History

The Shape of the New

Four Big Ideas and How They Made the Modern World

Author: Scott L. Montgomery,Daniel Chirot

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140088425X

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 2823

This panoramic book tells the story of how revolutionary ideas from the Enlightenment about freedom, equality, evolution, and democracy have reverberated through modern history and shaped the world as we know it today. A testament to the enduring power of ideas, The Shape of the New offers unforgettable portraits of Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Charles Darwin, and Karl Marx—heirs of the Enlightenment who embodied its highest ideals about progress—and shows how their thoughts, over time and in the hands of their followers and opponents, transformed the very nature of our beliefs, institutions, economies, and politics. Yet these ideas also hold contradictions. They have been used in the service of brutal systems such as slavery and colonialism, been appropriated and twisted by monsters like Stalin and Hitler, and provoked reactions against the Enlightenment's legacy by Islamic Salafists and the Christian Religious Right. The Shape of the New argues that it is impossible to understand the ideological and political conflicts of our own time without familiarizing ourselves with the history and internal tensions of these world-changing ideas. With passion and conviction, it exhorts us to recognize the central importance of these ideas as historical forces and pillars of the Western humanistic tradition. It makes the case that to read the works of the great thinkers is to gain invaluable insights into the ideas that have shaped how we think and what we believe.
Business & Economics

The Ideal Team Player

How to Recognize and Cultivate The Three Essential Virtues

Author: Patrick Lencioni

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119209595

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 370

The author uses a fable to describe how a man taking over the family business is forced to rapidly build and create a culture based on the virtues of a true team player, before laying out the real framework for placing the system in real world institutions.
Biography & Autobiography

Darwin's Sacred Cause

How a Hatred of Slavery Shaped Darwin's Views on Human Evolution

Author: Adrian Desmond,James Moore

Publisher: HMH

ISBN: 0547527756

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 4048

An “arresting” and deeply personal portrait that “confront[s] the touchy subject of Darwin and race head on” (The New York Times Book Review). It’s difficult to overstate the profound risk Charles Darwin took in publishing his theory of evolution. How and why would a quiet, respectable gentleman, a pillar of his parish, produce one of the most radical ideas in the history of human thought? Drawing on a wealth of manuscripts, family letters, diaries, and even ships’ logs, Adrian Desmond and James Moore have restored the moral missing link to the story of Charles Darwin’s historic achievement. Nineteenth-century apologists for slavery argued that blacks and whites had originated as separate species, with whites created superior. Darwin, however, believed that the races belonged to the same human family. Slavery was therefore a sin, and abolishing it became Darwin’s sacred cause. His theory of evolution gave a common ancestor not only to all races, but to all biological life. This “masterful” book restores the missing moral core of Darwin’s evolutionary universe, providing a completely new account of how he came to his shattering theories about human origins (Publishers Weekly, starred review). It will revolutionize your view of the great naturalist. “An illuminating new book.” —Smithsonian “Compelling . . . Desmond and Moore aptly describe Darwin’s interaction with some of the thorniest social and political issues of the day.” —Wired “This exciting book is sure to create a stir.” —Janet Browne, Aramont Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University, and author of Charles Darwin: Voyaging
History

Ideal Illusions

How the U.S. Government Co-opted Human Rights

Author: James Peck

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 9780805094664

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 4180

"Devastating and deeply disturbing, this book lays bare any lingering illusions that human rights concerns seriously influence U.S. policy."—Andrew J. Bacevich, author of Washington Rules The United States has long been hailed as a powerful force for global human rights. Now, drawing on thousands of documents from the CIA, the National Security Council, the Pentagon, and development agencies, James Peck shows in blunt detail how Washington has shaped human rights into a potent ideological weapon for purposes having little to do with rights—and everything to do with furthering America's global reach. Using the words of Washington's leaders when they are speaking among themselves, Peck tracks the rise of human rights from its dismissal in the cold war years as "fuzzy minded" to its calculated adoption, after the Vietnam War, as a rationale for American foreign engagement. He considers such milestones as the fight for Soviet dissidents, Tiananmen Square, and today's war on terror, exposing in the process how the human rights movement has too often failed to challenge Washington's strategies. A gripping and elegant work of analysis, Ideal Illusions argues that the movement must break free from Washington if it is to develop a truly uncompromising critique of power in all its forms.
Transportation

