Psychology

Principles Of Biopsychology

Author: Simon Greene

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135064652

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 7935

This book is intended to provide an introduction to the basic structure and function of the brain and nervous system, emphasizing relationships with behaviour. The first chapter introduces the field, covering aims, objectives and ethical issues. In chapter 2 the neuron is described, and electrical and chemical conduction presented in detail; this chapter also introduces neurotransmitter pathways and drug effects on normal and abnormal behaviour.; After a general survey of the behavioural organization of the nervous system in chapter 3, three chapters describe how language, learning and memory are related to brain mechanisms, with a particular emphasis on clinical data from human patients, and functional assymetries between the hemispheres. The following chapter outlines the Involvement Of Arousal Systems In Stress, Anxiety And Emotion, And Also covers stress reduction techniques. The arousal theme is maintained in chapter 8 in which sleep is discussed in the context of biological rhythms in psychological and physiological processes.; Chapter 9 covers The Biological Bases Of Motivational States Such As Hunger And Thirst, and discusses the concept of homeostasis. Non-homeostatic drives such as electrical self-stimulation of the brain are also considered. Finally, chapter 10 reviews sensory processes in general, and then concentrates on pain perception and the brain mechanisms underlying visual sensation and perception.; It is intended that the material in this book should satisfy the requirements of both the A-level syllabus for Psychology, whichever Board is taken, and first year introductory undergraduate courses in psychobiology.
Psychology

Principles Of Biopsychology

Author: Simon Greene

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135064644

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 9558

This book is intended to provide an introduction to the basic structure and function of the brain and nervous system, emphasizing relationships with behaviour. The first chapter introduces the field, covering aims, objectives and ethical issues. In chapter 2 the neuron is described, and electrical and chemical conduction presented in detail; this chapter also introduces neurotransmitter pathways and drug effects on normal and abnormal behaviour.; After a general survey of the behavioural organization of the nervous system in chapter 3, three chapters describe how language, learning and memory are related to brain mechanisms, with a particular emphasis on clinical data from human patients, and functional assymetries between the hemispheres. The following chapter outlines the Involvement Of Arousal Systems In Stress, Anxiety And Emotion, And Also covers stress reduction techniques. The arousal theme is maintained in chapter 8 in which sleep is discussed in the context of biological rhythms in psychological and physiological processes.; Chapter 9 covers The Biological Bases Of Motivational States Such As Hunger And Thirst, and discusses the concept of homeostasis. Non-homeostatic drives such as electrical self-stimulation of the brain are also considered. Finally, chapter 10 reviews sensory processes in general, and then concentrates on pain perception and the brain mechanisms underlying visual sensation and perception.; It is intended that the material in this book should satisfy the requirements of both the A-level syllabus for Psychology, whichever Board is taken, and first year introductory undergraduate courses in psychobiology.
Psychology

Principles of Biopsychology

Author: Simon Green,Simon Lomas Green

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780863772825

Category: Psychology

Page: 218

View: 888

This book is intended to provide an introduction to the basic structure and function of the brain and nervous system, emphasizing relationships with behaviour. The first chapter introduces the field, covering aims, objectives and ethical issues. In chapter 2 the neuron is described, and electrical and chemical conduction presented in detail; this chapter also introduces neurotransmitter pathways and drug effects on normal and abnormal behaviour.; After a general survey of the behavioural organization of the nervous system in chapter 3, three chapters describe how language, learning and memory are related to brain mechanisms, with a particular emphasis on clinical data from human patients, and functional assymetries between the hemispheres. The following chapter outlines the Involvement Of Arousal Systems In Stress, Anxiety And Emotion, And Also covers stress reduction techniques. The arousal theme is maintained in chapter 8 in which sleep is discussed in the context of biological rhythms in psychological and physiological processes.; Chapter 9 covers The Biological Bases Of Motivational States Such As Hunger And Thirst, and discusses the concept of homeostasis. Non-homeostatic drives such as electrical self-stimulation of the brain are also considered. Finally, chapter 10 reviews sensory processes in general, and then concentrates on pain perception and the brain mechanisms underlying visual sensation and perception.; It is intended that the material in this book should satisfy the requirements of both the A-level syllabus for Psychology, whichever Board is taken, and first year introductory undergraduate courses in psychobiology.
Philosophy

