Social Science

The American Science of Politics

Its Origins and Conditions

Author: Prof. Bernard Crick,Bernard Crick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134685750

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 6441

Originally published between 1943 and 1969, the volumes in the International Library of Sociology Political Sociology set were written against a backdrop of rapid and radical political change. Covering topics as wide-ranging as European federalism, democracy and dictatorship and voting, these titles are as relevant today as when they were first published.
Political Science

Liberalism and the Emergence of American Political Science

A Transatlantic Tale

Author: Robert Adcock

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 0199333629

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 5109

This book situates the origins of American political science in relation to the transatlantic history of liberalism. In a corrective to earlier accounts, it argues that, as political science took shape in the nineteenth century American academy, it did more than express a pre-existing American liberalism. The pioneers of American political science participated in transatlantic networks of intellectual and political elites that connected them directly to the vicissitudes of liberalism in Europe. The book shows how these figures adapted multiple contemporary European liberal arguments to speak to particular challenges of mass democratic politics and large-scale industry as they developed in America. Political science's pioneers in the American academy were thus active agents of the Americanization of liberalism. When political science first secured a niche in the American academy during the antebellum era, it advanced a democratized classical liberal political vision overlapping with the contemporary European liberalism of Tocqueville and John Stuart Mill. As political science expanded during the dramatic growth of university ideals and institutions in the Gilded Age, divergence within its liberalism came to the fore in the area of political economy. In the late-nineteenth century, this divergence was fleshed out into two alternative liberal political visions - progressive liberal and disenchanted classical liberal - with different analyses of democracy and the administrative state. During the early twentieth-century, both visions found expression among early presidents of the new American Political Science Association, and subsequently, within contests over the meaning of "liberalism" as this term acquired salience in American political discourse. In sum, this book showcases how the history of American political science offers a venue in which we see how a distinct current of mid-nineteenth-century European liberalism was divergently transformed into alternative twentieth-century American liberalisms.
History

A Historiography of the Modern Social Sciences

Author: Roger E. Backhouse,Philippe Fontaine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316094421

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 9657

A Historiography of the Modern Social Sciences includes essays on the ways in which the histories of psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, history and political science have been written since the Second World War. Bringing together chapters written by the leading historians of each discipline, the book establishes significant parallels and contrasts and makes the case for a comparative interdisciplinary historiography. This comparative approach helps explain historiographical developments on the basis of factors specific to individual disciplines and the social, political, and intellectual developments that go beyond individual disciplines. All historians, including historians of the different social sciences, encounter literatures with which they are not familiar. This book will provide a broader understanding of the different ways in which the history of the social sciences, and by extension intellectual history, is written.
History

The Origins of American Politics

Author: Bernard Bailyn

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307798518

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 5611

"An astonishing range of reading in contemporary tracts and modern authorities is manifest, and many aspects of British and colonial affairs are illuminated. As a political analysis this very important contribution will be hard to refute...." —Frederick B. Tolles, Political Science Quarterly "He produces historical analysis which is as revealing to the political scientist or sociologist as to the historian, of the significance of social and cultural forces on political changes in eighteenth-century America." —John D. Lees, Cambridge University Press "...these well-argued essays represent the first sustained and systematic attempt to provide a comprehensive and integrated analysis of all elements of American political life during the late colonial period...the author has once again put all students concerned with colonial America heavily in his intellectual debt." —Jack P. Greene, The New York Historical Society Quarterly "...Mr. Bailyn brings to his effort a splendid gift for pertinent curiosity. What he has found, and what patterns he has made of his findings, light our way through his longitudes and latitudes of scholarly precision." —Charles Poore, The New York Times

