Social Science

Social Memory Technology

Theory, Practice, Action

Author: Karen Worcman,Joanne Garde-Hansen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131768530X

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 2646

Memory is a fundamental aspect of being and becoming, intimately entwined with space, time, place, landscape, emotion, imagination and identity. Memory studies is a burgeoning field of enquiry drawing from a range of social science, arts and humanities disciplines including human geography, sociology, cultural studies, media studies, heritage and museum studies, psychology and history. This book is a critically theorised practical exposition of how media and technology are used to make memories for museums, archives, social movements and community projects, looking at specific cases in the UK and Brazil where the authors have put these theories into practice. The authors define the protocol they present as social memory technology. Critically, this book is about learning to deal with our pasts and learning new methods of connecting our pasts across cultures toward a shared understanding and application of memory technologies.
Philosophy

French Philosophy of Technology

Classical Readings and Contemporary Approaches

Author: Sacha Loeve,Xavier Guchet,Bernadette Bensaude Vincent

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319895184

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 4600

Offering an overall insight into the French tradition of philosophy of technology, this volume is meant to make French-speaking contributions more accessible to the international philosophical community. The first section, “Negotiating a Cultural Heritage,” presents a number of leading 20th century philosophical figures (from Bergson and Canguilhem to Simondon, Dagognet or Ellul) and intellectual movements (from Personalism to French Cybernetics and political ecology) that help shape philosophy of technology in the Francophone area, and feed into contemporary debates (ecology of technology, politics of technology, game studies). The second section, “Coining and Reconfiguring Technoscience,” traces the genealogy of this controversial concept and discusses its meanings and relevance. A third section, “Revisiting Anthropological Categories,” focuses on the relationships of technology with the natural and the human worlds from various perspectives that include anthropotechnology, Anthropocene, technological and vital norms and temporalities. The final section, “Innovating in Ethics, Design and Aesthetics,” brings together contributions that draw on various French traditions to afford fresh insights on ethics of technology, philosophy of design, techno-aesthetics and digital studies. The contributions in this volume are vivid and rich in original approaches that can spur exchanges and debates with other philosophical traditions.
Business & Economics

Memory in Motion

Archives, Technology, and the Social

Author: Ina Blom,Trond Lundemo,Eivind Røssaak

Publisher: Recursions

ISBN: 9789462982147

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 332

View: 4301

Sociology has long had approaches to describing the ways in which social memory is enacted through ritual, language, art, architecture, and institutions--phenomena whose persistence over time and capacity for a shared storage of the past was set in contrast to fleeting individual memory. But the question of how new media changes that equation is very much up in the air--how, in the age of digital computing, instant updating, and interconnection in real time, is social memory created and enacted? This collection offers a set of essays that discuss the new technology of memory from a variety of perspectives that explicitly investigate their impact on the very concept of the social.
History

Social Memory and State Formation in Early China

Author: Min Li

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107141451

Category: History

Page: 582

View: 9669

A thought-provoking book on archaeology of power, knowledge, social memory, and the emergence of classical tradition in early China.
Social Science

The Collective Memory Reader

Author: Jeffrey K. Olick,Vered Vinitzky-Seroussi,Daniel Levy

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195337419

Category: Social Science

Page: 497

View: 2145

There are few terms or concepts that have, in the last twenty or so years, rivaled "collective memory" for attention in the humanities and social sciences. Indeed, use of the term has extended far beyond scholarship to the realm of politics and journalism, where it has appeared in speeches atthe centers of power and on the front pages of the world's leading newspapers. The current efflorescence of interest in memory, however, is no mere passing fad: it is a hallmark characteristic of our age and a crucial site for understanding our present social, political, and cultural conditions.Scholars and others in numerous fields have thus employed the concept of collective memory, sociological in origin, to guide their inquiries into diverse, though allegedly connected, phenomena. Nevertheless, there remains a great deal of confusion about the meaning, origin, and implication of theterm and the field of inquiry it underwrites.The Collective Memory Reader presents, organizes, and evaluates past work and contemporary contributions on the questions raised under the rubric of collective memory. Combining seminal texts, hard-to-find classics, previously untranslated references, and contemporary landmarks, it will serve as anessential resource for teaching and research in the field. In addition, in both its selections as well as in its editorial materials, it suggests a novel life-story for the field, one that appreciates recent innovations but only against the background of a long history.In addition to its major editorial introduction, which outlines a useful past for contemporary memory studies, The Collective Memory Reader includes five sections - Precursors and Classics; History, Memory, and Identity; Power, Politics, and Contestation; Media and Modes of Transmission; Memory,Justice, and the Contemporary Epoch - comprising ninety-one texts. In addition to the essay introducing the entire volume, a brief editorial essay introduces each of the sections, while brief capsules frame each of the 91 texts.
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Philosophy and Synergy of Information