The Routledge Guidebook to James’s Principles of Psychology

Author: David E Leary

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317499816

Category: Philosophy

Page: 364

View: 459

The Routledge Guidebook to James’s Principles of Psychology is an engaging and accessible introduction to a monumental text that has influenced the development of both psychological science and philosophical pragmatism in important and lasting ways. Written for readers approaching William James’s classic work for the first time as well as for those without knowledge of its entire scope, this guidebook not only places this work within its historical context, it provides clear explications of its intertwined aspects and arguments, and examines its relevance within today’s psychology and philosophy. Offering a close reading of this text, The Routledge Guidebook to James’s Principles of Psychology is divided into three main parts: • Background • Principles • Elaborations. It also includes two useful appendices that outline the sources of James’s various chapters and indicate the parallel coverages of two later texts written by James, an abbreviated version of his Principles and a psychological primer for teachers. This is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand this influential work.
Psychology

Foundations of biopsychology

Author: Andrew P. Wickens

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 470

View: 7050

Psychology

Biological Psychology

Author: James W. Kalat

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133709737

Category: Psychology

Page: 608

View: 4979

Dr. James W. Kalat's BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY is the most widely used text in the course area, and for good reason: an extremely high level of scholarship, clear and occasionally humorous writing style, and precise examples. Throughout all eleven editions, Kalat's goal has been to make biological psychology accessible to psychology students, not just to biology majors and pre-meds. Another goal has been to convey the excitement of the search for biological explanations of behavior, and Kalat delivers. Updated with new topics, examples, and recent research findings--and supported by new online bio-labs, part of the strongest media package yet--this text speaks to today's students and instructors. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Psychology

Principles of Psychology

Author: S. Marc Breedlove

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199329362

Category: Psychology

Page: 736

View: 6275

Organized around four well-established core principles, Principles of Psychology provides students with a framework to understand the science of behavior. Written in a conversational style, the text is organized around the following four well-established principles that serve as touchstones for the field of psychology: --The mind is a process at work in a physical machine, the brain. --We are consciously aware of only a fraction of our mental activity. --We constantly modify our behavior, beliefs, and attitudes according to what we perceive about the people around us. --Experience physically alters the structure and function of the brain. With these four principles as a framework for the text, Principles of Psychology emphasizes that psychology is a science through discussion of relevant big-picture and proven concepts and cutting-edge research-based investigations that examine behavioral, psychological, and neuroscience experiments. By presenting data and facts from other scientific disciplines, as well as real-world vignettes and stories, Marc Breedlove teaches the reader how to think critically and scientifically about the underlying mechanisms of behavior. In-Text Features --Vignette Each chapter begins with a story, an instance when behavior has a big impact on someone's life. The chapter returns to the vignette several times as we cover findings that relate to that particular case. --Researchers at Work In every chapter, important discoveries are explained and illustrated to highlight the process of experimentation and hypothesis testing. Over the course of the book, the progression of experiments provides an increasingly sharper picture of the factors shaping behavior. --Skeptic at Large Intended to sharpen the student's critical thinking skills, these boxes explore a widespread misconception and demonstrate how scientific research disproves it. The exploration of scientific experimentation also reinforces the Researchers at Work feature. --Psychology in Everyday Life These are topics where knowledge of psychology might be applicable to everyday life, such as whether people with schizophrenia are violent, the importance of "blind" auditions for musicians, how to stop smoking, or how conditioned taste aversion might cause you to stop eating sushi when you used to love it. --The Cutting Edge Just prior to the end of every chapter, this feature explores an exciting report of current research. Showing students these vibrant and bold experiments will emphasize that psychology research remains alive and well. --Think Like a Psychologist: Principles in Action To close each chapter, each principle is related back to the vignette to show the student that when they observe an interesting behavior they can recall and apply the four principles. If they can do this, they will indeed be thinking like a psychologist.
Psychology

The Biology of Psychological Disorders

Author: David Linden

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 023035808X

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 4393

Psychological disorders – their origins, clinical symptoms and treatment – have a central place in contemporary public health debate. Understanding how disruptions in the brain's biological mechanisms can influence our thoughts, feelings and actions is one of the most exciting challenges for psychologists in the twenty-first century. The Biology of Psychological Disorders is an authoritative account of some of the most prevalent psychological disorders, from schizophrenia, depression, mania and substance abuse to disorders of childhood, adolescence and ageing. Detailed and engaging coverage of these disorders is combined with a comprehensive grounding in the fundamentals of neuroscience and the principles of psychopharmacology that underpin their treatment. Drawing on the fields of psychology, psychiatry, neuroscience and biology, this highly relevant text is an invaluable resource for students of biological psychology and psychopharmacology, trainee psychiatrists and anyone interested in understanding, researching and treating psychological disorders.
Psychology

