Psychology

Psychology AS

The Complete Companion

Author: Mike Cardwell,Cara Flanagan

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748794638

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

View: 3588

This unique resource, updated to cover the revised AQA (A) specification, will enable your students to turn their understanding of Psychology into even better exam performance.
Psychology

Psychology as Religion

The Cult of Self-Worship

Author: Paul C. Vitz

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802807250

Category: Psychology

Page: 173

View: 3532

Psychology as Religion delivers a trenchant analysis of modern psychology - an enterprise that author Paul C. Vitz maintains has become a religion, a secular cult or self, now part of the problem of modern life rather than part of its resolution.
Psychology

Psychology as Metaphor

Author: A J Soyland

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780803989573

Category: Psychology

Page: 181

View: 5029

The view that the study of rhetoric and metaphor is crucial to understanding psychological discourse is explored in this lucidly argued book. The author scrutinizes a wide range of traditional psychological theory including neuropsychology and memory, childhood development, the IQ debate, accounts of emotion and descriptions of the mind to show how rhetorical strategies and the deployment of metaphor are central to the work of creating a convincing theoretical account. The book explores the distinction between philosophy and rhetoric and offers an interdisciplinary analysis of theories of metaphor and language while pointing to future directions for research. Its theoretical breadth is matched by its wide-ranging treatment
Psychology

Understanding Psychology as a Science

An Introduction to Scientific and Statistical Inference

Author: Zoltan Dienes

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137096055

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 5995

What makes psychology a science? What is the logic underlying psychological research? In this groundbreaking book Zoltán Dienes introduces students to key issues in the philosophy of science and statistics that have a direct and vital bearing on the practice of research in psychology. The book is organised around the influential thinkers and conceptual debates which pervade psychological research and teaching but until now have not been made accessible to students. In a clear and fluid style, Dienes takes the reader on a compelling tour of the ideas of: - Popper - Kuhn& Lakatos - Neyman& Pearson - Bayes - Fisher& Royall Featuring examples drawn from extensive teaching experience to ground the ideas firmly in psychological science, the book is an ideal companion to courses and modules in psychological research methods and also to those covering conceptual and historical issues.
Psychology

An Outline of Psychology as Applied to Medicine

Author: John Weinman

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483183580

Category: Psychology

Page: 276

View: 9463

An Outline of Psychology as Applied to Medicine presents an extensive examination of medicine in relation to psychology. It discusses the pathologies of perception. It addresses studies in the human information processing. Some of the topics covered in the book are the brain mechanisms and behavior; pathologies of perception; psychophysiology of emotion; nature of stress; intelligence tests and their clinical applications; improving intellectual abilities using compensatory education; hemisphere differences in function; and personality differences in response to illness and treatment. The definition and description of factors influencing child development are fully covered. An in-depth account of the factors influencing the behavior of patients and doctors are provided. The general characteristics of human problem solving are completely presented. A chapter is devoted to psychosocial aspects of hospitalization. Another section focuses on the stressful medical procedures in hospitals. The book can provide useful information to psychologists, doctors, students, and researchers.
Business & Economics

Psychology as a Profession in Australia

Author: John O'Gorman

Publisher: Australian Academic Press

ISBN: 1875378820

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 7682

This book is about how ideas central to what it means to be a profession are expressed in the case of psychology. It is concerned with professional psychology, the features it shares with other professions, and the impact social change has had on professions in general.
Psychology

Exploring Psychology: AS Student Book for AQA A

Author: Matt Jarvis,Julia Russell

Publisher: Folens Limited

ISBN: 1850082588

Category: Psychology

Page: 250

View: 4071

Exploring Psychology follows the AQA A specification, with the emphasis on teaching students not only the required knowledge and understanding, but to think and act like psychologists too. Designed to add considerable value to students' exam performance, Exploring Psychology is best suited to students of average and above-average ability. It helps provide an ideal grounding for those considering studying Psychology and related subjects at degree level.
Advanced supplementary examinations

Heinemann Psychology AS for OCR

Author: Fiona Lintern

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435807061

Category: Advanced supplementary examinations

Page: 192

View: 5828

Heinemann Psychology for OCR is an exciting specification-matching course designed to help you push your students for the best grades possible at AS and A2 Level. Endorsed by OCR, the course includes Student Books with Interactive Student CD-ROMs and Networkable CD-ROMs.
Psychology

