History

Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607-1785

Author: David Dobson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820340782

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 1860

Before 1650, only a few hundred Scots had trickled into the American colonies, but by the early 1770s the number had risen to 10,000 per year. A conservative estimate of the total number of Scots who settled in North America prior to 1785 is around 150,000. Who were these Scots? What did they do? Where did they settle? What factors motivated their emigration? Dobson's work, based on original research on both sides of the Atlantic, comprehensively identifies the Scottish contribution to the settlement of North America prior to 1785, with particular emphasis on the seventeenth century.
History

Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607-1785

Author: David Dobson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820326436

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 2805

Before 1650, only a few hundred Scots had trickled into the American colonies, but by the early 1770s the number had risen to 10,000 per year. A conservative estimate of the total number of Scots who settled in North America prior to 1785 is around 150,000. Who were these Scots? What did they do? Where did they settle? What factors motivated their emigration? Dobson's work, based on original research on both sides of the Atlantic, comprehensively identifies the Scottish contribution to the settlement of North America prior to 1785, with particular emphasis on the seventeenth century.
History

Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607-1785

Author: David Dobson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820314921

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 5950

This study presents all known information about the Scottish emigrants who helped settle the vast British colonial expanse that once reached from Newfoundland down the eastern seaboard to the West Indies. Ranging in his coverage from the founding of the Jamestown Colony through the first years of American independence, David Dobson substantiates the omnipresence of Scots throughout the region and rescues from obscurity their accomplishments in virtually all trades and professions. The book is arranged by geographic location within a chronology that frames the major periods of Scottish emigration, which were, by definition, periods of great sociopolitical change in Britain: the half-century before Restoration, Restoration to Union, Union to the Peace of Paris, and the Peace of Paris to the Treaty of Paris. Dobson's narrative not only incorporates a great deal of demographic and biographical information, but also uses anecdotes that typify the Scottish emigrant experience. As he considers the motivations of the emigrants, their settlement patterns, and their contributions to colonial life, Dobson addresses an abundance of related topics, from the Scottish influence on such schools as Princeton and the College of William and Mary to the complicated loyalties of the Scottish factions in the American Revolution. Of the estimated 150,000 Scots who emigrated to America before 1785, says Dobson, a fair number came involuntarily or reluctantly. As defeated insurrectionists they were forced into indentured servitude; as convicted criminals they were banished to labor on Caribbean sugar and cotton plantations; as mercenaries or conscripts they came to fight the Mohawks and the French, and later the rebellious subjects of George III. As Presbyterians and Quakers many others came in search of tolerance. Enterprising Scots who had long been victims of English trade restrictions also felt the lure of the colonies. Turning away from the nearby commercial and cultural havens they had established in Poland, the Netherlands, and elsewhere, Scottish manufacturers and crafts persons poured across the Atlantic. Lowland Scots, Dobson shows, were predominant until the 1730s, tending to cluster in seaport communities and the West Indies. The clannish Highlanders who followed came at first to escape English animosity but were later driven to emigrate by poor harvests and harsh winters. They trekked to the southern frontiers of Georgia and the Carolinas, the rugged interior of New York, and the farthest Canadian outposts of the Hudson Bay Company. The contributions of these people, in fields from education and politics to religion and medicine, were greatly out of proportion to their numbers. David Dobson's book, based almost entirely on primary research in archives and libraries in Scotland, England, Canada, and the United States, will gain Scottish emigrants the recognition they deserve.
Civilization, Modern

Scottish emigration and Scottish society

proceedings of the Scottish Historical Studies Seminar, University of Strathclyde 1990-1991

Author: Thomas Martin Devine

Publisher: John Donald

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 178

View: 465

Reference

A Dictionary of Scottish Emigrants to the U. S. A.

Author: Donald Whyte

Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com

ISBN: 0806348178

Category: Reference

Page: 520

View: 913

Would you be willing to give up all aspects of your public religion for peace on Earth? Is God dead, and man abandoned to his own fate, or is help coming? How much longer will the universe leave us on our own? Do you care what modern mathematics and physics are doing to your everyday reality? Can the human genome be reprogrammed like your laptop computer? This is the story of God returning to earth and choosing a scientist as his next prophet. As at any time in the history of the world, everyday events and global chaos intermingle. Why now? Is God angry enough to bring fire, and nuclear destruction? Is God choosing new believers and giving them a technological rainbow? The Family of Man survives and prospers through war, pestilence, personal dangers, and the Second Dark Ages. Will they succeed and go to the stars, or will the world turn on them? Much of the action' is intellectual, mathematical, religious, genetic, political, astronomical, but some people will die bloody deaths. Begin with the first Theorem of the New Deists: Religion is fundamentally evil, and God does not approve of it. Follow the Fifth Prophet and his Family of Man as they attempt to build a new Eden on Earth.
Reference

Colonists from Scotland

Emigration to North America, 1707-1783

Author: Ian C. Graham,Ian Charles Cargill Graham

Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com

ISBN: 9780806345178

Category: Reference

Page: 224

View: 3092

This distinguished monograph is a treatise on the causes and character of Scottish emigration to North America prior to the American Revolution. Entire chapters are then devoted to Lowland and Highland emigration, forced transportation of felons and the drafting of Scottish troops to the colonies, rising rents and other factors in the Scottish social structure, and the British government's role in colonization. Three concluding chapters cover the geographical centers of Scottish settlement--especially the Carolinas.
History

Emigration from Scotland Between the Wars

Opportunity Or Exile?