Political Science

Author: Arora

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 0071074783

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4811

Social Science

The Application of Cybernetic Analysis to the Study of International Politics

Author: S.D. Bryen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401030057

Category: Social Science

Page: 147

View: 4161

This study could not have been written before Professor Karl Deutsch made his great contribution to political science in his book, The Nerves of Govern ment. In applying the concepts elaborated in that work to the study of inter national politics it has been necessary to interpret and, occasionally, add to the concepts developed by Professor Deutsch. I do not know whether Deutsch would accept these changes, modifications and interpretations. Here I can only say that I have attempted to stay in the same spirit that I think motivated Professor Deutsch's pioneering study. That spirit is expressed throughout his work. It is that "all studies of politics, and all techniques and models suggested as instrument of political analysis, have this purpose: that men should be more able to act in politics with their eyes open. " In completing this work lowe much to many. Mrs. Susan Schellenberg aided me in identifying sections of an earlier draft that were unclear and helped me test some of the ideas I added to Deutsch's work. Mr. Frederick Slutsky did some preliminary testing of the action system formulations em ployed in the third chapter by using quantitative methods. Particular gratitude is due to the committee who saw this manuscript as a dissertation at Tulane University. This committee, led by Professor Henry L. Mason, consisted of Professor Warren Roberts, Jr. ; Professor James D. Cochrane; Professor Jean M. Danielson and Professor John. S. Gillespie.
Political Science

The Development of Political Science

A Comparative Survey

Author: David Easton,Luigi Graziano,John Gunnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134935234

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 585

In recent years the history of political science has become recognised as an important but neglected area of study. The Development of Political Science is the first comprehensive discussion of the subject in a comparative international perspective. Offering a wide-ranging account of the development of the subject and its dissemination across national borders and cultural divides, the book begins with a study of the historiography of the discipline in the United States, a country which has been at the forefront of the field. Widening its discussion to emphasise Western Europe as a focus for comparison, the contributors provide studies of further areas of interest such as China and Africa. This particular approach emphasises the book's vision of political science as a growing transnational body of knowledge. In presenting critical analysis of the state of the field, this vigorous study aims to further the development of the discipline in the countries discussed, and to provide a work that is interesting not only to political scientists, but to all those concerned with the development of the social sciences.
History

The Origins of American Social Science

Author: Dorothy Ross

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521428361

Category: History

Page: 508

View: 367

Focusing on the disciplines of economics, sociology, political science, and history, this book examines how American social science came to model itself on natural science and liberal politics. Professor Ross argues that American social science receives its distinctive stamp from the ideology of American exceptionalism, the idea that America occupies an exceptional place in history, based on her republican government and wide economic opportunity. Professor Ross shows how each of the social science disciplines, while developing their inherited intellectual traditions, responded to change in historical consciousness, political needs, professional structures, and the conceptions of science available to them. This is a comprehensive book, which looks broadly at American social science in its historical context and to demonstrate the central importance of the national ideology of American exceptionalism to the development of the social sciences and to American social thought generally.
History

Classics of American Political and Constitutional Thought: Origins through the Civil War

Author: Scott J. Hammond,Kevin R. Hardwick,Howard Leslie Lubert

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872208834

Category: History

Page: 1193

View: 8600

From James I's Address Before Parliament (1610) to Joseph R. Biden, Jr.'s Learned Hand Dinner Address Before the American Jewish Committee (2005), this two-volume set offers an unparalleled selection of key texts from the history of American political and constitutional thought.
Political Science

The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion

Author: John Zaller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521407861

Category: Political Science

Page: 367

View: 9775

In this book John Zaller develops a comprehensive theory to explain how people acquire political information from the mass media and convert it into political preferences. Using numerous specific examples, Zaller applies this theory in order to explain the dynamics of public opinion on a broad range of subjects, including both domestic and foreign policy, trust in government, racial equality, and presidential approval, as well as voting behavior in U.S. House, Senate and Presidential elections. Particularly perplexing characteristics of public opinion are also examined, such as the high degree of random fluctuations in political attitudes observed in opinion surveys and the changes in attitudes due to minor changes in the wording of survey questions.
Political Science

American Public Opinion

Its Origin, Contents, and Impact

Author: Robert S. Erikson,Kent L. Tedin

Publisher: Longman

ISBN: 9780321127341

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 8165

Providing the most up-to-date, comprehensive, and readable treatment of public opinion and politics available, this text includes new material on Election 2000 and new examples from the latest NES survey. An in-depth analysis of public opinion, this text explores public opinion's origins in political socialization; the impact of the media on public opinion; the relevance of public opinion to democratic values; political trust and social capital; and the role of public opinion for elections, political parties, and interest groups. The Update Edition offers the most recent data and analysis of opinion on such contemporary issues as abortion, gun control, race relations, and health care, and continues to examine the relationship between public opinion and policy. American Public Opinion is unique in that it goes beyond a simple presentation of data, and includes critical analysis of the integral role public opinion plays in American democracy.
History

The Origins of American Social Science

Author: Dorothy Ross

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521428361

Category: History

Page: 508

View: 8952

Focusing on the disciplines of economics, sociology, political science, and history, this book examines how American social science came to model itself on natural science and liberal politics. Professor Ross argues that American social science receives its distinctive stamp from the ideology of American exceptionalism, the idea that America occupies an exceptional place in history, based on her republican government and wide economic opportunity. Professor Ross shows how each of the social science disciplines, while developing their inherited intellectual traditions, responded to change in historical consciousness, political needs, professional structures, and the conceptions of science available to them. This is a comprehensive book, which looks broadly at American social science in its historical context and to demonstrate the central importance of the national ideology of American exceptionalism to the development of the social sciences and to American social thought generally.
Political Science

Who Governs?

