Philosophy

On Global Citizenship

James Tully in Dialogue

Author: James Tully

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849665168

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 9263

In his lead essay, Tully applies his distinctive philosophy to the global field of citizenship. The second part of the book contains responses from influential interlocutors including Bonnie Honig and Marc Stears, David Owen and Adam Dunn, Aletta Norval, Antony Laden, and Duncan Bell. These provide a commentary not just on the ideas contained in this volume, but on Tully's approach to political philosophy more generally, thus making the book an ideal first source for academics and students wishing to engage with Tully's work. The volume closes with a response from Tully to his interlocutors. This is the opening volume in Bloomsbury's Critical Powers series of dialogues between authors and their critics. It offers a stimulating read for students and scholars of political theory and philosophy, especially those engaged with questions of citizenship. It is an ideal first source for academics and students wishing to engage with Tully's work.
Political Science

Global Citizenship

A Critical Introduction

Author: Nigel Dower,John Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113670664X

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6011

The idea of global citizenship is that human beings are "citizens of the world." Whether or not we are global citizens is a topic of great dispute, however those who take part in the debate agree that a global citizen is a member of the wider community of humanity, the world, or a similar whole which is wider than that of a nation-state or other political community of which we are normally thought to be citizens. Through four main sections, the contributors to Global Citizenship discuss global challenges and attempt to define the ways in which globalization is changing the world in which we live. Offering a breadth of coverage to the core rheme of the individual in a global world, Global Citizenship combines two factors-the idea of global responsibility and the development of institutional structures through which this responsibility can be exercised.
Education

Achieving Quality Education for All

Perspectives from the Asia-Pacific Region and Beyond

Author: Phillip Hughes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400752946

Category: Education

Page: 244

View: 4387

Due to the development of the international Education for All and Education for Sustainable Development movements, for which UNESCO is the lead agency, there has been an increasing emphasis on the power of education and schooling to help build more just and equitable societies. Thus giving everyone the opportunity to develop their talents to the full, regardless of characteristics such as gender, socio-economic status, ethnicity, religious persuasion, or regional location. As enshrined in the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights over five decades ago, everyone has the right to receive a high quality and relevant education. In order to try to achieve this ideal, many countries are substantially re-engineering their education systems with an increasing emphasis on promoting equity and fairness, and on ensuring that everyone has access to a high quality and relevant education. They are also moving away from the traditional outlook of almost exclusively stressing formal education in schools as the most valuable way in which people learn, to accepting that important and valuable learning does not just occur in formal, dedicated education institutions, but also through informal and non-formal means. Thus learning is both lifelong and life-wide. This book brings together the experience and research of 40 recognised and experienced opinion leaders in education around the world. The book investigates the most effective ways of ensuring the UNESCO aim of effective education for all people in the belief that not only should education be a right for all, but also that education and schooling has the potential to transform individual lives and to contribute to the development of more just, humane and equitable societies.
Political Science

Justice, Democracy and the Right to Justification

Rainer Forst in Dialogue

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1780932863

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 2943

Over the past 15 years, Rainer Forst has developed a fundamental research programme within the tradition of Frankfurt School Critical Theory. The core of this programme is a moral account of the basic right of justification that humans owe to one another as rational beings. This account is put to work by Forst in articulating - both historically and philosophically - the contexts and form of justice and of toleration. The result is a powerful theoretical framework within which to address issues such as transnational justice and multicultural toleration. In this volume, Forst sets out his ideas in an extended essay, which is responded to be influential interlocutors including: Andrea Sangiovanni, Amy Allen, Kevin Olson, Anthony Laden, Eva Erman and Simon Caney. The volume concludes with Forst's response to his interlocutors.
Constructivism (Philosophy)

Das Recht auf Rechtfertigung

Elemente einer konstruktivistischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518293621

Category: Constructivism (Philosophy)

Page: 413

View: 7943

Kann es im Zeitalter des Pluralismus noch gelingen, eine hinreichend komplexe Theorie politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit mit Hilfe eines einzigen normativen Grundsatzes zu begründen? Dieses Buch unternimmt einen solchen Versuch, indem es die wesentlichen Elemente einer 'autonomen' Konstruktion der Gerechtigkeit zusammenträgt. Grundlegend ist dabei ein individuelles, moralisches Grund-Recht auf Rechtfertigung, das in den Kapiteln des ersten Teils in moralphilosophischer Perspektive expliziert wird. Im zweiten Teil werden dann die zentralen Bestandteile politischer und sozialer Gerechtigkeit - hinsichtlich der Grundbegriffe von Freiheit, Demokratie, Gleichheit und Toleranz - analysiert und verknüpft. Sie fügen sich zu einer kritischen, politischen Theorie der Gerechtigkeit, in der die Frage der 'Rechtfertigungsmacht' zentral ist. Dies gilt auch, wie die Beiträge im dritten Teil zeigen, für die Gerechtigkeit auf transnationaler Ebene.
Political Science

