Language and culture

Handbook of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism

Author: Geneviève Zarate

Publisher: Archives contemporaines

ISBN: 2813000396

Category: Language and culture

Page: 417

View: 7058

Built around the concept of linguistic and cultural plurality, this book defines language as an instrument of action and symbolic power. Plurality is conceived here as : a complex array of voices, perspectives and approaches that seeks to preserve the complexity of the multilingual and multicultural enterprise, including language learning and teaching ; a coherent system of relationships among various languages, research traditions and research sites that informs qualitative methods of inquiry into multilingualism and its uses in everyday life ; a view of language as structured sociohistorical object, observable from several simultaneous spatiotemporal standpoints, such as that of daily interactions or that which sustains the symbolic power of institutions. This book is addressed to teacher trainers, young researchers, decision makers, teachers concerned with the role of languages in the evolution of societies and educational systems. It aims to elicit discussion by articulating practices, field observations and analyses based on a multidisciplinary conceptual framework.
Social Science

Walking on Uneven Paths

The Transcultural Experience of Children Entering Europe in the Years 2000

Author: Rossella Ragazzi

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783034300421

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 7079

What can we learn from children traversing the liminal and transient time-space of migration? How do migrant children and their caretakers navigate educational systems in Europe today? How is it to be captive in an inner city classroom? How do children’s body language and verbal dominant languages interface? How does a child become mediator between their family and the educational institutions? This anthropologically grounded study, integrated by ethnographic film excerpts and based on a culturally-reflexive approach to the use of media in the research practices, explores the transcultural experience of migrant children between 6 and 13 years, by closely analysing the particular codes, rhythms and practices of educational systems in Ireland and France. The children’s experiences are represented in both the film sequences and the written text, in the form of their personal, shared viewpoints about cultural diversity, biographical accounts and social practices in the family and at school. These are experiences which they have worked through, from a time preceding migration and to the present. The film captures the sensibilities of migrant children and invites the reader/viewer to embark on these somewhat uneven paths.
Multiculturalism

Grandes et petites langues

pour une didactique du plurilinguisme et du pluriculturalisme

Author: George Alao

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039115785

Category: Multiculturalism

Page: 315

View: 5328

Cet ouvrage regroupe les textes presentes lors du colloque international "- Grandes - et - petites - langues et didactique du plurilinguisme et du pluriculturalisme. Modeles et experiences" qui s'est tenu a Paris, en juillet 2006 dans les locaux de la Sorbonne, a l'initiative de l'Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales (INALCO). Il s'agissait de mobiliser internationalement les acteurs concernes par une reflexion sur une didactique du plurilinguisme et du pluriculturalisme en construction en Europe. En se donnant pour objet d'identifier les modeles didactiques et leur circulation d'une langue a l'autre, ces travaux interrogent, chacun selon l'angle specifique de son terrain, de son contexte ou des pratiques analysees, ce que le sens commun designe par - grandes - et - petites - langues. Celles-ci sont apprehendees ici en tant que representations sociales et categorisations qui fluctuent au gre des histoires nationales, des renversements geopolitiques et des visions du monde traversees par les profondes mutations resultant de la mondialisation."
Translating and interpreting

Traduire les savoirs

Author: Danielle Londei,Matilde Callari Galli

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783034300971

Category: Translating and interpreting

Page: 386

View: 3927

Cet ouvrage presente quelques-unes des nombreuses problematiques de la traduction contemporaine, de l'interpretation des diversites culturelles aux questions posees par les transmissions et les traductions des savoirs. Il s'agit d'offrir une reflexion sur les differentes formes de mediations culturelles qui sont specifiques des comportements humains et de la communication, tant dans les langages que dans l'ecriture ou d'autres formes expressives. La traduction est omnipresente, pluridisciplinaire; elle repond a la complexite de la communication et de l'interculturalite et elle interroge les diversites culturelles qui cohabitent, se contaminent et disparaissent. La pensee et les savoirs sont au centre de ces questions et la competence a les traduire ou a les interpreter devient une aire de recherche qui depasse le champ strictement professionnel pour s'etendre au domaine des sciences humaines et sociales ou a celui des arts."
French language

Les français en émergence

Author: Enrica Galazzi,Chiara Molinari

Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing

ISBN: 9783039113040

Category: French language

Page: 285

View: 6628

Literature

Igitur

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literature

Page: N.A

View: 9751

Swiss literature

Das Schweizer Buch

bibliographisches Bulletin der Schweizerischen Landesbibliothek, Bern

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Swiss literature

Page: N.A

View: 6168

Social Science

What About Mozart? What About Murder?

