Mathematical Modeling of Earth's Dynamical Systems gives earth scientists the essential skills for translating chemical and physical systems into mathematical and computational models that provide enhanced insight into Earth's processes. Using a step-by-step method, the book identifies the important geological variables of physical-chemical geoscience problems and describes the mechanisms that control these variables. This book is directed toward upper-level undergraduate students, graduate students, researchers, and professionals who want to learn how to abstract complex systems into sets of dynamic equations. It shows students how to recognize domains of interest and key factors, and how to explain assumptions in formal terms. The book reveals what data best tests ideas of how nature works, and cautions against inadequate transport laws, unconstrained coefficients, and unfalsifiable models. Various examples of processes and systems, and ample illustrations, are provided. Students using this text should be familiar with the principles of physics, chemistry, and geology, and have taken a year of differential and integral calculus. Mathematical Modeling of Earth's Dynamical Systems helps earth scientists develop a philosophical framework and strong foundations for conceptualizing complex geologic systems. Step-by-step lessons for representing complex Earth systems as dynamical models Explains geologic processes in terms of fundamental laws of physics and chemistry Numerical solutions to differential equations through the finite difference technique A philosophical approach to quantitative problem-solving Various examples of processes and systems, including the evolution of sandy coastlines, the global carbon cycle, and much more Professors: A supplementary Instructor's Manual is available for this book. It is restricted to teachers using the text in courses. For information on how to obtain a copy, refer to: http://press.princeton.edu/class_use/solutions.html
Science by William Kenneth Hamblin,Eric H. Christiansen
Author: William Kenneth Hamblin,Eric H. Christiansen
Publisher: Prentice Hall
This Tenth Edition maintains its solid coverage of the two major energy systems of Earth: the plate tectonic system and the hydrologic cycle. Boasting a new four-part organization, this renowned book contains current content and a striking illustration package, while exposing readers to a global view of Earth and helping them look at the world as geologists do. Part I introduces geologic systems, the materials modified by these systems, and geologic time. Part II examines the hydrologic system and its subsystems chapter by chapter. Part III explores the details of the tectonic system and includes chapters on divergent, transform, and convergent boundaries, as well as mantle plumes—the subsystems of the tectonic system. Part IV looks at our planet in two ways: by first examining the geologic resources that make life possible, and then by comparing and contrasting Earth with other planets to reveal how unique our planet is. For professionals with a career or interest in geology, Earth science, and/or environmental science.
Science by Eric H. Christiansen,Queens College/CUNY Burton E Tropp,Glendale Community College Jeffrey C Pommerville,Professor Emeritus (Late Of) Providence College Robert I Krasner,W. Kenneth Hamblin,Professor and Director of PhD Program University of North Carolina College of Health and Human Services Department of Public Health Charlotte North Carolina L Michele Issel,Associate Professor of Geological Sciences Brigham Young University Provo Utah Eric Christiansen
Author: Eric H. Christiansen,Queens College/CUNY Burton E Tropp,Glendale Community College Jeffrey C Pommerville,Professor Emeritus (Late Of) Providence College Robert I Krasner,W. Kenneth Hamblin,Professor and Director of PhD Program University of North Carolina College of Health and Human Services Department of Public Health Charlotte North Carolina L Michele Issel,Associate Professor of Geological Sciences Brigham Young University Provo Utah Eric Christiansen
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
New technologies has given us many different ways to examine the Earth. For example, we can penetrate deep into the interior of our planet and effectively X-ray its internal structure. With this technology comes an increased awareness of how our planet is continually changing and a fresh awareness of how fragile it is. Designed for the introductory Physical Geology course found in Geology, Earth Science, Geography, or Physical Science departments, Dynamic Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology clearly presents Earth's dynamic geologic systems with their many interdependent and interconnected components. It provides comprehensive coverage of the two major energy systems of Earth: the plate tectonic system and the hydrologic cycle. The text fulfills the needs of professors by offering current content and a striking illustration package, while exposing students to the global view of Earth and teaching them to view the world as geologists.
An examination of nature's extraordinary biological diversity and the human activities that threaten it. * 200+ A–Z detailed entries on Earth's ecosystems, major groups of organisms, threats to biodiversity, and academic disciplines related to the study of biodiversity * Contributions from 50 recognized authorities from the fields of anthropology, biology, botany, earth science, ecology, evolution, and more * 150 photographs of key people, animals, and organisms; line drawings; tables, charts, and graphs including the major families of birds, the effects of agricultural intensity on biodiversity, and the number of years needed to add each billion to the world's population * Four major overview essays explaining what biodiversity is, why it is important, how it is threatened, and the Sixth Global Extinction
Science by Roman Teisseyre,L. Czechowski,J. Leliwa-Kopystynski
Author: Roman Teisseyre,L. Czechowski,J. Leliwa-Kopystynski
This sixth volume in the monograph series Physics and Evolution of the Earth's Interior presents the problems of the mature evolution of the Earth's interior. It provides comprehensive coverage of the present state of the mantle convection theory. The relations between paleomagnetism, plate tectonics and mantle convection theory are discussed. A more general view of the evolution based on the thermodynamics of irreversible processes is also given. This book will interest geophysicists, geologists, geodesists and planetologists.
