Perspectives on the Material Culture of Islamic Iberia and Beyond
Author: Glaire D. Anderson,Mariam Rosser-Owen
Category: Social Science
Revisiting al-Andalus brings together a range of new approaches to the material culture of Islamic Iberia, highlighting especially new directions in Anglo-American scholarship in this field since the influential exhibition in 1992, Al-Andalus: the Art of Islamic Spain.
Fiction by Anton Grabner-Haider,Johann Maier,Karl Prenner
Author: Anton Grabner-Haider,Johann Maier,Karl Prenner
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Die Kulturgeschichte von 500 bis 1200 eröffnet neue Zugänge zu dieser vergangenen Geschichtsepoche. Sie orientiert sich nicht primär an den Formen der Herrschaft. Vielmehr kommen auf umfassende Weise kulturelle Phänomene in den Blick, welche die Lebenswelt dieser Zeitepoche geprägt haben. Das sind zunächst die wirtschaftlichen Voraussetzungen für das Überleben, die sozialen Strukturen des Zusammenlebens, das Verhältnis der Geschlechter, die religiösen und mythischen Vorstellungen, die erstrebten Lebenswerte und Lebensziele wie auch die Formen der Daseinsdeutung, die Lehren der Theologen und der Philosophen sowie die Anfänge des lateinischen Schulsystems.Die Autoren beschreiben anschaulich das Wissen über die Natur und das Leben, das technische und mathematische Können, den Umgang mit Krankheit und Heilung, das Zugehen auf den Tod und die Deutung des Unverfügbaren. Der Leser erhält Einblicke die Lebenswelt der Klöster, die Lebensformen der Krieger und Ritter, der Adeligen und der Kleriker. Auch die Formen der Herrschaft, das Ringen zwischen religiöser und profaner Herrschaft, den Monopolanspruch der religiösen Weltdeutung, die Verfolgung der Häretiker, die Formen des Krieges und den Umgang mit fremden Kulturen stellen die Autoren dar.In sachinformativer wie erzählerisch unterhaltsamer Art erfährt die Leserschaft Wesentliches über die Christianisierung der europäischen Stämme und Völker sowie das Nachwirken der keltischen, der germanischen und der slawischen Mythologie. Die Anfänge der Dichtkunst, die Ausbildung der europäischen Sprachen, die Schulen und Werke der Baukunst, der Dome und Burgen, die Darstellungen der Malerei, die Kunst des Schreibens und die frühen Formen der Musik beschreiben die Autoren anschaulich und eingebettet in die größeren Zusammenhänge.
Exploring the aristocratic villas and court culture of C?ba, during its 'golden age' under the reign of the Umayyad dynasty (r. 756-1031 AD), this study illuminates a key facet of the secular architecture of the court and its relationship to the well-known Umayyad luxury arts. Based on textual and archaeological evidence, it offers a detailed analysis of the estates' architecture and gardens within a synthetic socio-historical framework. Author Glaire Anderson focuses closely on the C?ban case study, synthesizing the archaeological evidence for the villas that has been unearthed from the 1980s up to 2009, with extant works of Andalusi art and architecture, as well as evidence from the Arabic texts. While the author brings her expertise on medieval Islamic architecture, art, and urbanism to the topic, the book contributes to wider art historical discourse as well: it is also a synthetic project that incorporates material and insights from experts in other fields (agricultural, economic, and social and political history). In this way, it offers a fuller picture of the topic and its relevance to Andalusi architecture and art, and to broader issues of architecture and social history in the caliphal lands and the Mediterranean. An important contribution of the book is that it illuminates the social history of the C?ban villas, drawing on the medieval Arabic texts to explain patterns of patronage among the court elite. An overarching theme of the book is that the C?ban estates fit within the larger historical constellation of Mediterranean villas and villa cultures, in contrast to long-standing art historical discourse that holds villas did not exist in the medieval period.
In this extensive introduction to a rich new area of research, Lisa Lamper-Weissig examines the historical connections between postcolonial and medieval studies, conducting new readings of key medieval texts from different European traditions. These include Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival, Bernard Mandeville's Travels, and Guillaume de Palerne, a French romance poem about werewolves set in Norman Sicily. Lampert also incorporates insights from later fiction set in the medieval period, such as Walter Scott's Ivanhoe and contemporary works by Salman Rushdie, Tariq Ali, Juan Goytisolo, and Amitav Ghosh. These fascinating comparisons connect postcolonial medievalisms to current issues, including the issue of race in the 2008 presidential elections, the thesis behind Samuel Huntington's Clash of Civilisations, and the future of Islam in Europe. This volume features a helpful timeline, reproductions of medieval maps, and a bibliography with further readings.
