Technology & Engineering

Table Olives

Production and processing

Author: A. Garrido Fernandez,M.R. Adams,M.J. Fernandez-Diez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412718106

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 6744

This book covers the history, botany and agricultural aspects of the crop, summarising the techniques that have been developed to improve harvesting, processing and packaging of olives. Full details are provided relating to the physico-chemical and microbiological aspects of processing of each of the olive types. It will serve as a practical guide to agricultural scientists, food scientists and technologists who are involved in the preparation of table olives.
Science

Producing Table Olives

Author: Stan Kailis,David John Harris

Publisher: Landlinks Press

ISBN: 064309203X

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 7759

This manual provides olive growers and processors with nationally accepted guidelines for ensuring the quality and safety of processed table olives. Covers all aspects essential for the production of safe, nutritious and marketable table olives.
Technology & Engineering

Olive Production Manual

Author: G. Steven Sibbett,Louise Ferguson

Publisher: UCANR Publications

ISBN: 9781879906143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 180

View: 3768

Health & Fitness

Olives and Olive Oil as Functional Foods

Bioactivity, Chemistry and Processing

Author: Apostolos Kiritsakis,Fereidoon Shahidi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119135311

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 688

View: 9163

The only single-source reference on the science of olives and olive oil nutrition and health benefits Olives and Olive Oil as Functional Foods is the first comprehensive reference on the science of olives and olive oil. While the main focus of the book is on the fruit’s renowned health-sustaining properties, it also provides an in-depth coverage of a wide range of topics of vital concern to producers and researchers, including post-harvest handling, packaging, analysis, sensory evaluation, authentication, waste product utilization, global markets, and much more. People have been cultivating olives for more than six millennia, and olives and olive oil have been celebrated in songs and legends for their life-sustaining properties since antiquity. However, it is only within the last several decades that the unique health benefits of their consumption have become the focus of concerted scientific studies. It is now known that olives and olive oil contain an abundance of phenolic antioxidants, as well as the anti-cancer compounds such as squalene and terpenoids. This centerpiece of the Mediterranean diet has been linked to a greatly reduced risk of heart disease and lowered cancer risk. Bringing together contributions from some of the world’s foremost experts on the subject, this book: Addresses the importance of olives and olive oil for the agricultural economy and the relevance of its bioactive components to human health Explores the role that olive oil plays in reducing oxidative stress in cells-a well-known risk factor in human health Provides important information about new findings on olive oil and lipids which reviews the latest research Explores topics of interest to producers, processors, and researchers, including the fruit’s chemical composition, processing considerations, quality control, safety, traceability, and more Edited by two scientists world-renowned for their pioneering work on olive oil and human health, this book is an indispensable source of timely information and practical insights for agricultural and food scientists, nutritionists, dieticians, physicians, and all those with a professional interest in food, nutrition, and health.
Technology & Engineering

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention

Author: Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080922201

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1520

View: 3902

Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems
Science

Olive and Olive Oil Bioactive Constituents

Author: Dimitrios Boskou

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1630670421

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 9023

The market is flooded with products posing as elixirs, supplements, functional foods, and olive oil alternatives containing phenols obtained from multiple olive sources. This technically-oriented book will be of value to nutritionists and researchers in the biosciences. It unravels the body of science pertaining to olive minor constituents in relation to new chemical knowledge, technological innovations, and novel methods of recovery, parallel to toxicology, pharmacology, efficacy, doses, claims, and regulation. Topics include: the biological importance of bioactive compounds present in olive products; developments and innovations to preserve the level of bioactives in table olives and olive oil; and importance of variety, maturity, processing of olives, storage, debittering of olives and table olives as a valuable source of bioactive compounds. Presents detailed information concerning the claimed benefits of olive oil and discusses the permitted health claim to EFSA on oils with natural phenolics Recovery of bioactive constituents from olive waste is comprehensively described Explores the relationship betwen phenolic levels and sensory evaluation Features chapters on the clinical and cellular mechanisms and health effects of olive, important for functional foods research
Technology & Engineering