Human Transit

How Clearer Thinking about Public Transit Can Enrich Our Communities and Our Lives

Author: Jarrett Walker

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610911741

Category: Transportation

Page: 235

View: 9619

Public transit is a powerful tool for addressing a huge range of urban problems, including traffic congestion and economic development as well as climate change. But while many people support transit in the abstract, it's often hard to channel that support into good transit investments. Part of the problem is that transit debates attract many kinds of experts, who often talk past each other. Ordinary people listen to a little of this and decide that transit is impossible to figure out. Jarrett Walker believes that transit can be simple, if we focus first on the underlying geometry that all transit technologies share. In Human Transit, Walker supplies the basic tools, the critical questions, and the means to make smarter decisions about designing and implementing transit services. Human Transit explains the fundamental geometry of transit that shapes successful systems; the process for fitting technology to a particular community; and the local choices that lead to transit-friendly development. Whether you are in the field or simply a concerned citizen, here is an accessible guide to achieving successful public transit that will enrich any community.
History

Ideas

A History of Thought and Invention, from Fire to Freud

Author: Peter Watson

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061800309

Category: History

Page: 848

View: 8816

Peter Watson's hugely ambitious and stimulating history of ideas from deep antiquity to the present day—from the invention of writing, mathematics, science, and philosophy to the rise of such concepts as the law, sacrifice, democracy, and the soul—offers an illuminated path to a greater understanding of our world and ourselves.
Philosophy

Sources of the Self

The Making of the Modern Identity

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429498

Category: Philosophy

Page: 613

View: 2645

Charles Taylor's latest book sets out to define the modern identity by tracing its genesis.
History

Not Enough

Human Rights in an Unequal World

Author: Samuel Moyn

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674737563

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 5747

Jacobin legacy: the origins of social justice -- National welfare and the universal declaration -- FDR's second bill -- Globalizing welfare after empire -- Basic needs and human rights -- Global ethics from equality to subsistence -- Human rights in the neoliberal maelstrom
Philosophy

What Is a Person?

Rethinking Humanity, Social Life, and the Moral Good from the Person Up

Author: Christian Smith

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226765946

Category: Philosophy

Page: 518

View: 6520

The task of understanding human beings, what we ourselves are, our constitution and condition, is a perennial problem in philosophy and related disciplines. Smith argues here that our understanding of human persons is threatened by technological development and capricious academic theories alike, seeking to deny or relativize the personhood of humanity. Smith's book puts a stake in the ground, in defense of a view of the human that is genuinely humanistic in the traditional sense and capable of sustaining with intellectual coherence things like modern human rights and universal benevolence.
Religion

Religion in Human Evolution

Author: Robert N. Bellah

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674063090

Category: Religion

Page: 784

View: 4502

This ambitious book probes our biological past to discover the kinds of lives that human beings have imagined were worth living. Bellah’s theory goes deep into cultural and genetic evolution to identify a range of capacities (communal dancing, storytelling, theorizing) whose emergence made religious development possible in the first millennium BCE.
Medical

Handbook of Community-Based Clinical Practice

Author: Anita Lightburn,Phebe Sessions

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198036104

Category: Medical

Page: 584

View: 7503

This sweeping volume builds the much-needed bridge between books on community practice and on clinical practice, including 33 chapters written by expert social workers, psychologists, and psychiatrists specifically for clinicians making the transition to community-based work. This is the first handbook to specifically address this gap and provide meaningful guidance for today's community practitioners. Its overarching goal is to support the ongoing development of community-based mental health care, drawing on a wealth of practical examples. This groundbreaking collection not only outlines the history and philosophy of community practice but richly illustrates the state of the art with examples from early intervention and development programs, school-based practice, and community mental health services for children, families, and adults. Community-based clinicians of every stripe will find this handbook indispensable for understanding, improving, and evaluating their practice while enriching the health and well-being of their clients and their communities.
Education

