History

The Book Thieves

The Nazi Looting of Europe's Libraries and the Race to Return a Literary Inheritance

Author: Anders Rydell

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0735221227

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 6882

By turns fascinating, harrowing, yet ultimately uplifting, this is the story of the Nazis' systematic pillaging of Europe's libraries, and the heroic efforts of the few librarians now working to return the stolen books to their owners.In the wake of one of History's most expansive cultural crimes, Anders Rydell shows just how much a single book can mean to those who own it.
History

The Book Thieves

The Nazi Looting of Europe's Libraries and the Race to Return a Literary Inheritance

Author: Anders Rydell

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0735221243

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 8412

"A most valuable book." —Christian Science Monitor For readers of The Monuments Men and The Hare with Amber Eyes, the story of the Nazis' systematic pillaging of Europe's libraries, and the small team of heroic librarians now working to return the stolen books to their rightful owners. While the Nazi party was being condemned by much of the world for burning books, they were already hard at work perpetrating an even greater literary crime. Through extensive new research that included records saved by the Monuments Men themselves—Anders Rydell tells the untold story of Nazi book theft, as he himself joins the effort to return the stolen books. When the Nazi soldiers ransacked Europe’s libraries and bookshops, large and small, the books they stole were not burned. Instead, the Nazis began to compile a library of their own that they could use to wage an intellectual war on literature and history. In this secret war, the libraries of Jews, Communists, Liberal politicians, LGBT activists, Catholics, Freemasons, and many other opposition groups were appropriated for Nazi research, and used as an intellectual weapon against their owners. But when the war was over, most of the books were never returned. Instead many found their way into the public library system, where they remain to this day. Now, Rydell finds himself entrusted with one of these stolen volumes, setting out to return it to its rightful owner. It was passed to him by the small team of heroic librarians who have begun the monumental task of combing through Berlin’s public libraries to identify the looted books and reunite them with the families of their original owners. For those who lost relatives in the Holocaust, these books are often the only remaining possession of their relatives they have ever held. And as Rydell travels to return the volume he was given, he shows just how much a single book can mean to those who own it.
History

The Book Thieves

The Nazi Looting of Europe's Libraries and the Race to Return a Literary Inheritance

Author: Anders Rydell

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0735221235

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 4361

By turns fascinating, harrowing, yet ultimately uplifting, this is the story of the Nazis' systematic pillaging of Europe's libraries, and the heroic efforts of the few librarians now working to return the stolen books to their owners. In the wake of one of History's most expansive cultural crimes, Anders Rydell shows just how much a single book can mean to those who own it.
History

Stolen Words

The Nazi Plunder of Jewish Books

Author: Mark Glickman

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0827612087

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 5947

"Published by the University of Nebraska Press as a Jewish Publication Society book"-Title page verso.
History

The Search for Major Plagge,

The Nazi Who Saved Jews

Author: Michael Good

Publisher: Fordham University Press

ISBN: 0823224422

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5463

On April 11, 2005, in Jerusalem, Karl Plagge will be named a Righteous Amongthe Nationshero by the State of Israel. He joins Oskar Schindler and some380 other similarly honored Germans who protected and saved Jews duringthe Holocaust.Karl Plagge's story is of a unique kind of courage-that of a German army officerwho subverted the system of death to save the lives of some 250 Jews in Vilna,Lithuania. One of those he saved was Michael Good's mother.Haunted by his mother's stories of the mysterious officer who commanded herslave labor camp, Michael Good resolved to find out all he could about the enigmaticMajor Plagge.For five years, he wrote hundreds of letters and scoured theInternet to recover, in one hard-earned bit of evidence after another, informationabout the man whose moral choices saved hundreds of lives. This unforgettablebook is the first portrait of a modest man who simply refused to play by the rules.Interviewing camp survivors, opening German files untouched for more thanfifty years, and translating newly discovered letters, Good weaves an amazing tale.An engineer from Darmstadt, Plagge joined, and then left, the Nazi Party. In Vilna,in whose teeming ghetto tens of thousands of Jews faced extermination, he foundhimself in charge of a camp where military vehicles were repaired. Time aftertime, he saved Jews from prison, SS death squads, and the ghetto by issuingthem work permits as indispensablelaborers essential to the war effort.Karl Plagge never considered himself a hero, describing himself as a fellow travelerfor not doing more to fight the regime. He said that he saved Jews-and others-because I thought it was my duty.This book also reminds us of the many wayshuman beings can resist evil. There are always some people,Pearl Good said ofthe man who saved her life when he didn't have to, who decide that the horroris not to be.
History

