This clear and lively introduction to psychology assumes no prior knowledge of the subject. Extensively revised and updated, this third edition describes psychology as it is taught at universitues. Examples are used throughout to illustrate fundamental ideas, with a self-assessment quiz focusing readers' minds on a number of intriguing psychological problems. The differences betwen psychology, psychiatry and psychoanalysis are explained, and the professions and careers associated with psychology are explored. Suggestions for further reading and useful internet sites are included.
This text provides a detailed account of psychology. Most topics are dealt with in terms of theory, evidence, and evaluation. The book features key research studies, case studies, research activities, and personal reflections.
Psychology by Ellen Pastorino,Susann Doyle-Portillo
Ellen Pastorino and Susann Doyle-Portillo are dedicated, award-winning psychology professors with an infectious enthusiasm for teaching psychology. Praised in previous editions for fostering students’ curiosity, WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY? Third Edition, extends the authors’ successful and engaging approach to teaching the introductory psychology course. Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo have found that when students are curious they are motivated to explore and truly learn how psychological concepts are connected. This text unlocks students’ curiosity by capturing their interest and motivating them to make connections between memorable personal stories, applications to their own lives, and psychological concepts that they will use and retain in and out of the classroom. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
When this classic book was first published in 1926, L.S. Vygotsky was well on his way to becoming one of the leading intellectuals in Russia. His study of the psychology of education led him to believe that the child should be the main figure in the educational process - and the efforts of the teacher should be directed toward organizing, not dictating, the child's development. "The educational process must be based on the student's individual activity ..." he states in Educational Psychology, "... and the art of education should involve nothing more than guiding and monitoring this activity." At a time when most education consisted of rote memorization and thwacks across the wrist with a ruler, these ideas were considered quite radical. Today's educators can find much that is of use in the pages of Educational Psychology. Vygotsky addresses many issues that are still relevant in the 1990s - abnormal social behavior, the nurturing of creativity and reasoning, problems with attention and memory - in a bold and opinionated fashion that is sure to delight educators as well as lovers of classical Russian writing. Psychologists will also find the book useful for its fascinating glimpses into the study of psychology in the early twentieth century.
Medical by Noel Sheehy,Antony J. Chapman,Wendy A. Conroy
Author: Noel Sheehy,Antony J. Chapman,Wendy A. Conroy
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
This Dictionary provides biographical and bibliographical information on over 500 psychologists from all over the world from 1850 to the present day. All branches of psychology and its related disciplines are featured.
This comprehensive reference work on personality psychology discusses the development and measurement of personality, biological and social determinants, dynamic personality processes, the personality's relation to the self, and personality in relation to applied psychology. Each chapter provides a concise summary of the subject. Topics include such areas as: the nature of personality psychology; the Five Factor model; individual differences; stability of personality; evolutionary foundations of personality; cross-cultural perspectives; emotion; psychological defences; and the connection between personality and health.
Psychology by Donald K. Freedheim,Irving B. Weiner
Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.
This brief, inexpensive text offers the utmost in flexibility in teaching the history of psychology. Used as a stand-alone text or with readers, this engaging book is noted for its analysis of the scientific and philosophical emergence of the field. Readers appreciate the bookâe(tm)s balanced coverage of experimental, applied, and clinical psychology, as well as the clear and succinct presentation of the fieldâe(tm)s major events and schools of thought. This edition features an expanded pedagogical program with bolded terms, a complete glossary, more illustrations, and web-based instructional materials including Power Points, a test bank, discussion questions, and more. Extensively updated throughout, this edition features: A new final chapter with a current analysis of the state of the field including the growth of specialized organizations that promote the science of psychology and the push to influence policies that address global challenges such as environmental sustainability, intergroup conflict, health disparities, and the population explosion. A discussion of the growth in the number and role of women in psychology and the promotion of diversity initiatives related to ethnicity, gender, age, and sexual orientation. Recent developments in the growth of neuroscience, cognitive science, and the diversification of psychology. Portraits of some major figures in the history of psychology. Recent changes in the practice of psychology including more emphasis on "evidence-based practice," prescription privileges, and the application of psychological principles to industrial and engineering psychology. Recent changes in the APA including new divisions and new elected officials. Used independently or as a supplement with readers, this brief text is intended for undergraduate and graduate courses on the history of psychology. Due to its brevity and engaging style, the book is often used in introductory courses to introduce students to the field. The enormous index and substantial glossary make this volume a useful desk reference for the entire field.
Psychology by Jacki Watts,Kate Cockcroft,Norman Duncan (Ph. D.)
Clinical Psychology is for students studying clinical psychology as part of an undergraduate programme in psychology, nursing, sociology or social and behavioural sciences. Undergraduate students who wish to know if postgraduate study in clinical psychology would be of interest to them will find this book particularly useful. The book will inform students about: the profession of clinical psychology how to get onto a clinical psychology postgraduate training programme the way clinical psychologists work with children, adolescents and adults with common psychological problems the main models of practice used by clinical psychologists, and the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of psychological interventions. There is a focus on both clinical case studies and relevant research, and the book includes summaries, revision questions, advice on further reading and a glossaryof key terms, all of which make it an excellent student-friendly introduction to an exceptionally interesting subject.