Rethinking Equality

The Challenge of Equal Citizenship

Author: Chris Armstrong

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 1847796125

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 3995

Although formally equal, relations between citizens are actually characterised by many and varied forms of inequality. Do contemporary theories of equality provide an adequate response to the inequalities that afflict contemporary societies? And what is the connection between theories of equality and the contemporary politics of citizenship? Accessible and comprehensive, Rethinking equality provides a clear, critical and very up-to-date account of the most important contemporary egalitarian theories. Unusually, it also relates these theories to contemporary political practice, assessing them in relation to the impact of neoliberalism on contemporary welfare states, and the shift from 'social' to 'active' forms of citizenship. As well as representing a significant intervention within academic debates on equality and citizenship, this book represents essential reading for students of contemporary political theory.
Social Science

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666714

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 6447

Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.
Political Science

Wer beherrscht die Welt?

Die globalen Verwerfungen der amerikanischen Politik

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843714436

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 2355

„Die Frage, wer die Welt regiert, kann nicht eindeutig beantwortet werden. Aber die einflussreichsten Akteure sind klar auszumachen.“ Auch nach der Ära Obama gilt: Die USA betrachten sich grundsätzlich als die Guten – selbst dann, wenn sie das Gleiche tun wie jene, denen sie Böses unterstellen: Zivilflugzeuge abschießen, willkürlich Leute inhaftieren und mit Drohnen umbringen oder in fremde Länder einmarschieren. Das Primat der militärischen Intervention und der unerbittliche Drang, alleinige Weltmacht zu bleiben, bilden die Konstanten der amerikanischen Politik – auch wenn dadurch Staaten ins Chaos und Menschen ins Verderben getrieben werden. Im Land dagegen haben die Reichen und Mächtigen fast freie Hand, jenseits demokratischer Kontrollen und unbeachtet von einer zunehmend gleichgültigen Bevölkerung. Wohin führt uns das? Welche Folgen hat das für den Rest der Welt? In seiner so brillanten wie präzisen Analyse zeigt Noam Chomsky die fatalen Folgen der imperialen Politik der USA für das ohnehin immer chaotischere Zusammenleben auf unserem Planeten.
History

Global Coloniality of Power in Guatemala

Racism, Genocide, Citizenship

Author: Egla Martínez Salazar

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739141228

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 7629

The dynamics of coloniality of power in guatemala as expressed in the racialized, classed and gendered genocide, citizenship and in peoples’ resistance.
Antinuclear movement

Citizens Against the MX

Public Languages in the Nuclear Age

Author: Matthew Glass

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252019289

Category: Antinuclear movement

Page: 188

View: 7205

In late 1979 President Jimmy Carter approved the deployment of the MX weapons system, dubbed "man's largest project", across millions of acres of Great Basin land in Nevada and Utah. Officials sought to enlist citizen support with offers of jobs and calls for patriotic sacrifice. A coalition of ranchers, environmentalists, Western Shoshones, and Mormons battled with words and protest for two years to keep the weapons system out of their homelands. Drawing on interviews and records of involved organizations, Matthew Glass recounts the story of the citizens' struggle against the national security bureaucracy. He applies the critical social theory of Jurgen Habermas to show how the coalition's discourse differed from that of other antinuclear groups, undercutting in the process the role nuclear weapons have often played within the civil religion of American nationalism, a fact that may have contributed to the movement's success.
Political Science

American Power in the 21st Century

Author: David Held,Mathias Koenig-Archibugi

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745633463

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 6579

America wields a combination of military, economic and cultural power that many consider unprecedented. The way America uses this power has repercussions on every major issue of world affairs, including the prospects of regional security, the spread of democratic governance, and the provision of global public goods in economic and environmental domains. This volume explores the questions raised by American power from a variety of perspectives. Is the emphasis laid on military power likely to be self-defeating for the United States in the long run? Is "soft power" or persuasion a more effective way to promote American interests and goals? How is American predominance perceived in Europe, China and the Arab world? Will it last or will other powers coalesce to resist US hegemony? The authors address these and other fundamental questions in rigorous and historically sensitive analyses of this critical juncture in global politics. The book will be of great interest to students and scholars in political science and international relations, as well as all those concerned with and by one of the key topics of our time. Contributors include: Robert Cooper, Michael Cox, Zhiyuan Cui, Abdelwahab El-Affendi, G. John Ikenberry, Robert Kagan, Mary Kaldor, Joseph S. Nye, Thomas Risse.
Political Science

