A solid, quantitative, practical introduction to a wide rangeof renewable energy systems—in a completely updated, newedition The second edition of Renewable and Efficient Electric PowerSystems provides a solid, quantitative, practical introductionto a wide range of renewable energy systems. For each topic,essential theoretical background is introduced, practicalengineering considerations associated with designing systems andpredicting their performance are provided, and methods forevaluating the economics of these systems are presented. While thebook focuses on the fastest growing, most promising wind and solartechnologies, new material on tidal and wave power, small-scalehydroelectric power, geothermal and biomass systems is introduced.Both supply-side and demand-side technologies are blended in thefinal chapter, which introduces the emerging smart grid. As thefraction of our power generated by renewable resources increases,the role of demand-side management in helping maintain grid balanceis explored. Renewable energy systems have become mainstream technologies andare now, literally, big business. Throughout this edition, moredepth has been provided on the financial analysis of large-scaleconventional and renewable energy projects. While grid-connectedsystems dominate the market today, off-grid systems are beginningto have a significant impact on emerging economies whereelectricity is a scarce commodity. Considerable attention is paidto the economics of all of these systems. This edition has been completely rewritten, updated, andreorganized. New material has been presented both in the form ofnew topics as well as in greater depth in some areas. The sectionon the fundamentals of electric power has been enhanced, makingthis edition a much better bridge to the more advanced courses inpower that are returning to many electrical engineering programs.This includes an introduction to phasor notation, more emphasis onreactive power as well as real power, more on power converter andinverter electronics, and more material on generator technologies.Realizing that many students, as well as professionals, in thisincreasingly important field may have modest electrical engineeringbackgrounds, early chapters develop the skills and knowledgenecessary to understand these important topics without the need forsupplementary materials. With numerous completely worked examples throughout, the bookhas been designed to encourage self-instruction. The book includesworked examples for virtually every topic that lends itself toquantitative analysis. Each chapter ends with a problem set thatprovides additional practice. This is an essential resource for amixed audience of engineering and other technology-focusedindividuals.
To address the modeling and control of smart grid renewable energy system into electric power systems, this book integrates three areas of electrical engineering: power system engineering, control systems engineering and power electronics The approach to the integration of these three areas differs from classical methods. Due to complexity of this task, the author has decided to present the basic concepts, and then present a simulation test bed in matlab to use these concepts to solve a basic problem in development of smart grid energy system. Therefore, each chapter has three parts: first a problem of integration is stated and its importance is described. Then, the mathematical model of the same problem is formulated. Next, the solution steps are outlined. This step is followed by developing a matlab simulation test bed. Each chapter ends with a set of problems and projects. The book is intended be used as textbook for instruction or by researchers. This book can be used as undergraduate text for both electrical and mechanical engineers. The prerequisite for the course is a course in fundamental of electrical engineering.
This book addresses the use, operation and maintenance of new renewable energy systems, taking into account their integration in the current electrical markets and in the new emergent uses of energy. The book is based on practical experiences which present different perspectives about what occurs once an energy production plant based on sources of renewable energy is in production. Questions to be addressed include: how the energy produced is integrated into the current system of energy production, what is its consideration in the electrical market, what the impact is on society, how differential the strategies of operation and maintenance are with respect to conventional systems of energy production, etc.
