Author: A. Garrido Fernandez,M.R. Adams,M.J. Fernandez-Diez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book covers the history, botany and agricultural aspects of the crop, summarising the techniques that have been developed to improve harvesting, processing and packaging of olives. Full details are provided relating to the physico-chemical and microbiological aspects of processing of each of the olive types. It will serve as a practical guide to agricultural scientists, food scientists and technologists who are involved in the preparation of table olives.
This manual provides olive growers and processors with nationally accepted guidelines for ensuring the quality and safety of processed table olives. Covers all aspects essential for the production of safe, nutritious and marketable table olives.
Technology & Engineering by G. Steven Sibbett,Louise Ferguson
Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems
Health & Fitness by Apostolos Kiritsakis,Fereidoon Shahidi
The only single-source reference on the science of olives and olive oil nutrition and health benefits Olives and Olive Oil as Functional Foods is the first comprehensive reference on the science of olives and olive oil. While the main focus of the book is on the fruit’s renowned health-sustaining properties, it also provides an in-depth coverage of a wide range of topics of vital concern to producers and researchers, including post-harvest handling, packaging, analysis, sensory evaluation, authentication, waste product utilization, global markets, and much more. People have been cultivating olives for more than six millennia, and olives and olive oil have been celebrated in songs and legends for their life-sustaining properties since antiquity. However, it is only within the last several decades that the unique health benefits of their consumption have become the focus of concerted scientific studies. It is now known that olives and olive oil contain an abundance of phenolic antioxidants, as well as the anti-cancer compounds such as squalene and terpenoids. This centerpiece of the Mediterranean diet has been linked to a greatly reduced risk of heart disease and lowered cancer risk. Bringing together contributions from some of the world’s foremost experts on the subject, this book: Addresses the importance of olives and olive oil for the agricultural economy and the relevance of its bioactive components to human health Explores the role that olive oil plays in reducing oxidative stress in cells-a well-known risk factor in human health Provides important information about new findings on olive oil and lipids which reviews the latest research Explores topics of interest to producers, processors, and researchers, including the fruit’s chemical composition, processing considerations, quality control, safety, traceability, and more Edited by two scientists world-renowned for their pioneering work on olive oil and human health, this book is an indispensable source of timely information and practical insights for agricultural and food scientists, nutritionists, dieticians, physicians, and all those with a professional interest in food, nutrition, and health.
Presenting up-to-date data in an easy-to-use format, this comprehensive overview of the chemistry of bioactive components of fruits and cereals addresses the role of these compounds in determining taste, flavor, and color, as well as recent claims of anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic, and antioxidant capabilities. It provides detailed information on both beneficial bioactives such as phenolics, flavonoids, tocols, carotenoids, phytosterols, and avenanthramides and toxicant compounds including mycotoxins; aflatoxins, ocratoxin A, patulin, citrinin, cyclopiazonic acid, fumonisin, and zearalenon. A valuable resource for current knowledge and further research, it offers critical reviews, recent research, case studies, and references.
Olive by G. P. Martelli,International Society for Horticultural Science,Centre international de hautes études agronomiques méditerranéennes
Olives are not only a significant food source, but also contribute to human health and are popular in health-conscious diets far beyond their Mediterranean origins. This guide deals with various aspects of olive culture, from its history, origins and traditional techniques to horticultural procedures and basic physiology.
Divided into geographic regions and representing every African nation, this comprehensive collection of case studies explores how successful business enterprises of varying size, along with community projects, help to create jobs in Africa. A valuable guide to conducting business anywhere on the continent, this account also offers information on finding business opportunities and handling oft-encountered problems.
Tropical and sub-tropical fruits have gained significant importancein global commerce. This book examines recent developments in thearea of fruit technology including: postharvest physiology andstorage; novel processing technologies applied to fruits; andin-depth coverage on processing, packaging, and nutritional qualityof tropical and sub-tropical fruits. This contemporary handbookuniquely presents current knowledge and practices in the valuechain of tropical and subtropical fruits world-wide, coveringproduction and post-harvest practices, innovative processingtechnologies, packaging, and quality management. Chapters are devoted to each major and minor tropical fruit(mango, pineapple, banana, papaya, date, guava, passion fruit,lychee, coconut, logan, carombola) and each citrus and non-citrussub-tropical fruit (orange, grapefruit, lemon/lime,mandarin/tangerine, melons, avocado, kiwifruit, pomegranate, olive,fig, cherimoya, jackfruit, mangosteen). Topical coverage for eachfruit is extensive, including: current storage and shippingpractices; shelf life extension and quality; microbial issues andfood safety aspects of fresh-cut products; processing operationssuch as grading, cleaning, size-reduction, blanching, filling,canning, freezing, and drying; and effects of processing onnutrients and bioavailability. With chapters compiled from expertsworldwide, this book is an essential reference for allprofessionals in the fruit industry.