Faschismus

Eine Warnung

Author: Madeleine Albright

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832184104

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 836

»Manche mögen dieses Buch und besonders seinen Titel alarmierend finden. Gut!« MADELEINE ALBRIGHT Weltweit kommt es zu einem Wiedererstarken anti-demokratischer, repressiver und zerstörerischer Kräfte. Die ehemalige amerikanische Außenministerin Madeleine Albright zeigt, welche großen Ähnlichkeiten diese mit dem Faschismus des 20. Jahrhunderts haben. Die faschistischen Tendenzen treten wieder in Erscheinung und greifen in Europa, Teilen Asiens und den Vereinigten Staaten um sich. Albrights Familie stammt aus Prag und floh zweimal: zuerst vor den Nationalsozialisten, später vor dem kommunistischen Regime. Auf Grundlage dieser Erlebnisse und der Erfahrungen, die sie im Laufe ihrer diplomatischen Karriere sammelte, zeichnet sie die Gründe für die Rückkehr des Faschismus nach. Sie identifiziert die Faktoren, die zu seinem Aufstieg beitragen und warnt eindringlich vor den Folgen. Doch Madeleine Albright bietet auch klare Lösungsansätze an, etwa die Veränderung der Arbeitsbedingungen und das Verständnis für die Bedürfnisse der Menschen nach Kontinuität und moralischer Beständigkeit. Sie zeigt, dass allein die Demokratie politische und gesellschaftliche Konflikte mit Rationalität und offenen Diskussionen lösen kann.
Political Science

Critical Perspectives on Counter-terrorism

Author: Lee Jarvis,Michael Lister

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135077495

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 8251

This volume examines the rationale, effectiveness and consequences of counter terrorism practices from a range of perspectives and cases. The book critically interrogates contemporary counter-terrorism powers from military campaigns and repression through to the prosecution of terrorist suspects, counter-terrorism policing, counter-radicalisation programmes, and the proscription of terrorist organisations. Drawing on a range of timely and important case studies from around the world including the UK, Sri Lanka, Spain, Canada, Australia and the USA, its chapters explore the impacts of counter-terrorism on individuals, communities, and political processes. The book focuses on three questions of vital importance to any assessment of counter-terrorism. First, what do counter-terrorism strategies seek to achieve? Second, what are the consequences of different counter-terrorism campaigns, and how are these measured? And, third, how and why do changes to counter-terrorism occur? This volume will be of much interest to students of counter-terrorism, critical terrorism studies, criminology, security studies and IR in general.
Education

Designing the Just Learning Society

A Critical Inquiry

Author: Michael Robert Welton

Publisher: National Inst of Adult Continuing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 250

View: 4355

Designing the Just Learning Society presents an historically attuned and critical theoretical inquiry into the discourse of the learning society, providing a coherent framework for understanding how adults learn in the key domains of human interaction: state, civil society, and workplace. Grappling with contemporary issues, Welton, of Athabasca University, Canada, explores the way power and money distort learning in civil society, the workplace and in cultural life. He asserts that achieving a just learning society calls for collective action to transform organisational and associational life with the recognition that human beings have the capacity for self-determination and self-expression. Welton contends that the alleged emergence of a 'knowledge society' or a 'learning society' cannot be accepted as either new or good, and that 'learning' is not an essentially good thing. Indeed, that learning is harnessed in the modern world to the money-code and channels human energies and capacities in destructive directions. This passionate text speaks directly to an important area of professional and scholarly debate in adult education worldwide and, by engaging many voices, allows the reader to enter into the dialogue.
Political Science

Weltordnung

Author: Henry A. Kissinger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641155487

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 8480

Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.
Social Science

The World as a Global Agora

Critical Perspectives on Public Space

Author: Larbi Touaf,Soumia Boutkhil

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443807281

Category: Social Science

Page: 295

View: 8382

In the current postmodern reality where society is no longer viewed as a totality but as a collection of individual interests, public space both as a physical and symbolic space, has no determined contours and the public sphere is likely to take new forms. Yet as a crucial principle of democracy, public space will continue to feed discussions as long as models of participatory democracy represent the guarantor of good governance and the preservation of the public good. Ranging from architecture, sociology, to literary criticism and women and gender studies, the essays that compose this collection have as a common denominator the idea of public space as a vital aspect of public life in modern as well as in developing and traditional societies. Placing themselves beyond the relentless theoretical debates around the concept of public space, the authors agree that no matter what forms it takes, public space remains a fundamental aspect of even those societies that until recently were viewed as hermetically sealed. What emerges from the different perspectives included in this book is a general consensus that the symbolic value of the physical public space is grounded in the collective socio-political consciousness as the basis for a general sense of civic action.
Juvenile Fiction