About the pagination of this eBook This eBook contains a multi-volume set. To navigate the front matter of this eBook by page number, you will need to use the volume number and the page number, separated by a hyphen. For example, to go to page v of volume 1, type “1-v” in the Go box at the bottom of the screen and click "Go." To go to page v of volume 2, type “2-v”… and so forth. A Companion to Islamic Art and Architecture Volume I From the Prophet to the Mongols Edited by Finbarr Barry Flood and Gülru Necipoğlu Professor James W. Allan spent most of his career in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, initially as the curator responsible for the Islamic collection, and latterly as Keeper of Eastern Art. He established the teaching of Islamic Art in the University, and has published books and articles on Islamic metalwork, ceramics, glass, and architecture. He has now retired, but continues to lecture and research. Glaire D. Anderson is Associate Professor of Art History at the University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill. Publications include The Islamic Villa in Early Medieval Iberia: Aristocratic Estates and Court Culture in Umayyad Córdoba (2013) and the edited volume Revisiting al‐Andalus: Perspectives on the Material Culture of Islamic Iberia and Beyond (2007), co‐edited with Mariam Rosser‐Owen. Abigail Balbale is Assistant Professor at Bard Graduate Center in New York City. Her research focuses on the cultural history of Islamic Iberia and North Africa. She is currently working on a book tentatively entitled “Wolf King of Glorious Memory: Religion, Culture and Authority in Ibn Mardanish’s al‐Andalus.” Anna Contadini is Professor of the History of Islamic Art and Head of the School of Arts, SOAS, University of London. She is Director of the “Treasures of SOAS” and of the “Griffin and Lion” projects, and a member of the Centre for Iranian Studies at the London Middle East Institute. She was a Curator at the Victoria and Albert Museum and at the Chester Beatty Library, and Lecturer in Islamic Art at Trinity College, Dublin. Her publications include: Fatimid Art at the Victoria and Albert Museum (1998); A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth‐Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (The Kitāb Naʿt al‐Ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ Tradition (2012); “Facets of Light: The Case of Rock Crystals,” in God is the Light of the Heavens and the Earth. Light in Islamic Art and Culture (2015); “Threads of Ornament in the Style World of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries,” in Histories of Ornament: From Global to Local (2016); “Text and Image on Middle Eastern Objects: The Palmer Cup in Context,” in A Rothschild Renaissance: A New Look at the Waddesdon Bequest in the British Museum (2017). Howard Crane is Professor of Near Eastern Art and Archaeology in the Department of History of Art at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. His books include Risāle‐i Miʿmariyye: An Early‐Seventeenth‐century Ottoman Treatise on Architecture (1987), The Garden of the Mosques: Hafiz Hüseyin Al‐Ayvansarayı’̄ s Guide to the Muslim Monuments of Ottoman Istanbul (2000), and (with Esra Akın) Sinan’s Autobiographies: Five Sixteenth‐Century Texts (2006). Barbara Finster studied “The Mosaics of the Umayyad Mosque of Damascus” for her Ph.D. (1966). Her works include researches in Iran and Afghanistan (“Early Iranian Mosque Architecture”); excavations and surveys in Iraq (Tulul al‐Ukhaidir, Warka) and Yemen (“Islamic Monuments”); and fieldwork (2000–2002) in ʿAnjar/Lebanon (catalogue of ornaments). She taught Islamic art at the University of Erlangen 1972–1997, and was professor of Islamic art and archaeology at the University of Bamberg 1996–2003. Finbarr Barry Flood is William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of the Humanities at the Institute of Fine Arts and Department of Art History, New York University. He publishes on late antiquity, Islamic architectural history and historiography, transcultural dimensions of Islamic art, image theory, museology, and Orientalism. His books include The Great Mosque of Damascus: Studies on the Makings of an Umayyad Visual Culture (2000), and Objects of Translation: Material Culture and Medieval “Hindu‐Muslim” Encounter (2009), awarded the 2011 Ananda K. Coomaraswamy Prize of the Association for Asian Studies. Alain George is IM Pei Professor of Islamic Art and Architecture at the University of Oxford. In 2010, he was awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize. His main fields of research are Qurʾanic calligraphy, the arts of the book in Islam, and the art and architecture of the Umayyad and early Abbasid periods. His publications include The Rise of Islamic Calligraphy (2010). Mattia Guidetti is university assistant in Islamic Art at the University of Vienna. His research interests focus on the role of Christian churches in the development of early Islamic sacred places. He has published on this theme in the monograph In the Shadow of the Church: The Building of Mosques in Early Medieval Syria (2016) as well as in Muqarnas (2009) and the Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (2013). Eva R. Hoffman is on the faculty of the Department of Art History at Tufts University. She edited the anthology Late Antique and Medieval Art of the