Social Science

Bad Girls of the Arab World

Author: Nadia Yaqub,Rula Quawas

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477313389

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 5726

Women's transgressive behaviors and perspectives are challenging societal norms in the Arab world, giving rise to anxiety and public debate. Simultaneously, however, other Arab women are unwillingly finding themselves labeled "bad" as authority figures attempt to redirect scrutiny from serious social ills such as patriarchy and economic exploitation, or as they impose new restrictions on women's behavior in response to uncertainty and change in society. Bad Girls of the Arab World elucidates how both intentional and unintentional transgressions make manifest the social and cultural constructs that define proper and improper behavior, as well as the social and political policing of gender, racial, and class divisions. The works collected here address the experiences of women from a range of ages, classes, and educational backgrounds who live in the Arab world and beyond. They include short pieces in which the women themselves reflect on their experiences with transgression; academic articles about performance, representation, activism, history, and social conditions; an artistic intervention; and afterwords by the acclaimed novelists Laila al-Atrash and Miral al-Tahawy. The book demonstrates that women's transgression is both an agent and a symptom of change, a site of both resistance and repression. Showing how transnational forces such as media discourses, mobility and confinement, globalization, and neoliberalism, as well as the legacy of colonialism, shape women's badness, Bad Girls of the Arab World offers a rich portrait of women's varied experiences at the boundaries of propriety in the twenty-first century.
Social Science

Knowledge Production in the Arab World

The Impossible Promise

Author: Sari Hanafi,Rigas Arvanitis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317364090

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 7603

Over recent decades we have witnessed the globalization of research. However, this has yet to translate into a worldwide scientific network, across which competencies and resources can flow freely. Arab countries have strived to join this globalized world and become a ‘knowledge economy,’ yet little time has been invested in the region’s fragmented scientific institutions; institutions that should provide opportunities for individuals to step out on the global stage. Knowledge Production in the Arab World investigates research practices in the Arab world, using multiple case studies from the region with particular focus on Lebanon and Jordan. It depicts the Janus-like face of Arab research, poised between the negative and the positive and faced with two potentially opposing strands; local relevance alongside its internationalization. The book critically assesses the role and dynamics of research and poses questions that are crucial to further our understanding of the very particular case of knowledge production in the Arab region. The book explores research’s relevance and whom it serves, as well as the methodological flaws behind academic rankings and the meaning and application of key concepts such as knowledge society/economy. Providing a detailed and comprehensive examination of knowledge production in the Arab world, this book is of interest to students, scholars and policy makers working on the issues of research practices and status of science in contemporary developing countries.
History

Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Agents of Change

Author: Fatima Sadiqi,Moha Ennaji

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136970371

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 8996

This book examines the position of women in the contemporary Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Although it is culturally diverse, this region shares many commonalities with relation to women that are strong, deep, and pervasive: a space-based patriarchy, a culturally strong sense of religion, a smooth co-existence of tradition and modernity, a transitional stage in development, and multilingualism/multiculturalism. Experts from within the region and from outside provide both theoretical angles and case studies, drawing on fieldwork from Egypt, Oman, Palestine, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Spain. Addressing the historical, socio-cultural, political, economic, and legal issues in the region, the chapters cover five major aspects of women’s agency: political agency civil society activism legal reform cultural and social agencies religious and symbolic agencies. Bringing to light often marginalized topics and issues, the book underlines the importance of respecting specificities when judging societies and hints at possible ways of promoting the MENA region. As such, it is a valuable addition to existing literature in the field of political science, sociology, and women’s studies.
Political Science

