Social Science

The Future of the Past

Archaeologists, Native Americans and Repatriation

Author: Tamara Bray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136543597

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1700

To date, the notion of repatriation has been formulated as a highly polarized debate with museums, archaeologists, and anthropologists on one side, and Native Americans on the other. This volume offers both a retrospective and a prospective look at the topic of repatriation. By juxtaposing the divergent views of native peoples, anthropologists, museum professionals, and members of the legal profession, it illustrates the complexity of the repatriation issue.
Social Science

Indigenous Archaeology

American Indian Values and Scientific Practice

Author: Joe Watkins

Publisher: AltaMira Press

ISBN: 0759117098

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7386

Watkins' book is an important contribution in the contemporary public debates in public archaeology, applied anthropology, cultural resources management, and Native American studies.
Social Science

The Future of the Past

Author: Alexander Stille

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1466817097

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 5681

An engrossing look at the cultural consequences of technological change and globalization Space radar, infrared photography, carbon dating, DNA analysis, microfilm, digital data bases-we have better technology than ever for studying and preserving the past. And yet the by-products of technology threaten to destroy--in one or two generations--monuments, works of art, and ways of life that have survived thousands of years of hardship and war. This paradox is central to our age. We use the Internet to access and assess infinite amounts of information--but understand less and less of its historical context. Globalization may eventually benefit countries around the world; it will also, almost certainly, lead to the disappearance of hundreds of regional dialects, languages, and whole societies. In The Future of the Past, Alexander Stille takes us on a tour of the past as it exists today and weighs its prospects for tomorrow, from China to Somalia to Washington, D.C. Through incisive portraits of their protagonists, he describes high-tech struggles to save the Great Sphinx and the Ganges; efforts to preserve Latin within the Vatican; the digital glut inside the National Archives, which may have lost more information in the information age than ever before; an oral culture threatened by a "new" technology: writing itself. Wherever it takes him, Stille explores not just the past, but our ideas about the past, how they are changing--and how they will have to change if our past is to have a future.
Art

The Long Way Home

The Meaning and Values of Repatriation

Author: Paul Turnbull,Michael Pickering

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 184545958X

Category: Art

Page: 207

View: 8444

Paul Turnbull is a Professor of history in the School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics at the University of Queensland. He has written extensively on nineteenth-century racial thought, and the theft and repatriation of Indigenous bodily remains. His recent publications include (with Cressida Fforde and Jane Hubert) the co-edited volume The Dead and their Possessions (Routledge). --
Art

Plundered Skulls and Stolen Spirits

Inside the Fight to Reclaim Native America's Culture

Author: Chip Colwell,John Stephen Colwell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022629899X

Category: Art

Page: 348

View: 2356

Introduction -- Resistance: war gods -- Only after night fall -- Keepers of the sky -- Magic relief -- Tribal resolution -- All things will eat themselves up -- This far away -- Regret: a scalp from Sand Creek -- I have come to kill Indians -- The Bones Bill -- We are going back home -- Indian trophies -- Ac.35b -- A wound of the soul -- Reluctance: killer whale flotilla robe -- Masterless things -- Chief Shakes -- Johnson v. Chilkat Indian Village -- Cranes' last stand -- The weight was heavy -- Our culture is not dying -- Respect: Calusa skulls -- The hardest cases -- Long since completely disappeared -- Unidentifiable -- Their place of understanding -- Timeless limbo -- Before we just gave up -- Conclusion
Social Science

Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5822

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world
History

Indigenous Peoples and Archaeology in Latin America

Author: Cristóbal Gnecco

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1611320151

Category: History

Page: 365

View: 8704

Eighteen chapters primarily by Latin American scholars describe the range of relations between indigenous peoples and archaeology in the first major attempt to describe indigenous archaeology in Latin America for an English speaking audience.
Art

Uses of Heritage

Author: Laurajane Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134368038

Category: Art

Page: 368

View: 1663

Examining international case studies including USA, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Laurajane Smith identifies and explores the use of heritage throughout the world. Challenging the idea that heritage value is self-evident, and that things must be preserved because they have an inherent importance, Smith forcefully demonstrates that heritage value is not inherent in physical objects or places, but rather that these objects and places are used to give tangibility to the values that underpin different communities and to assert and affirm these values. A practically grounded accessible examination of heritage as a cultural practice, The Uses of Heritage is global in its benefit to students and field professionals alike.
Art