Reasoning From Cases

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022616652X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8743

In 1963, Howard S. Becker gave a lecture about deviance, challenging the then-conventional definition that deviance was inherently criminal and abnormal and arguing that instead, deviance was better understood as a function of labeling. At the end of his lecture, a distinguished colleague standing at the back of the room, puffing a cigar, looked at Becker quizzically and asked, “What about murder? Isn’t that really deviant?” It sounded like Becker had been backed into a corner. Becker, however, wasn’t defeated! Reasonable people, he countered, differ over whether certain killings are murder or justified homicide, and these differences vary depending on what kinds of people did the killing. In What About Mozart? What About Murder?, Becker uses this example, along with many others, to demonstrate the different ways to study society, one that uses carefully investigated, specific cases and another that relies on speculation and on what he calls “killer questions,” aimed at taking down an opponent by citing invented cases. Becker draws on a lifetime of sociological research and wisdom to show, in helpful detail, how to use a variety of kinds of cases to build sociological knowledge. With his trademark conversational flair and informal, personal perspective Becker provides a guide that researchers can use to produce general sociological knowledge through case studies. He champions research that has enough data to go beyond guesswork and urges researchers to avoid what he calls “skeleton cases,” which use fictional stories that pose as scientific evidence. Using his long career as a backdrop, Becker delivers a winning book that will surely change the way scholars in many fields approach their research.
Social Science

Seeing Sociologically

The Routine Grounds of Social Action

Author: Harold Garfinkel,Anne Rawls,Charles C. Lemert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317252268

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 508

This book-never before published-is eminent sociologist Harold Garfinkel's earliest attempt, while at Harvard in 1948, to bridge the growing gap in American sociology. This gap was generated by a Parsonian paradigm that emphasised a scientific approach to sociological description, one that increasingly distanced itself from social phenomena in the increasingly influential ways studied by phenomenologists. It was Garfinkel's idea that phenomenological description, rendered in more empirical and interactive terms, might remedy shortcomings in the reigning Parsonian view. Garfinkel soon gave up the attempt to repair scientific description, and his focus became increasingly empirical until, in 1954, he famously coined the term "Ethnomethodology." However, in this early manuscript can be seen more clearly than in some of his later work the struggle with a conceptual and positivist rendering of social relations that ultimately informed Garfinkel's position. Here we find the sources of his turn toward ethnomethodology, which would influence subsequent generations of sociologists. Essential reading for all social theory scholars and graduate students and for a wider range of social scientists in anthropology, ethnomethodology, and other fields.
Philosophy

Du texte à l'action

Author: Paul Ricoeur

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810109921

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 3860

With his writings on phenomenology, psychoanalysis, Marxism, ideology, and religion, Paul Ricoeur has single-handedly redefined and revitalized the hermeneutic tradition. From Text to Action is an essential companion to the now classic The Conflict of Interpretations. Here, Ricoeur continues and extends his project of constructing a general theory of interpretation, positioning his work in relation to its own philosophical background: Hegel, Husserl, Gadamer, and Weber. He also responds to contemporary figures like K.O. Apel and Jürgen Habermas, connecting his own theorization of ideology to their version of ideology critique.
Social Science

Liberating Method

Feminism and Social Research

Author: Marjorie L. DeVault

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566396981

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 1907

Feminist scholars and those inspired by other liberatory movements have raised profound questions about the standard practices of social research. Arguing that established methods too often ignore and obfuscate social oppression, they search for approaches that will more adequately represent marginalized groups and the social processes that organize their lives.Liberating Methodcharts one researcher's view of this project as Marjorie L. DeVault, one of the leading practitioners and teachers of feminist methodology, examines in her collection of new and previously published essays the dimensions of feminist research. DeVault believes in "writing carefully," that is with care (precision) and caring (empathy). In addition to essays on how women write, are silenced, and can speak up, she includes an autobiographical sketch, a discussion of "the self as resource," and a section on what she calls "excavation," or the work of recovering unrecognized or suppressed aspects of women's experience. She explores the sources and meanings of feminist methodology, the strategies of reflexive analysis, and the issues that arise when writing and teaching feminist research. Committed to a feminism attentive to oppressions that operate simultaneously with gender, DeVault considers exclusions and distortions in feminist research and strategies for building more inclusive approaches. Including a closing essay that presents "practical advice" for oppositional researchers,Liberating Methodreflects DeVault's conviction that feminist insights can and should contribute to a sounder, more rigorous social science. Author note:Marjorie L. DeVaultis author of the feminist classicFeeding the Family: The Social Organization of Caring as Gendered Work. She is Associate Professor of Sociology and a member of the Women's Studies Program at Syracuse University.
Education