Mediterranean World (2007). Currently, she is writing a book on the art of the medieval Mediterranean as a space of visual and cultural exchange. Mark Horton is Professor in Archaeology at the University of Bristol. He has worked on the East African coast since 1980, and has conducted excavations at the important site of Shanga, on Zanzibar and Pemba, in the Kilwa archipelago, the Comoros, and Madagascar. Ruba Kana’an is an independent scholar whose research and publications focus on the confluence between art and law in Muslim contexts and the relationship between artist and patron in medieval societies. She has published various articles on metalwork and architecture exploring legal texts as sources for material culture, context and historiography. Between 2008–2011 she was Chair of Islamic Studies at York University, Toronto. Most recently, 2011–2017, she was Head of Education and Scholarly Programs at the Aga Khan Museum. Lev A. Kapitaikin gained a DPhil in Islamic Art and Architecture from Oxford University (2011). His doctoral thesis was dedicated to the twelfth‐century Islamic and Christian paintings of the ceilings of the Cappella Palatina in Palermo. He teaches Islamic arts at the Art History Department of Tel Aviv University. His research focuses on visual and cultural intersections of Islam and Christianity in the Mediterranean, particularly among southern Italy and Sicily, Egypt, the Maghrib and Spain. Lorenz Korn is Professor of Islamic Art and Archaeology at the Oriental Institute, University of Bamberg (Germany). His research interest focuses on the architecture and architectural decoration of the regions between Egypt and Central Asia, from the tenth to the sixteenth centuries, on Arabic epigraphy and Khurasanian metalwork. Marcus Milwright is Professor of Islamic Art and Archaeology at the University of Victoria, Canada. He is the author of studies dealing with aspects of Islamic material and visual culture including An Introduction to Islamic Archaeology (2010). He is co‐editor of Brill’s Arts and Archaeology of the Islamic World series. Gülru Necipoğlu is Aga Khan Professor of Islamic Art at the Department of History of Art and Architecture, Harvard University. She publishes on architecture and architectural practice, aesthetics of ornament and figural representation, cross‐cultural exchanges, and Islamic art historiography. Her books include Architecture, Ceremonial and Power: The Topkapı Palace (1991); The Topkapı Scroll, Geometry and Ornament in Islamic Architecture (1995), which won the Albert Hourani and Spiro Kostoff awards; and The Age of Sinan: Architectural Culture in the Ottoman Empire (2005), winner of the Fuat Köprülü award and the Albert Hourani honorable mention award. She edits the journal Muqarnas and Supplements to Muqarnas. Alastair Northedge is Professor of Islamic Art and Archaeology at Université de Paris 1 (Panthéon‐Sorbonne). He has worked in Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan, and conducted projects at Amman in Jordan, Ana in Iraq, and Samarra. He is author of Studies on Roman and Islamic Amman, joint author of Excavations at Ana, and published the Historical Topography of Samarra in 2005. The second volume of the project at Samarra, the Archaeological Atlas of Samarra, was published in 2015. His current project is on the medieval city of Dehistan in Turkmenistan. Oya Pancaroğlu is Professor in the Department of History at Boğaziçi University, Istanbul. She received her Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2000. Her research in medieval Islamic art and architectural history spans the subjects of figural representation, ceramic production, and sacred sites. Venetia Porter is a curator of Islamic and Modern Middle Eastern art at the British Museum. She curated the Hajj: Journey to the Heart of Islam at the British Museum (2012) and edited the accompanying catalogue and with Liana Saif The Hajj: Collected Essays (2013). Her other publications include Arabic and Persian Seals and Amulets at the British Museum (2011). Jennifer Pruitt is Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of Wisconsin– Madison. Publications include “Method in Madness: Reconsidering Church Destructions in the Fatimid Era,” Muqarnas (2013) and “The Miracle of Muqattam: Moving a Mountain to Build a Church in the Early Fatimid Caliphate (969–995),” in Sacred Precincts: Non‐Muslim Sites in Islamic Territories, edited by Mohammad Gharipour (2014). She is currently working on a book‐length project, tentatively entitled Building the Caliphate: Construction, Destruction, and Sectarian Identity in Fatimid Architecture (909–1131). Scott Redford is Nasser D. Khalili Professor of Islamic Art and Archaeology in the Department of Art and Archaeology at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. He specializes in the art, architecture, and archaeology of medieval Anatolia and the eastern Mediterranean. His Legends of Authority: The 1215 Seljuk Inscriptions of Sinop Citadel, Turkey was published in 2014. Liana Saif is British Academy postdoctoral fellow at St Cross College in the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on the history of Islamic natural philosophy and occult thought and the intercultural exchange of esoteric ideas between the Islamic world and the European Middle Ages and Renaissance. She worked as the curator of the Hajj Legacy Project