Desert Olive Oil Cultivation

Advanced Bio Technologies

Author: Zeev Wiesman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080921426

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 8429

Due to the adverse stress conditions typical of olive cultivation in desert conditions, the olive tree is responding with production of high levels of antioxidant substances. Among these substances are polyphenols, tocopherols, and phytosterols. Studies have shown that saline irrigated varieties of olives have demonstrated advantages over those irrigated with tap water. This is just one of the aspects of desert cultivation of olives that is covered in Desert Olive Oil Advanced Biotechnologies. Based on 20 years of research, the book expounds on the appropriate selection of olive varieties with high productivity and oil quality, the impact of foliar nutrition on decreasing alternate bearing and increasing fruit quality, improving efficiency of mechanical harvesting, and increasing efficiency of oil extraction and oil quality regulating analysis. Addresses olive cultivation methods for semi-arid environments Focuses on intensive cultivation using saline and municipal waste recycled irrigation water and their significant impact on the production and nutritional value of olive oil Integrated and multidisciplinary approaches providing a comprehensive view of the desert olive industry Provides key considerations including ecological, biotechnological, agricultural and political impacts
Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing

Author: Muhammad Siddiq,Mark A. Uebersax

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119098947

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1104

View: 9515

Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing, Second Edition is the most comprehensive guide on vegetable technology for processors, producers, and users of vegetables in food manufacturing.This complete handbook contains 42 chapters across two volumes, contributed by field experts from across the world. It provides contemporary information that brings together current knowledge and practices in the value-chain of vegetables from production through consumption. The book is unique in the sense that it includes coverage of production and postharvest technologies, innovative processing technologies, packaging, and quality management. Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing, Second Edition covers recent developments in the areas of vegetable breeding and production, postharvest physiology and storage, packaging and shelf life extension, and traditional and novel processing technologies (high-pressure processing, pulse-electric field, membrane separation, and ohmic heating). It also offers in-depth coverage of processing, packaging, and the nutritional quality of vegetables as well as information on a broader spectrum of vegetable production and processing science and technology. Coverage includes biology and classification, physiology, biochemistry, flavor and sensory properties, microbial safety and HACCP principles, nutrient and bioactive properties In-depth descriptions of key processes including, minimal processing, freezing, pasteurization and aseptic processing, fermentation, drying, packaging, and application of new technologies Entire chapters devoted to important aspects of over 20 major commercial vegetables including avocado, table olives, and textured vegetable proteins This important book will appeal to anyone studying or involved in food technology, food science, food packaging, applied nutrition, biosystems and agricultural engineering, biotechnology, horticulture, food biochemistry, plant biology, and postharvest physiology.
Technology & Engineering

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention

Author: Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080922201

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1520

View: 3773

Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems
Science

Olive Processing Waste Management

Literature Review and Patent Survey

Author: Michael Niaounakis,C.P. Halvadakis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080461809

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 5488

Olive Processing Waste Management contains a comprehensive review of literature and patent survey concerning olive processing waste. Over 1,000 citations are presented. Wastes considered include olive cultivation solid waste, wastes arising from classical, three- and two-phase olive mills and wastes generated during table olive processing. In addition, information is presented concerning the management of spent olive oil (e.g. from cooking). The book is divided into five parts. Part I presents background information concerning the characterization of olive processing wastes, their environmental impacts if disposed untreated and the effect of utilised olive-mill technology on the quantity and quality of generated wastes. Part II presents physical, thermal, physico-chemical, biological and combined or miscellaneous processes for treating olive-mill wastes. Part III concerns information on utilization of such wastes with or without prior treatment. Part IV concentrates on table olive processing waste and presents information regarding its characterization, treatment and uses. Part V presents an economical and legislative overview regarding olive-mill waste. The book contains a bibliography, glossary of terms used in the text, subject, patent and author indices as well as pertinent internet sites and authorities. Complete coverage of all available literature and patents concerning olive processing waste including economic and legislative issues Critical review of up to date utilized processes concerning treatment and uses of such waste Determination of research needs for further utilization of such wastes
Technology & Engineering