Technology & Engineering by Klaus Endrullat,Peter Epinatjeff,Dieter Petzold,Hubertus Protz
Author: Klaus Endrullat,Peter Epinatjeff,Dieter Petzold,Hubertus Protz
Category: Technology & Engineering
Die rationelle Energieverwendung im Bereich wärmetechnischer Systeme hat im mittel europäischen Raum einen hohen Stellenwert, da bei der überwiegenden Anzahl der Haus halte und Gewerbebetriebe der Energieverbrauch zur Wärmeerzeugung den größten An teil am Gesamtenergieverbrauch hat. Das Ziel des vorliegenden Bandes ist es, dem Leser die Vorgehensweise 'zur Beurteilung wärmetechnischer Systeme und energiesparender Maßnahmen zu vermitteln. Schwerpunktmäßig werden die Heiz- und Raumlufttechnik im Umfeld des Menschen behandelt, während das Gebiet der Prozeßwärme für die indu strielle Anwendung aus Gründen des Umfanges nur ansatzweise erörtert werden konnte. Der Anspruch dieses Buches liegt auf einer Ebene, welche bewußt nicht die Einzellösung hervorhebt, da sich das Optimum eines Gesamtsystems noch längst nicht einstellen muß, wenn die Teilsysteme optimiert sind. Das Verständnis der Verzahntheit des vorliegenden Gebietes mit anderen Fachgebieten ist deshalb eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für ko ordinierte Maßnahmen zur rationellen Energieverwendung. Diesem Umstand wird durch zahlreiche qualitative Systembetrachtungen und Zahlenbeispiele Rechnung getragen. Im ersten Abschnitt werden die speziellen Grundlagen der Heiz- und Raumlufttechnik be handelt. Dazu zählen Kenntnisse über technische Funktionsabläufe und die Behaglich keitsanforderungen des Menschen, zu deren Aufrechterhaltung diese Anlagen gebaut werden. Anlagentechnische Maßnahmen zur Energieeinsparung müssen sich immer an der Erfüllung der Behaglichkeitsanforderungen messen lassen. Weiterhin gehört es auch zu einer wirkungsvollen Energieberatung, Maßnahmen an gebäudetechnischen Anlagen als Teilmaßnahme am Gesamtsystem Gebäude zu verstehen, weil durch den Umfang der Systemverbesserung (energetisch-ökonomisch) letztlich die Rangfolge der durchzuführen den Maßnahmen bestimmt wird.
Technology & Engineering by Dr. Mohamed E. El-Hawary
Adapted from an updated version of the author's classic Electric Power System Design and Analysis, with new material designed for the undergraduate student and professionals new to Power Engineering. The growing importance of renewable energy sources, control methods and mechanisms, and system restoration has created a need for a concise, comprehensive text that covers the concepts associated with electric power and energy systems. Introduction to Electric Power Systems fills that need, providing an up-to-date introduction to this dynamic field. The author begins with a discussion of the modern electric power system, centering on the technical aspects of power generation, transmission, distribution, and utilization. After providing an overview of electric power and machine theory fundamentals, he offers a practical treatment-focused on applications-of the major topics required for a solid background in the field, including synchronous machines, transformers, and electric motors. He also furnishes a unique look at activities related to power systems, such as power flow and control, stability, state estimation, and security assessment. A discussion of present and future directions of the electrical energy field rounds out the text. With its broad, up-to-date coverage, emphasis on applications, and integrated MATLAB scripts, Introduction to Electric Power Systems provides an ideal, practical introduction to the field-perfect for self-study or short-course work for professionals in related disciplines.
Author Ned Mohan has been a leader in EES education and research for decades. His three-book series on Power Electronics focuses on three essential topics in the power sequence based on applications relevant to this age of sustainable energy such as wind turbines and hybrid electric vehicles. The three topics include power electronics, power systems and electric machines. Key features in the first Edition build on Mohan's successful MNPERE texts; his systems approach which puts dry technical detail in the context of applications; and substantial pedagogical support including PPT's, video clips, animations, clicker questions and a lab manual. It follows a top-down systems-level approach to power electronics to highlight interrelationships between these sub-fields. It's intended to cover fundamental and practical design. This book also follows a building-block approach to power electronics that allows an in-depth discussion of several important topics that are usually left. Topics are carefully sequenced to maintain continuity and interest.