in the British Museum in 2013. Her book Arabic Influences on Early Modern Occult Thought was published in 2015. Emilie Savage‐Smith recently retired as Professor of the History of Islamic Science at the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford, and is a Fellow of the British Academy. She has received a Senior Investigator Award from the Wellcome Trust to organize a team to undertake the translation of the thirteenth‐century history of medicine by Ibn Abi Usaybiʿa. Her most recent publication is (with co‐author Y. Rapoport) An Eleventh‐Century Egyptian Guide to the Universe: The “Book of Curiosities” (2014). Avinoam Shalem is the Riggio Professor of Islamic Art at Columbia University and a Professor Fellow at the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florence – Max Planck Institute. His main field of interest is in medieval artistic interactions in the Mediterranean basin, medieval aesthetics, and the historiography of the field. Hsueh‐man Shen is Associate Professor: Ehrenkranz Chair in World Art at the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University. Her research interests focus primarily on the art and archaeology of pre‐modern China, especially the period from the eighth to the twelfth centuries. She is the curator of the 2006–2007 exhibition Gilded Splendor: Treasures of China’s Liao Empire (907–1125), and editor and co‐author of the research catalogue accompanying the exhibition. She is also consultant and co‐organizer of the Getty exhibition Cave Temples of Dunhuang: Buddhist Art on China’s Silk Road (2016). Jochen Sokoly received his doctorate in Oriental Studies from the University of Oxford. He has been a research fellow at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York and the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. Dr. Sokoly has worked as a UNESCO curatorial consultant for the Al‐Sabah Collection, Kuwait National Museum, Kuwait where he is preparing the publication of the museum’s collection of early Islamic inscribed textiles. He teaches art history and was formerly Gallery Director at Virginia Commonwealth University in Qatar. Yasser Tabbaa works at the juncture of Islamic architecture, social history, religion, and aesthetics. His previous books and articles have investigated meaning and intentionality in medieval Islamic architecture and ornament. He has written an introductory book on Najaf (2014), and is currently preparing a book on Shiʿi shrine architecture. Luke Treadwell is the University Lecturer in Islamic Numismatics, Oriental Institute, Oxford University and Curator of Islamic Coins, Heberden Coin Room, Ashmolean Museum. His interests include early Islamic visual culture, the history of the Iranian intermezzo, and the Islamic silver flow to the northern lands (ninth–tenth centuries ce). Oliver Watson, after a career in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London and in the Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar, now teaches at the University of Oxford. He specializes in ceramic history.
In Medieval Boundaries, Sharon Kinoshita examines the role of cross-cultural contact in twelfth- and early thirteenth-century French literature. Starting from the observation that many of the earliest and best-known works of the French literary tradition are set on or beyond the borders of the French-speaking world, she reads the Chanson de Roland, the lais of Marie de France, and a variety of other texts in an expanded geographical frame that includes the Iberian peninsula, the Welsh marches, and the eastern Mediterranean. In Kinoshita's reconceptualization of the geographical and cultural boundaries of the medieval West, such places become significant not only as sites of conflict but also as spaces of intense political, economic, and cultural negotiation. An important contribution to the emerging field of medieval postcolonialism, Kinoshita's work explores the limitations of reading the literature of the French Middle Ages as an inevitable link in the historical construction of modern discourses of Orientalism, colonialism, race, and Christian-Muslim conflict. Rather, drawing on recent historical and art historical scholarship, Kinoshita uncovers a vernacular culture at odds with official discourses of crusade and conquest. Situating each work in its specific context, she brings to light the lived experiences of the knights and nobles for whom this literature was first composed and—in a series of close readings informed by postcolonial and feminist theory—demonstrates that literary representations of cultural encounters often provided the pretext for questioning the most basic categories of medieval identity. Awarded honorable mention for the 2007 Modern Language Association Aldo and Jeanne Scaglione Prize for French and Francophone Studies
Mehr als 1,5 Milliarden Menschen – fast ein Viertel der Erdbevölkerung – bekennen sich zum Islam; mehr als vier Millionen Muslime leben in Deutschland. Der Islam ist allerdings kein uniformes Gebilde. Im Laufe seiner langen Geschichte hat er eine große Vielfalt von religiösen Richtungen, kultischen Praktiken und regionalen Sonderformen entwickelt. Der vorliegende Band schildert in knapper Zusammenfassung die grundlegenden historischen Entwicklungen des Islam, erklärt die zentralen Begriffe seiner Lehre und zeigt, wie der Islam der Gegenwart im Alltag funktioniert.
