Biogeography; Population Demography and Ecology; Behavior; and Conservation and Management Policies.
Science

Primates in Perspective

Author: Christina J. Campbell

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195390438

Category: Science

Page: 852

View: 6088

The most comprehensive and current text on primates by the leading researchers in the field. Designed for both introductory primatology courses and upper-division primate behavior and conservation courses, Primates in Perspective features original essays by more than 60 leading researchers, providing wide-ranging and contemporary coverage of all the major areas of primatology. Primates in Perspective emulates the composition and organization of the landmark volume Primate Societies(Smuts et al., 1987, University of Chicago Press), which brought together a broad range of expert primatologists who contributed chapters that were accessible and extremely useful to students and researchers alike. The text is arranged in six sections, beginning with a comprehensive introduction to primatology. It goes on to cover methodologies and research design for both field and captive settings; primate reproduction; primate ecology and conservation and their roles in the daily lives ofprimates; and aspects of social behavior and intelligence such as communication, learning, and cognition. The volume concludes with a chapter by the editors that discusses the future of primatological research.
Physical anthropology

American journal of physical anthropology

Author: American Association of Physical Anthropologists,Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Physical anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 1580

Vols. for 1930- include the Proceedings of the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (sometimes issued as separately paged supplements).
Science

Primate Evolution and Human Origins

Author: John G. Fleagle

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202368177

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 6159

"[C]overs the whole range of the primate order. [A] very interesting and salutary package. [I]t is valuable to have such classic articles in one easily accessible place." --Nature
Social Science

Primate Behavioral Ecology

Author: Karen B. Strier

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131732711X

Category: Social Science

Page: 574

View: 7892

This comprehensive introductory text integrates evolutionary, ecological, and demographic perspectives with new results from field studies and contemporary noninvasive molecular and hormonal techniques to understand how different primates behave and the significance of these insights for primate conservation. Each chapter is organized around the major research themes in the field, with Strier emphasizing the interplay between theory, observations, and conservation issues. Examples are drawn from the "classic" primate field studies as well as more recent studies on previously neglected species, illustrating the vast behavioral variation that exists across the primate order. Primate Behavioral Ecology 5th Edition also examines how anthropogenic activities are negatively impacting primate populations, including a thorough analysis of behavioural plasticity and its implications. This fully updated new edition incorporates exciting new discoveries and the most up-to-date approaches in the field to provide an invaluable overview of the field of primate behavioral ecology and its applications to primate conservation. It is considered to be a “must read” for all students interested in primates.
Social Science

Shaping Primate Evolution

Form, Function, and Behavior

Author: Fred Anapol,Rebecca Z. German,Nina G. Jablonski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139451567

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3001

Shaping Primate Evolution is an edited collection of papers about how biological form is described in primate biology, and the consequences of form for function and behavior. The contributors are highly regarded internationally recognized scholars in the field of quantitative primate evolutionary morphology. Each chapter elaborates upon the analysis of the form-function-behavior triad in a unique and compelling way. This book is distinctive not only in the diversity of the topics discussed, but also in the range of levels of biological organization that are addressed from cellular morphometrics to the evolution of primate ecology. The book is dedicated to Charles E. Oxnard, whose influential pioneering work on innovative metric and analytic techniques has gone hand-in-hand with meticulous comparative functional analyses of primate anatomy. Through the marriage of theory with analytical applications, this volume will be an important reference work for all those interested in primate functional morphology.
Nature

Tree of Origin

What Primate Behavior Can Tell Us about Human Social Evolution

Author: Frans B. M. De Waal

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674033023

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 6062

How did we become the linguistic, cultured, and hugely successful apes that we are? Our closest relatives--the other mentally complex and socially skilled primates--offer tantalizing clues. In "Tree of Origin" nine of the world's top primate experts read these clues and compose the most extensive picture to date of what the behavior of monkeys and apes can tell us about our own evolution as a species. It has been nearly fifteen years since a single volume addressed the issue of human evolution from a primate perspective, and in that time we have witnessed explosive growth in research on the subject. "Tree of Origin" gives us the latest news about bonobos, the "make love not war" apes who behave so dramatically unlike chimpanzees. We learn about the tool traditions and social customs that set each ape community apart. We see how DNA analysis is revolutionizing our understanding of paternity, intergroup migration, and reproductive success. And we confront intriguing discoveries about primate hunting behavior, politics, cognition, diet, and the evolution of language and intelligence that challenge claims of human uniqueness in new and subtle ways. "Tree of Origin" provides the clearest glimpse yet of the apelike ancestor who left the forest and began the long journey toward modern humanity.
Science

