Religion

Shamans and Religion

An Anthropological Exploration in Critical Thinking

Author: Alice Beck Kehoe

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 125

View: 4868

Kehoe maintains that critical thinking, long the fundamental method guiding both academic scholarship and pedagogy, helps answer these questions."--BOOK JACKET.
Social Science

Lamas, Shamans and Ancestors

Village Religion in Sikkim

Author: Anna Balikci

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004167064

Category: Social Science

Page: 403

View: 5401

This careful study of the co-existence over time of Buddhism and shamanism among the Lhopo (Bhutia) people of Sikkim sheds new light on their supposedly hostile relationship. It examines the working relationships between Buddhist lamas and practitioners of "bon," taking into consideration the sacred history of the land as well as its more recent political and economic transformation. Their interactions are presented in terms of the contexts in which lamas and shamans meet, these being rituals of the sacred land, of the individual and household, and of village and state. Village lamas and shamans are shown to share a conceptual view of reality which is at the base of their amiable coexistence. In contrast to the hostility which, the recent literature suggests, characterizes the lama-shaman relationship, their association reveals that the real confrontation occurs when village Buddhism is challenged by its conventional counterpart.
Body, Mind & Spirit

Shamans, Nostalgias, and the IMF

South Korean Popular Religion in Motion

Author: Laurel Kendall

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824833430

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 251

View: 9302

Thirty years ago, anthropologist Laurel Kendall did intensive fieldwork among South Korea s (mostly female) shamans and their clients as a reflection of village women s lives. In the intervening decades, South Korea experienced an unprecedented economic, social, political, and material transformation and Korean villages all but disappeared. And the shamans? Kendall attests that they not only persist but are very much a part of South Korean modernity. This enlightening and entertaining study of contemporary Korean shamanism makes the case for the dynamism of popular religious practice, the creativity of those we call shamans, and the necessity of writing about them in the present tense. Shamans thrive in South Korea s high-rise cities, working with clients who are largely middle class and technologically sophisticated. Emphasizing the shaman s work as open and mutable, Kendall describes how gods and ancestors articulate the changing concerns of clients and how the ritual fame of these transactions has itself been transformed by urban sprawl, private cars, and zealous Christian proselytizing. For most of the last century Korean shamans were reviled as practitioners of antimodern superstition; today they are nostalgically celebrated icons of a vanished rural world. Such superstition and tradition occupy flip sides of modernity s coin the one by confuting, the other by obscuring, the beating heart of shamanic practice. Kendall offers a lively account of shamans, who once ministered to the domestic crises of farmers, as they address the anxieties of entrepreneurs whose dreams of wealth are matched by their omnipresent fears of ruin. Money and access to foreign goods provoke moral dilemmas about getting and spending; shamanic rituals express these through the longings of the dead and the playful antics of greedy gods, some of whom have acquired a taste for imported whiskey. No other book-length study captures the tension between contemporary South Korean life and the contemporary South Korean shamans work. Kendall s familiarity with the country and long association with her subjects permit nuanced comparisons between a 1970s then and recent encounters some with the same shamans and clients as South Korea moved through the 1990s, endured the Asian Financial Crisis, and entered the new millennium. She approaches her subject through multiple anthropological lenses such that readers interested in religion, ritual performance, healing, gender, landscape, material culture, modernity, and consumption will find much of interest here. "
History

Animal and Shaman

Ancient Religions of Central Asia

Author: Julian Baldick

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814771653

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 9215

In this unique survey of the indigenous pre-Christian and pre-Muslim religions of Central Asia, Julian Baldick–one of the foremost authorities on global comparative religion–describes a common inheritance among the beliefs of the various peoples who have lived in central Asia. In ancient times these peoples shared remarkable commonalities in forms of worship and spiritual expression, all largely based on the role of animals in their lives. The harsh physical climate of the region led to an emphasis on hunting and animals, and shamans relied heavily on animal sacrifices to create spiritual purity. As a result, animals and spirituality became intertwined. The animal focused characteristics of the region's forms of worship have not only survived in the legends of the area but have found their way into the mythologies of the West. Baldick proposes that the myths and rituals of Central Asia served as possible foundations for such great works as the Odyssey, the Gospels, and Beowulf. This classic work surveying ancient pagan religion is now available in paperback with a new afterword offering fresh insights on the field. It will fascinate readers with interests ranging from Asian Studies and anthropology to religion and literary studies.
Religion

