Social Science

Sociology in Action (Routledge Revivals)

A Critique of Selected Conceptions of the Social Role of the Sociologist

Author: Christopher G. A. Bryant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113503673X

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 4031

This book, first published in 1976, discusses four classical paradigms for sociology – the positivism of Saint-Simon and Comte, Durkheim, Marx and Weber – and four contemporary developments or revisions of them – the sociologie active of Dumazedier and his colleagues in France, sociology in Socialist Poland, the work of Dahrendorf and the ‘new sociology’ of Mills and his successors. Christopher Bryant suggests that no neutral language exists in which to compare the characteristics of these different paradigms, yet highlights those features which are common to all of them. Unique in its approach and analysis of the relationship between sociology and action, this book is of value and interest to students of sociology and theory and professional sociologists.
Social Science

Sociology in Action

A Critique of Selected Conceptions of the Social Role of the Sociologist

Author: Christopher G. A. Bryant

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415831642

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 525

This book, first published in 1976, discusses four classical paradigms for sociology – the positivism of Saint-Simon and Comte, Durkheim, Marx and Weber – and four contemporary developments or revisions of them – the sociologie active of Dumazedier and his colleagues in France, sociology in Socialist Poland, the work of Dahrendorf and the 'new sociology' of Mills and his successors. Christopher Bryant suggests that no neutral language exists in which to compare the characteristics of these different paradigms, yet highlights those features which are common to all of them. Unique in its approach and analysis of the relationship between sociology and action, this book is of value and interest to students of sociology and theory and professional sociologists.
Social Science

Hermeneutics and Social Science (Routledge Revivals)

Approaches to Understanding

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136955534

Category: Social Science

Page: 267

View: 8399

Originally published in 1978, this important work, by one of the leading European social theorists, is arguably the best introduction to the hermeneutic tradition as a whole. It is designed to help students of sociology and philosophy place the problems of "understanding social science" in their historical and philosophical context. It does so by presenting the major current in sociological thought as responses to the challenge of hermeneutics. The idea that true knowledge of social life can be attained only if human conduct is seen as meaningful action whose meaning is accordingly grasped has been presented as a discovery of recent sociology. In fact its history is long and its connections plentiful, reaching beyond the boundaries of sociology itself. Yet it is in sociology that the hermeneutic tradition has attracted most interest but most misinterpretation. The debate is in full swing and there is no attempt to offer "correct" solutions - the emphasis instead is upon revealing the strengths and weaknesses of each of the main approaches. However it is Bauman's view that the theory of understanding may achieve valid results only if it treats the problem of understanding as an aspect of the ongoing process of social life.
Business & Economics

Glasnost in Action (Routledge Revivals)

Cultural Renaissance in Russia

Author: Alec Nove

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136629122

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 3717

First published in 1991, Glasnost in Action: Cultural Renaissance in Russia is a comprehensive portrait of a society in transition as Professor Nove reflects on the changes taking place in the USSR at that time. While in English, Glasnost means ‘openness’, the author questions what ‘openness’ actually means in the USSR. How is Soviet culture – their art, literature, theatre, music and social life – affected by the new freedom of speech and thought that resulted from Glasnost? Was it Gorbachev’s power and charisma that propelled Glasnost or would it build up enough momentum in Soviet society to continue independently? Professor Nove uses examples from each area of Soviet life in his exploration of the new openness, referring to the release of previously banned films, writings, plays and works of art, while reflecting on the newfound honesty about the country’s Stalinist past and the problems faced today.
Political Science

Sociology as Social Criticism (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Tom B. Bottomore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136923152

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 7785

First published in 1975, this collection of essays embodies a conception of sociological thought as a critical analysis of social theories and doctrines, of social institutions and political regimes, of recent social movements. They deal, in particular, with some conservative versions of sociology and with attempts to develop more radical theories; they extend the author's previous writings on classes, elites and politics; and they analyse some of the problems of socialism in the late twentieth century. There is a close unity of theme througout the book in its critical attempt to formulate new intellectual bases for future radical and egalitarian politics. It is written with that quiet wisdom and impressive command of sources which readers have come to associate with Professor Bottomore's work.
Social Science

Women in Movement (Routledge Revivals)

Feminism and Social Action

Author: Sheila Rowbotham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136755764

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 7437

First published in 1992, this book is an historical introduction to a wide range of women’s movements from the late eighteenth-century to the date of its publication. It describes economic, social and political ideas which have inspired women to organize, not only in Europe and North America, but also in the Third World. Sheila Rowbotham outlines a long history of women’s challenges to the gender bias in political and economical concepts. She shows women laying claim to rights and citizenship, while contesting male definitions of their scope, and seeking to enlarge the meaning of economy through action around consumption and production, environmental protests and welfare projects.
Political Science

Inside Affirmative Action

The Executive Order That Transformed America's Workforce

Author: Karin Williamson Pedrick,Sandra Arnold Scham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351751069