Principles of Developmental Psychology

An Introduction

Author: George Butterworth

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317758773

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 7589

Developmental psychology is concerned with the scientific understanding of age-related changes in experience and behaviour, not only in children but throughout the lifespan. The task is to discover, describe, and explain how development occurs, from its earliest origins, into childhood, adulthood, and old age. To understand human development requires one not only to make contact with human nature but also to consider the diverse effects of culture on the developing child. Development is as much a process of acquiring culture as it is of biological growth. This book reviews the history of developmental psychology with respect to both its nature and the effects of transmission of culture. The major theorists of the late 19th and early 20th century, Piaget, Vygotsky and Bowlby are introduced to provide a background to contemporary research and the modern synthesis of nature and nurture. This brief textbook is suitable as an introduction to developmental psychology, both at A level and for beginning undergraduate students. It aims to be of interest to psychologists, educationalists, social workers and others with an interest in a contemporary understanding of factors involved in human development.
Psychology

Principles Of Social Psychology

Author: Nicky Hayes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135064695

Category: Psychology

Page: 168

View: 1482

This is designed to be a clear and readable introduction to social psychology for A-level students, for those studying psychology as a supplement to other applied courses, and for those requiring an overview of the major concerns and issues in this subject.; The book aims to integrate the traditional material, such as conformity, attitudes and prejudice, with some of the more recent insights into social life, such as the study of discourse, relationships, social identity and social representations. This work also incorporates themes and concerns which have emerged in social psychology, including problems of ethnocentrism and identity, ethical issues, and the challenges to conventional methodology represented by some recent areas of research.
Psychology

Principles of Cognitive Psychology

Author: Michael W. Eysenck

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781841692593

Category: Psychology

Page: 436

View: 3495

Thoroughly revised and updated, this work covers the fundamental topics in cognitive psychology such as perception, attention and pattern recognition, memory, language, problem solving and reasoning.
Education

A Biological and Psychological Background to Education

Author: C. G. Ivan Hussell,Alice F. Laing

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483280691

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 9737

A Biological and Psychological Background to Education focuses on man's physical and psychological characteristics which influence education. The publication first underscores the importance of man's biological background, the biological nature of man, and the nature of the vital processes. Discussions focus on respiration, nutrition, object of vital activities, characteristics of man as an animal, primate characteristics, diversity of man, public education, and human biology in the schools. The book then examines the control of vital processes, reproduction and sex education, genetic factors in the life of man, evolution and man, and development and growth. The manuscript takes a look at movement, posture, and exercise, health and the teacher's responsibility, social heritage of man, higher mental processes, and structure of personality. Topics include social factors in personality, remembering and forgetting, intelligence, perception, contemporary pressures in society, prevention of disease, and the significance of levers in the body. The publication is designed for students at colleges of education and colleges of physical education.
Brain

The Secret World of the Brain

Author: Catherine Loveday

Publisher: Not Found

ISBN: 9780233004938

Category: Brain

Page: 192

View: 4229

The brain is the most important part of our anatomy - the master controller that tells the other parts of the body what to do and when to do it. This engaging new book delves into how we use our brains in everyday life and uncovers the crucial workings of this vital organ. How does our brain store memories? How does the brain process emotion? How do we recognise faces? What is dreaming? What does it mean to be conscious? How do injuries and diseases disrupt brain function? Are male and female brains any different? What is really happening in the teenage brain? From revealing how the brain controls our basic functions such as speech, vision and movement to how it determines our perceptions, contributes to our personalities and affects our emotions, this beautifully illustrated book unlocks the key questions about the brain.
Psychology

Individual Differences

Normal And Abnormal

Author: College, University of London,Michael W. Eysenck

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317716388

Category: Psychology

Page: 209

View: 1532

A title in the modular "Principles of Psychology" series, designed for A- level and other introductory courses. While normal individuals obviously differ from each other in various ways, psychologists have emphasized differences in intelligence and personality. This emphasis is reflected in the book, and various different views are discussed at length.; Abnormality has always been a source of fascination, although it has been difficult to form a good understanding of why and how abnormality develops. Psychologists have also grappled with other complex issues, such as how to classify abnormal individuals and what forms of treatment will prove beneficial. In spite of complexities, much progress has been made.
Psychology

