History

The Art and Logic of Ramon Llull

A User's Guide

Author: Anthony Bonner

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004163255

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 5166

This book attempts to explain the functioning of the combinatorial, semi-mechanical demonstrative techniques of Ramon Llull's 'Art', how it began as an apologetic instrument, how it developed through two main stages, and how it ended trying to reformulate key aspects of medieval Aristotelian logic.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Spiritual Logic of Ramón Llull

Author: Mark David Johnston

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 763

This book presents a comprehensive critical survey of all the logical doctrines of the well-known but little understood Catalan philosopher and theologian, Ramon Llull (1232-1316). The highly idiosyncratic character of Llull's writings has long frustrated the efforts of general medieval historians to define his contribution to later scholastic culture, and has resisted attempts by specialists to explain exactly how his methods and procedures worked. This new study--the first book-length treatment in English of Llull's philosophy to appear in over fifty years--seeks to resolve both of these difficulties. The author argues that Llull's peculiar logical doctrines result from his reinterpretation of the use of commonplace scholastic teachings according to his own preferred ethical and spiritual ideals.
Religion

The Art of Conversion

Christianity and Kabbalah in the Thirteenth Century

Author: Harvey J. Hames

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004117150

Category: Religion

Page: 332

View: 4409

This book discusses Ramon Llull (ca. 1232-1316), the Christian missionary, philosopher and mystic, his relations with Jewish contemporaries, and how he integrated Jewish mystical teachings (Kabbalah) into his thought system so as to persuade the Jews to convert. Issues dealt with include Llull's attitude towards the Jews, his knowledge of Kabbalah, his theories regarding the Trinity and Incarnation (the Art), and the impact of his ideas on the Jewish community. The book challenges conventional scholarly opinion regarding Christian knowledge of contemporary Jewish thought and questions the assumption that Christians did not know or use Kabbalah before the Renaissance. Further, it suggests that Lull was well aware of ongoing intellectual and religious controversies within the Jewish community, as well as being the first Christian to acknowledge and appreciate Kabbalah as a tool for conversion.
Philosophy

Ars brevis

Lateinisch-Deutsch

Author: Raimundus Lullus,Alexander Fidora

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787332596

Category: Philosophy

Page: 146

View: 7259

Dies ist die erste Übersetzung ins Deutsche; sie basiert auf der kritischen Edition des Werkes von Alois Madre, die für diese Ausgabe vom Herausgeber durchgesehen und auf der Grundlage der Handschriften an zahlreichen Stellen verbessert wurde. Eine kurze Einleitung ordnet die Schrift in Lulls Gesamtwerk ein, macht mit ihren inhaltlichen und formal-mathematischen Voraussetzungen vertraut und gibt einen Überblick über ihre Wirkungsgeschichte.
Body, Mind & Spirit

Invoking Angels

Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries

Author: Claire Fanger

Publisher: Penn State University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 396

View: 6845

"A collection of essays examining medieval and early modern texts aimed at performing magic or receiving illumination via the mediation of angels. Includes discussion of Jewish, Christian and Muslim texts"--Provided by publisher.
Philosophy

Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie / Die Philosophie des Mittelalters - 2 Teilbände