Women and Power in the Middle East

Author: Suad Joseph,Susan Slyomovics

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812206908

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6122

The seventeen essays in Women and Power in the Middle East analyze the social, political, economic, and cultural forces that shape gender systems in the Middle East and North Africa. Published at different times in Middle East Report, the journal of the Middle East Research and Information Project, the essays document empirically the similarities and differences in the gendering of relations of power in twelve countries—Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Palestine, Lebanon, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Iran. Together they seek to build a framework for understanding broad patterns of gender in the Arab-Islamic world. Challenging questions are addressed throughout. What roles have women played in politics in this region? When and why are women politically mobilized, and which women? Does the nature and impact of their mobilization differ if it is initiated by the state, nationalist movements, revolutionary parties, or spontaneous revolt? And what happens to women when those agents of mobilization win or lose? In investigating these and other issues, the essays take a look at the impact of rapid social change in the Arab-Islamic world. They also analyze Arab disillusionment with the radical nationalisms of the 1950s and 1960s and with leftist ideologies, as well as the rise of political Islamist movements. Indeed the essays present rich new approaches to assessing what political participation has meant for women in this region and how emerging national states there have dealt with organized efforts by women to influence the institutions that govern their lives. Designed for courses in Middle East, women's, and cultural studies, Women and Power in the Middle East offers to both students and scholars an excellent introduction to the study of gender in the Arab-Islamic world.
Business & Economics

Gender and Development in the Arab World

Women's Economic Participation : Patterns and Policies

Author: Nabil F. Khoury,Valentine M. Moghadam

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: 9781856493666

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 5041

This volume aims at remedying the relative dearth of studies addressing issues of women and development in Arab countries. One major concern of its authors is to improve the statistical information available by including the often omitted aspect of disaggregation by gender - an essential task if women's actual and potential contribution to development is to be assesed. This, in turn, requires improved statistical collection and empirical research on women's economic participation. These studies are also concerned to understand the structural features which may explain Arab women's varying labour-force participation rates and to dispel widespread stereotypes vis-a-vis their economic position.
Reference

Islamic Law (RLE Politics of Islam)

Social and Historical Contexts

Author: Aziz Al-Azmeh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113461005X

Category: Reference

Page: 296

View: 3243

This book underlines the mutability of Islamic law and attempts to relate its substantive and institutional varieties and transformations to social, political, economic and other historical circumstances. The studies in the book range from discussion of the received wisdom in Islamic law to studies of legal institutions and the theoretical means employed by Islamic law for the accommodation of changing historical circumstances. First published in 1988.
Social Science

Arab Feminisms

Gender and Equality in the Middle East

Author: Jean Said Makdisi,Noha Bayoumi,Rafif Rida Sidawi

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1786724596

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 2235

Is there a truly Arab feminist movement? Is there such a thing as ‘Islamic’ feminism? What does it mean to be a ‘feminist’ in the Arab world today? Does it mean grappling with the more theoretical elements of the movement? Or does it mean an involvement at the grassroots level with everyday activism? This book examines the issues and controversies that are hotly-debated and contested when it comes to the concept of feminism and gender in Arab society today. It offers explorations of both the theoretical issues at play, the latest developments in feminist discourse, literary studies and sociology, as well as empirical data concerning the situation of women in Arab countries, such as Iraq and Palestine. Arab Feminisms therefore offers valuable theoretical analysis as well as indispensable first-hand accounts of feminism in the Arab world for those researching gender relations in the Middle East and beyond.
Social Science

Agency and Gender in Gaza

Masculinity, Femininity and Family during the Second Intifada

Author: Dr Aitemad Muhanna

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472407202

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 3471

Drawing on rich interview material and adopting a life history approach, this book examines the agency of women living in insecure and uncertain conflict situations. It explores the effects of the Israeli policy of closure against Gaza and the resulting humanitarian crisis in relation to gender relations and gender subjectivity. With attention to the changing roles of men in the household and community as a result of the loss of male employment, the author explores the extension of poor women’s mobility, particularly that of young wives with dependent children, for whom the meaning of agency has shifted from being providers in the domestic sphere to becoming publicly dependent on humanitarian aid. Without conflating women’s agency with resistance to patriarchy, Agency and Gender in Gaza extends the concept of agency to include its subjective and intersubjective elements, shedding light on the recent distortion of the traditional gender order and the reasons for which women resist the masculine power that they have acquired as a result. An empirically grounded examination of the attempt to maintain the meaning of social existence through the preservation of socially constructed images of masculinity and femininity, this book will be of interest to social scientists with interests in gender studies, masculinities and the sociology of the family.
Social Science