Olive Oil

Chemistry and Technology

Author: Dimitrios Boskou

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128043547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 5885

A staple food for thousands of years for the inhabitants of the Mediterranean region, olive oil is now becoming popular among consumers all over the world. Olive oil differs from other vegetable oils because it is used in its natural form and has unique flavor and other characteristics. More and more research suggests its healthful benefits including reduced risk of coronary heart disease. Olive Oil is a compact and readable text on the most important aspects of chemistry, technology, quality, analysis and biological importance of olive oil. The topics selected have been developing rapidly in recent years, and will provide the reader with a background to address more specific problems that may arise in the future. Readers can expect more contributors and chapters in the 2nd edition, as well as a glossary. Includes the chemistry and properties of olive oils Contains details on the healthful properties of olive oil minor components Extensive informaton on the analysis and authentication of olive oils Features an overview on the economics of olive oil in the world market
Science

Agricultural and Food Biotechnologies of Olea europaea and Stone Fruits

Author: Innocenzo Muzzalupo,Sabrina Micali

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608059936

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 7857

The reference presents detailed research on the olive (Olea europaea) and the stone fruit. Readers will learn about the biotechnology, plant nutrition, plant breeding, pomology, postharvest physiology, plant pathology of these two plant species. In a practical sense, the book also presents applicable agricultural knowledge about these plants for crop improvement, production, nutrients, pest management, disease, genetic, genomic and the food industry. The contributions by the authors of this book include descriptions about the manipulation of variables and genetic resources of inheritance of quantitative genes, crop rotation, soil water, and the effect of temperature on crop production. Aspects such as protecting crops against pests and diseases whilst ensuring the protection of human health are also taken into account. This is a valuable reference for students, scientists, horticulturists and, in general, for anyone wishing to obtain knowledge and experience with olives and drupes to increase productivity.
Gardening

The Olive in California

History of an Immigrant Tree

Author: Judith M. Taylor

Publisher: Ten Speed Press

ISBN: 9781580081313

Category: Gardening

Page: 336

View: 3118

A symbol of peace, strength, and nourishment, the olive tree has been imbued with a sense of history, place, and charm since its earliest cultivation in the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean. From the first Spanish ships to touch California's shores to the rise of a thriving industry with hundreds of olive growers and oil makers, THE OLIVE IN CALIFORNIA traces the path of this sturdy, life-giving tree as it developed into a California agricultural phenomenon. With a foreword by Dr. Kevin Starr, State Librarian of California, Dr. Taylor's book is endorsed by the California Historical Society.
Science

The Chemical Story of Olive Oil

From Grove to Table

Author: Richard Blatchly,Zeynep Delen Nircan,Patricia O'Hara

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782628568

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 5389

Despite the growing interest in olive oil, most people know very little about what it is or how it is made. This book provides a comprehensive treatment of olive oil from the tree to table, from a molecular and personal perspective. Growers often do not know what is happening at a molecular level or why certain practices produce superior or inferior results, for example, why adjusting a temperature rewards them with winning oils. This book aims to provide some of the answers as well as the importance of the chemicals responsible for the flavour and health effects. Readers will also get a deeper understanding of what makes an extra virgin olive oil authentic and how scientists are helping to fight fraud regarding this valuable commodity. Including anecdotes from growers of olives and producers of oils, the authors provide an accessible text for a wide audience from food science students to readers interested in the human story of olive oil production.
Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Olive Oil: Analysis and Properties

