Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order
Author: Ulrich Beck,Anthony Giddens,Scott Lash
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Category: Social Science
Three prominent social thinkers discuss how modern society is undercutting its formations of class, stratum, occupations, sex roles, the nuclear family, and more. Reflexive modernization, or the way one kind of modernization undercuts and changes another, has wide ranging implications for contemporary social and cultural theory, as this provocative book demonstrates.
Civilization, Modern by Ulrich Beck,Anthony Giddens,Scott Lash
This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.
The book explores the intersection of emotions and migration in a number of case studies from across the USA, Europe and Southeast Asia, including the transmigration of female domestic workers, transmigrant marriages, transmigrant workers in the entertainment industry and asylum seekers and refugees who are the victims of domestic violence.
Business & Economics by Peter-Paul Verbeek,Adriaan Slob
Shaping Sustainable Relations Between Consumers and Technologies
Author: Peter-Paul Verbeek,Adriaan Slob
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
Environmental policy has long been determined by a dichotomy between technology and behavior. This book explores the relationships between technology and behavior from an interdisciplinary perspective. It is the first volume that aims to create a conceptual basis for analyzing interactions between technology and behavior, and to provide insights that are relevant to technology design and environmental policy.
Pierre Bourdieu und Ulrich Beck zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik
Author: Hubert Wissing
Category: Political Science
Soziologen sind Beobachter und Interpreten der modernen Gesellschaft. Ihr soziologischer Blick kann jedoch niemals ein rein theoretischer sein, denn Soziologen sind Teil ihres Untersuchungsgegenstands, der Gesellschaft. Zu dieser unvermeidlichen Praxisnähe kommt für sie die Herausforderung, mit ihrem soziologischen Wissen Optionen zur gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung aufzeigen und die von ihnen beobachteten Strukturen und Prozesse beeinflussen zu können. Pierre Bourdieu und Ulrich Beck stehen als Soziologen und Intellektuelle mit ihrem Werk und ihrer Biographie für das Austesten der Grenze zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik. In zwei miteinander verknüpften Fallstudien werden ihre Grenzgänge nachvollzogen. Das Agieren der Intellektuellen wird vor dem Hintergrund des Denkens als Soziologen aufgearbeitet.
»Arm an geschichtlichen Katastrophen war dieses Jahrhundert wahrlich nicht: zwei Weltkriege, Auschwitz, Nagasaki, dann Harrisburg und Bhopal, nun Tschernobyl. Das zwingt zur Behutsamkeit der Wortwahl und schärft den Blick für die historischen Besonderheiten. Alles Leid, alle Not, alle Gewalt, die Menschen Menschen zugefügt haben, kannt bisher nur die Kategorien der ›anderen‹ - Juden, Schwarze, Frauen, Asylanten, Dissidenten, Kommunisten usw.«
This volume offers snapshots of how rights are debated and employed in public discourse to reshape legal and political relations at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It explores how rights are used to challenge the state of affairs by individuals and groups who seek justice, and the strategies devised to defy the existing rights by those who wish to recast the social and political order. This volume discusses rights, firstly, in relation to actual events and issues faced by policy-makers, courts, international agencies, or ordinary people. These range from the demands of minority groups living in the West to freely practice their culture and/or religion, to the threat of terrorism, the regulation of asylum rights, the investor's rights to disclosure and the rights of artists to freedom of expression. Secondly, rights discourse is examined in relation to attempts to redefine the form and content of rights, for example, by banning the right to wear religious symbols in public institutions or detaining terrorism suspects without trial. Thirdly, rights discourse is explored in connection with the attempts to develop new notions of rights, such as 'human security', which can more effectively respond to the challenges of late modern societies. Finally, the statuses of rights in sociological theory and socio-legal research are briefly discussed and analysed.
OF 'SOLIDARITY' IN UK SOCIAL WELFARE Here then, perhaps, is a British version of solidarity in social welfare, but early there are strong tensions between the powerfully liberal individualistic strands of the British understanding of the functions of the state and the socialistic or communitarian tendency of a commitment to universal welfare provision. In the search for the roots of this understanding of welfare we shall survey, fitst, the historical background to these tensions in some early British political philosophers, starting with Hobbes and ending with Mill. We then consider the philosophical and social influences on the Beveridge Report itself, and we will trace the emergence of the philosophy of the welfare state in the era following the Second World War. Finally we consider the contemporary debate, as it relates to the 'Third Way' thinking of New Labour. 2. A mSTORICAL SKETCH In the previous section we observed that the philosophy underlying the Beveridge Report could be described as 'liberal collectivism'. What are the historical antecedents of this strange amalgam of individualism and collectivism? Within the short scope of this chapter, any account of the philosophical history must be little more than a sketch, but we can perhaps understand most debates in British socio-political thought as a continuing dialogue with the well known claim of Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan that all political institutions are founded on egoistic motives.