Empowering Women after the Arab Spring

Author: Marwa Shalaby,Valentine M. Moghadam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137557478

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 1574

With studies on the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Syria, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia, this collection presents a theoretical framework on the study of women's empowerment amid the transformations that have shaped the social and political fabrics of Arab societies.
Political Science

The Contemporary Study of the Arab World

Author: Earl L. Sullivan,Tareq Y. Ismael,Jacqueline S. Ismael

Publisher: University of Alberta

ISBN: 9780888642110

Category: Political Science

Page: 235

View: 3942

The contributors discuss issues central to the debate about the "proper" study of Arabs and Islam, methodological perspectives on the study of the Arab World, urban studies, women's studies, economics and economic policy, foreign policy and strategic studies.
Business & Economics

Higher Education Governance in the Arab World

Exploring the Challenges of the Education Sector and Social Realities

Author: Georges Azzi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319520601

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 1054

This book offers an insight into the complications higher education is currently facing in the Arab world. It discusses whether governance in international higher education is of particular importance in Arab countries when considering their difference in political systems, cultures, interests, concerns and numerous conflicts. Arab society needs more than ever to strengthen its higher education governance in order to meet current challenges and demands. Higher Education Governance in the Arab World includes insights from the real world and is written by international professionals with the aim of providing a spark of hope for a better future with a clearer understanding on how to move forward.
Political Science

The Arab State and Women's Rights

The Trap of Authoritarian Governance

Author: Elham Manea

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113666310X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9842

Researchers studying gender politics in Arab societies have been puzzled by a phenomenon common in many Arab states – while women are granted suffrage rights, they are often discriminated against by the state in their private lives. This book addresses this phenomenon, maintaining that the Arab state functions according to a certain ‘logic’ and ‘patterns’ which have direct consequences on its gender policies, in both the public and private spheres. Using the features of the Arab Authoritarian state as a basis for a theoretical framework of analysis, the author draws on detailed fieldwork and first-hand interviews to study women’s rights in three countries - Yemen, Syria, and Kuwait. She argues that the puzzle may be resolved once we focus on the features of the Arab state, and its stage of development. Offering a new approach to the study of gender and politics in Arab states, this book will be of great interest to scholars and students of gender studies, international politics and Middle East studies.
Business & Economics

Norms and Gender Discrimination in the Arab World

Author: Adel SZ Abadeer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137395281

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 3171

Abadeer incorporates informal norms such as religion, mores, myths, taboos, codes-of-conduct, customary laws, and traditions, into the structure of formal rules (e.g., polity, judiciary, laws, and the enforcement of law), which in turn influence the governance of the transactions.
Education

Education in the Arab Gulf States and the Arab World

An Annotated Bibliographic Guide

Author: Nagat El-Sanabary

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780824082499

Category: Education

Page: 572

View: 7797

This annotated guide of English-language material on education in the Arab world includes books, journal articles, national and international reports and documents and Ph.D. dissertations. The author opens with an introductory essay on the development of education in the Arab Gulf states and an analysis of current issues in educational research. Chapters cover the social context of education; educational systems and structures; country reports on educational developments between 1950 and 1980; religion and education; education at the pre-college level; and higher education with special attention to systems and institutions, curriculum and evaluation, management, students in national and foreign universities, research, sciences, and technology. The book also examines women's education; teachers and teacher education; educational planning; manpower and education; educational guidance and counseling; special education; literacy and adult education; and educational media and instructional technology. Author and subject indexes are provided.
Religion

Islamism and Cultural Expression in the Arab World

Author: Abir Hamdar,Lindsey Moore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317537807