Sustainability and Security

Author: Paata J. Kervalishvili,Sousana A. Michailidis,IOS Press

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614990255

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 189

View: 8393

The philosophy of information is one of the most exciting and fruitful areas of current philosophical research. Not only is it affecting the way in which new and old philosophical problems are addressed, but it is also creating a substantial innovation of the philosophical system. This book contains selected papers presented at the 2011 spring conference entitled aePhilosophy and Synergy of Information: Sustainability and SecurityAE, held in Tbilisi, and supported by the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme. The conference welcomed scientists from different disciplines and different countries, both eastern and western. They met to share their ideas, the results of their research and their experiences related to information science and technology, philosophy, the nature and culture of information and the problems of sustainable development for countries, regions and continents. Subjects covered include the latest innovations in informatics, forecasting, quantum information theory, nano information-communication systems and many more. Since ancient times, philosophers have been preoccupied with investigating life and security in the cosmos (world order).This book will be of interest to all those involved in that endeavor.
Art

Re-collection

Art, New Media, and Social Memory

Author: Richard Rinehart,Jon Ippolito

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262027003

Category: Art

Page: 312

View: 9528

The first book on the philosophy and aesthetics of digital preservation examines the challenge posed by new media to our long-term social memory.
History

Historical Archaeology in Africa

Representation, Social Memory, and Oral Traditions

Author: Peter Ridgway Schmidt

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759109650

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 6538

Historical Archaeology in Africa is an inquiry into the questions that count, proposing different ways of thinking about historical archaeology. Peter Schmidt challenges readers to expand their horizons beyond the ethnocentrism of archaeology, as it is defined and practiced in North America. Confronting topics of oral traditions, our orientation to archaeology, and the misrepresentation of various cultures, Schmidt calls for a new pathway to an enriched, more nuanced, and more inclusive historical archaeology.
Philosophy

Alternative Modernity

The Technical Turn in Philosophy and Social Theory

Author: Andrew Feenberg

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520915701

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 6494

In this new collection of essays, Andrew Feenberg argues that conflicts over the design and organization of the technical systems that structure our society shape deep choices for the future. A pioneer in the philosophy of technology, Feenberg demonstrates the continuing vitality of the critical theory of the Frankfurt School. He calls into question the anti-technological stance commonly associated with its theoretical legacy and argues that technology contains potentialities that could be developed as the basis for an alternative form of modern society. Feenberg's critical reflections on the ideas of Jürgen Habermas, Herbert Marcuse, Jean-François Lyotard, and Kitaro Nishida shed new light on the philosophical study of technology and modernity. He contests the prevalent conception of technology as an unstoppable force responsive only to its own internal dynamic and politicizes the discussion of its social and cultural construction. This argument is substantiated in a series of compelling and well-grounded case studies. Through his exploration of science fiction and film, AIDS research, the French experience with the "information superhighway," and the Japanese reception of Western values, he demonstrates how technology, when subjected to public pressure and debate, can incorporate ethical and aesthetic values.
Philosophy

Collective Memory and the Historical Past

Author: Jeffrey Andrew Barash

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022639929X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 5295

There is one critical way we honor great tragedies: by never forgetting. Collective remembrance is as old as human society itself, serving as an important source of social cohesion, yet as Jeffrey Andrew Barash shows in this book, it has served novel roles in a modern era otherwise characterized by discontinuity and dislocation. Drawing on recent theoretical explorations of collective memory, he elaborates an important new philosophical basis for it, one that unveils important limitations to its scope in relation to the historical past. Crucial to Barash’s analysis is a look at the radical transformations that the symbolic configurations of collective memory have undergone with the rise of new technologies of mass communication. He provocatively demonstrates how such technologies’ capacity to simulate direct experience—especially via the image—actually makes more palpable collective memory’s limitations and the opacity of the historical past, which always lies beyond the reach of living memory. Thwarting skepticism, however, he eventually looks to literature—specifically writers such as Marcel Proust, Walter Scott, and W. G. Sebald—to uncover subtle nuances of temporality that might offer inconspicuous emblems of a past historical reality.
Social Science

Silence, Screen, and Spectacle

Rethinking Social Memory in the Age of Information

Author: Lindsey A. Freeman,Benjamin Nienass,Rachel Daniell

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 178238281X

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 2287

In an age of information and new media the relationships between remembering and forgetting have changed. This volume addresses the tension between loud and often spectacular histories and those forgotten pasts we strain to hear. Employing social and cultural analysis, the essays within examine mnemonic technologies both new and old, and cover subjects as diverse as U.S. internment camps for Japanese Americans in WWII, the Canadian Indian Residential School system, Israeli memorial videos, and the desaparecidos in Argentina. Through these cases, the contributors argue for a re-interpretation of Guy Debord's notion of the spectacle as a conceptual apparatus through which to examine the contemporary landscape of social memory, arguing that the concept of spectacle might be developed in an age seen as dissatisfied with the present, nervous about the future, and obsessed with the past. Perhaps now "spectacle" can be thought of not as a tool of distraction employed solely by hegemonic powers, but instead as a device used to answer Walter Benjamin's plea to "explode the continuum of history" and bring our attention to now-time.
Social Science