Shamans, Sorcerers, and Saints

A Prehistory of Religion

Author: Brian Hayden

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588344495

Category: Religion

Page: 480

View: 7279

Historians of art or religion and mythologists, such as Joseph Campbell and Mircea Eliade, have written extensively on prehistoric religion, but no one before has offered a comprehensive and uniquely archaeological perspective on the subject. Hayden opens his book with an examination of the difference between traditional religions, which are passed on through generations orally or experientially, and more modern “book” religions, which are based on some form of scripture that describes supernatural beings and a moral code, such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. He attempts to answer the question of why religion developed at all, arguing that basic religious behaviors of the past and present have been shaped by our innate emotional makeup, specifically our ability to enter into ecstatic states through a variety of techniques and to create binding relationships with other people, institutions, or ideals associated with those states.
Religion

Shamans, Housewives, and Other Restless Spirits

Women in Korean Ritual Life

Author: Laurel Kendall

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824811426

Category: Religion

Page: 234

View: 5827

This exceptionally well-written book is good reading, not only for specialists but also for beginning students interested in women, Korean culture, and shamanism. Journal of Asian Studies Kendall maintains a closeness with and respect for her subject that keeps away the chill of academic distance and yet avoids sentimentality. Korean Quarterly, Spring 2001
Body, Mind & Spirit

Shamanism and Violence

Power, Repression and Suffering in Indigenous Religious Conflicts

Author: Davide Torri

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317055934

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 192

View: 9475

Proposing a new theoretical framework, this book explores Shamanism’s links with violence from a global perspective. Contributors, renowned anthropologists and authorities in the field, draw on their research in Mongolia, China, Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, India, Siberia, America, Papua New Guinea, Taiwan to investigate how indigenous shamanic cultures dealt, and are still dealing with, varying degrees of internal and external violence. During ceremonies shamans act like hunters and warriors, dealing with many states related to violence, such as collective and individual suffering, attack, conflict and antagonism. Indigenous religious complexes are often called to respond to direct and indirect competition with more established cultural and religious traditions which undermine the sociocultural structure, the sense of identity and the state of well-being of many indigenous groups. This book explores a more sensitive vision of shamanism, closer to the emic views of many indigenous groups.
Social Science

The Woman in the Shaman's Body

Reclaiming the Feminine in Religion and Medicine

Author: Barbara Tedlock, Ph.D.

Publisher: Bantam

ISBN: 0307571637

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 2823

A distinguished anthropologist–who is also an initiated shaman–reveals the long-hidden female roots of the world’s oldest form of religion and medicine. Here is a fascinating expedition into this ancient tradition, from its prehistoric beginnings to the work of women shamans across the globe today. Shamanism was not only humankind’s first spiritual and healing practice, it was originally the domain of women. This is the claim of Barbara Tedlock’s provocative and myth-shattering book. Reinterpreting generations of scholarship, Tedlock–herself an expert in dreamwork, divination, and healing–explains how and why the role of women in shamanism was misinterpreted and suppressed, and offers a dazzling array of evidence, from prehistoric African rock art to modern Mongolian ceremonies, for women’s shamanic powers. Tedlock combines firsthand accounts of her own training among the Maya of Guatemala with the rich record of women warriors and hunters, spiritual guides, and prophets from many cultures and times. Probing the practices that distinguish female shamanism from the much better known male traditions, she reveals: • The key role of body wisdom and women’s eroticism in shamanic trance and ecstasy • The female forms of dream witnessing, vision questing, and use of hallucinogenic drugs • Shamanic midwifery and the spiritual powers released in childbirth and monthly female cycles • Shamanic symbolism in weaving and other feminine arts • Gender shifting and male-female partnership in shamanic practice Filled with illuminating stories and illustrations, The Woman in the Shaman’s Body restores women to their essential place in the history of spirituality and celebrates their continuing role in the worldwide resurgence of shamanism today. From the Hardcover edition.
Body, Mind & Spirit

