Social Science

Small Places, Large Issues

An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology, Third Edition

Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745330495

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1406

This concise introduction to social and cultural anthropology has become a modern classic, revealing the rich global variation in social life and culture. The text provides a clear overview of anthropology, focusing on central topics such as kinship, ethnicity, ritual and political systems, offering a wealth of examples that demonstrate the enormous scope of anthropology and the importance of a comparative perspective. Unlike other texts on the subject, Small Places, Large Issues incorporates the anthropology of complex modern societies. Using reviews of key monographs to illustrate his argument, Eriksen's lucid and accessible text remains an established introductory text in anthropology. This new edition is updated throughout and increases the emphasis on the interdependence of human worlds. There is a new discussion of the new influence cultural studies and natural science on anthropology. Effortless bridging the perceived gap between 'classic' and 'contemporary' anthropology, Small Places, Large Issues is as essential to anthropology undergraduates as ever.
Religion

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 5526

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.
Business & Economics

The Corporate Tribe

Organizational lessons from anthropology

Author: Danielle Braun,Jitske Kramer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429779690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 7572

No challenge is entirely new. In 60,000 years of human existence, nearly every problem we face in modern business has already been seen...and solved. We just have to figure out how to apply that age-old tribal wisdom to our current circumstances. The Corporate Tribe will take you on a journey to discover the essence of culture and the secret to successful change programs. Along the way, it will introduce you to the cultural traditions of different people across the globe and provide you with the practical tools you need to apply what you find to today’s organizations. Through thirty compelling stories, The Corporate Tribe will reveal what, deep down, you already know. At turns unfamiliar and disruptive, illuminating and inspirational, The Corporate Tribe offers a powerful paradigm and skillset for tackling organizational and leadership challenges in the twenty-first century and beyond. It is a book for leaders, consultants and advisors who are looking for a fresh perspective and proven solutions, for those who want to build strong communities that are safe for diversity and ready for change. Danielle Braun and Jitske Kramer are corporate anthropologists. They look at organizations as tribes, organizational charts as kinship systems, leaders as chiefs and mission documents as totem poles. Travel with them to places where spirits linger after death, magic is real and rituals are the key to maintaining order and facilitating transition. You will never look at your organization—or approach its problems—the same way again.
History

A Mission Divided

Race, Culture and Colonialism in Fiji’s Methodist Mission

Author: Dr Kirstie Close-Barry

Publisher: ANU Press

ISBN: 1925022862

Category: History

Page: 233

View: 2073

This book provides insight into the long process of decolonisation within the Methodist Overseas Missions of Australasia, a colonial institution that operated in the British colony of Fiji. The mission was a site of work for Europeans, Fijians and Indo-Fijians, but each community operated separately, as the mission was divided along ethnic lines in 1901. This book outlines the colonial concepts of race and culture, as well as antagonism over land and labour, that were used to justify this separation. Recounting the stories told by the mission’s leadership, including missionaries and ministers, to its grassroots membership, this book draws on archival and ethnographic research to reveal the emergence of ethno-nationalisms in Fiji, the legacies of which are still being managed in the post-colonial state today. ‘Analysing in part the story of her own ancestors, Kirstie Barry develops a fascinating account of the relationship between Christian proselytization and Pacific nationalism, showing how missionaries reinforced racial divisions between Fijian and Indo-Fijian even as they deplored them. Negotiating the intersections between evangelisation, anthropology and colonial governance, this is a book with resonance well beyond its Fijian setting.’ – Professor Alan Lester, University of Sussex ‘This thoroughly researched and finely crafted book unwraps and finely illustrates the interwoven layers of evolving complexity in different interpretations of ideals and debates on race, culture, colonialism and independence that informed the way the Methodist Mission was run in Fiji. It describes the human personalities and practicalities, interconnected at local, regional and global levels, which influenced the shaping of the Mission and the independent Methodist Church in Fiji. It documents the influence of evolving anthropological theories and ecumenical theological understandings of culture on mission practice. The book’s rich sources enhance our understanding of the complex history of ethnic relations in Fiji, helping to explain why ethnic divisive thinking remains a challenge.’– Jacqueline Ryle, University of the South Pacific ‘A beautifully researched study of the transnational impact of South Asian bodies on nationalisms and church devolution in Fiji, and an important resource for empire studies as a whole.’ – Professor Jane Samson, University of Alberta, Canada
Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of Social Anthropology