So lebe ich jetzt

Author: Meg Rosoff

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030898

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 208

View: 4721

Ein Roman – so intensiv und so unvergesslich wie die erste große Liebe Die fünfzehnjährige Daisy aus New York verbringt die Ferien bei ihren exzentrischen Verwandten in England, die idyllisch auf dem Land leben. Dort verliebt sie sich in ihren Cousin Edmond. Doch urplötzlich wird Großbritannien von Bombenanschlägen erschüttert, es bricht ein Krieg aus, und Daisy und Edmond werden getrennt. Sie erleben die Wirren und die Grausamkeiten eines Krieges, den keiner versteht, und versuchen zu überleben. Und sie suchen einander ... Meg Rosoffs Debütroman ›So lebe ich jetzt‹ machte die Autorin über Nacht berühmt. Er wurde mit unzähligen Preisen ausgezeichnet und von der Presse begeistert aufgenommen: ein bewegendes, ein mitreißendes Buch, das den Leser von der ersten Seite an gefangennimmt. - Guardian Award 2004 - Michael L. Printz Award 2005 - Branford Boase Award 2005 - Shortlist Booktrust Teenage Prize 2005 - LUCHS des Jahres 2005 - Eule des Monats November 2005 - Nominiert für den Deutschen Jugendliteraturpreis 2006
Social Science

Powers in Media Policy

The Challenge of the European Parliament

Author: Katharine Sarikakis

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039101467

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 7191

Contrary to widespread rhetoric of deregulation, the media are objects of increased global policy. Generators of cultural spheres, within which social consensus is formed, the media are shaped by national and supranational agencies of questionable legitimacy. Policy delineates the form and content of global communications impinging on cultures, discourses and consciousness; yet, citizen representation in processes of policy-making remains fragmentary. In this insightful study, the author examines the role of the European Parliament, as the only international organisation directly accountable to and elected by citizens, in the formation of media policy. This critical account of supranational representation identifies the structural and ideological dynamics of powers in European media policy. Through detailed examination of major policies, the author demonstrates the conditions under which supranational representation can offer a resisting force to unaccountable global powers, and the ways in which it can contribute to system transformation and defend communication spaces.
Political Science

Genocide and its Threat to Contemporary International Order

Author: A. Gallagher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137280263

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 4894

For far too long the discipline of International Relations has failed to engage with the study of genocide. This is despite the fact that genocide holds a direct relationship with the central concepts of international relations: the state, war, power, and security. This bold, innovative and unique book sets out to tackle this by bringing the concept of genocide into the discipline of IR, via the English School, in order to theorise the relationship between genocide, justice, and order. Drawing on a wide-range of primary and secondary interdisciplinary material from International Relations, Genocide Studies, Security Studies, International Law, History, Politics and Political Theory, this book aims to understand genocide within the context of International Relations and the implications that this has on policymaking. Gallagher identifies the obstacles and challenges involved in bringing the study of genocide into IR and uniquely analyses the impact of genocide on the ordering structure of international society.
Social Science

At the Limits of Justice

Women of Colour on Terror

Author: Suvendrini Perera,Sherene Razack

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442616466

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 3810

The fear and violence that followed the events of September 11, 2001 touched lives all around the world, even in places that few would immediately associate with the global war on terror. In At the Limits of Justice, twenty-nine contributors from six countries explore the proximity of terror in their own lives and in places ranging from Canada and the United States to Jamaica, Palestine/Israel, Australia, Guyana, Chile, Pakistan, and across the African continent. In this collection, female scholars of colour – including leading theorists on issues of indigeneity, race, and feminism – examine the political, social, and personal repercussions of the war on terror through contributions that range from testimony and poetry to scholarly analysis. Inspired by both the personal and the global impact of this violence within the war on terror, they expose the way in which the war on terror is presented as a distant and foreign issue at the same time that it is deeply present in the lives of women and others all around the world. An impassioned but rigorous examination of issues of race and gender in contemporary politics, At the Limits of Justice is also a call to create moral communities which will find terror and violence unacceptable.