Shamanism

A Biopsychosocial Paradigm of Consciousness and Healing

Author: Michael Winkelman

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 031338181X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 309

View: 4243

This book examines shamanism from evolutionary and biological perspectives to identify the origins of shamanic healing in rituals that enhance individual and group function. * Written by an internationally recognized scholar on shamanism * Illustrates evidence of ancient shamanic practices * A bibliography provides current and historical sources on shamanism
Body, Mind & Spirit

Dreamworlds of Shamanism and Tibetan Buddhism

The Third Place

Author: Angela Sumegi

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791474648

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 166

View: 9260

Explores shamanic and Tibetan Buddhist attitudes toward dreams.
Social Science

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age

From Shamans to Priests to Prophets

Author: Stephen K. Sanderson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350047449

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1465

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age describes and explains the evolution of religion over the past ten millennia. It shows that an overall evolutionary sequence can be observed, running from the spirit and shaman dominated religions of small-scale societies, to the archaic religions of the ancient civilizations, and then to the salvation religions of the Axial Age. Stephen K. Sanderson draws on ideas from new cognitive and evolutionary psychological theories, as well as comparative religion, anthropology, history, and sociology. He argues that religion is a biological adaptation that evolved in order to solve a number of human problems, especially those concerned with existential anxiety and ontological insecurity. Much of the focus of the book is on the Axial Age, the period in the second half of the first millennium BCE that marked the greatest religious transformation in world history. The book demonstrates that, as a result of massive increases in the scale and scope of war and large-scale urbanization, the problems of existential anxiety and ontological insecurity became particularly acute. These changes evoked new religious needs, especially for salvation and release from suffering. As a result entirely new religions-Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism-arose to help people cope with the demands of the new historical era.
Religion

Shamanism

A Reader

Author: Graham Harvey

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415253291

Category: Religion

Page: 461

View: 2351

Shamanism has been practised amongst communities all over the world for millennia, and continues to survive today in both modern and ancient forms. Shamanism: A Reader unites perspectives from disciplines including anthropology, psychology, musicology, and botany to provide an unique overview of modern writing on shamanism. Juxtaposing the traditional practices of indigenous peoples with their new and often radically urban reinterpretations, experts including Michael Harner, Milhàly Hoppàl, Majorie M Balzer and Piers Vitebsky raise questions about constructions of shamanism, its efficacy, its use and misuse as a cultural symbol, and its real nature. Locating its material in the encounter between traditional and contemporary, and within many forms of response to the image of the shaman, Shamanism: A Reader is an essential tribute to the vitality and breadth of shamanic tradition both among its original practitioners of Europe, tribes of America and Asia, and within seemingly familiar aspects of the modern west. Representing the best of classic and current scholarship, and highlighting the diversity of approaches to shamanism in an accessible and user-friendly way, this clearly introduced and organized collection sets a new standard for shamanic study in terms of the breadth and depth of its coverage.
Religion

Ecologies of Participation

Agents, Shamans, Mystics, and Diviners

Author: Zayin Cabot

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498568165

Category: Religion

Page: 358

View: 1318

A profoundly interdisciplinary approach to comparative scholarship, Ecologies of Participation: Agents, Shamans, Mystics, and Diviners argues for a radical neostructuralist stance. Developing recent theories and methods in religious studies, Cabot argues for a participatory approach to comparative studies.
Shamanism

Shamanism and Tantra in the Himalayas

Author: Claudia Müller-Ebeling,Christian Rätsch,Surendra Bahadur Shahi,Mohan Rai,Indra Doj Gurung