Author: Richard Fardon,Oliva Harris,Trevor H J Marchand,Cris Shore,Veronica Strang,Richard Wilson,Mark Nuttall

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473971594

Category: Social Science

Page: 1184

View: 7261

In two volumes, the SAGE Handbook of Social Anthropology provides the definitive overview of contemporary research in the discipline. It explains the what, where, and how of current and anticipated work in Social Anthropology. With 80 authors, contributing more than 60 chapters, this is the most comprehensive and up-to-date statement of research in Social Anthropology available and the essential point of departure for future projects. The Handbook is divided into four sections: -Part I: Interfaces examines Social Anthropology's disciplinary connections, from Art and Literature to Politics and Economics, from Linguistics to Biomedicine, from History to Media Studies. -Part II: Places examines place, region, culture, and history, from regional, area studies to a globalized world -Part III: Methods examines issues of method; from archives to war zones, from development projects to art objects, and from ethics to comparison -Part IV: Futures anticipates anthropologies to come: in the Brain Sciences; in post-Development; in the Body and Health; and in new Technologies and Materialities Edited by the leading figures in social anthropology, the Handbook includes a substantive introduction by Richard Fardon, a think piece by Jean and John Comaroff, and a concluding last word on futures by Marilyn Strathern. The authors - each at the leading edge of the discipline - contribute in-depth chapters on both the foundational ideas and the latest research. Comprehensive and detailed, this magisterial Handbook overviews the last 25 years of the social anthropological imagination. It will speak to scholars in Social Anthropology and its many related disciplines.
Social Science

Ethnicity and Nationalism

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745318875

Category: Social Science

Page: 199

View: 9669

New expanded edition of a classic anthropology title that examines ethnicity as a dynamic and shifting aspect of social relations.
Critical theory

Ausgewählte Schriften

Cultural studies : ein politisches Theorieprojekt / hrsg. und übers. von Nora Räthzel

Author: Stuart Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886192601

Category: Critical theory

Page: 158

View: 8342

Religion

My Mother’s Table

At Home in the Maronite Diaspora, A Study of Emigration from Hadchit, North Lebanon to Australia and America

Author: Nelia Hyndman-Rizk

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443830860

Category: Religion

Page: 315

View: 3738

In the era of globalisation, studies of migration focus on mobility, deterritorialised identities and diasporic forms of belonging across nation state boundaries. Indeed, uprootedness from the soil of home and place has resulted in a general condition of ‘homelessness’ in late modernity, referred to as the diasporic condition. This study explores the construction of home amongst immigrants from Hadchit and their descendants in Australia and America and shows how their strategies of home-building depend upon the capacity to imagine themselves as being united by kinship, a shared village of origins and as part of the broader communal Maronite identity (Mwarne), which now transcends nation state boundaries. Patrilineage (bayt), village (day’aa) and sect (ta’eefa) have historically defined Lebanese sectarian identities and now, as this study shows, are deployed as a strategy of home-building and community construction in diaspora. However, capitalist social relations of production in Australia and America have transformed bayt, day’aa and ta’eefa amongst the second, third and fourth generations through the gendered renegotiation of the marriage contract from relations of descent to relations of consent. Thus, the Hadchitis now face a crisis of (re)production and attribute this, in the case of Australia, to the state being hukum niswen, ruled by women, an inversion of the gendered order of power in Lebanon. Through pilgrimages to the ancestral village, however, émigrés seek a spiritual resolution to the contradictions of migration through the restoration of their connection to place, but find they cannot seamlessly belong in Hadchit. Meanwhile, multicultural crisis and a milieu of anti-Lebanese racism limit their claims to national belonging in Australia and America. This study finds, therefore, that the contradictions of the migration process are unresolvable through physical mobility, because the feeling of ‘home’ is a metaphysical state of being, which transcends place and is defined by its affective, social and spiritual dimensions. The elusive quality that defines home and provides a sense of unconditional belonging is, in fact, socially constructed by women, through their daily practices of care within the home and the most important woman for the construction of homeliness is the matriarch, sit el bayt—the power of the house. Thus, the place where the immigrant can be at home is metaphorically at their ‘mother’s table.’
Social Science