Sephardic Jews have contributed some of the most important Jewish philosophers, poets, biblical commentators, Talmudic and Halachic scholars, and scientists, and have had a significant impact on the development of Jewish mysticism. Sephardic and Mizrahi Jewry brings together original work from the world's leading scholars to present a deep introductory overview of their history and culture over the past 1500 years.
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Córdoba (Spain) by Felix Arnold,Alberto Canto Garcia,Antonio Vallejo Triano
Ein Islamischer Landsitz Bei Cordoba: Palastanlagen
Author: Felix Arnold,Alberto Canto Garcia,Antonio Vallejo Triano
Publisher: Dr Ludwig Reichert
Category: Córdoba (Spain)
In der Glanzzeit des Kalifats war die Stadt Córdoba (Spanien) von luxuriösen Landvillen umgeben. Historische Quellen berichten von prachtvollen Palastanlagen, exotischen Gärten und ausgedehnten Ländereien. Die Bauten stehen am Anfang einer Entwicklung, die später zum Bau der Alhambra in Granada führte, aber auch auf die europäische Architektur– und Land- schaftsgestaltung Einfluss nahm. Erstmals werden die archäologischen Überreste einer Landvilla aus der Glanzzeit des islamischen Córdoba umfassend dargestellt. Der um 965 errichtete Bau umfasste vier Terrassen, von denen drei als Garten angelegt waren. Auf der obersten Terrasse lagen Wohn- und Wirtschaftsgebäude. Architektonischer Höhepunkt war ein Saalbau, der sich einerseits zu einem großen Wasserbecken, andererseits zu dem Garten öffnete. Neben einer detaillierten Beschreibung der baulichen Überreste und der archäologischen Grabungsbefunde umfasst der Band Beiträge zur Geschichte, Geologie, Wassertechnik und Botanik des Fundplatzes. Zudem stellt der Band den Landsitz in den Kon- text der Entwicklung der Palastarchitektur in Córdoba und der islamischen Baugeschichte in ihrer Gesamtschau.
In seinem zu Diskussionen anregenden Werk kritisiert Alvin H. Rosenfeld die Zunahme von Büchern, Filmen, Fernsehsendungen, Ausstellungen und öffentlichen Gedenkveranstaltungen zum Holocaust. Es grenze an Perversität, dass damit eine Verunglimpfung des Gedenkens an den Holocaust und eine Schwächung seiner Bedeutung verbunden sei. Rosenfeld untersucht eine große Bandbreite von Geschehnissen und kulturellen Phänomenen – so etwa Ronald Reagans Besuch des Friedhofes in Bitburg 1985, die Entstellungen der Geschichte von Anne Frank sowie die Art und Weise, in der der Holocaust von Künstlern und Filmproduzenten wie Judy Chicago und Steven Spielberg dargestellt wird. Er zeigt die kulturellen Kräfte auf, die den Holocaust in der allgemeinen Wahrnehmung heruntergespielt haben. Als Kontrast dazu präsentiert der Autor sachliche Darstellungen aus der Feder von Holocaust-Zeugen wie Jean Améry, Primo Levi, Elie Wiesel und Imre Kertész. Das Buch schließt mit einer eindringlichen Warnung vor den möglichen Konsequenzen eines „Endes des Holocaust“ im öffentlichen Bewusstsein.
Conquest, Colonization, and the Destruction of Cultures
Author: Marwan Hassan
Publisher: Tsar Publications
Category: Social Science
While war and conquest have been constant features of human existence, Marwan Hassan argues that until modern times human societies maintained a diversity and coexistence of cultures. It was only with the reconquest of Spain that conquest and colonization took on their more recent forms with devastating results on indiginous populations. Hassan argues for a less mercenary and more diverse global culture.