Band 4, 2 Teilbände: 13. Jahrhundert

Author: Alexander Brungs,Vilem Mudroch,Peter Schulthess

Publisher: Schwabe AG

ISBN: 3796537162

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1713

View: 9767

Philosophie zur Zeit der Entstehung der europäischen Universität In der Historiographie der mittelalterlichen Philosophie hat das 13. Jahrhundert seit je einen besonderen Platz eingenommen. Im Zuge der institutionellen Trennung der Artistenfakultät von den höheren Fakultäten an den neu entstandenen Universitäten wurden eigenständige Curricula für die Philosophie geschaffen, deren Gegenstandsbereich, Funktion und Status sich nun grundlegend wandelte. Erstmals gab es Professoren (magistri), die sich ausschließlich mit philosophischen Texten beschäftigten, allen voran mit solchen des Aristoteles (und seiner arabischsprachigen Interpreten), dessen logische, naturphilosophische und moralphilosophische Werke man im 13. Jahrhundert zu einem umfassenden Wissenschaftssystem verband, welches erst im 17. Jahrhundert durch neue philosophische Formen verdrängt wurde. Durch die intensive Rezeption neu übersetzter und kommentierter philosophischer Quellen auch in der Theologie geriet das Verhältnis von Theologie und Philosophie zu Einem zentralen Thema und Gegenstand heftiger Auseinandersetzungen, in denen Angehörige der neuformierten Bettelorden, etwa Thomas von Aquin, oft Schlüsselrollen einnahmen. Für die Philosophiegeschichtsschreibung blieben herausragende Denker wie Thomas lange Zeit prägend, bis nicht zuletzt unter dem Einfluss der analytischen Philosophie seit Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts in intensiver Beschäftigung mit mittelalterlicher Logik und Sprachphilosophie auch andere Gelehrte verstärkt wahrgenommen wurden. Neuere Darstellungen der Philosophie des 13. Jahrhunderts konzentrieren sich entsprechend häufig auf zu heutigen Fragestellungen "anschlussfähige" Themenbereiche, sodass der nun erscheinende Band mit der Zugrundelegung eines dem Darstellungszeitraum angemessenen Philosophiebegriffs ebenso eine Lücke schließen wird wie mit der Nachzeichnung der philosophischen Entwicklung in ihrer ganzen Breite, also unter Einbezug der Schriften bislang wenig beachteter Autoren. In bewährter Grundriss-Manier liegt der Schwerpunkt des unter Mitwirkung vieler international renommierter Experten erstellten Bandes auf einer nach Regionen und einzelnen Autoren gegliederten Darstellung mit vielen Werkbeschreibungen und umfangreichen Bibliographien. Diese Kapitel sind eingerahmt von großen Abschnitten zu den institutionellen Voraussetzungen und überkommenen inhaltlichen Grundlagen des Philosophierens sowie zur systematischen Entfaltung einzelner Teilbereiche der Philosophie des 13. Jahrhunderts.
Philosophy

1308

Eine Topographie historischer Gleichzeitigkeit

Author: Andreas Speer,David Wirmer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110218755

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1048

View: 1719

This volume is dedicated to the year 1308. Its object is to open new perspectives with an invitation to reconsider our habitual viewpoints, to sharpen and extend them - by considering the year 1308, but also going beyond that year and its historical periphery. Beginning with a detailed local description, attention is drawn to a variety of thematic and methodological facets: perception of events, also bearing the discovery of new worlds in mind, Johannes Duns Scotus in context, theology in Paris, philosophy in Italy, medicine and poetry, Europe’s boarders, orthodoxy and heresy, 1308 reflected in art, and from Jewish and Islamic perspectives.
Art

Logic and the Art of Memory

The Quest for a Universal Language

Author: Paolo Rossi

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847144616

Category: Art

Page: 362

View: 3388

A brilliant translation of this classic account of the art of memory and the logic of linkage and combination, the two traditions deriving from the Classical world and the late medieval period, and becoming intertwined in the 16th Century. From this intertwining emerged a new tradition, a grandiose project for an 'alphabet of the world' or 'Clavis Universalis'. Translated with an Introduction by Stephen Clucas.
Foreign Language Study

Lo desconhort

Author: Ramon Llull,Johannes Hösle,Vittorio Hösle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783770533381

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 128

View: 7665

History

Lull & Bruno

Author: Francis A. Yates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135034141

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 3143

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Mathematics

Analysis and Synthesis of Logics

How to Cut and Paste Reasoning Systems

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402067822

Category: Mathematics

Page: 620

View: 9924

Starting with simple examples showing the relevance of cutting and pasting logics, the monograph develops a mathematical theory of combining and decomposing logics, ranging from propositional and first-order based logics to higher-order based logics as well as to non-truth functional logics. The theory covers mechanisms for combining semantic structures and deductive systems either of the same or different nature (for instance, two Hilbert calculi or a Hilbert calculus and a tableau calculus). The important issue of preservation of properties is extensively addressed. For instance, sufficient conditions are provided for a combined logic to be sound and complete when the original component logics are known to be sound and complete. The book brings the reader to the front line of current research in the field by showing both recent achievements and directions of future investigations (in particular, multiple open problems). It also provides examples of potential applications in emergent fields like security protocols, quantum computing, networks and argumentation theory, besides discussing more classical applications like software specification, knowledge representation, computational linguistics and modular automated reasoning. This monograph will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in mathematical logic, theory of computation and philosophical logic with no previous knowledge of the subject of combining and decomposing logics, but with a working knowledge of first-order logic. The book will also be relevant for people involved in research projects where logic is used as a tool and the need for working with several logics at the same time is mandatory (for instance, temporal, epistemic and probabilistic logics).
History

