Science

Speculative Truth

Henry Cavendish, Natural Philosophy, and the Rise of Modern Theoretical Science

Author: Russell McCormmach

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195347807

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7001

With a never-before published paper by Lord Henry Cavendish, as well as a biography on him, this book offers a fascinating discourse on the rise of scientific attitudes and ways of knowing. A pioneering British physicist in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Cavendish was widely considered to be the first full-time scientist in the modern sense. Through the lens of this unique thinker and writer, this book is about the birth of modern science.
Chemists

Cavendish - The Experimental Life

Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge - Studies 7

Author: Christa Jungnickel,Russell McCormmach

Publisher: Pro BUSINESS

ISBN: 394556106X

Category: Chemists

Page: 596

View: 5757

Publisher: Edition Open Access (EOA)! Studies 7 (also available online) presents the biography of the eighteenth-century English natural philosopher and chemist Henry Cavendish. Two gifted eighteenth-century Londoners, Charles Cavendish and his painfully preeminent son Henry were descendants of paired revolutions, one political and one scientific. Scions of a powerful revolutionary family, they gave an original turn to the duty of public service that attached to their social rank. The English aristocracy knew one of its finest hours when Henry Cavendish gently laid his delicate weights in the scales of the first great precision balance of the century. For this action to happen, it took two generations and two kinds of invention, one in social forms and the other in scientific methods. This joint biography of father and son tells how it came to pass. Henry Cavendish is best known for his researches in chemistry, electricity, and heat, but in truth he worked in every part of physical science, bringing to it his unique combination of experimental precision and mathematical penetration. His accomplishment is likened to the highest example: since the death of Newton, Humphry Davy wrote, England has suffered "no scientific loss so great as that of Cavendish." Through inheritance he became immensely rich. Regarding intellect and fortune, he is called "the wisest of the rich and the richest of the wise." In his exclusive devotion to science, he is compared with "the most austere anchorites," who were "not more faithful to their vows." With reference to his legendary shyness, he is described as a man of "most reserved disposition," of a "degree bordering on disease." He was, to be sure, all of these things: one of the best scientists of his time, one of the richest men in the kingdom, a member of one of the politically most influential aristocratic families, a scientific fanatic, and a person of extraordinary peculiarities. This biography, a major revision of the original published in 1999, offers an enlarged understanding of the eighteenth century world of science and a reevaluation both of the scientific genius and of the remarkable personality of Henry Cavendish. It is a comprehensive study of science, family, and society in the eighteenth century. The publications of the Studies series are dedicated to key subjects in the history and development of knowledge, bringing together perspectives from different fields and combining source-based empirical research with theoretically guided approaches. (Second revised edition 2016) (Auch online verfügbar: http://edition-open-access.de/studies/7/index.html)
Science

Energy, the Subtle Concept

The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Author: Jennifer Coopersmith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057517

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7069

Energy is at the heart of physics and of huge importance to society and yet no book exists specifically to explain it, and in simple terms. In tracking the history of energy, this book is filled with the thrill of the chase, the mystery of smoke and mirrors, and presents a fascinating human-interest story. Moreover, following the history provides a crucial aid to understanding: this book explains the intellectual revolutions required to comprehend energy, revolutions as profound as those stemming from Relativity and Quantum Theory. Texts by Descartes, Leibniz, Bernoulli, d'Alembert, Lagrange, Hamilton, Boltzmann, Clausius, Carnot and others are made accessible, and the engines of Watt and Joule are explained. Many fascinating questions are covered, including: - Why just kinetic and potential energies - is one more fundamental than the other? - What are heat, temperature and action? - What is the Hamiltonian? - What have engines to do with physics? - Why did the steam-engine evolve only in England? - Why S=klogW works and why temperature is IT. Using only a minimum of mathematics, this book explains the emergence of the modern concept of energy, in all its forms: Hamilton's mechanics and how it shaped twentieth-century physics, and the meaning of kinetic energy, potential energy, temperature, action, and entropy. It is as much an explanation of fundamental physics as a history of the fascinating discoveries that lie behind our knowledge today.
Science

Nuncius

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9361

Annali di storia della scienza.
Academic libraries

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 9686

American literature

Forthcoming Books

Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 7133

History

Die zweite Erschaffung der Welt

Wie die moderne Naturwissenschaft entstand

Author: Floris Cohen

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593409968

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 3909

Schon Aristoteles und Ptolemaios, aber auch arabische Gelehrte des Mittelalters wussten erstaunlich viel über die Zusammenhänge in der Natur, über Mathematik, Astronomie und Physik. Doch erst Descartes und Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Galilei und Newton gelang es, durch eine wissenschaftliche Revolution die Welt neu zu erschaffen. Spannend und für jeden verständlich erzählt Floris Cohen die Geschichte von der Entstehung der modernen Naturwissenschaft. Im Vergleich mit den antiken und mittelalterlichen Vorläufern erklärt er, was die Gelehrten des 17. Jahrhunderts anders machten: Sie entwickelten nicht nur Theorien, sie probierten diese auch aus, stützten ihre Beobachtungen durch Experimente und nutzten die Mathematik bei der Formulierung von Gesetzen. So schildert Cohen jene Entwicklungen, welche die industrielle Revolution in Europa erst ermöglichten. Ein Buch für alle, die neugierig sind auf eine ferne, fremde Welt, in der die Grundlagen für unser heutiges Leben geschaffen wurden.

Die gleissende Welt

Author: Margaret Cavendish of Newcastle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783892351153

Category:

Page: 135

View: 4968

Research

The Oracle

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Research

Page: N.A

View: 5477

Physics

Moderne Physik

Author: Paul Allen Tipler,Ralph A. Llewellyn

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 9783486255645

Category: Physics

Page: 946

View: 6661

Die Autoren zeigen, dass man ein tiefgehendes Verstandnis der Modernen Physik vermitteln kann, ohne einen schwerfalligen mathematischen Apparat bemuhen zu mussen. Mit uber 500 Abbildungen, Zitaten beruhmter Physiker sowie mit ca. 700 sorgfaltig ausgewahlten Ubungsaufgaben und uber das Internet zuganglichen Erganzungen wurde die "Modern Physics" in den USA zu einem der beliebtesten Lehrbucher zu diesem Thema."