Visions of Culture

An Introduction to Anthropological Theories and Theorists

Author: Jerry D. Moore

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759104112

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 9128

This new edition of Jerry D. Moore's Visions of Culture presents introductory anthropology students with a brief, readable, and balanced treatment of theoretical developments in the field. New to this edition are pieces on Sherry Ortner, Pierre Bourdieu, and Eric Wolf, an Epilogue that describes key current debates over theory. This is an ideal text for classes on the theory or the history of anthropology.
Political Science

Einführung in die Kultur- und Kunstökonomie

Author: Peter Bendixen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322925005

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 1304

Verstärkte Anstrengungen sind notwendig, um kulturellen Verlust und die Gefahr kultureller Barbarei zu vermeiden, wenn Kunst, Künstler und kulturelle Einrichtungen in wachsendem Maße direkt oder indirekt unter das Diktat des Marktes fallen. Sinnvolle Gestaltung von Marktbeziehungen, die vom Respekt gegenüber der Eigenbedeutung der Kultur bestimmt wird, kann andererseits denkbare Wege eröffnen, staatlicher Bevormundung zu entkommen und dennoch nicht vor dem Kommerz einzuknicken. Dazu will dieses Buch aus kulturökonomischer Sicht Ansätze und Anregungen bieten, die die orthodoxe Wirtschaftslehre der Neo-Klassik und des Neo-Liberalismus hinter sich lassen.
Social Science

SOZIOLOGIE: Untersuchungen über die Formen der Vergesellschaftung

Das Problem der Soziologie + Die quantitative Bestimmtheit der Gruppe + Über- und Unterordnung + Der Streit + Das Geheimnis und die geheime Gesellschaft + Sozialpsychologie...

Author: Georg Simmel

Publisher: Musaicum Books

ISBN: 8027205174

Category: Social Science

Page: 578

View: 8760

Diese Ausgabe von "SOZIOLOGIE: Untersuchungen über die Formen der Vergesellschaftung" wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. Georg Simmel (1858-1918) war ein deutscher Philosoph und Soziologe. Er leistete wichtige Beiträge zur Kulturphilosophie, war Begründer der "formalen Soziologie" und der Konfliktsoziologie. Simmel stand in der Tradition der Lebensphilosophie, aber auch der des Neukantianismus. Inhalt: Das Problem der Soziologie Exkurs über das Problem: Wie ist Gesellschaft möglich? Die quantitative Bestimmtheit der Gruppe Über- und Unterordnung Exkurs über die Überstimmung Der Streit Das Geheimnis und die geheime Gesellschaft Exkurs über den Schmuck Exkurs über den schriftlichen Verkehr Die Kreuzung sozialer Kreise Der Arme Exkurs über die Negativität kollektiver Verhaltensweisen Die Selbsterhaltung der sozialen Gruppe Exkurs über das Erbamt Exkurs über Sozialpsychologie Exkurs über Treue und Dankbarkeit Der Raum und die räumlichen Ordnungen der Gesellschaft Exkurs über die soziale Begrenzung Exkurs über die Soziologie der Sinne Exkurs über den Fremden Die Erweiterung der Gruppe und die Ausbildung der Individualität Exkurs über den Adel Exkurs über die Analogie der individualpsychologischen und der soziologischen Verhältnisse
Social Science