Technology & Engineering by Sudipta Chakraborty,Marcelo G. Simões,William E. Kramer
A Sourcebook of Topologies, Control and Integration
Author: Sudipta Chakraborty,Marcelo G. Simões,William E. Kramer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
While most books approach power electronics and renewable energy as two separate subjects, Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems takes an integrative approach; discussing power electronic converters topologies, controls and integration that are specific to the renewable and distributed energy system applications. An overview of power electronic technologies is followed by the introduction of various renewable and distributed energy resources that includes photovoltaics, wind, small hydroelectric, fuel cells, microturbines and variable speed generation. Energy storage systems such as battery and fast response storage systems are discussed along with application-specific examples. After setting forth the fundamentals, the chapters focus on more complex topics such as modular power electronics, microgrids and smart grids for integrating renewable and distributed energy. Emerging topics such as advanced electric vehicles and distributed control paradigm for power system control are discussed in the last two chapters. With contributions from subject matter experts, the diagrams and detailed examples provided in each chapter make Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems a sourcebook for electrical engineers and consultants working to deploy various renewable and distributed energy systems and can serve as a comprehensive guide for the upper-level undergraduates and graduate students across the globe.
Distributed generation of electric power by Paul Fenn,Samuel Golding,Robert Freehling,Local Power, Inc
Forschung am ersten deutschen Offshore-Windpark alpha ventus
Author: Michael Durstewitz,Bernhard Lange
Category: Technology & Engineering
Die Offshore-Windenergie wird in der zukünftigen Stromversorgung eine entscheidende Rolle spielen. Diese Entwicklung steht aber gerade erst an ihrem Anfang. Ein großes Team aus Forschung, Industrie, Verwaltung und Politik hat sich deshalb zum Ziel gesetzt, die aktuellen und grundlegenden Fragen der Offshore-Windenergienutzung zu bearbeiten. Über 100 Forscher der RAVE-Initiative (Research at alpha ventus) arbeiteten in interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekten daran, unser Wissen zu erweitern und anwendungsorientierte Lösungen für die Offshore-Windenergie zu finden. Damit tragen sie dazu bei, die Offshore-Windenergie als eine zuverlässige, nachhaltige und kostengünstige Energiequelle auf Dauer zu etablieren. Im Testfeld alpha ventus, Deutschlands erstem Offshore-Windpark, wurden die Voraussetzungen für diese Forschung geschaffen. Der Windpark wurde mit umfangreicher Messtechnik ausgestattet: Über 1200 Messgrößen werden aufgezeichnet und sind über ein zentrales Forschungsarchiv zugänglich. Die Forscher der RAVE-Initiative haben somit die weltweit einmalige Möglichkeit, eine Vielzahl von Messdaten aus einem operativen Windpark zu nutzen. Die Auswertungen erfolgen dezentral an Forschungseinrichtungen im gesamten Bundesgebiet. Über Ziele, Methoden und Schwierigkeiten der RAVE-Forschungsprojekte wird in allgemeinverständlicher Form berichtet und die Ergebnisse sowie ihre Bedeutung für die weitere Nutzung der Offshore-Windenergie dargestellt. Der Leser erhält somit einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Offshore-Windenergieforschung und die Ergebnisse der Forschungsarbeiten.
Electric apparatus and appliances by Gerhard Ziegler
Der Distanzschutz bildet die Basis des Netzschutzes in Übertragungsnetzen und vermaschten Verteilungsnetzen. Das Buch behandelt die Grundlagen des Distanzschutzes und die Besonderheiten der Digitaltechnik. Einen Schwerpunkt bildet die Anwendung der digitalen Distanzrelais im Verteilungs- und Übertragungsnetz. Für die zweite Auflage wurden alle Inhalte überarbeitet und insbesondere die Produktbeschreibungen auf den neuesten Stand gebracht. Das Buch wendet sich an Ingenieure und Studenten, die sich in das Gebiet des Selektivschutzes einarbeiten wollen, aber auch an praxiserfahrene Anwender, die den Einstieg in die digitale Distanzschutztechnik suchen. Außerdem dient es als Nachschlagewerk zur Lösung von Problemen in der praktischen Anwendung.