The International Section on Machine and System Safety was founded in 1975 to deal with questions on occupational risks in this ?eld at the inter- tional level. It is a member of the Special Commission on Prevention of the International Social Security Association (ISSA). The Special Commission is a body within ISSA that focuses on work-related risks. It has 11 inter- tional Sections as members. ISSA was founded in 1927 with its headquarters in Geneva. It is working worldwide in over 150 countries with nearly 370 member institutions from all ?elds of social security. TheSection on Machine and System Safety, when it was founded, had its focus on machine safety, particularly on the ma- facturing of safe machinery, on assisting developing countries to be able to buy safe used machinery, and on delivering clear operating instructions. Our members and partners are: • institutions for safety and health at work; • insurance companies dealing with work-related risks; • research institutions; and • various enterprises, e.g. manufacturers, importers and users of machines and systems/installations. We thus bring together the experiences of our members and partners. The role of the operators soon grew in importance, and their capability for ha- ling machinery became an important factor for the safety and success of enterprises. The growing importance and complexity of handling different man-machine-environment situations created new challenges and led to - larging the Section’s tasks to machine and system safety.
Rethinking Race, Politics, and Poetics offers a critical appraisal of C.L.R. James as a major twentieth-century activist-intellectual, exploring his prolific output spanning decades within genres as diverse as history, philosophy, sociology, literary and cultural criticism, prose fiction, and reportage. The book also analyzes some of the flaws and contradictions that surfaced within James’ writings as a consequence of the difficult circumstances in which he worked and lived as an itinerant migrant intellectual invariably involved with fringe political groups. Assessing James as a lifelong committed Marxist and humanist, the book argues that his core concern with racial, political, and cultural questions as central to human and social understanding led him to develop a distinctive critique of the modern world.
Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community isa significant examination of the historical development of workwith offenders and their treatment by the state and society. Itoffers unique perspectives and a wealth of information drawn fromnumerous interviews with probation staff. Highlights how the work of probation staff has changed overtime and the reasons behind these changes Includes discourse with probation staff carried out over manyyears for a comprehensive, ‘insiders’ view of thesituation Focuses on contemporary issues, including the changes broughtin by the Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition Written by a leading academic with extensive experience in theprobation service
The International Recasting of Pension and Care Systems
Author: Ingo Bode
Category: Social Science
This book examines the rise of welfare markets in Western societies and explores their functioning, regulation and embeddedness by addressing the particular field of old age provision, including both retirement provision and elderly care. It goes beyond a mere social policy analysis by investigating major cultural underpinnings of the new (quasi-)markets, with these underpinnings embracing collective normative representations of how societies (should) institutionally handle old age. The book looks at whether pension and care systems are converging under the influence of globalization – with marketization being a key phenomenon – and to what extent this is creating a transnational culture of welfare markets. This book, the first book to systematically describe and analyse the phenomenon of welfare markets, elucidates the complex cultural underpinnings of care and pensions systems in an era of marketization, arguing that we are facing a cultural struggle over the way late modern societies conceptualize institutional old-age provision.
Armed with cheap digital technologies and a fiercely independent spirit, millions of young people from around the world have taken cultural production into their own hands, crafting their own clothing lines, launching their own record labels, and forging a vast, collaborative network of impassioned amateurs more interested in making than consuming. DIY Style tells the story of this international do-it-yourself (DIY) movement through a major case study of one of its biggest, but least known contingents: the "indie" music and fashion scene of the predominantly Muslim Southeast Asian island nation of Indonesia. Through rich ethnographic detail, in-depth historical analysis, and cutting-edge social theory, the book chronicles the rise of DIY culture in Indonesia, and also explores the phenomenon in Europe and the United States, painting an evocative portrait of vibrant communities who are not only making and distributing popular culture on their own terms, but working to tear down the barriers between production and consumption, third and first world, global and local. What emerges from the book is a cautiously optimistic view of the future of global capitalism - a creative, collectivist alternative built from the ground up. This exciting and original study is essential reading for students and scholars of anthropology, fashion, media studies, cultural studies and sociology.