Author: Marjory Harper

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719049279

Category: History

Page: 243

View: 4541

After an opening section where the author sets the Scottish experience within the context of the rest of the British Isles, the book then divides the country geographically, starting with the Highlands, then coastal Scotland, and the urban Lowland highlighting in turn the factors that influenced each of these areas.
Immigrants

Cargoes of Despair and Hope

Scottish Emigration to North America, 1603-1803

Author: Ian Hugh Adams,Meredyth Somerville

Publisher: John Donald

ISBN: N.A

Category: Immigrants

Page: 258

View: 5577

History

Carolina Scots

An Historical and Genealogical Study of Over 100 Years of Emigration

Author: Douglas F. Kelly,Caroline Switzer Kelly

Publisher: Seventeen Thirty Nine Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 485

View: 1689

"Part I stands on its own as an historical study of early emigrations following the lead of the Argyll Colony in 1739 ... Part II provides a comprehensive listing of names and locations of Scottish North and South Carolina families beginning in 1739 and continuing with the descendents down to three, four or five generations for nearly a century."--Front flap of jacket.
History

Migration in a Mature Economy

Emigration and Internal Migration in England and Wales 1861-1900

Author: Dudley Baines

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521891547

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 4717

By examining the origins of emigrants from Britain, Mr Baines challenges notions of emigration as a flight from poverty.
Scot

Exploring the Scottish Past

Themes in the History of Scottish Society

Author: Thomas Martin Devine

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 9781898410386

Category: Scot

Page: 260

View: 1786

This is a collection of fifteen essays written over the last twenty years by one of Scotland's most eminent historians. The material concentrates on four broad themes in seventeenth-, eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Scottish history: Merchants, Unions and Trade; Scottish Economic Development; The Highlands; and the Rural Lowlands.
History

Scottish Highlanders in Colonial Georgia: The Recruitment, Emigration, and Settlement at Darien, 1735-1748

Author: Anthony W. Parker

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820327181

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 9877

Between 1735 and 1748 hundreds of young men and their families emigrated from the Scottish Highlands to the Georgia coast to settle and protect the new British colony. These men were recruited by the trustees of the colony and military governor James Oglethorpe, who wanted settlers who were accustomed to hardship, militant in nature, and willing to become frontier farmer-soldiers. In this respect, the Highlanders fit the bill perfectly through training and tradition. Recruiting and settling the Scottish Highlanders as the first line of defense on the southern frontier in Georgia was an important decision on the part of the trustees and crucial for the survival of the colony, but this portion of Georgia's history has been sadly neglected until now. By focusing on the Scots themselves, Anthony W. Parker explains what factors motivated the Highlanders to leave their native glens of Scotland for the pine barrens of Georgia and attempts to account for the reasons their cultural distinctiveness and "old world" experience aptly prepared them to play a vital role in the survival of Georgia in this early and precarious moment in its history.
Social Science

Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850-1930

Author: Tanja Bueltmann

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688773

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8289

This book makes an original contribution to the growing body of knowledge on the Scots abroad, presenting a coherent and comprehensive account of the Scottish immigrant experience in New Zealand.
History

The Highland Scots of North Carolina, 1732-1776

Author: Duane Meyer

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469620626

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 822

Meyer addresses himself principally to two questions. Why did many thousands of Scottish Highlanders emigrate to America in the eighteenth century, and why did the majority of them rally to the defense of the Crown. . . . Offers the most complete and intelligent analysis of them that has so far appeared.--William and Mary Quarterly Using a variety of original sources -- official papers, travel documents, diaries, and newspapers -- Duane Meyer presents an impressively complete reconstruction of the settlement of the Highlanders in North Carolina. He examines their motives for migration, their life in America, and their curious political allegiance to George III.
History

Ulster to America

The Scots-Irish Migration Experience, 1680–1830

Author: Warren R. Hofstra

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 1572338326

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 5717

In Ulster to America: The Scots-Irish Migration Experience, 1680–1830, editor Warren R. Hofstra has gathered contributions from pioneering scholars who are rewriting the history of the Scots-Irish. In addition to presenting fresh information based on thorough and detailed research, they offer cutting-edge interpretations that help explain the Scots-Irish experience in the United States. In place of implacable Scots-Irish individualism, the writers stress the urge to build communities among Ulster immigrants. In place of rootlessness and isolation, the authors point to the trans-Atlantic continuity of Scots-Irish settlement and the presence of Germans and Anglo-Americans in so-called Scots-Irish areas. In a variety of ways, the book asserts, the Scots-Irish actually modified or abandoned some of their own cultural traits as a result of interacting with people of other backgrounds and in response to many of the main themes defining American history. While the Scots-Irish myth has proved useful over time to various groups with their own agendas—including modern-day conservatives and fundamentalist Christians—this book, by clearing away long-standing but erroneous ideas about the Scots-Irish, represents a major advance in our understanding of these immigrants. It also places Scots-Irish migration within the broader context of the historiographical construct of the Atlantic world. Organized in chronological and migratory order, this volume includes contributions on specific U.S. centers for Ulster immigrants: New Castle, Delaware; Donegal Springs, Pennsylvania; Carlisle, Pennsylvania; Opequon, Virginia; the Virginia frontier; the Carolina backcountry; southwestern Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. Ulster to America is essential reading for scholars and students of American history, immigration history, local history, and the colonial era, as well as all those who seek a fuller understanding of the Scots-Irish immigrant story.