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2579

Affirmative action is still a reality of the American workplace. How is it that such a controversial Federal program has managed to endure for more than five decades? Inside Affirmative Action addresses this question. Beyond the usual ideological debate and discussions about the effects of affirmative action for either good or ill upon issues of race and gender in employment, this book recounts and analyzes interviews with people who worked in the program within the government including political appointees. The interviews and their historical context provide understanding and insight into the policies and politics of affirmative action and its role in advancing civil rights in America. Recent books published on affirmative action address university admissions, but very few of them ever mention Executive Order 11246 or its enforcement by an agency within the Department of Labor - let alone discuss in depth the profound workplace diversity it has created or the employment opportunities it has generated. This book charts that history through the eyes of those who experienced it. Inside Affirmative Action will be of interest to those who study American race relations, policy, history and law.
Social Science

Anthony Giddens (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Ian Craib,Reader in Sociology Ian Craib

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136816003

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1105

The Giddens phenomenon has been one of the most obvious and talked about features of world sociology since the late 1960’s. This book, first published in 1992, provides a prudent and essential critical introduction to one of the leading sociologists of our time.
Social Science

Theory of Action (Routledge Revivals)

Towards a New Synthesis Going Beyond Parsons

Author: Richard Münch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136820698

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 8978

Modern sociology owes its existence and the progress it has made to the integration of differing kinds of orientations. In this work, first published 1987, Professor Richard Münch sets out to reformulate the theory of action, a notion central to sociology and one to which all schools of thought within sociology have contributed. He gives an exposition of the voluntaristic theory of action as found in Talcott Parson's work, reconstructing and extending Parson's theory from the perspective of the present-day level of development. In this way he both integrates opposing orientations to action theory and presents the voluntaristic theory of action in a readable and teachable from.
Social Science

Social Evolution and Sociological Categories (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Paul Q. Hirst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135155739

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 9313

First published in 1976, this book is concerned with the nature of classification in the social sciences. Its thesis is that classifications are dependent upon and are derived from theoretical explanations. Classification is not a theoretically neutral typification or ordering of social forms. This is because objects classified – societies, social institutions – are not given to knowledge independently of the categories which construct them and because the categories of classification are themselves the products of theories.
Political Science

The Battle for Tolmers Square (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Nick Wates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135120706

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 2390

First published in 1976, this book tells of the dramatic struggle between tenants’ groups, community associations, students, squatters, intellectuals, political parties, and property developers at Tolmers Square in north London. The author describes how property developers, interested only in maximising profits, attempted to redevelop the Tolmers area for offices, while the local authority, pressurised by local tenants and faced with a housing shortage, tried to redevelop for housing. This book is about the politics of central city redevelopment. Although this text focuses on one particular case study, the same processes operate in all cities where land is used as a commodity for financial speculation. By tracing the Tolmers case in detail, this text demonstrates the forces which operate in city redevelopment, and shows the affect which various forms of opposition can have.
Social Science

Radicalism and the Revolt Against Reason (Routledge Revivals)

The Social Theories of Georges Sorel with a Translation of his Essay on the Decomposition of Marxism

Author: Irving Louis Horowitz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135228280

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 8917

Radicalism and the Revolt Against Reason is a work that continues to have a steady and large scale impact on political and social theory fifty years since its first appearance. A study of how radical thought modifies its actions and ideologies in a time of unrealized and frustrated expectations, the focus is on Georges Sorel and the Europe of the fin de siècle, a time when socialist revolution was forcefully set aside by liberal reform. In a technique that presaged contemporary period, radical demands did not simply dissolve or disappear, they profoundly changed emphasis from the impersonal forces of history to highly personal forces of individual will. This edition includes a substantial brand new introduction by the author.
Philosophy

Concept Formation in Social Science (Routledge Revivals)

Author: William Outhwaite

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136830774

Category: Philosophy

Page: 266

View: 5963

First published in 1983, this book examines the problems of concept formation in the social sciences, and in particular sociology, from the standpoint of a realistic philosophy of science. Beginning with a discussion of positivistic, hermeneutic, rationalist and realistic philosophies of science, Dr Outhwaite argues that realism is best able to furnish rational criteria for the choice and specification of social scientific concepts. A realistic philosophy of science therefore acts as his reference point for the dialectical presentation of alternative accounts.
Business & Economics

The Individual and the Other in Economic Thought

An Introduction

Author: Ragip Ege,Herrade Igersheim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351624474