Archaeological Theory and the Politics of Cultural Heritage

Author: Laurajane Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134367961

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 1405

This controversial book is a survey of how relationships between indigenous peoples and the archaeological establishment have got into difficulty, and a crucial pointer to how to move forward from this point. With lucid appraisals of key debates such as NAGPRA, Kennewick and the repatriation of Tasmanian artefacts, Laurajane Smith dissects the nature and consequences of this clash of cultures. Smith explores how indigenous communities in the USA and Australia have confronted the pre-eminence of archaeological theory and discourse in the way the material remains of their past are cared for and controlled, and how this has challenged traditional archaeological thought and practice. Essential reading for all those concerned with developing a just and equal dialogue between the two parties, and the role of archaeology in the research and management of their heritage.
History

In the Smaller Scope of Conscience

The Struggle for National Repatriation Legislation, 1986–1990

Author: C. Timothy McKeown

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816599289

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4902

In 1989, The National Museum of the American Indian Act (NMAIA) was successfully passed after a long and intense struggle. One year later, the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) followed. These federal repatriation statutes—arguably some of the most important laws in the history of anthropology, museology, and American Indian rights—enabled Native Americans to reclaim human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony. Twenty years later, the controversy instigated by the creation of NMAIA and NAGPRA continues to simmer. In the Smaller Scope of Conscience is a thoughtful and detailed study of the ins and outs of the four-year process behind these laws. It is a singular contribution to the history of these issues, with the potential to help mediate the ongoing debate by encouraging all sides to retrace the steps of the legislators responsible for the acts. Few works are as detailed as McKeown’s account, which looks into bills that came prior to NMAIA and NAGPRA and combs the legislative history for relevant reports and correspondence. Testimonies, documents, and interviews from the primary players of this legislative process are cited to offer insights into the drafting and political processes that shaped NMAIA and NAGPRA. Above all else, this landmark work distinguishes itself from earlier legislative histories with the quality of its analysis. Invested and yet evenhanded in his narrative, McKeown ensures that this journey through history—through the strategies and struggles of different actors to effect change through federal legislation—is not only accurate but eminently intriguing.
Social Science

The Force of Family

Repatriation, Kinship, and Memory on Haida Gwaii

Author: Cara Krmpotich

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666072

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 404

Over the course of more than a decade, the Haida Nation triumphantly returned home all known Haida ancestral remains from North American museums. In the summer of 2010, they achieved what many thought was impossible: the repatriation of ancestral remains from the Pitt Rivers Museum at the University of Oxford. The Force of Family is an ethnography of those efforts to repatriate ancestral remains from museums around the world. Focusing on objects made to honour the ancestors, Cara Krmpotich explores how memory, objects, and kinship connect and form a cultural archive. Since the mid-1990s, Haidas have been making button blankets and bentwood boxes with clan crest designs, hosting feasts for hundreds of people, and composing and choreographing new songs and dances in the service of repatriation. The book comes to understand how shared experiences of sewing, weaving, dancing, cooking and feasting lead to the Haida notion of “respect,” the creation of kinship and collective memory, and the production of a cultural archive.
Social Science

Skull Wars

Kennewick Man, Archaeology, And The Battle For Native American Identity

Author: David H. Thomas

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780786724369

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 7060

The 1996 discovery, near Kennewick, Washington, of a 9,000-year-old Caucasoid skeleton brought more to the surface than bones. The explosive controversy and resulting lawsuit also raised a far more fundamental question: Who owns history? Many Indians see archeologists as desecrators of tribal rites and traditions; archeologists see their livelihoods and science threatened by the 1990 Federal reparation law, which gives tribes control over remains in their traditional territories.In this new work, Thomas charts the riveting story of this lawsuit, the archeologists' deteriorating relations with American Indians, and the rise of scientific archeology. His telling of the tale gains extra credence from his own reputation as a leader in building cooperation between the two sides.
Biography & Autobiography