This psychology text features exercises which require students to think like a psychologist. Included are boxes which link the basic areas of psychology with five major domains of application: health, education, business, law and the environment. Real world examples are used.
History by Robert Jervis,Richard Ned Lebow,Janice Gross Stein
Author: Robert Jervis,Richard Ned Lebow,Janice Gross Stein
Publisher: JHU Press
Now available in paperback, Psychology and Deterrence reveals deterrence strategy's hidden and generally simplistic assumptions about the nature of power and aggression, threat and response, and calculation and behavior in the international arena.
Psychology by Ralph W. Hood, Jr.,Peter C. Hill,Bernard Spilka
Author: Ralph W. Hood, Jr.,Peter C. Hill,Bernard Spilka
Publisher: Guilford Press
Scholarly and comprehensive yet accessible, this state-of-the-science work is widely regarded as the definitive graduate-level psychology of religion text. The authors synthesize classic and contemporary empirical research on numerous different religious groups. Coverage includes religious thought, belief, and behavior across the lifespan; links between religion and biology; the forms and meaning of religious experience; the social psychology of religious organizations; and connections to morality, coping, mental health, and psychopathology. Every chapter features thought-provoking quotations and examples that bring key concepts to life. New to This Edition *Revised and updated with the latest theories, methods, and empirical findings.*Many new research examples.*Restructured with fewer chapters for better “fit” with a typical semester.*More attention to the differences between religion and spirituality*Covers emerging topics: genetics and neurobiology, positive psychology, atheism, and more.
Designed as an undergraduate textbook for students offering courses in Educational Psychology, this well-organized study gives a detailed description of key concepts such as learning, intelligence and personality and various contemporary theories governing these. The significance of educational and vocational guidance, particularly of exceptional children, is clearly and forcefully brought out. The text is well illustrated with diagrams to elucidate the concepts discussed.
Including more than 11,000 definitions, this authoritative and up-to-date dictionary covers all branches of psychology. Clear, concise descriptions for each entry offer extensive coverage of key areas including cognition, sensation and perception, emotion and motivation, learning and skills, language, mental disorder, and research methods. The range of entries extends to related disciplines including psychoanalysis, psychiatry, the neurosciences, and statistics. Entries are extensively cross-referenced for ease of use, and cover word origins and derivations as well as definitions. More than 100 illustrations complement the text. This fourth edition has incorporated a large number of significant revisions and additions, many in response to the 2013 publication of the American Psychiatric Association's latest edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, bringing the Dictionary fully up to date with the most recent literature of the subject. In addition to the alphabetical entries, the dictionary also includes appendices covering over 800 commonly used abbreviations and symbols, as well as a list of phobias and phobic stimuli, with definitions. Comprehensive and clearly written, this dictionary is an invaluable work of reference for students, lecturers, and the general reader with an interest in psychology.
As the title suggests, this book examines the psychology of interpersonal relations. In the context of this book, the term "interpersonal relations" denotes relations between a few, usually between two, people. How one person thinks and feels about another person, how he perceives him and what he does to him, what he expects him to do or think, how he reacts to the actions of the other--these are some of the phenomena that will be treated. Our concern will be with "surface" matters, the events that occur in everyday life on a conscious level, rather than with the unconscious processes studied by psychoanalysis in "depth" psychology. These intuitively understood and "obvious" human relations can, as we shall see, be just as challenging and psychologically significant as the deeper and stranger phenomena. The discussion will center on the person as the basic unit to be investigated. That is to say, the two-person group and its properties as a superindividual unit will not be the focus of attention. Of course, in dealing with the person as a member of a dyad, he cannot be described as a lone subject in an impersonal environment, but must be represented as standing in relation to and interacting with another person. The chapter topics included in this book include: Perceiving the Other Person; The Other Person as Perceiver; The Naive Analysis of Action; Desire and Pleasure; Environmental Effects; Sentiment; Ought and Value; Request and Command; Benefit and Harm; and Reaction to the Lot of the Other Person.
What is happiness? Why are some people happier than others? This new edition of The Psychology of Happiness provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of research into the nature of happiness. Major research developments have occurred since publication of the first edition in 1987 – here they are brought together for the first time, often with surprising conclusions. Drawing on research from the disciplines of sociology, physiology and economics as well as psychology, Michael Argyle explores the nature of positive and negative emotions, and the psychological and cognitive processes involved in their generation. Accessible and wide-ranging coverage is provided on key issues such as: the measurements and study of happiness, mental and physical health; the effect of friendship, marriage and other relationships on positive moods; happiness, mental and physical health; the effects of work, employment and leisure; and the effects of money, class and education. The importance of individual personality traits such as optimism, purpose in life, internal control and having the right kind of goals is also analysed. New to this edition is additional material on national differences, the role of humour, and the effect of religion. Are some countries happier than others? This is just one of the controversial issues addressed by the author along the way. Finally the book discusses the practical application of research in this area, such as how happiness can be enhanced, and the effects of happiness on health, altruism and sociability. This definitive and thought-provoking work will be compulsive reading for students, researchers and the interested general reader
Psychology by Susan T. Fiske,Daniel T. Gilbert,Gardner Lindzey