Tom Kibble is an inspirational theoretical physicist who has made profound contributions to our understanding of the physical world. To celebrate his 80th birthday a one-day symposium was held on March 13, 2013 at the Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London. This important volume is a compilation of papers based on the presentations that were given at the symposium. The symposium profiled various aspects of Tom's long scientific career. The tenor of the meeting was set in the first talk given by Neil Turok, director of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, who described Tom as “our guru and example”. He gave a modern overview of cosmological theories, including a discussion of Tom's pioneering work on how topological defects might have formed in the early universe during symmetry-breaking phase transitions. Wojciech Zurek of Los Alamos National Laboratory continued with this theme, surveying analogous processes within the context of condensed matter systems and explaining the Kibble–Zurek scaling phenomenon. The day's events were concluded by Jim Virdee of Imperial College, who summarized the epic and successful quest of finding the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. At the end of the talk, there was a standing ovation for Tom that lasted several minutes. In the evening, Steven Weinberg gave a keynote presentation to a capacity audience of 700 people. He talked eruditely on symmetry breaking and its role in elementary particle physics. At the banquet dinner, Frank Close of Oxford University concluded the banquet speeches by summarizing the significance of Tom's contributions to the creation of the Standard Model. Contents:Tom Kibble and the Early Universe as the Ultimate High Energy Experiment (Neil Turok)Universality of Phase Transition Dynamics: Topological Defects from Symmetry Breaking (Adolfo del Campo and Wojciech H Zurek)The Quest for the Higgs Boson at the LHC (Tejinder S Virdee)Tom Kibble: Breaking Ground and Breaking Symmetries (Steven Weinberg)Tom Kibble at 80: After Dinner Speech (Frank Close)Publication List — Tom W B Kibble Readership: Graduate students and researchers in particle physics, cosmology, high energy physics and astrophysics. Keywords:Tom Kibble;Higgs Boson;LHC;Symmetry-Breaking;Elementary Particle Physics;Cosmology;High Energy PhysicsReviews: “The overall structure of the volume is well-conceived as to capture and convey to a wide variety of audiences the fundamental long-range contributions given by Kibble. This book represents a precious cross-disciplinary reference for both specialists in different fields as well as for graduate students willing to get acquainted with the challenging ideas of contemporary theoretical physics.” Il Nuovo Saggiatore
This is a selection from over 250 papers published by Abdus Salam. Professor Salam has been Professor of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College, London and Director of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, for which he was largely responsible for creating. He is one of the most distinguished theoretical physicists of his generation and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979 for his work on the unification of electromagnetic and weak interactions. He is well known for his deep interest in the development of scientific research in the third world (to which ICTP is devoted) and has taken a leading part in setting up the Third World Academy. His research work has ranged widely over quantum field theory and all aspects of the theory of elementary particles and more recently into other fields, including high-temperature superconductivity and theoretical biology. The papers selected represent a cross section of his work covering the entire period of 50 years from his student days to the present. Contents:Quantum Field Theory and Dispersion RelationsSymmetries and Electroweak UnificationLepton-Hadron UnificationGravity, Supersymmetry and StringsCondensed Matter and Biology Readership: Physicists. keywords:Abdus Salam;Quantum Field Theory;Renormalization;Gauge Theory;Electroweak Theory;Gauge Unification;Particle Symmetries;Supergravity;String Theory;Baryon Conservation;Compactification “Abdus Salam's scientific work spans much of the history of particle physics, from early days of quantum field theory to the present. He contributed to what are now basic ideas about functional determinants, symmetries in physics, the construction of the standard model, superspace constructions of supersymmetric theories, and more. This collection contains many papers that are still fresh after the passing of time.” Edward Witten
In October 1993 the US Congress terminated the Superconducting Super Collider at the time the largest basic-science project ever attempted, with a total cost estimated to exceed $10 billion. Its termination was a watershed event a pivot point not only in the history of physics but also for science in general. "Tunnel Visions" follows the evolution of the endeavor from its origins in the Reagan Administration s military buildup of the early 1980s to its post-Cold War demise a decade later. The failure of the SSC raises the question of whether Big Science has become too big and expensive; can scientists and their government backers effectively manage such enormous undertakings? The case of the Super Collider offers important lessons about the conditions required to build and sustain a large scientific laboratory, and the rise and fall of the SSC also serves as a cautionary tale about the long-term viability of a research community that comes to depend as much as did US high-energy physics upon a single experimental facility of such an unprecedented scale. Riordan, Hoddeson, and Kolb have written the definitive history of the SSC. "