The Book Smugglers

Partisans, Poets, and the Race to Save Jewish Treasures from the Nazis

Author: David E. Fishman

Publisher: University Press of New England

ISBN: 1512601268

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 2233

The Book Smugglers is the nearly unbelievable story of ghetto residents who rescued thousands of rare books and manuscripts-first from the Nazis and then from the Soviets-by hiding them on their bodies, burying them in bunkers, and smuggling them across borders. It is a tale of heroism and resistance, of friendship and romance, and of unwavering devotion-including the readiness to risk one's life-to literature and art. And it is entirely true. Based on Jewish, German, and Soviet documents, including diaries, letters, memoirs, and the author's interviews with several of the story's participants, The Book Smugglers chronicles the daring activities of a group of poets turned partisans and scholars turned smugglers in Vilna, "The Jerusalem of Lithuania." The rescuers were pitted against Johannes Pohl, a Nazi "expert" on the Jews, who had been dispatched to Vilna by the Nazi looting agency, Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, to organize the seizure of the city's great collections of Jewish books. Pohl and his Einsatzstab staff planned to ship the most valuable materials to Germany and incinerate the rest. The Germans used forty ghetto inmates as slave-laborers to sort, select, pack, and transport the materials, either to Germany or to nearby paper mills. This group, nicknamed "the Paper Brigade," and informally led by poet Shmerke Kaczerginski, a garrulous, street-smart adventurer and master of deception, smuggled thousands of books and manuscripts past German guards. If caught, the men would have faced death by firing squad at Ponar, the mass-murder site outside of Vilna. To store the rescued manuscripts, poet Abraham Sutzkever helped build an underground book-bunker sixty feet beneath the Vilna ghetto. Kaczerginski smuggled weapons as well, using the group's worksite, the former building of the Yiddish Scientific Institute, to purchase arms for the ghetto's secret partisan organization. All the while, both men wrote poetry that was recited and sung by the fast-dwindling population of ghetto inhabitants. With the Soviet "liberation" of Vilna (now known as Vilnius), the Paper Brigade thought themselves and their precious cultural treasures saved-only to learn that their new masters were no more welcoming toward Jewish culture than the old, and the books must now be smuggled out of the USSR. Thoroughly researched by the foremost scholar of the Vilna Ghetto-a writer of exceptional daring, style, and reach-The Book Smugglers is an epic story of human heroism, a little-known tale from the blackest days of the war.
Fiction

Correspondence

An Adventure in Letters : a Novel

Author: N. John Hall

Publisher: David R. Godine Publisher

ISBN: 1567924123

Category: Fiction

Page: 238

View: 9835

Bank worker Larry Dickerson relies on the help of the head of Christie's manuscript department Stephen Nicholls as he tries to auction off a mass of valuable letters between his great-great-grandfather, who was a bookseller in Victorian London, and leading authors of the era, and eventually begins to embrace the time in which the correspondences were written.
Art

Beyond the dreams of avarice

the Hermann Goering collection

Author: Nancy H. Yeide

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780977434916

Category: Art

Page: 518

View: 7676

History

The Bad-Ass Librarians of Timbuktu

And Their Race to Save the World's Most Precious Manuscripts

Author: Joshua Hammer

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476777438

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5819

To save ancient Arabic texts from Al Qaeda, a band of librarians pulls off a brazen heist worthy of Ocean’s Eleven in this “fast-paced narrative that is…part intellectual history, part geopolitical tract, and part out-and-out thriller” (The Washington Post). In the 1980s, a young adventurer and collector for a government library, Abdel Kader Haidara, journeyed across the Sahara Desert and along the Niger River, tracking down and salvaging tens of thousands of ancient Islamic and secular manuscripts that were crumbling in the trunks of desert shepherds. His goal: to preserve this crucial part of the world’s patrimony in a gorgeous library. But then Al Qaeda showed up at the door. “Part history, part scholarly adventure story, and part journalist survey….Joshua Hammer writes with verve and expertise” (The New York Times Book Review) about how Haidara, a mild-mannered archivist from the legendary city of Timbuktu, became one of the world’s greatest smugglers by saving the texts from sure destruction. With bravery and patience, Haidara organized a dangerous operation to sneak all 350,000 volumes out of the city to the safety of southern Mali. His heroic heist “has all the elements of a classic adventure novel” (The Seattle Times), and is a reminder that ordinary citizens often do the most to protect the beauty of their culture. His the story is one of a man who, through extreme circumstances, discovered his higher calling and was changed forever by it.
Social Science