Reading the World

Encyclopedic Writing in the Scholastic Age

Author: Mary Franklin-Brown

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226260682

Category: History

Page: 446

View: 3695

The thirteenth century saw such a proliferation of new encyclopedic texts that more than one scholar has called it the “century of the encyclopedias.” Variously referred to as a speculum, thesaurus, or imago mundi—the term encyclopedia was not commonly applied to such books until the eighteenth century—these texts were organized in such a way that a reader could easily locate a collection of authoritative statements on any given topic. Because they reproduced, rather than simply summarized, parts of prior texts, these compilations became libraries in miniature. In this groundbreaking study, Mary Franklin-Brown examines writings in Latin, Catalan, and French that are connected to the encyclopedic movement: Vincent of Beauvais’s Speculum maius; Ramon Llull’s Libre de meravelles, Arbor scientiae, and Arbre de filosofia d’amor; and Jean de Meun’s continuation of the Roman de la Rose. Franklin-Brown analyzes the order of knowledge in these challenging texts, describing the wide-ranging interests, the textual practices—including commentary, compilation, and organization—and the diverse discourses that they absorb from preexisting classical, patristic, and medieval writing. She also demonstrates how these encyclopedias, like libraries, became “heterotopias” of knowledge—spaces where many possible ways of knowing are juxtaposed. But Franklin-Brown’s study will not appeal only to historians: she argues that a revised understanding of late medievalism makes it possible to discern a close connection between scholasticism and contemporary imaginative literature. She shows how encyclopedists employed the same practices of figuration, narrative, and citation as poets and romanciers, while much of the difficulty of the imaginative writing of this period derives from a juxtaposition of heterogeneous discourses inspired by encyclopedias. With rich and innovative readings of texts both familiar and neglected, Reading the World reveals how the study of encyclopedism can illuminate both the intellectual work and the imaginative writing of the scholastic age.
Education

El saber i les llengües vernacles a l'època de Llull i Eiximenis

estudis ICREA sobre vernacularització

Author: Anna Alberni

Publisher: L'Abadia de Montserrat

ISBN: 8498834309

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 1004

Recientemente se ha descubierto la gran riqueza de textos cientificos y filosoficos escritos en las lenguas vernaculas europeas durante la Edad Media. La medicina, la filosofia, la teologia, la alquimia, etc. dejaron de ser patrimonio exclusivo de la lengua culta, el latin, para convertirse tambien en materia de tratados escritos en vulgar y traducidos al vulgar. Los Estudis ICREA sobre vernacularitzacio analizaron el caso del catalan en el contexto de movimientos paralelos en toda Europa, incluidas las traducciones del hebreo y al hebreo.
History

Renaissance&Reform;Italian Con

Author: Yates,

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136354522

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 4187

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Biography & Autobiography

Ramon Llull and the Secret of Life

Author: Amador Vega

Publisher: Crossroad Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 277

View: 6640

This famous Catalan mystic is presented here with selections from his writings.
Literary Criticism

Los Mundos de Ramón Llull

Author: Julia BUTIÑÁ JIMÉNEZ

Publisher: Editorial UNED

ISBN: 8436263618

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 337

View: 1135

Este libro pretende una aproximación a distintas facetas de la gran personalidad de Ramón Llull a través de sus obras más representativas, vertidas a diversas lenguas actuales. La proyección multilingüe es idónea con este autor, no solo por su competencia para expresarse en distintas lenguas, sino también por el valor comunicador de las mismas y por el sentido estético del lenguaje. La selección de textos ofrece una panorámica de su producción como filósofo y como autor literario, tanto en prosa como en verso.