Psychology

The Study of Behaviour

Author: William McDougall

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 177

View: 2745

Philosophy

Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology

Author: Richardson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262261111

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 7759

Human beings, like other organisms, are the products of evolution. Like other organisms, we exhibit traits that are the product of natural selection. Our psychological capacities are evolved traits as much as are our gait and posture. This much few would dispute. Evolutionary psychology goes further than this, claiming that our psychological traits -- including a wide variety of traits, from mate preference and jealousy to language and reason -- can be understood as specific adaptations to ancestral Pleistocene conditions. In Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology, Robert Richardson takes a critical look at evolutionary psychology by subjecting its ambitious and controversial claims to the same sorts of methodological and evidential constraints that are broadly accepted within evolutionary biology.The claims of evolutionary psychology may pass muster as psychology; but what are their evolutionary credentials? Richardson considers three ways adaptive hypotheses can be evaluated, using examples from the biological literature to illustrate what sorts of evidence and methodology would be necessary to establish specific evolutionary and adaptive explanations of human psychological traits. He shows that existing explanations within evolutionary psychology fall woefully short of accepted biological standards. The theories offered by evolutionary psychologists may identify traits that are, or were, beneficial to humans. But gauged by biological standards, there is inadequate evidence: evolutionary psychologists are largely silent on the evolutionary evidence relevant to assessing their claims, including such matters as variation in ancestral populations, heritability, and the advantage offered to our ancestors. As evolutionary claims they are unsubstantiated. Evolutionary psychology, Richardson concludes, may offer a program of research, but it lacks the kind of evidence that is generally expected within evolutionary biology. It is speculation rather than sound science -- and we should treat its claims with skepticism.
Psychology

Psychology as a Moral Science

Perspectives on Normativity

Author: Svend Brinkmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441970671

Category: Psychology

Page: 175

View: 4478

What does morality have to do with psychology in a value-neutral, postmodern world? According to a provocative new book, everything. Taking exception with current ideas in the mainstream (including cultural, evolutionary, and neuropsychology) as straying from the discipline’s ethical foundations, Psychology as a Moral Science argues that psychological phenomena are inherently moral, and that psychology, as prescriptive and interventive practice, reflects specific moral principles. The book cites normative moral standards, as far back as Aristotle, that give human thoughts, feelings, and actions meaning, and posits psychology as one of the critical methods of organizing normative values in society; at the same time it carefully notes the discipline’s history of being sidetracked by overemphasis on theoretical constructs and physical causes—what the author terms “the psychologizing of morality.” This synthesis of ideas brings an essential unity to what can sometimes appear as a fragmented area of inquiry at odds with itself. The book’s “interpretive-pragmatic approach”: • Revisits core psychological concepts as supporting normative value systems. • Traces how psychology has shaped society’s view of morality. • Confronts the “naturalistic fallacy” in contemporary psychology. • Explains why moral science need not be separated from social science. • Addresses challenges and critiques to the author’s work from both formalist and relativist theories of morality. With its bold call to reason, Psychology as a Moral Science contains enough controversial ideas to spark great interest among researchers and scholars in psychology and the philosophy of science.
Psychology

Positive Psychology as Social Change

Author: Robert Biswas-Diener

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048199389

Category: Psychology

Page: 358

View: 7738

In recent times there has been growing interest in positive psychology as evidenced by the swell in positive psychology graduate programs, undergraduate courses, journals related to the topic, popular book titles on the topic and scholarly publications. Within the positive psychology community there has been an increased emphasis on the socially beneficial side of positive psychological science. At the First World Congress of the International Positive Psychology Association there was a major push to look at positive psychology as a social change mechanism. This volume will bring together thoughts of leaders in positive psychology from 8 countries to capitalize on the push toward social change and flourishing. By releasing this title at a critical time Springer has the opportunity to help frame the agenda for positive psychology as a force for social change. This seminal work is meant for anyone interested in happiness, strengths, flourishing or positive institutions It introduces Positive Psychology as an unapplied science that can be used to create positive social transformation and enabling institutions. This is a must-have title for academics, especially psychologists, sociologists, economists, and professionals working in the field of Positive Psychology and Well-Being.
Psychology