Understanding Biological Psychology

Author: Philip Corr

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0631219544

Category: Psychology

Page: 568

View: 9098

Understanding Biological Psychology is an accessible and distinctive new core textbook that helps students to appreciate the central role that biological processes play in psychology. gives conceptual clarity to a complex and often confusing field; innovative integration of theory and methods; covers a core area of the undergraduate syllabus; accessible, student-friendly text; synthesizes biological processes with mainstream psychological topics to make the subject both interesting and accessible; focuses on what biological psychology is for, rather than treating it as an end in itself; provides basic introductions to biological principles and applications; covers recent advances, such as neuroimaging and molecular genetics. Upon publication, the textbook will be supported by an accompanying website containing a multiple choice testbank, weblinks, electronic versions of figures, and other additional resources. Visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/corr for more information.
Social Science

Principles of Trauma Therapy

A Guide to Symptoms, Evaluation, and Treatment ( DSM-5 Update)

Author: John N. Briere,Catherine Scott

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483351254

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 882

Thoroughly updated with DSM-5 content throughout, Principles of Trauma Therapy, Second Edition: DSM-5 Update is both comprehensive in scope and highly practical in application. This popular text provides a creative synthesis of cognitive-behavioral, relational, affect regulation, mindfulness, and psychopharmacologic approaches to the "real world" treatment of acute and chronic posttraumatic states. Grounded in empirically-supported trauma treatment techniques and adapted to the complexities of actual clinical practice, this book is a hands-on resource for front-line clinicians, those in private practice, and graduate students of public mental health
Psychology

Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy

Network Principles for a Unified Theory

Author: Warren Tryon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124200982

Category: Psychology

Page: 692

View: 7518

Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy provides a bionetwork theory unifying empirical evidence in cognitive neuroscience and psychopathology to explain how emotion, learning, and reinforcement affect personality and its extremes. The book uses the theory to explain research results in both disciplines and to predict future findings, as well as to suggest what the theory and evidence say about how we should be treating disorders for maximum effectiveness. While theoretical in nature, the book has practical applications, and takes a mathematical approach to proving its own theorems. The book is unapologetically physical in nature, describing everything we think and feel by way of physical mechanisms and reactions in the brain. This unique marrying of cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology provides an opportunity to better understand both. Unifying theory for cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology Describes the brain in physical terms via mechanistic processes Systematically uses the theory to explain empirical evidence in both disciplines Theory has practical applications for psychotherapy Ancillary material may be found at: http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780124200715 including an additional chapter and supplements
Medical

Gay, Straight, and the Reason Why

The Science of Sexual Orientation

Author: Simon LeVay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190297395

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 5080

What causes a child to grow up gay or straight? Neuroscientist Simon LeVay summarizes a wealth of scientific evidence that points to one inescapable conclusion: Sexual orientation results primarily from an interaction between genes, sex hormones, and the cells of the developing body and brain. LeVay takes the reader on a whirlwind tour of laboratories that specialize in genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, and family demographics. He describes, for instance, how researchers have manipulated the sex hormone levels of animals during development, causing them to mate preferentially with animals of their own gender. In this second edition, LeVay adds a chapter on bisexuality, reviews some uncommon forms of sexuality, and considers whether there could be a biological basis for subtypes of gay people such as "butch" and "femme" lesbians.
Psychology

Foundations of Professional Psychology

The End of Theoretical Orientations and the Emergence of the Biopsychosocial Approach

Author: Timothy P. Melchert

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123850797

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 4524

Recent advances in the scientific understanding of the human mind and brain along with the emphases on evidence-based practice and competency-based education are creating increasing pressures to update some of the traditional approaches to structuring and organizing education and practice in the field. There have also been many calls in recent years for a unified approach to conceptualizing professional practice in psychology. This book examines whether there exists a unified conceptual framework for the field that is firmly based on current scientific understanding regarding human development and functioning, that applies across all the clinical populations and practice areas within the field, and that would also help integrate professional psychology more fully into health care and the sciences generally. Presents a unified science-based conceptual framework for professional psychology Provides an overview of the whole treatment process as informed by a biopsychosocial approach, from intake through outcomes assessment Avoids highly technical language so that students and practitioners from across the field can follow the discussion
Education

Foundations of Biopsychology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490267182

Category: Education

Page: 168

View: 9187

Facts101 is your complete guide to Foundations of Biopsychology. In this book, you will learn topics such as The control of movement, Hunger and eating behaviour, Emotional states, and Sleep and circadian rhythms plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.