Modernity and the Jews in Western Social Thought

Author: Chad Alan Goldberg

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022646069X

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4935

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, prominent social thinkers in France, Germany, and the United States sought to understand the modern world taking shape around them. Although they worked in different national traditions and emphasized different features of modern society, they repeatedly invoked Jews as a touchstone for defining modernity and national identity in a context of rapid social change. In Modernity and the Jews in Western Social Thought, Chad Alan Goldberg brings us a major new study of Western social thought through the lens of Jews and Judaism. In France, where antisemites decried the French Revolution as the “Jewish Revolution,” Émile Durkheim challenged depictions of Jews as agents of revolutionary subversion or counterrevolutionary reaction. When German thinkers such as Karl Marx, Georg Simmel, Werner Sombart, and Max Weber debated the relationship of the Jews to modern industrial capitalism, they reproduced, in secularized form, cultural assumptions derived from Christian theology. In the United States, William Thomas, Robert Park, and their students conceived the modern city and its new modes of social organization in part by reference to the Jewish immigrants concentrating there. In all three countries, social thinkers invoked real or purported differences between Jews and gentiles to elucidate key dualisms of modern social thought. The Jews thus became an intermediary through which social thinkers discerned in a roundabout fashion the nature, problems, and trajectory of their own wider societies. Goldberg rounds out his fascinating study by proposing a novel explanation for why Jews were such an important cultural reference point. He suggests a rethinking of previous scholarship on Orientalism, Occidentalism, and European perceptions of America, arguing that history extends into the present, with the Jews—and now the Jewish state—continuing to serve as an intermediary for self-reflection in the twenty-first century.
Biography & Autobiography

Hitler's Art Thief

Hildebrand Gurlitt, the Nazis, and the Looting of Europe's Treasures

Author: Susan Ronald

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1250061091

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 2370

The sensational story of a cache of masterpieces not seen since they vanished during the Nazi terror--a bizarre tale of a father and aged son, of secret deals, treachery and the search for truth.
Biography & Autobiography

The Orpheus Clock

The Search for My Family’s Art Treasures Stolen by the Nazis

Author: Simon Goodman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451697651

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 9166

“An extraordinary piece of history...a fresh and lively read” (The Christian Science Monitor)—the passionate, gripping, true story of one man’s single-minded quest to reclaim his family’s art collection, stolen by the Nazis in World War II. Simon Goodman’s grandparents came from German-Jewish banking dynasties and perished in concentration camps. And that’s almost all he knew about them—his father rarely spoke of their family history or heritage. But when his father passed away, and Simon received his old papers, a story began to emerge. The Gutmanns, as they were known then, rose from a small Bohemian hamlet to become one of Germany’s most powerful banking families. They also amassed a magnificent, world-class art collection that included works by Degas, Renoir, Botticelli, Guardi, and many, many more. But the Nazi regime snatched from them everything they had worked to build: their remarkable art, their immense wealth, their prominent social standing, and their very lives. Only after his father’s death did Simon begin to piece together the clues about the Gutmanns’ stolen legacy and the Nazi looting machine. With painstaking detective work across two continents, Simon has been able to prove that many works belonged to his family and successfully secure their return. “Fascinating...splendid and tragic” (The Wall Street Journal), “Goodman’s story is alternately wrenching and inspiring...An emotional tale of unspeakable horrors, family devotion, and art as a symbol of hope” (Kirkus Reviews). It is not only the account of a twenty-year detective hunt for family treasure, but an unforgettable tale of redemption and restoration.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Invention of Rare Books

Private Interest and Public Memory, 1600–1840

Author: David McKitterick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108428320

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 462

View: 8138

Explores how the idea of rare books was shaped by collectors, traders and libraries from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. Using examples from across Europe, David McKitterick looks at how rare books developed from being desirable objects of largely private interest to become public and even national concerns.

The Book Thief

Author: Markus Zusak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781486205523

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8728

Literary Criticism

Gutenberg’s Fingerprint

A Book Lover Bridges the Digital Divide

Author: Merilyn Simonds

Publisher: ECW Press

ISBN: 1773050028

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 392

View: 4960

An intimate narrative exploring the past, present, and future of books Four seismic shifts have rocked human communication: the invention of writing, the alphabet, mechanical type and the printing press, and digitization. Poised over this fourth transition, e-reader in one hand, perfect-bound book in the other, Merilyn Simonds — author, literary maven, and early adopter — asks herself: what is lost and what is gained as paper turns to pixel? Gutenberg’s Fingerprint trolls the past, present, and evolving future of the book in search of an answer. Part memoir and part philosophical and historical exploration, the book finds its muse in Hugh Barclay, who produces gorgeous books on a hand-operated antique letterpress. As Simonds works alongside this born-again Gutenberg, and with her son to develop a digital edition of the same book, her assumptions about reading, writing, the nature of creativity, and the value of imperfection are toppled. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 16.0px Times; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} Gutenberg’s Fingerprint is a timely and fascinating book that explores the myths, inventions, and consequences of the digital shift and how we read today.
Political Science

The Wretched of the Earth

Author: Frantz Fanon

Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.

