are the findings that Wade-Woolley and Siegel obtained when they studied children for whom English was a second language. Although the second language speakers performed more poorly than the native speakers on tests of syntactic knowledge, phoneme deletion, and pseudoword repetition, the second language speakers were not worse than the native speakers in spelling. These results suggest that, even if children have not fully mastered the sound system of their second language, they need not be disadvantaged in spelling it. The findings appear to pose a challenge to views of reading and spelling that place primary emphasis on phonology. The Muter and Snowling study, together with the Nunes, Bryant and Bindman study, broadens the focus by examining aspects of spelling beyond phonology. Muter and Snow ling, in their longitudinal study of British school children, examined the degree to which various linguistic skills measured between the ages of 4 and 6 predicted spelling ability at age 9. The results support the idea that phonological skill plays an important role in spelling development, and further suggest that awareness of phonemes is more strongly related to spelling ability than awareness of rimes. In addition, grammatical awareness appears to predict spelling skill. Children who are able to reflect on meaning relationships among words may be in a position to understand how this information is represented in English spelling.
When is a g pronounced hard or soft? How does y change to i when forming plurals? How can students recognize the silent gh? This popular test brings together a year’s worth of spelling lessons for middle school students who are reading below grade level. Graphic organizers, crossword puzzles, and spelling anecdotes accommodate numerous learning styles and make the learning fun and memorable. 36 lessons, each calibrated for different learning styles Instructions are at the second-grade level, and words chosen are at the third-grade level Recommended practice is for five 10–15 minute sessions per week Pre-tests and post-tests track student progress Correlates to IRA/NCTE standards
Designed for teachers wanting to know what to do to help pupils with spelling difficulties, this book combines practical advice with theory, research and accounts of the author's own experience. The author looks at how spelling skills develop in both young children and older pupils.
Published at a time when literacy and spelling are issues of topical concern, A Survey of English Spelling offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date overview of this important but hitherto neglected area of the English language. The text brings together a vast body of knowledge, both synthesised from diverse sources and original, unpublished research. The emphasis is on a functional exploration of the spelling regularities and markers that underpin literacy in English. An extensive database has been used throughout to provide a wealth of examples, statistics and analyses. The carefully signposted text and detailed contents listing allow students, professionals, teachers and academics in all areas of English Language, Linguistics and Speech Pathology to access specific information with ease.
A lively and practical guide to making spelling easy, this book will help you improve your spelling skills as well as understand the reasons for your spelling problems and how to deal with them. In two sections-one giving step-by-step guidance on how to help yourself, and the other a quick reference section-it is user-friendly and designed to make an often-forbidding subject readable. Illustrated: cartoons, boxes, 'dos' and 'don'ts', easy to follow sections Practical: how to work out spelling patterns, how words change because of grammar, double and single letters (eg disappoint, accommodation), words of foreign origin, using a dictionary effectively, using a spell-checker, and more Problem solving: knowing your spelling 'weaknesses', coping with confusables, debunking spelling myths, British and American English differences, capitalization Wordlists: boxes of confused spellings, as well as lists of word endings (eg -able or -ible, -acy or -asy) and noun and verbspellings, proper nouns, silent consonants
Four English Vocabularies to Spell, written in a clear, conversational style, posits that the English language has four distinct yet interconnected systems for spelling. The text borrows from the work of linguists Henry Lee Smith, Jr. and Henry J. Sustakoski, who first advanced a multiple-system approach with modern work in phonosymbolism. Author Melvin J. Hoffman proposes a new spelling pedagogy through the identification of the major characteristics and separate spelling strategies of each of the four spelling systems.
In this study of the English language as it is spelled in America, D. W. Cummings demonstrates that behind the apparent disorder of spelling in American English lies a self-regulating and self-reorganizing system that is responsive to four kinds of imperative: phonetic, semantic, etymological, and systemic. Cummings offers a systematic theory of orthography and applies this theory to the American English vocabulary with numerous examples. Cummings also describes the explication of written words into their elements, particles, and processes, and he sets out the tactical and procedural rules that control the distribution and sequencing of vowels and consonants. In the largest section of the book, he provides an exhaustive description of the major and minor correspondences between the sounds of American English words and their spellings. An essential reference work, American English Spelling moves beyond questions of how words are spelled to an understanding of why they are spelled as they are.
Study Aids by Judi Kesselman-Turkel,Franklynn Peterson
THE STUDY SMART SERIES, designed for students from junior high school through lifelong learning programs, teaches skills for research and note-taking, provides exercises to improve grammar, and reveals secrets for putting these skills together in great essays. Millions of people want to learn to spell correctly, but they fear the task will be tedious and painful. Now, with the unique, logical approach presented in Spelling Simplified, anyone can become a skilled speller quickly and easily. Through the use of simple and effective exercises and tips, Spelling Simplified illustrates what many poor spellers forget—that the way a word is spelled is closely related to the sound and meaning of that word. Chapters devoted to syllables and stress, patterns in the language, consonant clusters, and vowel-consonant combinations are included, each complete with its own set of examples and exercises. From the simplest root words through longer words derived from foreign languages, Spelling Simplified guides you through basic techniques for learning how to “hear” a word, how to master irregularities, and how to form large words from smaller ones. Breezily written and easy to use, Spelling Simplified shows that mastering spelling cn be painless—and even fun.
Spelling is an area of learning that often provokes vigorous debate amongst educators and parents. This second edition of Peter Westwood's book Spelling provides a comprehensive overview of current issues, perspectives and methods in a clear, easy-to-read style. The author provides research-validated strategies that are based on an understanding of the learning process.
"Spelling is one of the most important elements of writing and everyone should strive to be as accurate as possible. Spelling Essentials is designed as an easy reference guide to aid you when checking work." - back cover.
This book bridges the gap between knowledge accumulated from research on spelling acquisition and the practicalities of teaching spelling more effectively. Current trends are examined, alongside community views on spelling standards because this is the context in which change is beginning to occur. The book contains practical suggestions on methods and activities applicable to all students, supplemented by specific advice on assessment, and links to additional resources.
Give your sixth grader a fun-filled way to build and reinforce spelling skills. Spectrum Spelling for grade 6 provides progressive lessons in diphthongs, regular plurals, irregular plurals, related words, Greek and Latin roots, and dictionary skills. This exciting language arts workbook encourages children to explore spelling with brainteasers, puzzles, and more! Don’t let your child’s spelling skills depend on spellcheck and autocorrect. Make sure they have the knowledge and skills to choose, apply, and spell words with confidence–and without assistance from digital sources. Complete with a speller’s dictionary, a proofreader’s guide, and an answer key, Spectrum Spelling offers the perfect way to help children strengthen this important language arts skill.
Language Arts & Disciplines by Faye Bolton,Diane Snowball