Addressed to students pursuing studies in the broad interdisciplinary field of Earth Science, this Third Edition provides an insight into the Earth’s unique internal physical state and the compositions of its geospheres. The highly complicated dynamic mechanism of Plate Tectonics, the geochemical exchange of matter between the core, mantle and the crust as also between the hydrosphere-atmosphere-biosphere, resulting in the formation of the crustal rocks and mineral deposits, have all been written in a comprehensible manner so that even a beginner in Earth Science can easily understand these phenomena. While outlining the geological and radiometric methods of measuring the ‘Geological Time’ and characterizing the surface and subsurface geological record in terms of rock formations, fossils, mineral deposits, oil, gas and water resources, the book interconnects the magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary processes within a ‘System’ driven by the Earth’s internal heat and the radiations received from the Sun. There is a full chapter addressing the major present-day concerns regarding the causes of natural disasters and environmental threats.
Science by Michael Jacobson,Robert J. Charlson,Henning Rodhe,Gordon H. Orians
Author: Michael Jacobson,Robert J. Charlson,Henning Rodhe,Gordon H. Orians
Publisher: Academic Press
Over the last decade, the study of cycles as a model for the earth's changing climate has become a new science. Earth Systems Science is the basis for understanding all aspects of anthropogenic global change, such as chemically forced global climate change. The work is aimed at those students interested in the emerging scientific discipline. Earth Systems Science is an integrated discipline that has been rapidly developing over the last two decades. New information is included in this updated edition so that the text remains relevant. This volume contains five new chapters, but of special importance is the inclusion of an expanded set of student exercises. The two senior authors are leading scientists in their fields and have been awarded numerous prizes for their research efforts. * First edition was widely adopted * Authors are highly respected in their field * Global climate change, integral to the book, is now one of the most important issues in atmospheric sciences and oceanography
Science by Organización Del Tratado Del Atlántico Norte. Advanced Study Institute on Irreversible Phenomena and Dynamical Systems Analysis in Geosciences,NATO Advanced Study Institute on Irreversible Phenomena and Dynamical Systems Analysis in Geosciences
Author: Organización Del Tratado Del Atlántico Norte. Advanced Study Institute on Irreversible Phenomena and Dynamical Systems Analysis in Geosciences,NATO Advanced Study Institute on Irreversible Phenomena and Dynamical Systems Analysis in Geosciences
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Crete, Greece, July 14-24, 1985
Technology & Engineering by Shivendra Nath Rai,D.V. Ramana,A. Manglik
This text describes several geological processes, such as the lithospheric deformation and evolution of groundwater resources, which are directly or indirectly influenced by the movements of subsurface fluids from crustal level to the Earth's core.
Science by Antonio C. Ribeiro,António Ribeiro (prof),A. Mateus,Antonio Ribeiro, Pro
Author: Antonio C. Ribeiro,António Ribeiro (prof),A. Mateus,Antonio Ribeiro, Pro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book offers a historical perspective on Plate Tectonics and discusses the foundations of rigid Plate Tectonics and the limitations of this approach as a complete theory of the earth. 112 illustrations.
The German research satellite CHAMP had been launched in summer 2000. Its modern instruments and near Earth orbit allow for the first time to collect data of the gravitational and magnetic fields and in addition to sound out the atmosphere and ionosphere by using GPS techniques. The book is the result of the first meeting of the international CHAMP research groups gathering 18 months later at the GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam. Besides technical information the volume offers a comprehensive overview over the use of CHAMP data for Earth System Research in the fields of Geodesy, Geophysics and Meteorology.
This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topicswithin undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmentalscience, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology. This text introduces students to the Earth's four keyinterdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphereand biosphere, focussing on their key components, interactionsbetween them and environmental change. Topics covered include: An earth systems model; componentssystems and processes: atmospheric systems; oceanography, endogenicgeological systems and exogenic geological systems, biogeographyand, aspects of the Earth's Record. The impact of climate and environmental change is discussed in afinal chapter which draws together Earth's systems and theirevolution and looks ahead to future earth changes and environmentsand various time periods in the geological record. Throughout the book geological case studies are used in additionto the modern processes.
Control and Dynamic Systems: Advances in Theory and Applications reviews progress in the field of control and dynamic systems theory and applications. Topics include multistage models and fitting them to input/output data; computer-aided control systems design techniques; multilevel optimization of multiple arc trajectories; and nonlinear smoothing techniques. Solutions of dynamic games are also considered, and a survey of Soviet contributions to control theory is presented. Comprised of six chapters, this volume begins with a discussion on a number of important issues with respect to the modeling of a dynamic system, the beginning point for the resolution of the system synthesis problem. Issues with respect to the utilization of the Kalman filter as a concise model for the identification of a large class of dynamic systems are explored, along with computational and convergence issues. The application of computer-aided design techniques to control engineering problems is the subject of the next chapter. The book also evaluates multilevel systems optimization techniques and their application to a rather complex systems problem before concluding with an overview of the evolutionary growth of Soviet contributions to control theory. This monograph will be useful to mathematicians and engineers.
Textbook of Environmental Chemistry has been designed to provide fundamental knowledge of the principles related to environment and its chemistry so as to meet the challenging requirements of students as well as teachers of Environmental Sciences, Environmental Chemistry and Environmental Studies at graduate, postgraduate, polytechnic, and engineering levels at all Indian Universities. This book is also useful for the students and professors of general science. The book explores biological resources and their relationship with physical and chemical aspects of the environment. Due emphasis has been given to the regional as well as global environmental problems like water, air, soil and noise pollution, their types and sources, effects on the ecosystem. Key Features * The book deals with principles and chemical reactions that govern the behaviour of water, air and soil environement. * The book emphasizes on the origin of various pollutants and their control. * New and current fields of environmental science - Green Chemistry, Environmental Biotechnology, Polymers for Environment. * It covers environmental impact, planning and laws to help readers understand how policies and plans are formulated to protect our environment. * Environmental pollution abatement engineering and technology has been discussed in-depth