Democracy and Power in an American City

Author: Robert Alan Dahl

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300103922

Category: Political Science

Page: 355

View: 4309

In this work, one of the most celebrated political scientists of the 20th century offers a powerful interpretation of the location of political power in American urban communities.
Political Science

The Origins of Political Order

From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution

Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847652816

Category: Political Science

Page: 631

View: 740

Nations are not trapped by their pasts, but events that happened hundreds or even thousands of years ago continue to exert huge influence on present-day politics. If we are to understand the politics that we now take for granted, we need to understand its origins. Francis Fukuyama examines the paths that different societies have taken to reach their current forms of political order. This book starts with the very beginning of mankind and comes right up to the eve of the French and American revolutions, spanning such diverse disciplines as economics, anthropology and geography. The Origins of Political Order is a magisterial study on the emergence of mankind as a political animal, by one of the most eminent political thinkers writing today.
History

The Political Theory of the American Founding

Author: Thomas G. West

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110714048X

Category: History

Page: 465

View: 9268

This book provides a complete overview of the Founders' natural rights theory and its policy implications.
Political Science

Liberal Leviathan

The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order

Author: G. John Ikenberry

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691156174

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 3957

In the second half of the twentieth century, the United States engaged in the most ambitious and far-reaching liberal order building the world had yet seen. This liberal international order has been one of the most successful in history in providing security and prosperity to more people. But in the last decade, the American-led order has been troubled. Some argue that the Bush administration, with its war on terror, invasion of Iraq, and unilateral orientation, undermined this liberal order. Others argue that we are witnessing the end of the American era. Liberal Leviathan engages these debates. G. John Ikenberry argues that the crisis that besets the American-led order is a crisis of authority. A political struggle has been ignited over the distribution of roles, rights, and authority within the liberal international order. But the deeper logic of liberal order remains alive and well. The forces that have triggered this crisis--the rise of non-Western states such as China, contested norms of sovereignty, and the deepening of economic and security interdependence--have resulted from the successful functioning and expansion of the postwar liberal order, not its breakdown. The liberal international order has encountered crises in the past and evolved as a result. It will do so again. Ikenberry provides the most systematic statement yet about the theory and practice of the liberal international order, and a forceful message for policymakers, scholars, and general readers about why America must renegotiate its relationship with the rest of the world and pursue a more enlightened strategy--that of the liberal leviathan.
Political Science

Identity

The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment

Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374717486

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4806

The New York Times bestselling author of The Origins of Political Order offers a provocative examination of modern identity politics: its origins, its effects, and what it means for domestic and international affairs of state In 2014, Francis Fukuyama wrote that American institutions were in decay, as the state was progressively captured by powerful interest groups. Two years later, his predictions were borne out by the rise to power of a series of political outsiders whose economic nationalism and authoritarian tendencies threatened to destabilize the entire international order. These populist nationalists seek direct charismatic connection to “the people,” who are usually defined in narrow identity terms that offer an irresistible call to an in-group and exclude large parts of the population as a whole. Demand for recognition of one’s identity is a master concept that unifies much of what is going on in world politics today. The universal recognition on which liberal democracy is based has been increasingly challenged by narrower forms of recognition based on nation, religion, sect, race, ethnicity, or gender, which have resulted in anti-immigrant populism, the upsurge of politicized Islam, the fractious “identity liberalism” of college campuses, and the emergence of white nationalism. Populist nationalism, said to be rooted in economic motivation, actually springs from the demand for recognition and therefore cannot simply be satisfied by economic means. The demand for identity cannot be transcended; we must begin to shape identity in a way that supports rather than undermines democracy. Identity is an urgent and necessary book—a sharp warning that unless we forge a universal understanding of human dignity, we will doom ourselves to continuing conflict.