This is a virtually rewritten second edition of New York University Professor Paul Vitz's profoundly important analysis of modern psychology. Vitz maintains that psychology in our day has become a religion, a secular cult of self, and has become part of the problem of modern life rather than part of its resolution.
The view that the study of rhetoric and metaphor is crucial to understanding psychological discourse is explored in this lucidly argued book. The author scrutinizes a wide range of traditional psychological theory including neuropsychology and memory, childhood development, the IQ debate, accounts of emotion and descriptions of the mind to show how rhetorical strategies and the deployment of metaphor are central to the work of creating a convincing theoretical account. The book explores the distinction between philosophy and rhetoric and offers an interdisciplinary analysis of theories of metaphor and language while pointing to future directions for research. Its theoretical breadth is matched by its wide-ranging treatment
An Introduction to Scientific and Statistical Inference
Author: Zoltan Dienes
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
What makes psychology a science? What is the logic underlying psychological research? In this groundbreaking book Zoltán Dienes introduces students to key issues in the philosophy of science and statistics that have a direct and vital bearing on the practice of research in psychology. The book is organised around the influential thinkers and conceptual debates which pervade psychological research and teaching but until now have not been made accessible to students. In a clear and fluid style, Dienes takes the reader on a compelling tour of the ideas of: - Popper - Kuhn& Lakatos - Neyman& Pearson - Bayes - Fisher& Royall Featuring examples drawn from extensive teaching experience to ground the ideas firmly in psychological science, the book is an ideal companion to courses and modules in psychological research methods and also to those covering conceptual and historical issues.
Advanced supplementary examinations by Fiona Lintern
Heinemann Psychology for OCR is an exciting specification-matching course designed to help you push your students for the best grades possible at AS and A2 Level. Endorsed by OCR, the course includes Student Books with Interactive Student CD-ROMs and Networkable CD-ROMs.
OCR Psychology, Third Edition, is endorsed by OCR for use with the OCR AS Psychology specification. This book prepares students for all elements of the OCR Psychology AS exam. It covers both research methods and core studies, giving the who, what, where, and even the why of each study. It also looks at some of the work that followed the studies. Key features of the book include: 'Psychological Investigations': the first chapter of the book helps students to understand research methods in psychology – useful support for the Psychological Investigations exam and for understanding the core studies themselves. Core Studies: each study is described first ‘In a Nutshell’, followed by a detailed account of the aims, method, results and conclusions. Guidance is given on how each study can be evaluated and a wealth of extra materials is provided for each study – questions to assess understanding, practical activities, multiple choice and exam-style questions, further reading and video links. Background to each core study is included in the ‘Starters’ and ‘Afters’ features: information about related research before and after the study; and biographical details of the researcher(s). Approaches, perspectives, issues and methods are considered in a brand-new chapter to cover the themes of the course and prepare students for the long-answer questions on the Core Studies exam. Exam guidance: each chapter ends with short- and long-answer exam-style questions answered by students with teacher feedback. The book is presented in colourful and well-structured magazine-style spreads to aid the learning process. This 3rd edition has been completely revised, and is now accompanied by a companion website featuring an extensive range of online resources for both teachers and students, including answers to the questions posed in the book, glossary flash-cards, and multiple-choice test banks.
This book is about how ideas central to what it means to be a profession are expressed in the case of psychology. It is concerned with professional psychology, the features it shares with other professions, and the impact social change has had on professions in general.
Human beings, like other organisms, are the products of evolution. Like other organisms, we exhibit traits that are the product of natural selection. Our psychological capacities are evolved traits as much as are our gait and posture. This much few would dispute. Evolutionary psychology goes further than this, claiming that our psychological traits -- including a wide variety of traits, from mate preference and jealousy to language and reason -- can be understood as specific adaptations to ancestral Pleistocene conditions. In Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology, Robert Richardson takes a critical look at evolutionary psychology by subjecting its ambitious and controversial claims to the same sorts of methodological and evidential constraints that are broadly accepted within evolutionary biology.The claims of evolutionary psychology may pass muster as psychology; but what are their evolutionary credentials? Richardson considers three ways adaptive hypotheses can be evaluated, using examples from the biological literature to illustrate what sorts of evidence and methodology would be necessary to establish specific evolutionary and adaptive explanations of human psychological traits. He shows that existing explanations within evolutionary psychology fall woefully short of accepted biological standards. The theories offered by evolutionary psychologists may identify traits that are, or were, beneficial to humans. But gauged by biological standards, there is inadequate evidence: evolutionary psychologists are largely silent on the evolutionary evidence relevant to assessing their claims, including such matters as variation in ancestral populations, heritability, and the advantage offered to our ancestors. As evolutionary claims they are unsubstantiated. Evolutionary psychology, Richardson concludes, may offer a program of research, but it lacks the kind of evidence that is generally expected within evolutionary biology. It is speculation rather than sound science -- and we should treat its claims with skepticism.