Author: Ramon Aparicio,John Harwood

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475753713

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 620

View: 2116

This new olive oil handbook provides a wealth of detail about the analysis and properties of olives and their oil. It covers technological aspects and biochemistry, a description of detailed techniques, and an analysis of olive oil from the standpoint of general methodology.
Technology & Engineering

Olive Mill Waste

Recent Advances for Sustainable Management

Author: Charis Michel Galanakis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128092246

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 927

Olive Mill Waste: Recent Advances for Sustainable Management addresses today's most relevant topics in olive oil industry sustainable management. Emphasizing recent advisable practices, the book explores the potential of reutilizing OMW to power the mill itself, the reuse of OMW as soil amendment, aerobic biological treatment of OMW and compost production, the case study of OMW within the biorefinery concept, the recovery of bioactive compounds from OMW, and their applications in food products and cosmetics. Recent research efforts have concluded that the successful management of OMW focuses on three main routes: (a) reuse of water, (b) reuse of polyphenols, and (c) reuse of nutrients. Following this consideration, the book covers sustainable practices in the olive oil industry, revealing opportunities for reutilizing the water of OMW within the process or as s soil amendment. At the same time, it explores all the possibilities of recovering polyphenols and reutilizing them in target products, such as foods and cosmetics. In addition, the book presents successful cases of industrial OMW valorization through real world experiences. Covers the most recent advances in the field of olive mill waste management following sustainability principles Fills the gap of transfer knowledge between academia and industry Explores the advantages, disadvantages and real potential of processes and products in the market
Cooking

Olives

The Life and Lore of a Noble Fruit

Author: Mort Rosenblum

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0865475261

Category: Cooking

Page: 336

View: 5531

Winner of the James Beard Award Until one stops to notice, an olive is only a lowly lump at the bottom of a martini. But not only does a history of olives traverse climates and cultures, it also reveals fascinating differences in processing, production, and personalities. Aficionados of the noble little fruit expect miracles from it as a matter of course. In 1986, Mort Rosenblum bought a small farm in Provence and acquired 150 neglected olive trees that were old when the Sun King ruled France. He brought them back to life and became obsessed with olives, their cultivation, and their role in international commerce.
Science

Olive Propagation Manual

Author: Andrea Fabbri,Giorgio Bartolini,Maurizio Lambardi,Stan Kailis

Publisher: Landlinks Press

ISBN: 0643099387

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 4578

This practical manual is an authoritative guide to olive propagation, providing extended information on seed germination, rooting of cuttings, grafting and micropropagation. The authors describe each topic in detail and discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of each procedure. The Olive Propagation Manual has been developed to take into account the future demand for olive oil, which is expected to increase to three million tonnes annually over the next 10 years. Such volumes will require active farming programs and olive trees for new orchards and the replacement of olive trees in existing orchards. As the olive industry moves from traditional manual methods to mechanised operations, planting stock will need to be developed to meet future challenges. Varietal selection will need to be directed to clones that are early bearing, disease resistant, able to be mechanically harvested, and produce quality fruit and oil. Each of these issues are addressed throughout this book. The Olive Propagation Manual explores historical perspectives, traditional methods and state-of-the-art olive propagation including theoretical explanations and all practical aspects.
Technology & Engineering

Organic Olive Production Manual

Author: Paul M. Vossen

Publisher: UCANR Publications

ISBN: 9781601074409

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 105

View: 8127

This manual provides detailed information for growers on production issues, plant nutrition, economics, pest and weed control, management of olive wastes, the conversion process, and organic certification and registration. Using this manual you'll learn about orchard site selection considerations, irrigation needs, terrain, temperature, soil, damage from the olive fruit fly, and how these may vary for table fruit versus fruit for oil production. You'll also learn how to evaluate harvest methods an important consideration as harvest costs typically amount to half the total production cost for olives. This manual has been developed as a supplement to the Olive Production Manual, 2nd Edition. Organic growers are advised to consult both publications as they develop and refine their production systems.