Author: Cláudia Maria de Almeida,Gilberto Câmara,Antonio Miguel Vieira Monteiro
Publisher: Oficina de Textos
Geoinformação em Urbanismo traz 15 contribuições sobre o tema, agrupadas em cinco vertentes: a representação territorial; a gestão de problemas e políticas sociais; a construção da base de dados geoinformáticos; o gerenciamento de desastres naturais; modelos e modelagens urbanas e regionais.
This book shows that Hauriou¿s positivist and pragmatic jurisprudence and social theory, as well as their application to the study of institutions, is satisfactorily supported by his idealistic philosophy. The nine chapters first locate Hauriou¿s influences, then situate his disciplinary methodologies within methodology in general. The central chapters concern each of the three methodologies in turn.
Revised for the first time in over thirty years, this edition of Emile Durkheim’s masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology is updated with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes that puts Durkheim’s work into context for the twenty-first century reader. The Rules of Sociological Method represents Emile Durkheim’s manifesto for sociology. He argues forcefully for the objective, scientific, and methodological underpinnings of sociology as a discipline and establishes guiding principles for future research. The substantial new introduction by leading Durkheim scholar Steven Lukes explains and sets into context Durkheim’s arguments. Lukes examines the still-controversial debates about The Rules of Sociological Method’s six chapters and explains their relevance to present-day sociology. The edition also includes Durkheim’s subsequent thoughts on method in the form of articles, debates with scholars from other disciplines, and letters. The original translation has been revised and reworked in order to make Durkheim’s arguments clearer and easier to read. This is an essential resource for students and scholars hoping to deepen their understanding of one of the pioneering voices in modern sociology and twentieth-century social thought.
This new edition of a standard work?used as a text throughout the world?has been thoroughly re-edited and revised. In it Giddens tells how he believes social theory should be constructed and conducted and offers a critique of schools of social thought that continues to occupy a place in contemporary debates.
An introduction for undergraduates to every stage of sociological research, showing how to deal effectively with typical problems they might encounter. The book is fully updated to include examples from the LA riots and the 1992 presidential elections.
Author: Holly Matto, PhD,Jessica Strolin-Goltzman, PhD,Michelle Ballan, PhD,Ronit Elk, Ph.D.,Hope Landrine, Ph.D.,American Cancer Society
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
"The volume sheds new light on reducing disparities by complementing currentlyavailable monographs, through the provision of solutions that are not onlytheoretically innovative but also empirically effective. Indeed, Cancer Disparities: Causesand Evidence-Based Solutions admirably achieves two key objectives that are crucial foradvances in the field: (a) providing an up-to-date overview of cancer-related disparities and(b) describing evidence-based interventional approaches to close the cancer-relateddisparities gap. The implicit promise is that these approaches will enable public health practitioners,cancer control workers, and community members to use or adapt them in their owncommunities. This volume is essential to help make that promise a reality."--PsycCRITIQUES Cancer is not randomly distributed in the United States. Its incidence varies by race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and other geographic and demographic factors. This volume, co-published with the American Cancer Society, is the first to examine the biological, racial, and socioeconomic factors that influence cancer incidence and survival. In addition, it presents 15 previously unpublished, evidence-based interventions to reduce and eliminate cancer disparities. The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities. Key Features: Offers an in-depth look at the latest research behind cancer disparities Written by highly respected and published cancer researchers Includes 15 never-before published, evidence-based interventions that readers can replicate Discusses breast, colorectal, cervical, and other pernicious cancers Includes interventions for African-American, Hispanic, Native American, and other populations
This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.
Scholars and governments recognize the importance of policy development and implementation for population health, but there is a lack of systematic theoretical and conceptual development in the health field to address the issue. Health Promotion and the Policy Process is the first book to take an in-depth look at the theoretical advances in the political sciences, including discussing the significance of political economy and sociology, which so far have made little progress in health promotion development. The book argues that focusing on how public policies work makes it possible to move beyond the more behavioural 'health education' approach, and make the transition from political statements to political strategies. The authors draw from a wide array of theories on the policy process in the fields of political science and political sociology to illuminate health promotion strategies and objectives. For example they discuss how Kingdon's Multiple Streams Model, Sabatier's Advocacy-Coalition Framework and policy network theories can contribute to greater health equity, healthy public policies and community development. Through practical and critical tools, research, and experience-based discussion, Health Promotion and the Policy Process discusses how theories can be used to influence, evaluate, orient or implement health promotion interventions and policies. This book will be essential reading for health promoters who want to make a difference by influencing social determinants of health at the policy level including students, public health professionals, researchers, practitioners, decision makers and those concerned with applied policy research.
Social Science by Clifton D. Bryant,Dennis L. Peck
21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.
Health & Fitness by Elizabeth A. Murphy,Robert Dingwall
Qualitative researchers have traditionally been cautious about claiming that their work was scientific. The "right-on" schools have exaggerated this caution into an outright rejection of science as a model for their work. Science is, for them, outmoded; "an archaic form of consciousness surviving for a while yet in a degraded form" (Tyler 1986:200). Scientists' assertions that they are in pursuit of truth simply camouflage their own lust for power. There is no essential difference between truth and propaganda. The authors acknowledge that the boundary between science and propaganda has often been breached and some distrust of scientific claims may be healthy. They also question the claim that science creates disinterested and objective knowledge of an observer-independent world without concluding that science is impossible. The skeptics' reservations about qualitative research are based on the deep-rooted assumption among natural scientists, and some social scientists, that there is a world "out there," prior to, and independent of, their observations. This world can be known objectively in the sense that all observers will, if identically placed, see it in exactly the same way. If a suitable language were available, they would also all produce identical descriptions. From these observations they can work out the laws governing the world's operations. The authors try to resolve these contrary claims by asserting that science is a procedural commitment. It consists of openness to refutation, a conscientious and systematic search for contradictory evidence, and a readiness to subject one's preconceptions to critical examination. The devotion to truth as a regulative ideal is an essential difference between science and propaganda. This work is a unique and innovative defense of scientific method. Elizabeth Murphy is reader in sociology and social policy at the University of Nottingham, UK. Robert Dingwall is professor and director of the Institute for the Study of Genetics, Biorisks, and Society at the University of Nottingham, UK.
This textbook is essential reading for those undertaking research into sport from a social science or management approach, either as part of an academic course, or for those employed within sport-related industries. It provides a step-by-step guide to the research process, from the concept stage through to the presentation of results. Throughout the book, the research methodology is brought to life through the use of relevant case studies and examples.