What does morality have to do with psychology in a value-neutral, postmodern world? According to a provocative new book, everything. Taking exception with current ideas in the mainstream (including cultural, evolutionary, and neuropsychology) as straying from the discipline’s ethical foundations, Psychology as a Moral Science argues that psychological phenomena are inherently moral, and that psychology, as prescriptive and interventive practice, reflects specific moral principles. The book cites normative moral standards, as far back as Aristotle, that give human thoughts, feelings, and actions meaning, and posits psychology as one of the critical methods of organizing normative values in society; at the same time it carefully notes the discipline’s history of being sidetracked by overemphasis on theoretical constructs and physical causes—what the author terms “the psychologizing of morality.” This synthesis of ideas brings an essential unity to what can sometimes appear as a fragmented area of inquiry at odds with itself. The book’s “interpretive-pragmatic approach”: • Revisits core psychological concepts as supporting normative value systems. • Traces how psychology has shaped society’s view of morality. • Confronts the “naturalistic fallacy” in contemporary psychology. • Explains why moral science need not be separated from social science. • Addresses challenges and critiques to the author’s work from both formalist and relativist theories of morality. With its bold call to reason, Psychology as a Moral Science contains enough controversial ideas to spark great interest among researchers and scholars in psychology and the philosophy of science.
Exploring Psychology follows the AQA A specification, with the emphasis on teaching students not only the required knowledge and understanding, but to think and act like psychologists too. Designed to add considerable value to students' exam performance, Exploring Psychology is best suited to students of average and above-average ability. It helps provide an ideal grounding for those considering studying Psychology and related subjects at degree level.
An Outline of Psychology as Applied to Medicine presents an extensive examination of medicine in relation to psychology. It discusses the pathologies of perception. It addresses studies in the human information processing. Some of the topics covered in the book are the brain mechanisms and behavior; pathologies of perception; psychophysiology of emotion; nature of stress; intelligence tests and their clinical applications; improving intellectual abilities using compensatory education; hemisphere differences in function; and personality differences in response to illness and treatment. The definition and description of factors influencing child development are fully covered. An in-depth account of the factors influencing the behavior of patients and doctors are provided. The general characteristics of human problem solving are completely presented. A chapter is devoted to psychosocial aspects of hospitalization. Another section focuses on the stressful medical procedures in hospitals. The book can provide useful information to psychologists, doctors, students, and researchers.
In recent times there has been growing interest in positive psychology as evidenced by the swell in positive psychology graduate programs, undergraduate courses, journals related to the topic, popular book titles on the topic and scholarly publications. Within the positive psychology community there has been an increased emphasis on the socially beneficial side of positive psychological science. At the First World Congress of the International Positive Psychology Association there was a major push to look at positive psychology as a social change mechanism. This volume will bring together thoughts of leaders in positive psychology from 8 countries to capitalize on the push toward social change and flourishing. By releasing this title at a critical time Springer has the opportunity to help frame the agenda for positive psychology as a force for social change. This seminal work is meant for anyone interested in happiness, strengths, flourishing or positive institutions It introduces Positive Psychology as an unapplied science that can be used to create positive social transformation and enabling institutions. This is a must-have title for academics, especially psychologists, sociologists, economists, and professionals working in the field of Positive Psychology and Well-Being.
This is a comprehensive student revision guide for those taking the OCR AS Psychology exam. It summarises the specification material clearly and attractively, so that information can be easily digested and retained. Packed full of revision tips and techniques, the book includes a number of unique and helpful features: Overviews of the OCR specification content Coverage of all the core studies A separate chapter dedicated to research methods and preparing for the exam A large number of exam-style questions and answers, annotated with teacher comments Separate sections for each unit exam on how to answer questions successfully A comprehensive glossary of important terms and their definitions, to aid understanding of the material. OCR Psychology: AS Revision Guide provides the detailed information which will aid students in their preparation for the exam. Although a companion to OCR Psychology: AS Core Studies and Psychological Investigations, Third Edition, by Philip Banyard and Cara Flanagan, this revision guide can be used alongside any OCR AS-Level Psychology textbook.
Medical by John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Author: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In 1976, a small group of psychologists urged that more research be done on aspects of health and health care outside the domain of mental health. Today, health psychology is one of the fastest growing divisions of the American Psychological Association; journals and textbooks in increasing numbers are another signal of rapid growth in this field.
"The Psychological Difference" in the Work of Wolfgang Giegerich
Author: Jennifer M. Sandoval,John C. Knapp
Psychology as the Discipline of Interiority is the first collection of essays dedicated to the study and application of Psychology as the Discipline of Interiority—a new ‘wave’ within Analytical Psychology which pushes off from the work of C. G. Jung and James Hillman. The book reflects upon the notion of psychology developed by German psychoanalyst Wolfgang Giegerich, whose Hegelian turn sheds light on the notion of soul, or psyche, and its inner logic and ‘thought’, forming a radical new basis from which to ground a modern psychology with soul. The book’s theme - ‘the psychological difference’ - is applied to topics including analytical theory, clinical practice, and contemporary issues, ranging from C. G. Jung’s Mysterium, to case studies, to the nuclear bomb and the Shoah. Psychology as the Discipline of Interiority expounds upon the complexity, depth, and innovativeness of Giegerich’s thought, reflecting the various ways in which international scholars have creatively explored a speculative psychology founded upon the notion of soul. The contributors here include clinical psychologists, Jungian analysts, and international scholars. With a new chapter by Wolfgang Giegerich and a foreword by David Miller, Psychology as the Discipline of Interiority will be essential reading for depth and clinical psychologists, Jungian psychoanalysts in practice and in training, and academics and students of post-Jungian studies. It is also relevant reading for all those interested in the history of philosophical thought and what it means to think in the highly sophisticated and technological world of the twenty-first century.
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.