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 382

View: 4699

The Philosophy of Economics primarily considers the economic agent as a moral subject. Economics, however, has long overlooked the agent’s moral – that is to say, reasonable – dimension, to focus instead on the strictly rational. This volume seeks to address this neglected topic through exploring the Individual and the Other. The economic agent refers to "himself" (herself) in terms of his desire and passions, yet also refers to others besides himself. For the rational economic agent, what is the nature of this relationship with the Other? Should it not be understood as undergoing a transformation once we come to consider the economic agent as a reasonable being? Through what process does the Other pass from being an instrument at the disposal of a rational agent to being an end in itself for a moral subject? In other words, how does another become "an Other"? These questions are behind the re-examination of certain fundamental notions which takes place in this book, an examination which involves a re-reading of certain great authors. With contributions from authors around the world, this work is divided into three main parts. The first deals with individuals from the history of economic thought such as Adam Smith, Karl Marx and Hannah Arendt; this is then followed by a thematic section in which the concepts of recognition and subjectivity are questioned in a market context. Finally, the third part offers an analysis of the issue of "the Individual and the Other" in different fields of the recent economic analysis including game theory, decision theory or social choice. The Individual and the Other in Economic Thought aims to help the reader better understand how the relationship between the Individual and the Other has been conceived, conceptualized and framed in economic analysis. It will be of great use to graduate students, scholars and any reader interested in this crucial issue.
Social Science

Categorization and the Moral Order (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Lena Jayyusi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317745310

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 3190

First published in 1984, this is a study of categorization practices: how people categorize each other and their actions; how they describe, infer, and judge. The book presents a sociological analysis and description of practical activities and makes a cogent contribution to the study of how the moral order actually works in practical communicative contexts. Among the issues dealt with are: collectivity categorizations, the organization of lists and descriptions, moral attribution and inferences, and the relationship between standards of morality and standards of rationality.
Social Science

Political Sociology of Japanese Pacifism

Author: Yukiko Nishikawa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351672959

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 2167

While Japanese pacifism is usually seen as a national policy or an ideology rooted in the provision of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, it cannot be adequately understood without grasping Japanese social discourses on peace, war and justice. The perspective of political sociology provides a more in-depth understanding of Japanese pacifism and helps us to find the reasons for the critical changes that have occurred in Japan’s policies since the mid-2000s. These changes include sending its self-defense force to Iraq and Afghanistan outside UN missions and the enactment of new security legislation in 2015. Nishikawa explores Japanese pacifism in a changing domestic and regional context, from the perspective of political sociology. Getting to grips with the social bases of politics, she examines whether Japan is likely to remain a pacifist country or retain its pacifist image in changing regional and global context. This book comprehensively examines Japanese pacifism by fully examining the social forces in action. Employing a multidisciplinary approach, the book contributes to theoretical debates on political sociology as well as Japanese and Asian studies. Japan is in an important transitional period and Japanese pacifism is being brought into question in changing national and international contexts.
Business & Economics

Free Market Conservatism (Routledge Revivals)

A Critique of Theory & Practice

Author: Edward Nell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135162832

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 274

View: 2637

First published in 1984, this book carefully dissects and convincingly demonstrates that conservative economics is incoherent in theory and disastrous in practice. The three main schools of thought supporting "free-market" policies – supply side economics, monetarism and rational expectations – are examined in turn and each is found defective. Three case studies of conservative policy in action follow: Reagan’s U.S., Thatcher’s U.K. and Pinochet’s Chile and their courses are charted in depth. In addition, Robert Heilbroner and Edward Nell analyse economic conservatism’s ideology and social policy, and the book concludes with an assessment of the political reasons for the continuing appeal of free-market conservatism despite its theoretical incoherence and practical failure. This is a careful and comprehensive look at this subject which tackles both the theory and the practice head-on. It will make useful and stimulating reading for students of economics and political economy on courses of economic policy and macro-economics and in addition will be of keen interest to all those involved in the debate about one of the major policy issues of our time.
Philosophy

Sociology and Philosophy (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Emile Durkheim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135174253

Category: Philosophy

Page: 98

View: 5142

First published in English in 1953, this volume represents a collection of three essays written by seminal sociologist and philsopher Emile Durkheim in which he puts forward the thesis that society is both a dynamic system and the seat of moral life. Each essay stands alone, but their connecting thread is the dialectic demonstration that a phenomenon, be a sociological or psychological one, is relatively independent of its matrix. The essays provide a valuable insight into Durkeheimian thought on sociological and philsophical matters and offer an excellent guide to Durkheim for students of both disciplines.

Time and History in Prehistory

Author: Stella Souvatzi,Adnan Baysal,Emma Baysal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138692701

Category:

Page: 288

View: 9217

Time and History in Prehistory examines time and history first and foremost as analytical issues. It draws attention to the many processes through which time and history are conceptualised and constructed both academically in archaeology and its related disciplines and socially within past societies, drawing equally on contemporary theory and on case-studies. The issue of time remains under-theorised in archaeology, and history has rarely been problematised at all. Time and History in Prehistory begins to rectify that lack.
Social Science

How Institutions Think

Author: Mary Douglas

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815602064

Category: Social Science

Page: 146

View: 8470