Technology & Engineering by D. K. Salunkhe,S.S. Kadam
This work offers comprehensive, current coverage of preharvest and postharvest handling and production of fruits grown in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world. It discusses over 60 major and minor crops, and details developments in fruit handling and disease control, storage practices, packaging for fruit protection, sizing equipment, conveyors, package fillers, refrigeration methods and more.
Philosophy by Christian Coff,David Barling,Michiel Korthals,Thorkild Nielsen
Author: Christian Coff,David Barling,Michiel Korthals,Thorkild Nielsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The theme of this book evolved from the idea of linking three concepts around food: traceability, ethics and informed choice. We believe that the current devel- ment and implementation of traceability in the agri-food sector offers an interesting way not only of handling food safety but also of addressing and communicating ethical issues arising from current food production practices. Practices in the agri-food sector worry food consumers (as we all are, since we need to eat and drink to stay alive). But how can consumers act upon their concerns? Paradoxically, although consumers are bombarded with information on food – from the media, the food industry, food authorities, NGOs and interest groups – details about how foods are actually produced is often hard to find. Much of the infor- tion available is superficial, conflicting or partial, and it is hard for consumers seeking to mak e informed food choices to know which information to trust. The consumers we interviewed for this project felt that information about food products was withheld and manipulated. Traceability, which provides a record of the history and journey of a given food, and which is increasingly used in the food sector for legal and commercial reasons, has the potential to communicate a more authentic picture of how food is produced.
Excerpt from The Table Olive Industry of Spain Spain continues to lead the international market in the output and export of olives for table use. Current indications point toward an increase in this dominance, as both production and exports are expected to rise substantially. However, Spain will be faced with growing competition from the California industry in the US market, Spain's most important outlet. As larger and larger crops are harvested in the United States, both California and Spain will be seeking new markets for their products. This first-hand survey by the author examines the table olive industry of Spur in the light of anticipated change in competitive position, as well as the factors helping to bring about that change. Data and information presented in this report are based on material gathered by the author during a trip in November 1975 to the olive-growing regions of Spain. The author gratefully acknowledges the cooperation of Spanish Government officials, agricultural specialists, growers and members of Spain's processing industry, as well as the assistance of the us. Agricultural Attache 3 staff in Madrid. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Oil industries by Commonwealth Secretariat. Commodities Division
Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing, Second Edition is the most comprehensive guide on vegetable technology for processors, producers, and users of vegetables in food manufacturing.This complete handbook contains 42 chapters across two volumes, contributed by field experts from across the world. It provides contemporary information that brings together current knowledge and practices in the value-chain of vegetables from production through consumption. The book is unique in the sense that it includes coverage of production and postharvest technologies, innovative processing technologies, packaging, and quality management. Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing, Second Edition covers recent developments in the areas of vegetable breeding and production, postharvest physiology and storage, packaging and shelf life extension, and traditional and novel processing technologies (high-pressure processing, pulse-electric field, membrane separation, and ohmic heating). It also offers in-depth coverage of processing, packaging, and the nutritional quality of vegetables as well as information on a broader spectrum of vegetable production and processing science and technology. Coverage includes biology and classification, physiology, biochemistry, flavor and sensory properties, microbial safety and HACCP principles, nutrient and bioactive properties In-depth descriptions of key processes including, minimal processing, freezing, pasteurization and aseptic processing, fermentation, drying, packaging, and application of new technologies Entire chapters devoted to important aspects of over 20 major commercial vegetables including avocado, table olives, and textured vegetable proteins This important book will appeal to anyone studying or involved in food technology, food science, food packaging, applied nutrition, biosystems and agricultural engineering, biotechnology, horticulture, food biochemistry, plant biology, and postharvest physiology.
Science by Arthur M. Spanier,Fereidoon Shahidi,Thomas H. Parliment,Chi-Tang Ho,Cynthia Mussinan,Ellene Tratras Contis
Author: Arthur M. Spanier,Fereidoon Shahidi,Thomas H. Parliment,Chi-Tang Ho,Cynthia Mussinan,Ellene Tratras Contis
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Food may be nutritious, visually appealing and easy to prepare but if it does not possess desirable flavors, it will not be consumed. Food Flavors and Chemistry: Advances of the New Millennium primarily focuses on food flavors and their use in foods. Coverage also includes other important topics in food chemistry and production such as analytical methods, packaging, storage, safety and patents. Positive flavor notes are described, including ways of enhancing them in food. Conversely, methods for eliminating and reducing undesirable flavors are also proposed. Packaging aspects of foods, with respect to controlling sensory attributes, appearance and microbiological safety are discussed in detail. There is also a section concentrating on the most recent developments in dairy flavor chemistry. This book will be an important read for all postgraduate students, academics and industrial researchers wanting to keep abreast of food flavors and their chemistry.