Zur Bewältigung ökologischer Herausforderungen genügt bloßes Umdenken nicht; alternative Wahrnehmungsweisen sind erforderlich. Die Durchsetzung nachhaltiger Naturverhältnisse hat also eine ästhetische Komponente. Daher kann auch die Kunst etwas zur Entstehung einer ökologischen Kultur beitragen. Aber wie? Die vorliegende Studie argumentiert, daß die Leistung ästhetischer Artefakte dabei weniger darin besteht, Inhalte der Ökologie-Debatte zu transportieren und anschaulich darzustellen. Ihr besonderer Wert liegt vielmehr im Eröffnen bestimmter ästhetischer Erfahrungen, denen ökologische Bedeutung zukommt. So können Kunstwerke natürliche Rhythmen vergegenwärtigen oder durch die Exposition von Materialqualitäten neuen Naturkontakt herstellen. Auf diese Weise tragen sie zur Einfügung des Menschen in seine natürliche Umgebung bei anstatt lediglich darauf zu verweisen. In Auseinandersetzung mit Kant und Hans Jonas, aber auch mit Ansätzen zeitgenössischer Semiotik, Kultur- und Kunsttheorie entwickelt die Abhandlung Kategorien, mit deren Hilfe die ökologische Relevanz ästhetischer Formen herausgearbeitet werden kann. Beispiele aus der Installationskunst (LandArt, beispielsweise James Turrell) dienen zur Illustration. Vertiefend interpretiert die Untersuchung V.S. Naipauls Roman "The Enigma of Arrival" und setzt sich ausführlich mit asketischen Idealen in der Architektur (zum Beispiel bei John Pawson und Claudio Silvestrin) und im Alltag auseinander.
Pioneer in Cosmopolitan Sociology and Risk Society
Author: Ulrich Beck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
This book presents Ulrich Beck, one of the world’s leading sociologists and social thinkers, as a Pioneer in Cosmopolitan Sociology and Risk Society. His world risk society theory has been confirmed by recent disasters – events that have shaken modern society to the core, signaling the end of an era in which comprehensive insurance could keep us safe. Due to its own successes, modern society now faces failure: while in the past experiments were conducted in a lab, now the whole world is a test bed. Whether nuclear plants, genetically modified organisms, nanotechnology – if any of these experiments went wrong, the consequences would have a global impact and would be irreversible. Beck recommends ignoring the mathematical morality of expert opinions, which seek to identify the level of a given risk by calculating the probability of its occurrence. Instead, man’s fear of collapse should offer an opportunity for international cooperation and a cosmopolitan turn in the social sciences.
Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance
Author: Kelly A. Gates
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: Social Science
Since the 1960s, a significant effort has been underway to program computers to “see” the human face—to develop automated systems for identifying faces and distinguishing them from one another—commonly known as Facial Recognition Technology. While computer scientists are developing FRT in order to design more intelligent and interactive machines, businesses and states agencies view the technology as uniquely suited for “smart” surveillance—systems that automate the labor of monitoring in order to increase their efficacy and spread their reach. Tracking this technological pursuit, Our Biometric Future identifies FRT as a prime example of the failed technocratic approach to governance, where new technologies are pursued as shortsighted solutions to complex social problems. Culling news stories, press releases, policy statements, PR kits and other materials, Kelly Gates provides evidence that, instead of providing more security for more people, the pursuit of FRT is being driven by the priorities of corporations, law enforcement and state security agencies, all convinced of the technology’s necessity and unhindered by its complicated and potentially destructive social consequences. By focusing on the politics of developing and deploying these technologies, Our Biometric Future argues not for the inevitability of a particular technological future, but for its profound contingency and contestability.
Political Science by Peter Andree,Jeffrey Ayres,Michael Bosia,Marie-Josee Massicotte
Global and Local Change in the New Politics of Food
Author: Peter Andree,Jeffrey Ayres,Michael Bosia,Marie-Josee Massicotte
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Political Science
In recent years, food sovereignty has emerged as a way of contesting corporate control of agricultural markets in pursuit of a more democratic, decentralized food system. The concept unites individuals, communities, civil society organizations, and even states in opposition to globalizing food regimes. This collection examines expressions of food sovereignty ranging from the direct action tactics of La Vía Campesina in Brazil to the consumer activism of the Slow Food movement and the negotiating stances of states from the global South at WTO negotiations. With each case, the contributors explore how claiming food sovereignty allows individuals to challenge the power of global agribusiness and reject neoliberal market economics. With perspectives drawn from Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa, and Australia, Globalization and Food Sovereignty is the first comparative collection to focus on food sovereignty activism worldwide.