Small Places, Large Issues - Second Edition

An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropolog

Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745317724

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 2064

Ranging from the Pacific islands to the Arctic north and from small villages to modern nation states, this concise introduction to social and cultural anthropology reveals the rich global variation in social life and culture. The text also provides a clear overview of anthropology, focusing on central topics such as kinship, ethnicity, ritual and political systems, offering a wealth of examples that demonstrate the enormous scope of anthropology and the importance of a comparative perspective. Unlike previous texts on the subject, Small Places, Large Issues broadens the study to incorporate the anthropology of complex modern societies, thus providing a unique key text for all students of social and cultural anthropology. Using reviews of key monographs to illustrate his argument, Eriksen's lucid and accessible text remains an established introductory text in anthropology. This new edition is updated throughout and includes a new chapter on the history of anthropology. It also shows clearly and comprehensively, through numerous new examples, why classic studies of small-scale societies are relevant for the study of complex phenomena such as nationalism, consumption and the Internet. In this way, the book bridges an often perceived gap between "classic" and "contemporary" anthropology.
Political Science

Plattform-Kapitalismus

Author: Nick Srnicek

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 386854934X

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 5182

Was vereint Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, Monsanto, Uber und Airbnb? Sie alle sind Unternehmen, die Hardware und Software für andere bereitstellen, mit dem Ziel, möglichst geschlossene sozio-ökonomische Tech-Systeme zu schaffen. Google kontrolliert die Recherche, Facebook regiert Social Media und Amazon ist führend beim E-Commerce. Doch nicht nur Technologie-Unternehmen bauen Plattformen auf, auch Traditionsfirmen wie Siemens entwickeln ein cloudbasiertes Produktionssystem. Plattformen sind in der Lage, immense Daten zu gewinnen, zu nutzen und zu verkaufen – Monopolisierungstendenzen sind die "natürliche" Folge. Sind wir auf dem Weg in einen digitalen Monopolkapitalismus? Diese Streitschrift ist unerlässlich für alle, die verstehen wollen, wie die mächtigsten technologischen Unternehmen unserer Zeit die globale Ökonomie verändern.
Social Science

Die Street Corner Society

Die Sozialstruktur eines Italienerviertels

Author: William Foote Whyte

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110809648

Category: Social Science

Page: 403

View: 6770

Biography & Autobiography

Längengrad

Die wahre Geschichte eines einsamen Genies, welches das größte wissenschaftliche Problem seiner Zeit löste

Author: Dava Sobel

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827072360

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 240

View: 6465

John Harrison, ein schottischer Uhrmacher, setzte sich ein ehrgeiziges und unmöglich erscheinendes Ziel: eine Methode zu ersinnen, die es Seeleuten ermöglicht, den genauen Längengrad ihrer Position auf See zu bestimmen. Über vierzig Jahre arbeitete Harrison wie besessen an der Herstellung eines perfekten Chronometers und kam schließlich — trotz Missgunst und zahlreicher Anfeindungen — zum Erfolg. Dava Sobels in luzider Prosa erzählte Geschichte dieser wissenschaftlichen Gralssuche wurde ein überwältigender internationaler Erfolg.
Philosophy

Die neue Wissenschaft über die gemeinschaftliche Natur der Völker

Nach der Ausgabe von 1744

Author: Giambattista Vico

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110827239

Category: Philosophy

Page: 477

View: 8921

Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) was one of the most original and idiosyncratic philosophers before Kant and Hegel. Although Giorgio Vasari had already diagnosed a cycle of rise, blossoming and decline in the history of art, Vico was the first to base this on a philosophical system. Isolated in Naples from direct contact with the philosophical life of his times, he worked at his grand design of the cycles of rise, blossoming, decline and eternal return which he saw in all areas of culture. His points of reference were ancient mythology and Greek and Roman history. To that extent, he is regarded today as the founder of the philosophy of history and the precursor of a tradition which extends to Hegel and Oswald Spengler's "Decline of the West".