AQA Psychology

AS and A-level Year 1

Author: Michael Eysenck

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317432517

Category: Psychology

Page: 440

View: 4356

AQA Psychology for AS and A-level Year 1 is the definitive textbook for the new 2015 curriculum. Written by eminent psychologist Professor Michael Eysenck, in collaboration with a team of experienced A-level teachers and examiner, the book enables students not only to pass their exams with flying colours, but also to fully engage with the science of psychology. As well as covering the six core topics students will study, the book includes: Activities which test concepts or hypotheses, bringing theory to life Key research studies explained and explored, showing the basis on which theory has developed Case studies which show how people’s lives are affected by psychological phenomena Evaluation boxes which critically appraise key concepts and theories Self-assessment questions which encourage students to reflect on what they’ve learnt Section summaries to support the understanding of specific ideas – perfect for revision Exam hints which steer students towards complete and balanced answers Key terms defined throughout so students aren’t confused by new language 200 figures, tables and photos End of chapter further reading to enable students to develop a deeper understanding End of chapter revision questions and sample exam papers to consolidate knowledge and practice exam technique A full companion website with a range of further resources for both students and teachers, including revision aids and class materials Incorporating greater coverage of research methods, as well as key statistical techniques, the sixth edition of this well-loved textbook continues to be the perfect introduction to psychology. Accessible yet rigorous, the book is the ideal textbook for students taking either the AS course or year 1 of the A-level.
Psychology

OCR Psychology: AS Revision Guide

Author: Cara Flanagan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135141991

Category: Psychology

Page: 88

View: 7331

This is a comprehensive student revision guide for those taking the OCR AS Psychology exam. It summarises the specification material clearly and attractively, so that information can be easily digested and retained. Packed full of revision tips and techniques, the book includes a number of unique and helpful features: Overviews of the OCR specification content Coverage of all the core studies A separate chapter dedicated to research methods and preparing for the exam A large number of exam-style questions and answers, annotated with teacher comments Separate sections for each unit exam on how to answer questions successfully A comprehensive glossary of important terms and their definitions, to aid understanding of the material. OCR Psychology: AS Revision Guide provides the detailed information which will aid students in their preparation for the exam. Although a companion to OCR Psychology: AS Core Studies and Psychological Investigations, Third Edition, by Philip Banyard and Cara Flanagan, this revision guide can be used alongside any OCR AS-Level Psychology textbook.
Philosophy

The Importance of Being Understood

Folk Psychology as Ethics

Author: Adam Morton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134484291

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 1686

The Importance of Being Understood is an innovative and thought-provoking exploration of the links between the way we think about each other's mental states and the fundamentally cooperative nature of everyday life. Adam Morton begins with a consideration of 'folk psychology', the tendency to attribute emotions, desires, beliefs and thoughts to human minds. He takes the view that it is precisely this tendency that enables us to understand, predict and explain the actions of others, which in turn helps us to decide on our own course of action. This relection suggests, claims Morton, that certain types of cooperative activity are dependent on everyday psychological understanding conversely, that we act in such a way as to make our actions easily intelligible to others so that we can benefit from being understood. This idea of 'beneficial circularities' is at the core of Morton's investigation of the interdependencies between folk psychology and social behaviour: we understand each other because we have learned to make ourselves intelligible. Using examples of cooperative activities such as car driving and playing tennis, Adam Morton analyses the concepts of belief and simulation, the idea of explanation by motive, and the causal force of psychological explanation. In addition to argument and analysis, Morton also includes more speculative explorations of topics such as moral progress and presents a new point of view on how and why cultures differ. The Importance of Being Understood forges new links between ethics and the philosophy of mind and will be of interest to anyone in either field, as well as developmental psychologists.
Psychology

Psychology as a biological science

Author: Daniel Porter Kimble

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 309

View: 9856

Individuality

Individual Psychology

As Study in Psychological Method ...

Author: Stella Emily Sharp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Individuality

Page: 63

View: 3113

Education

Crown House AQA Psychology AS level and year 1

Author: Nigel Holt,Rob Lewis

Publisher: Crown House Publishing

ISBN: 1785830031

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 3002

This new edition of the Holt and Lewis AQA Psychology textbook offers comprehensive coverage of the new AQA syllabus. Written by two experienced teachers, examiners and textbook authors, this revised edition accommodates the changes to the English AQA specification, with thorough coverage of both AS level and A level year 1. ‘Ask an examiner’ hints and tips, glossaries, web links and exam-style practice questions provide everything students need to learn and succeed. This easy-to-read, visually engaging textbook also features: evaluations of key studies, to encourage reflection and critical analysis, aid understanding and give context; detailed exploration of research methods, to help develop analytical and mathematical skills; ‘Ask an examiner’ hints and tips, practice questions and a section on exam preparation and revision, providing everything students need to prepare for their exams; lists of key terms, QR codes and web links to help explain key issues, carefully chosen images to promote debate and discussion and help ideas stick, colour-coded material for ease of use and checklists to break down everything you need to know for each topic, clearly identified A level only material, enabling it to be easily distinguished from AS material.