The book is written as primer hand book for addressing thefundamentals of smart grid. It provides the working definition thefunctions, the design criteria and the tools and techniques andtechnology needed for building smart grid. The book is neededto provide a working guideline in the design, analysis anddevelopment of Smart Grid. It incorporates all the essentialfactors of Smart Grid appropriate for enabling the performance andcapability of the power system. There are no comparable books whichprovide information on the “how to” of the design andanalysis. The book provides a fundamental discussion on the motivation forthe smart grid development, the working definition and the toolsfor analysis and development of the Smart Grid. Standards andrequirements needed for designing new devices, systems and productsare discussed; the automation and computational techniques need toensure that the Smart Grid guarantees adaptability, foresightalongside capability of handling new systems and components arediscussed. The interoperability of different renewable energysources are included to ensure that there will be minimum changesin the existing legacy system. Overall the book evaluates different options of computationalintelligence, communication technology and decision support systemto design various aspects of Smart Grid. Strategies fordemonstration of Smart Grid schemes on selected problems arepresented.
A practical, application-oriented text that presents analytical results for the better modeling and control of power converters in the integration of green energy in electric power systems The combined technology of power semiconductor switching devices, pulse width modulation algorithms, and control theories are being further developed along with the performance improvement of power semiconductors and microprocessors so that more efficient, reliable, and cheaper electric energy conversion can be achieved within the next decade. Integration of Green and Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems covers the principles, analysis, and synthesis of closed loop control of pulse width modulated converters in power electronics systems, with special application emphasis on distributed generation systems and uninterruptible power supplies. The authors present two versions of a documented simulation test bed for homework problems and projects based on Matlab/Simulink, designed to help readers understand the content through simulations. The first consists of a number of problems and projects for classroom teaching convenience and learning. The second is based on the most recent work in control of power converters for the research of practicing engineers and industry researchers. Addresses a combination of the latest developments in control technology of pulse width modulation algorithms and digital control methods Problems and projects have detailed mathematical modeling, control design, solution steps, and results Uses a significant number of tables, circuit and block diagrams, and waveform plots with well-designed, class-tested problems/solutions and projects designed for the best teaching-learning interaction Provides computer simulation programs as examples for ease of understanding and platforms for the projects Covering major power-conversion applications that help professionals from a variety of industries, Integration of Green and Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems provides practical, application-oriented system analysis and synthesis that is instructional and inspiring for practicing electrical engineers and researchers as well as undergraduate and graduate students.
Communication-Enabled Intelligence for the Electric Power Grid
Author: Stephen F. Bush
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book bridges the divide between the fields of power systems engineering and computer communication through the new field of power system information theory. Written by an expert with vast experience in the field, this book explores the smart grid from generation to consumption, both as it is planned today and how it will evolve tomorrow. The book focuses upon what differentiates the smart grid from the "traditional" power grid as it has been known for the last century. Furthermore, the author provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of both power systems and communication networking. It shows the complexity and operational requirements of the evolving power grid, the so-called "smart grid," to the communication networking engineer; and similarly, it shows the complexity and operational requirements for communications to the power systems engineer. The book is divided into three parts. Part One discusses the basic operation of the electric power grid, covering fundamental knowledge that is assumed in Parts Two and Three. Part Two introduces communications and networking, which are critical enablers for the smart grid. It also considers how communication and networking will evolve as technology develops. This lays the foundation for Part Three, which utilizes communication within the power grid. Part Three draws heavily upon both the embedded intelligence within the power grid and current research, anticipating how and where computational intelligence will be implemented within the smart grid. Each part is divided into chapters and each chapter has a set of questions useful for exercising the readers' understanding of the material in that chapter. Key Features: Bridges the gap between power systems and communications experts Addresses the smart grid from generation to consumption, both as it is planned today and how it will likely evolve tomorrow Explores the smart grid from the perspective of traditional power systems as well as from communications Discusses power systems, communications, and machine learning that all define the smart grid It introduces the new field of power system information theory