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500511084

Category: Shamanism

Page: 309

View: 3073

'Shamanism and Tantra in the Himalayas' allows us to travel into the depths of the consciousness and life work of five shamans, who are among the most powerful and respected people in their ethnic groups. It features the first photographic documentation of their esoteric rites, such as the midnight graveyard ritual dedicated to Shiva, and describes a pilgrimage to the most sacred mountain of the Nepalese shamans, Mount Kalinchok. The authors also explore the soma myth and offer valuable insights into the use of this ancient hallucinogen. The book features a wealth of original recipes, smoking mixtures, scientific tables, charts and descriptions of more than twenty plants whose psychoactive properties and uses by shamans have never before been researched or documented.
Social Science

Tragic Spirits

Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia

Author: Manduhai Buyandelger

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022601309X

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 6283

The collapse of socialism at the end of the twentieth century brought devastating changes to Mongolia. Economic shock therapy—an immediate liberalization of trade and privatization of publicly owned assets—quickly led to impoverishment, especially in rural parts of the country, where Tragic Spirits takes place. Following the travels of the nomadic Buryats, Manduhai Buyandelger tells a story not only of economic devastation but also a remarkable Buryat response to it—the revival of shamanic practices after decades of socialist suppression. Attributing their current misfortunes to returning ancestral spirits who are vengeful over being abandoned under socialism, the Buryats are now at once trying to appease their ancestors and recover the history of their people through shamanic practice. Thoroughly documenting this process, Buyandelger situates it as part of a global phenomenon, comparing the rise of shamanism in liberalized Mongolia to its similar rise in Africa and Indonesia. In doing so, she offers a sophisticated analysis of the way economics, politics, gender, and other factors influence the spirit world and the crucial workings of cultural memory.
Body, Mind & Spirit

Shamanism

The Neural Ecology of Consciousness and Healing

Author: Michael Winkelman

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897897044

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 309

View: 8138

Shamanism, humanity's most ancient spiritual practice, has achieved a dramatic modern resurgence. The foundations and appeal of shamanism are rooted in human nature, the psychobiology of consciousness, and archetypal structures of the brain and mind. The classic shamanic motif of death and rebirth represents the development of self through the symbolic death of the old self to permit the emergence and integration of a higher order self.
Social Science

Shamans of the Foye Tree

Gender, Power, and Healing among Chilean Mapuche

Author: Ana Mariella Bacigalupo

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292782845

Category: Social Science

Page: 335

View: 4374

Drawing on anthropologist Ana Mariella Bacigalupo's fifteen years of field research, Shamans of the Foye Tree: Gender, Power, and Healing among Chilean Mapuche is the first study to follow shamans' gender identities and performance in a variety of ritual, social, sexual, and political contexts. To Mapuche shamans, or machi, the foye tree is of special importance, not only for its medicinal qualities but also because of its hermaphroditic flowers, which reflect the gender-shifting components of machi healing practices. Framed by the cultural constructions of gender and identity, Bacigalupo's fascinating findings span the ways in which the Chilean state stigmatizes the machi as witches and sexual deviants; how shamans use paradoxical discourses about gender to legitimatize themselves as healers and, at the same time, as modern men and women; the tree's political use as a symbol of resistance to national ideologies; and other components of these rich traditions. The first comprehensive study on Mapuche shamans' gendered practices, Shamans of the Foye Tree offers new perspectives on this crucial intersection of spiritual, social, and political power.
Social Science

Celtic Myth and Religion

A Study of Traditional Belief, with Newly Translated Prayers, Poems and Songs

Author: Sharon Paice MacLeod

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786487038

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 1726

This book provides a comprehensive overview of Celtic mythology and religion, encompassing numerous aspects of ritual and belief. Topics include the presence of the Celtic Otherworld and its inhabitants, cosmology and sacred cycles, wisdom texts, mythological symbolism, folklore and legends, and an appreciation of the natural world. Evidence is drawn from the archaeology of sacred sites, ethnographic accounts of the ancient Celts and their beliefs, medieval manuscripts, poetic and visionary literature, and early modern accounts of folk healers and seers. New translations of poems, prayers, inscriptions and songs from the early period (Gaulish, Old Irish and Middle Welsh) as well as the folklore tradition (Modern Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, Breton and Manx) complement the text. Information of this kind has never before been collected as a compendium of the indigenous wisdom of the Celtic-speaking peoples, whose traditions have endured in various forms for almost three thousand years.