Category: Religion

Page: 278

View: 7107

Whereas most studies of Islamism focus on politics and religious ideology, this book analyses the ways in which Islamism in the Arab world is defined, reflected, transmitted and contested in a variety of creative and other cultural forms. It covers a range of contexts of production and reception, from the early twentieth century to the present, and with reference to cultural production in and/or about Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, the Gulf, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine. The material engaged with is produced in Arabic, English and French and includes fiction, autobiography, feature films, television series, television reportage, the press, rap music and video games. Throughout, the book highlights the multiple forms and contested interpretations of Islamism in the Arab world, exploring trends and tensions in the ways Islamism is represented to (primarily) Arab audiences and complicating simplistic perspectives on this phenomenon. The book considers repeated and idiosyncratic themes, modes of characterisation, motifs, structures of feeling and forms of engagement, in the context of an ongoing struggle for symbolic power in the region.
Social Science

Tales Arab Women Tell and the Behavioral Patterns They Portray

Author: Hasan M. El-Shamy

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253335296

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 5700

"Tales Arab Women Tellis a rare, intriguing, and highly readable collection of Arab tales performed by female narrators. It presents tales from the Arab world in a fluent and attractive way. The arrangement of tales . . . proves to be a source of inspiration, since it invites the readers to view and understand the tales, some of which they might know from a European context, in the social relevance they possess in their original surrounding." – Ulrich Marzolph Tales Arab Women Tellis a cross-cultural examination of kinship and affinal relations as expressed in traditional folktales and other genres of lore. This study is based on field data compiled by the author. The gender factor and its impact on the form, structure, and contents of each item are explored in conjunction with the concepts of multiple role-playing, role transition, and role-strain. The author dates the beginning of awareness of "women's culture" to the field observations and the writings of al-Jahiz [circumflex over the second "a," dot under the "h" and dot under the "z"] (d. 868, or 9 A. D.). The tales are arranged according to an analytical system focusing on the various family and social situations depicted in the texts. Four large groups of social interaction are portrayed, labelled "Parents and Paternal Figures," "Courtship and Marital Relations," "Siblings," and "Boy and Mother's Brother," respectively. Each tale is introduced by a short note providing information about the narrator (family situation, age, regional origin, education, etc.) and the specific or general situational background of narrative performance of the tale. Each introductory note is followed by a commentary on the social aspects of the family situation treated in the tale, giving special emphasis to the circumstances of their Arab Islamic social background. After these two introductory passages, the tales are presented in a clear, fluent, and very readable English style, with an obvious effort to reproduce as close as possible their original language in dialogic structure, verbal rendering, and wording. The presentation of the tales is followed by general notes explaining linguistic details, giving original Arab words and terms and commenting on various minor aspects of the content. An appendix supplies a detailed analysis of tale-types, motifs, and occurrences.
Political Science

The Arab State and Women's Rights

The Trap of Authoritarian Governance

Author: Elham Manea

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113666310X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8096

Researchers studying gender politics in Arab societies have been puzzled by a phenomenon common in many Arab states – while women are granted suffrage rights, they are often discriminated against by the state in their private lives. This book addresses this phenomenon, maintaining that the Arab state functions according to a certain ‘logic’ and ‘patterns’ which have direct consequences on its gender policies, in both the public and private spheres. Using the features of the Arab Authoritarian state as a basis for a theoretical framework of analysis, the author draws on detailed fieldwork and first-hand interviews to study women’s rights in three countries - Yemen, Syria, and Kuwait. She argues that the puzzle may be resolved once we focus on the features of the Arab state, and its stage of development. Offering a new approach to the study of gender and politics in Arab states, this book will be of great interest to scholars and students of gender studies, international politics and Middle East studies.
History

Arab Women in the Field

Studying Your Own Society

Author: Soraya Altorki,Camillia Fawzi El-Solh

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815624509

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 4501

For the first time, Arab women researchers perform field work in their own societies and discuss the experience. As a group, they also provide an excellent overview of the issues involved in a number of different Arab communities: Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, and a Bedouin community in the Egyptian Western Desert. Cloth ed. $27.95 (0-8156-2449-2) not seen. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Sex discrimination

The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Economic Forum

ISBN: 9295044282

Category: Sex discrimination

Page: 196

View: 5555

"The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparions across regions and income groups, over time"-- Page 3.