Technology & Engineering by Catherine A. Culver,Ronald E. Wrolstad,American Chemical Society. Division of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Author: Catherine A. Culver,Ronald E. Wrolstad,American Chemical Society. Division of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Category: Technology & Engineering
Color is a critical measure of quality in foods and beverages. Researchers and technical personnel in quality assurance and product development need appropriate objective methods for measuring color. This book contains chapters by scientists from throughout the world with expertise on the pigment and color stability of many different commodities. While a broad range of foods are represented, there is particular emphasis on fruits and vegetables and beverages. There is heightened interest in the natural food pigments today because of their health benefits and roles in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease, cancer and other diseases. However, research on the health benefits of natural colorants is not the subject of this book, rather the focus is on color quality- how it can be optimized and how it is appropriately measured. The book opens with a section on color measurement covering the basic principles and practical aspects of color measurement. Sixteen chapters are devoted to fruits, vegetables and beverages. The perspective of plant breeders is given along with that of academic and industrial scientists. Food colorants are given intense scrutiny when it comes to regulation, and there is considerable variation from country to country with respect to both basic principles and specific rules for use and labeling of colorants. The six chapters in the final section on regulatory aspects give a very comprehensive update on colorant regulations in the USA, Europe, Central and South America and Asia. The viewpoint from regulatory agencies is given along with that from manufacturers and users of food colorants. This section provides a very clear picture of food colorant regulations at the present time. Much of this information is also relevant to other food ingredients. The book contains a number of color plates that were selected to make for a clearer presentation of the author's concepts.
As global pressure on water resources intensifies, it is essential that scientists understand the role that water plays in the development of crops and how such knowledge can be applied to improve water productivity. Linking crop physiology, agronomy and irrigation practices, this book focuses on eleven key fruit crops upon which millions of people in the tropics and subtropics depend for their livelihoods (avocado, cashew, Citrus spp., date palm, lychee, macadamia, mango, olive, papaya, passion fruit and pineapple). Each chapter reviews international irrigation research on an individual fruit crop, identifying opportunities for improving the effectiveness of water allocation and encouraging readers to link scientific knowledge with practical applications. Clearly written and well illustrated, this is an ideal resource for engineers, agronomists and researchers concerned with how the productivity of irrigated agriculture can be improved, in the context of climate change, and the need for growers to demonstrate good irrigation practices.
Advances in Water-Electrolyte Imbalance Research and Treatment / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Water-Electrolyte Imbalance. The editors have built Advances in Water-Electrolyte Imbalance Research and Treatment / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Water-Electrolyte Imbalance in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Water-Electrolyte Imbalance Research and Treatment / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
According to European legislation, extra virgin is the top gradeof olive oils. It has a superior level of health properties andflavour compared to virgin and refined olive oils. Mediterraneancountries still produce more than 85% of olive oil globally, butthe constant increase of demand for extra virgin olive oil has ledto new cultivation and production in other areas of the world,including California, Australia, China, South Africa and SouthAmerica. At the same time, olive oil’s sensory properties andhealth benefits are increasingly attracting the attention andinterest of nutritionists, food processors, manufacturers and foodservices. Progress and innovation in olive cultivation, harvestingand milling technologies as well as in oil handling, storage andselling conditions make it possible to achieve even higher qualitylevels than those stipulated for extra virgin oils. As aconsequence, a new segment – excellent extra virgin oliveoils – is increasingly attracting the attention of the marketand earning consumers’ preference. The Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Handbook provides a completeaccount of olive oil’s composition, health properties,quality, and the legal standards surrounding its production. Thebook is divided into convenient sections focusing on extra virginolive oil as a product, the process by which it is made, and theprocess control system through which its quality is assured. Anappendix presents a series of tables and graphs with useful data,including conversion factors, and the chemical and physicalcharacteristics of olive oil. This book is aimed at people involved in the industrial productionas well as in the marketing and use of extra virgin olive oil whoare looking for practical information, which avoids overly academiclanguage, but which is still scientifically and technically sound.The main purpose of the handbook is to guide operators involved inthe extra virgin olive oil chain in making the most appropriatedecisions about product quality and operating conditions in theproduction and distribution processes. To these groups, the mostimportant questions are practical ones of why, how, how often, howmuch will it cost, and so on. The Extra-Virgin Olive OilHandbook will provide the right answers to these key practicalconsiderations, in a simple, clear yet precise and up-to-dateway.