ISBN: 9780802198853

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9424

Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.
Philosophy

Why We Think the Things We Think

Philosophy in a Nutshell

Author: Alain Stephen

Publisher: Michael O'Mara Books

ISBN: 1782434119

Category: Philosophy

Page: 191

View: 8732

Have you ever found yourself alone with your thoughts? Have you ever been asked if the glass is half full or half empty? Do you wonder what true happiness is or how to attain it? Or maybe nothing really matters if everything is just an illusion or a dream? These ideas are some of the central questions of philosophical inquiry that have engaged, troubled and exasperated some of the greatest minds throughout the history of human civilization, provoking argument and debate in an attempt to broaden the horizons of human thought. Author Alain Stephen attempts to demystify some of these key questions by tracing their origins in the writings of prominent thinkers through the ages, from the colonnades of ancient Greece to the intellectual salons of twentieth-century France, and show how these ideas and concepts developed over time. Why We Think the Way We Do provides plenty of food for thought for both the amateur philosopher and enlightened thinker to digest.
History

Harmful and Undesirable

Book Censorship in Nazi Germany

Author: Guenter Lewy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190275308

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 5540

Like every totalitarian regime, Nazi Germany tried to control intellectual freedom by censoring books. Between 1933 and 1945, the Hitler regime orchestrated a massive campaign to take control of all forms of communication. In 1933, there were 90 book burnings in 70 German cities. Indeed, Werner Schlegel, an official in the Ministry of Propaganda, called the book burnings "a symbol of the revolution." In later years, the regime used less violent means of domination. It pillaged bookstores and libraries and prosecuted uncooperative publishers and dissident authors. In Harmful and Undesirable, Guenter Lewy analyzes the various strategies that the Nazis employed to enact censorship and the government officials who led the attack on a free intellectual life, including Martin Bormann, Philipp Bouhler, Joseph Goebbels, and Alfred Rosenberg. The Propaganda Ministry played a leading role in the censorship campaign, supported by an array of organizations at both the state and local levels. Because of the many overlapping jurisdictions and organizations, censorship was disorderly and erratic. Beyond the implementation of censorship, Lewy describes the plight of authors, publishers, and bookstores who clashed with the Nazi regime. Some authors were imprisoned. Others, such as Gottfried Benn, Werner Bergengruen, Gerhart Hauptmann, Ernst J?nger, Jochen Klepper, and Ernst Wiechert, became controversial "inner emigrants" who chose to remain in Germany. Some of them criticized the Nazi regime through allegories and parables. Ultimately, Lewy paints a fascinating portrait of intellectual life under the Nazi dictatorship, detailing the dismal fate of those who were caught in the wheels of censorship.
Religion

The Impact of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology

Author: Steven T. Katz

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814749272

Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 5679

The theological problems facing those trying to respond to the Holocaust remain monumental. Both Jewish and Christian post-Auschwitz religious thought must grapple with profound questions, from how God allowed it to happen to the nature of evil. The Impact of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology brings together a distinguished international array of senior scholars—many of whose work is available here in English for the first time—to consider key topics from the meaning of divine providence to questions of redemption to the link between the Holocaust and the creation of the State of Israel. Together, they push our thinking further about how our belief in God has changed in the wake of the Holocaust. Contributors: Yosef Achituv, Yehoyada Amir, Ester Farbstein, Gershon Greenberg, Warren Zev Harvey, Tova Ilan, Shmuel Jakobovits, Dan Michman, David Novak, Shalom Ratzabi, Michael Rosenak, Shalom Rosenberg, Eliezer Schweid, and Joseph A. Turner.
History

Hitler's Forgotten Children

A True Story of the Lebensborn Program and One Woman's Search for Her Real Identity

Author: Ingrid von Oelhafen,Tim Tate

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698409299

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 1467

Created by Heinrich Himmler, the Lebensborn program abducted as many as half a million children from across Europe. Through a process called Germanization, they were to become the next generation of the Aryan master race in the second phase of the Final Solution. In the summer of 1942, parents across Nazi-occupied Yugoslavia were required to submit their children to medical checks designed to assess racial purity. One such child, Erika Matko, was nine months old when Nazi doctors declared her fit to be a “Child of Hitler.” Taken to Germany and placed with politically vetted foster parents, Erika was renamed Ingrid von Oelhafen. Many years later, Ingrid began to uncover the truth of her identity. Though the Nazis destroyed many Lebensborn records, Ingrid unearthed rare documents, including Nuremberg trial testimony about her own abduction. Following the evidence back to her place of birth, Ingrid discovered an even more shocking secret: a woman named Erika Matko, who as an infant had been given to Ingrid’s mother as a replacement child. Hitler’s Forgotten Children is both a harrowing personal memoir and a devastating investigation into the awful crimes and monstrous scope of the Lebensborn program. INCLUDES PHOTOGRAPHS From the Hardcover edition.