Communication Et Éducation Interculturelles

Author: Fred Dervin,Eija Suomela-Salmi

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039111893

Category: Education

Page: 229

View: 1949

In the context of cultural and economic globalization, intercultural communication is of central importance for the study of social and educational processes and practices. This volume contains contributions on conceptual issues as well as case studies on intercultural communication and education in Finland. Some of the contributions were first presented at the conference -Enhancing the Visibility and Collaboration of Researchers in Intercultural Communication and Education in Finland- which took place at the University of Turku, Finland, in October 2004. The other collected articles offer various contrasting perspectives on issues related to interculturality. Dans le contexte de la mondialisation culturelle et economique, la recherche en communication interculturelle est d'une importance capitale pour l'etude des pratiques et des processus sociaux et educatifs. Les contributions de ce volume relevent tant du traitement de problemes conceptuels que de l'etude de cas, reunies autour du theme de la communication et de l'education interculturelles en Finlande. Certaines d'entre elles ont ete presentees lors de la conference intitulee - Visibilite et collaboration des chercheurs en communication et en education interculturelles en Finlande -, qui s'est deroulee en octobre 2004 a l'Universite de Turku. D'autres viennent s'ajouter a l'ouvrage, offrant ainsi des eclairages a la fois complementaires et differents sur les problematiques de l'interculturalite."
Drama

Monsieur Toussaint

A Play

Author: Edouard Glissant,J. Michael Dash

Publisher: Three Continents Press

ISBN: 9780894108709

Category: Drama

Page: 127

View: 368

Edouard Glissant's Monsieur Toussaint tells the tragic story of Toussaint Louverture, the charismatic leader of the revolution - the only successful slave revolt in history - that led to Haiti's independence two-hundred years ago. Translated by the author himself in collaboration with J. Michael Dash, this new edition captures the striking essence of the original French play (first published in 1961).
Education

Third level, third space

intercultural communication and language in European higher education

Author: Michael Kelly

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783906767703

Category: Education

Page: 217

View: 3950

This book argues that intercultural communication generates a 'third space', between people, languages and cultures. It has a particularly important role to play in third level education. But those who teach about it need to be more aware of language, especially (but not only) in the context of Europe, which is characterised both by creative linguistic and cultural diversity and by obstacles to communication. The world is undergoing rapid and profound transformation. Internationalisation of the global economy, the communications revolution, and increased mobility have exponentially increased the scale of encounters between people and cultures. This has a far reaching transformative impact on the identities and values they carry. The chapters were first presented at colloquia of the Thematic Network in Languages at Antwerp and Boulogne in 1998 and 1999. They contain a wealth of reflection and good ideas, and identify a number of practical imperatives: ethical, political and institutional. The book presents a series of challenges, and invites the reader to consider how changes might be implemented in different contexts, so as to strengthen the ability of higher education to contribute to the successful development of a multi-cultural and multilingual Europe.
Political Science

Democracy at Risk

How Political Choices Undermine Citizen Participation, and What We Can Do About It