Inheriting the Past

The Making of Arthur C. Parker and Indigenous Archaeology

Author: John Stephen Colwell-Chanthaphonh

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816526567

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 268

View: 9244

In recent years, archaeologists and Native American communities have struggled to find common ground even though more than a century ago a man of Seneca descent raised on New YorkÕs Cattaraugus Reservation, Arthur C. Parker, joined the ranks of professional archaeology. Until now, ParkerÕs life and legacy as the first Native American archaeologist have been neither closely studied nor widely recognized. At a time when heated debates about the control of Native American heritage have come to dominate archaeology, ParkerÕs experiences form a singular lens to view the fieldÕs tangled history and current predicaments with Indigenous peoples. In Inheriting the Past, Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh examines ParkerÕs winding career path and asks why it has taken generations for Native peoples to follow in his footsteps. Closely tracing ParkerÕs life through extensive archival research, Colwell-Chanthaphonh explores how Parker crafted a professional identity and negotiated dilemmas arising from questions of privilege, ownership, authorship, and public participation. How Parker, as well as the discipline more broadly, chose to address the conflict between Native American rights and the pursuit of scientific discovery ultimately helped form archaeologyÕs moral community. ParkerÕs rise in archaeology just as the field was taking shape demonstrates that Native Americans could have found a place in the scholarly pursuit of the past years ago and altered its trajectory. Instead, it has taken more than a century to articulate the promise of an Indigenous archaeologyÑan archaeological practice carried out by, for, and with Native peoples. As the current generation of researchers explores new possibilities of inclusiveness, ParkerÕs struggles and successes serve as a singular reference point to reflect on archaeologyÕs history and its future.
History

Accomplishing NAGPRA

Perspectives on the Intent, Impact, and Future of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act

Author: Sangita Chari,Jaime M. N. Lavallee

Publisher: First Peoples

ISBN: 9780870717208

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 3741

"More than one million cultural items - and the remains of nearly forty thousand Native Americans - have been repatriated since the 1990 passage of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The act, which addresses long-standing claims by federally recognized tribes, requires museums and federal agencies to return requested Native American cultural items to lineal descendants, culturally affiliated Indian tribes, and Native Hawai'an organizations. Drawing on case studies, personal reflections, historical documents, and statistics, Accomplishing NAGPRA reveals the day-to-day reality of implementing the act. The volume examines the grassroots, practical application of NAGPRA throughout the United States, reflecting the viewpoints of tribes, museums, federal agencies, attorneys, academics, and others invested in the landmark act"--Unedited summary from book cover.
Social Science

Reburying the Past

The Effects of Repatriation and Reburial on Scientific Inquiry

Author: Elizabeth Weiss

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 137

View: 4392

In this book, the author puts forth what one can learn from the study of human remains, how human remains have been obtained, the ethical dilemmas surrounding working with human remains, and the legal and political complexities of repatriation and reburial. The author intends to introduce readers to a fascinating realm of science rarely covered in the media, as opposed to the more popular fields of anthropology (e.g. forensics, archaeology, paleoanthropology).

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

The Official Publication of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists

Author: American association of physical anthropologists

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9102

Archaeology

A Future for Archaeology

The Past in the Present

Author: Robert Layton,Stephen Shennan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781844721269

Category: Archaeology

Page: 251

View: 9016

Over the last thirty years issues of culture, identity and meaning have moved out of the academic sphere to become central to politics and society at all levels from the local to the global. Archaeology has been at the forefront of these moves towards a greater engagement with the non-academic world, often in an extremely practical and direct way, for example in the disputes about the repatriation of human burials. Such disputes have been central to the recognition that previously marginalised groups have rights in their own past which are important for their future. The essays in this book look back at some of the most important events where a role for an archaeology concerned with the past in the present first emerged and look forward to the practical and theoretical issues now central to a socially engaged discipline and shaping its future. This book is published in honour of Professor Peter Ucko, who has played an unparalleled role in promoting awareness of the core issues in this volume among archaeologists.
History

Ancient Burial Practices in the American Southwest

Archaeology, Physical Anthropology, and Native American Perspectives

Author: Douglas R. Mitchell,Judy L. Brunson-Hadley,Dorothy Lippert

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826334619

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 7064

Prehistoric burial practices provide an unparalleled opportunity for understanding and reconstructing ancient civilizations and for identifying the influences that helped shape them.