Learning from Memory

Body, Memory and Technology in a Globalizing World

Author: Bianca Maria Pirani

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144383114X

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 4880

This challenging book, with excellent contributions from international social scientists, focuses on the link between body and memory that specifically refers to the use of digital technologies. Neuroscientists know very well that human beings automatically and unconsciously organize their experience in their bodies into spatial units whose confines are established by changes in location, temporality and the interactive elements that determine it. Our memories might be less reliable than those of the average computer, but they are just as capacious, much more flexible, and even more user-friendly. The aim of the present book is to outline, by the body, what we know of the sociology of memory. The authors and editors believe that an analysis at the sociological level will prove valuable in throwing light on accounts of human behavior at the interpersonal and social level, and will play an important role in our capacity to understand the neurobiological factors that underpin the various types of memory. This book is an ideal resource for advanced and postgraduate students in social sciences, as well as practitioners in the field of Information and Communication technologies. Scholarly and accessible in tone, Learning from Memory: Body, Memory and Technology in a Globalizing World will be read and enjoyed by members of the general public and the professional audience alike.
Social Science

The Obituary as Collective Memory

Author: Bridget Fowler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134218028

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 7976

The first serious academic study of obituaries, this book focuses on how societies remember. Bridget Fowler makes great use of the theories of Pierre Bordieu, arguing that obituaries are one important component in society's collective memory. This book, the first of its kind, will find a place on every serious sociology scholar's bookshelves.
Computers

Networked Neighbourhoods

The Connected Community in Context

Author: Patrick Purcell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846286018

Category: Computers

Page: 430

View: 3283

The setting for this book is the networked community. The treatment of the subject matter is broad and interdisciplinary, with contributions from computer science, sociology, design, human factors and communication technology. The chapter contributors, drawn from across Europe and North America, offer a varied
Social Science

How Societies Remember

Author: Paul Connerton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521270939

Category: Social Science

Page: 121

View: 8041

Most studies of memory as a cultural faculty focus on written practices and how they are transmitted. This study concentrates on incorporated practices and provides an account of how these things are transmitted in and as traditions. The author argues that images and recollected knowledge of the past are conveyed and sustained by ritual performances, and that performative memory is bodily. This is an essential aspect of social memory that until now has been badly neglected.
Literary Criticism

Collective Memory

France and the Algerian War (1954-62)

Author: Jo McCormack, University of Sunderland, UK

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739153161

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 236

View: 2950

Collective Memory examines contemporary transmission of memories in France of the Algerian war of independence (1954D62). The work emphasizes the lack of transmission of memories of this war through a detailed case study of three crucial vectors of memory: school history, the media, and the family; and argues that lack of transmission of memories is feeding into contemporary racism in France.
Psychology

Individual and Collective Memory Consolidation

Analogous Processes on Different Levels

Author: Anastasio, Thomas J.,Ehrenberger, Kristen Ann,Watson, Patrick,Zhang, Wenyi

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262300915

Category: Psychology

Page: 346

View: 1923

We form individual memories by a process known as consolidation: the conversion of immediate and fleeting bits of information into a stable and accessible representation of facts and events. These memories provide a version of the past that helps us navigate the present and is critical to individual identity. In this book, Thomas Anastasio, Kristen Ann Ehrenberger, Patrick Watson, and Wenyi Zhang propose that social groups form collective memories by analogous processes. Using facts and insights from neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, and history, they describe a single process of consolidation with analogous -- not merely comparable -- manifestations on any level, whether brain, family, or society. They propose a three-in-one model of memory consolidation, composed of a buffer, a relator, and a generalizer, all within the consolidating entity, that can explain memory consolidation phenomena on individual and collective levels. When consolidation is disrupted by traumatic injury to a brain structure known as the hippocampus, memories in the process of being consolidated are lost. In individuals, this is known as retrograde amnesia. The authors hypothesize a "social hippocampus" and argue that disruption at the collective level can result in collective retrograde amnesia. They offer the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966--1976) as an example of trauma to the social hippocampus and present evidence for the loss of recent collective memory in mainland Chinese populations that experienced the Cultural Revolution.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Acting Bodies and Social Networks

A Bridge Between Technology and Working Memory

Author: Bianca Maria Pirani,Ivan Varga

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0761849971

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 398

View: 6216

This book analyzes the complex interactions of body, mind and microelectronic technologies. Internationally renowned scholars look into the nature of the mind - a combination of thought, perception, emotion, will and imagination - as well as the ever-increasing impact and complexity of microelectronic technologies.