Author: Stephen Macedo

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815797869

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6028

Voter turnout was unusually high in the 2004 U.S. presidential election. At first glance, that level of participation—largely spurred by war in Iraq and a burgeoning culture war at home—might look like vindication of democracy. If the recent past is any indication, however, too many Americans will soon return to apathy and inactivity. Clearly, all is not well in our civic life. Citizens are participating in public affairs too infrequently, too unequally, and in too few venues to develop and sustain a robust democracy. This important new book explores the problem of America's decreasing involvement in its own affairs. D emocracy at Risk reveals the dangers of civic disengagement for the future of representative democracy. The authors, all eminent scholars, undertake three main tasks: documenting recent trends in civic engagement, exploring the influence that the design of political institutions and public policies have had on those trends, and recommending steps that will increase the amount and quality of civic engagement in America. The authors focus their attention on three key areas: the electoral process, including elections and the way people get involved; the impact of location, including demographic shifts and changing development patterns; and the critical role of nonprofit organizations and voluntary associations, including the philanthropy that help keep them going. This important project, initially sponsored by the American Political Science Association, tests the proposition that social science has useful insights on the state of our democratic life. Most importantly, it charts a course for reinvigorating civic participation in the world's oldest democracy. The authors: Stephen Macedo (Princeton University), Yvette Alex-Assensoh (Indiana University), Jeffrey M. Berry (Tufts), Michael Brintnall (American Political Science Association), David E. Campbell (Notre Dame), Luis Ricardo Fraga (Stanford), Archon Fung (Harvard), William A. Galston (University of Maryland), Christopher F. Karpowitz (Princeton), Margaret Levi (University of Washington), Meira Levinson (Radcliffe Institute), Keena Lipsitz (California–Berkeley), Richard G. Niemi (University of Rochester), Robert D. Putnam (Harvard), Wendy M. Rahn (University of Minnesota), Keith Reeves (Swarthmore), Rob Reich (Stanford), Robert R. Rodgers (Princeton), Todd Swanstrom (Saint Louis University), and Katherine Cramer Walsh (University of Wisconsin).
Social Science

Rethinking Expertise

Author: Harry Collins,Robert Evans

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226113620

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3342

What does it mean to be an expert? In Rethinking Expertise, Harry Collins and Robert Evans offer a radical new perspective on the role of expertise in the practice of science and the public evaluation of technology. Collins and Evans present a Periodic Table of Expertises based on the idea of tacit knowledge—knowledge that we have but cannot explain. They then look at how some expertises are used to judge others, how laypeople judge between experts, and how credentials are used to evaluate them. Throughout, Collins and Evans ask an important question: how can the public make use of science and technology before there is consensus in the scientific community? This book has wide implications for public policy and for those who seek to understand science and benefit from it. “Starts to lay the groundwork for solving a critical problem—how to restore the force of technical scientific information in public controversies, without importing disguised political agendas.”—Nature “A rich and detailed ‘periodic table’ of expertise . . . full of case studies, anecdotes and intriguing experiments.”—Times Higher Education Supplement (UK)
Science

Zetetic Astronomy

Earth Not a Globe

Author: Samuel Birley Rowbotham,Parallax

Publisher: Ravenio Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 9512

This classic includes the following chapters: I. Zetetic and Theoretic Defined and ComparedII. Experiments Demonstrating the True Form of Standing Water, and Proving the Earth to Be a PlaneIII. The Earth No Axial or Orbital MotionIV. The True Form and Magnitude of the EarthV. The True Distance of the SunVI. The Sun's Motion, Concentric With the Polar CentreVII. The Sun's Path Expands and Contracts Daily for Six Months AlternatelyVIII. Cause of Day and Night, Winter and Summer; And the Long altErnations of Light and Darkness at The Northern CentreIX. Cause of Sunrise and SunsetX. Cause of Sun Appearing Larger When Rising and Setting Than at NoondayXI. Cause of Solar and Lunar EclipsesXII. The Cause of TidesXIII. The Earth's True Position in the Universe; Comparatively Recent Formation; Present Chemical Condition; And Approaching Destruction by FireXIV. Examination of the So-Called "Proofs" Of the Earth's Rotundity.—Why a Ship's Hull Disappears Before the Mast-HeadXV. General Summary—Application—Cui Bono"Parallax" And His Teachings. Opinions of the Press
Social Science

Sex and Temperament

In Three Primitive Societies

Author: Margaret Mead

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062566148

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6681

First published in 1935, Sex & Temperament is a fascinating and brilliant anthropological study of the intimate lives of three New Guinea tribes from infancy to adulthood. Focusing on the gentle, mountain-dwelling Arapesh, the fierce, cannibalistic Mundugumor, and the graceful headhunters of Tchambuli -- Mead advances the theory that many so-called masculine and feminine characteristics are not based on fundamental sex differences but reflect the cultural conditioning of different societies. This edition, prepared for the centennial of Mead's birth, features introductions by Helen Fisher and Mead's daughter, Mary Catherine Bateson. A precursor to Mead's illuminating Male & Female, Sex & Temperament lays the groundwork for her lifelong study of gender differences.