In this study of the English language as it is spelled in America, D. W. Cummings demonstrates that behind the apparent disorder of spelling in American English lies a self-regulating and self-reorganizing system that is responsive to four kinds of imperative: phonetic, semantic, etymological, and systemic. Cummings offers a systematic theory of orthography and applies this theory to the American English vocabulary with numerous examples. Cummings also describes the explication of written words into their elements, particles, and processes, and he sets out the tactical and procedural rules that control the distribution and sequencing of vowels and consonants. In the largest section of the book, he provides an exhaustive description of the major and minor correspondences between the sounds of American English words and their spellings. An essential reference work, American English Spelling moves beyond questions of how words are spelled to an understanding of why they are spelled as they are.
When is a g pronounced hard or soft? How does y change to i when forming plurals? How can students recognize the silent gh? This popular test brings together a year’s worth of spelling lessons for middle school students who are reading below grade level. Graphic organizers, crossword puzzles, and spelling anecdotes accommodate numerous learning styles and make the learning fun and memorable. 36 lessons, each calibrated for different learning styles Instructions are at the second-grade level, and words chosen are at the third-grade level Recommended practice is for five 10–15 minute sessions per week Pre-tests and post-tests track student progress Correlates to IRA/NCTE standards
Modern Hebrew is a highly synthetic Semitic language—its lexicon is rich in morphemes. This volume supplies the first in-depth psycholinguistic analysis of the interaction between morphological knowledge and spelling in Hebrew. It also examines how far this model can be applied to other languages. Anchored to a connectionist, cognitive, cross-linguistic and typological framework, the study accords with today’s perception of spelling as being much more than a mere technical skill. Contemporary psycholinguistic literature views spelling as a window on what people know about words and their structure. The strong correlation between orthographies and morphological units makes linking consistent grammatical and lexical representation and spelling units in speaker-writers a key research goal. Hebrew’s wealth of morphological structures, reflected in its written form, promotes morphological perception and strategies in those who speak and write it, adding vitality and relevance to this work.
Designed for teachers wanting to know what to do to help pupils with spelling difficulties, this book combines practical advice with theory, research and accounts of the author's own experience. The author looks at how spelling skills develop in both young children and older pupils.
Four English Vocabularies to Spell, written in a clear, conversational style, posits that the English language has four distinct yet interconnected systems for spelling. The text borrows from the work of linguists Henry Lee Smith, Jr. and Henry J. Sustakoski, who first advanced a multiple-system approach with modern work in phonosymbolism. Author Melvin J. Hoffman proposes a new spelling pedagogy through the identification of the major characteristics and separate spelling strategies of each of the four spelling systems.
Language Arts & Disciplines by Faye Bolton,Diane Snowball
THE STUDY SMART SERIES, designed for students from junior high school through lifelong learning programs, teaches skills for research and note-taking, provides exercises to improve grammar, and reveals secrets for putting these skills together in great essays. Millions of people want to learn to spell correctly, but they fear the task will be tedious and painful. Now, with the unique, logical approach presented in Spelling Simplified, anyone can become a skilled speller quickly and easily. Through the use of simple and effective exercises and tips, Spelling Simplified illustrates what many poor spellers forget—that the way a word is spelled is closely related to the sound and meaning of that word. Chapters devoted to syllables and stress, patterns in the language, consonant clusters, and vowel-consonant combinations are included, each complete with its own set of examples and exercises. From the simplest root words through longer words derived from foreign languages, Spelling Simplified guides you through basic techniques for learning how to “hear” a word, how to master irregularities, and how to form large words from smaller ones. Breezily written and easy to use, Spelling Simplified shows that mastering spelling cn be painless—and even fun.
This book provides a mix of the basics of spelling along with workable classroom suggestions for making spelling instruction interesting, enjoyable and effective. This comprehensive approach to spelling in the elementary classroom offers a thorough exploration of the skills of spelling along with techniques for creating a climate for spelling learning. The Spelling Teacher's Handbook provides a wealth of support for all areas of spelling instruction. The book also includes tips for helping students with proofreading and encouraging them to use a dictionary. The time-tested strategies in this book will enable children to continue their spelling learning throughout their lives.
Published at a time when literacy and spelling are issues of topical concern, A Survey of English Spelling offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date overview of this important but hitherto neglected area of the English language. The text brings together a vast body of knowledge, both synthesised from diverse sources and original, unpublished research. The emphasis is on a functional exploration of the spelling regularities and markers that underpin literacy in English. An extensive database has been used throughout to provide a wealth of examples, statistics and analyses. The carefully signposted text and detailed contents listing allow students, professionals, teachers and academics in all areas of English Language, Linguistics and Speech Pathology to access specific information with ease.
This book bridges the gap between knowledge accumulated from research on spelling acquisition and the practicalities of teaching spelling more effectively. Current trends are examined, alongside community views on spelling standards because this is the context in which change is beginning to occur. The book contains practical suggestions on methods and activities applicable to all students, supplemented by specific advice on assessment, and links to additional resources.
Spelling is an area of learning that often provokes vigorous debate amongst educators and parents. This second edition of Peter Westwood's book Spelling provides a comprehensive overview of current issues, perspectives and methods in a clear, easy-to-read style. The author provides research-validated strategies that are based on an understanding of the learning process.
Skills in Spelling and Vocabulary extends the range of the Nelson Thornes Framework English series with a scheme specifically aimed at securing spelling skills and enriching vocabulary. Each Student Book consisting of 80 pages, provides spelling and vocabulary activities aimed at developing skills in writing fiction and non-fiction.