This dazzling introductory textbook encompasses the full range of today's important renewable energy technologies. Solar thermal, photovoltaic, wind, hydro, biomass and geothermal energy receive balanced treatment with one exciting and informative chapter devoted to each. As well as a complete overview of these state-of-the-art technologies, the chapters provide: clear analysis on their development potentials; an evaluation of the economic aspects involved; concrete guidance for practical implementation; how to reduce your own energy waste. If we do not act now to stop climate change, the consequences will be catastrophic. The current world situation is demonstrated here with the aid of full-colour figures and photographs, data diagrams and simple calculations and results. A multiplicity of impressive examples from countries across the globe show international ‘alternative’ energy in action. With its easy-to-read approach, this is an essential textbook for students on renewable energy courses, also environment and sustainability courses. Planners, operators, financers and consultants will find this an excellent manual for planning and realizing climate protection. Furthermore, this book makes great background reading for energy workers, designers, politicians and journalists, and anyone who is interested in the topic of climate change. Looking for further study? Visit the complimentary website; it hosts many useful related internet sites: www.wiley.com/go/quaschning_renewable
Technology & Engineering by Pieter Schavemaker,Lou van der Sluis
Much of the basic hardware that generates, transmits and distributes electricity has changed little over the past century. However, the techniques applied in the power system have advanced, leading to greater transformer efficiency and more economic transmission and distribution. As the demand for electricity in both the developed and developing world increases, governments and electricity providers continue to look for alternative means of creating energy through renewable sources. Today’s needs also include well-designed systems that are capable of producing large quantities of electricity in the safest, most cost-effective way for the benefit of both individuals and industry. This book provides an accessible introduction to the interesting world of alternating current (AC) power systems, focusing on the system as a whole. After laying out the basics for a steady-state analysis of three-phase power systems, the book examines: the generation, transmission, distribution, and utilization of electric energy; the principles of thermal, nuclear and renewable energy plants; power system control and operation; the organization of electricity markets, the changes currently taking place, and the developments that could lead to alternative power systems in the future. Inside, you will find appendices that support the key text, supplying information on the modeling of power system components and including basic equations derived from Maxwell’s laws. Numerous practical examples, case studies and illustrations, demonstrate the theory, techniques and results presented in the text, and accompanying Powerpoint slides are available on a supplementary website. With its pragmatic approach, Power System Essentials is ideal for senior undergraduate students in electrical engineering who require an up-to-date overview of the subject. This book also acts as a concise reference, suitable for postgraduates and professionals from a range of disciplines who would like to work in this field.
Die 2. Auflage wurde vollständig überarbeitet, aktualisiert und um zahlreiche Praxisbeispiele ergänzt. "Ursula Eicker ist ... ein äußerst fundierter und interessanter theoretischer Rundumschlag quer durch alle Solarfachrichtungen gelungen...Das Buch gehört in jede Hochschulbibliothek, ist aber auch für entsprechende Ingenieur- und Planungsbüros zu empfehlen." Sonnenenergie, Dt. Ges. Sonnenenergie e.V., München
The second edition of the highly acclaimed Wind Power in Power Systems has been thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the latest challenges associated with increasing wind power penetration levels. Since its first release, practical experiences with high wind power penetration levels have significantly increased. This book presents an overview of the lessons learned in integrating wind power into power systems and provides an outlook of the relevant issues and solutions to allow even higher wind power penetration levels. This includes the development of standard wind turbine simulation models. This extensive update has 23 brand new chapters in cutting-edge areas including offshore wind farms and storage options, performance validation and certification for grid codes, and the provision of reactive power and voltage control from wind power plants. Key features: Offers an international perspective on integrating a high penetration of wind power into the power system, from basic network interconnection to industry deregulation; Outlines the methodology and results of European and North American large-scale grid integration studies; Extensive practical experience from wind power and power system experts and transmission systems operators in Germany, Denmark, Spain, UK, Ireland, USA, China and New Zealand; Presents various wind turbine designs from the electrical perspective and models for their simulation, and discusses industry standards and world-wide grid codes, along with power quality issues; Considers concepts to increase penetration of wind power in power systems, from wind turbine, power plant and power system redesign to smart grid and storage solutions. Carefully edited for a highly coherent structure, this work remains an essential reference for power system engineers, transmission and distribution network operator and planner, wind turbine designers, wind project developers and wind energy consultants dealing with the integration of wind power into the distribution or transmission network. Up-to-date and comprehensive, it is also useful for graduate students, researchers, regulation authorities, and policy makers who work in the area of wind power and need to understand the relevant power system integration issues.