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 9338

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
Science

Perspectives in Primate Biology

Author: A. Chiarelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461589908

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 1853

The present volume is the result of a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Montaldo, Turin (Italy), between the 7 and 19 June 1972. The aim of the Study Institute has been the development of a general philosophy for the science of Primatology. Lecturers were selected from those scientists deeply involved and interested in this field. The course intended to serve students and researchers using primates in medical and biological research, but especially those interested in the natural history of the group and in human biology. In the past the study of primates was largely limited to deter mine the origin of the human species. Today, however, interest in them extends far beyond this narrow focus. In terms of both prac tical human purposes and theoretical interests, the study of primate biology and behaviour is of ever increasing importance. Their close comparative relationships with man has proved of such great value to human biology and medicine that their numbers and kinds are quickly dwindling. For this reason, one of the main focuses of the A.S.I. was on their reproductive biology and conservation. During the meeting days a broad series of lectures on specific topics of comparative anatomy, physiology, endocrinology, repro ductive physiology, genetics and molecular biology, cytogenetics and behaviour were delivered by leading primatologists.
Nature

New World Primates

Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior

Author: Warren G. Kinzey

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367507

Category: Nature

Page: 436

View: 7355

Enth.: Most papers presented in a symposium on Nov. 19, 1988 at the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association in Phoenix, Ariz.
Social Science

Sexual Selection in Primates

New and Comparative Perspectives

Author: Peter M. Kappeler,Carel P. van Schaik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139451154

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9743

Sexual Selection in Primates provides an account of all aspects of sexual selection in primates, combining theoretical insights, comprehensive reviews of the primate literature and comparative perspectives from relevant work on other mammals, birds and humans. Topics include sex roles, sexual dimorphism in weapons, ornaments and armaments, sex ratios, sex differences in behaviour and development, mate choice, sexual conflict, sex-specific life history strategies, sperm competition and infanticide. The outcome of the evolutionary struggle between the sexes, the flexibility of roles and the leverage of females are discussed and emphasised throughout. Sexual Selection in Primates is aimed at graduates and researchers in primatology, animal behaviour, evolutionary biology and comparative psychology.
Social Science

New Perspectives on Old Stones

Analytical Approaches to Paleolithic Technologies

Author: Stephen Lycett,Parth Chauhan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441968616

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 5931

As the study of Palaeolithic technologies moves towards a more analytical approach, it is necessary to determine a consistent procedural framework. The contributions to this timely and comprehensive volume do just that. This volume incorporates a broad chronological and geographical range of Palaeolithic material from the Lower to Upper Palaeolithic. The focus of this volume is to provide an analysis of Palaeolithic technologies from a quantitative, empirical perspective. As new techniques, particularly quantitative methods, for analyzing Palaeolithic technologies gain popularity, this work provides case studies showcasing these new techniques. Employing diverse case studies, and utilizing multivariate approaches, morphometrics, model-based approaches, phylogenetics, cultural transmission studies, and experimentation, this volume provides insights from international contributors at the forefront of recent methodological advances.
Science

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Author: Mary Jane West-Eberhard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198028567

Category: Science

Page: 916

View: 3912

The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.
Science

South American Primates

Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation

Author: Paul A. Garber,Alejandro Estrada,Julio Cesar Bicca-Marques,Eckhard W. Heymann,Karen B. Strier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387787054

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 8658

This will be the first time a volume will be compiled focusing on South American monkeys as models to address and test critical issues in the study of nonhuman primates. In addition, the volume will serve an important compliment to the book on Mesoamerican primates recently published in the series under the DIPR book series. The book will be of interest to a broad range of scientists in various disciplines, ranging from primatology, to animal behavior, animal ecology, conservation biology, veterinary science, animal husbandry, anthropology, and natural resource management. Moreover, although the volume will highlight South American primates, chapters will not simply review particular taxa or topics. Rather the focus of each chapter is to examine the nature and range of primate responses to changes in their ecological and social environments, and to use data on South American monkeys to address critical theoretical questions in the study of primate behavior, ecology, and conservation. Thus, we anticipate that the volume will be widely read by a broad range of students and researchers interested in prosimians, New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, apes, humans, as well as animal behavior and tropical biology.