Cultivating Humanity

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674735463

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 4641

How can higher education today create a community of critical thinkers and searchers for truth that transcends the boundaries of class, gender, and nation? Martha C. Nussbaum, philosopher and classicist, argues that contemporary curricular reform is already producing such “citizens of the world” in its advocacy of diverse forms of cross-cultural studies. Her vigorous defense of “the new education” is rooted in Seneca’s ideal of the citizen who scrutinizes tradition critically and who respects the ability to reason wherever it is found—in rich or poor, native or foreigner, female or male. Drawing on Socrates and the Stoics, Nussbaum establishes three core values of liberal education: critical self-examination, the ideal of the world citizen, and the development of the narrative imagination. Then, taking us into classrooms and campuses across the nation, including prominent research universities, small independent colleges, and religious institutions, she shows how these values are (and in some instances are not) being embodied in particular courses. She defends such burgeoning subject areas as gender, minority, and gay studies against charges of moral relativism and low standards, and underscores their dynamic and fundamental contribution to critical reasoning and world citizenship. For Nussbaum, liberal education is alive and well on American campuses in the late twentieth century. It is not only viable, promising, and constructive, but it is essential to a democratic society. Taking up the challenge of conservative critics of academe, she argues persuasively that sustained reform in the aim and content of liberal education is the most vital and invigorating force in higher education today.
Education

White Urban Teachers

Stories of Fear, Violence, and Desire

Author: Audrey Lensmire

Publisher: R&L Education

ISBN: 1610487664

Category: Education

Page: 81

View: 5380

Stories of the lives of white teachers, as white teachers, too often simplify the complexities and conflicts of their work with students of color. Drawing on in-depth interviews with five white teachers, as well as on her own experiences, Audrey Lensmire provides generous, complex, and critical accounts of white teachers, against the backdrop of her sharp critique of schools and our country s awful race history. With Charlotte, Lensmire explores how hard it often is for white people to talk about race. Through Darrin s stories, Lensmire illuminates this white teacher s awakening as a raced person, his tragic relationship with a brilliant African-American student, and how his need for control in the classroom undermined his own sense of himself as a good person. In her interpretations of stories told by Paul, Frida, and Margaret, Lensmire examines how care and desire play out in teaching students of color. In a society in which we avoid serious conversations about race and whiteness and what these mean for the education of our nation s children, Lensmire s book is an invaluable resource. "
History

The Lessons of History

Author: Will Durant,Ariel Durant

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439170193

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 8367

A concise survey of the culture and civilization of mankind, The Lessons of History is the result of a lifetime of research from Pulitzer Prize–winning historians Will and Ariel Durant. With their accessible compendium of philosophy and social progress, the Durants take us on a journey through history, exploring the possibilities and limitations of humanity over time. Juxtaposing the great lives, ideas, and accomplishments with cycles of war and conquest, the Durants reveal the towering themes of history and give meaning to our own.
Philosophy

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

Author: Lawrence R. Pasternack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317984307

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 5224

Throughout his career, Kant engaged with many of the fundamental questions in philosophy of religion: arguments for the existence of God, the soul, the problem of evil, and the relationship between moral belief and practice. Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is his major work on the subject. This book offers a complete and internally cohesive interpretation of Religion. In contrast to more reductive interpretations, as well as those that characterize Religion as internally inconsistent, Lawrence R. Pasternack defends the rich philosophical theology contained in each of Religion’s four parts, and shows how the doctrines of the "Pure Rational System of Religion" are eminently compatible with the essential principles of Transcendental Idealism. The book also presents and assesses: the philosophical background to Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason the ideas and arguments of the text the continuing importance of Kant’s work to philosophy of religion today.
Business & Economics

The Laws of M.O.S.E.S (America's Financial Future)

Volume One "A New Philosophy"

Author: Claus M. Bohm

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469126974

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 357

View: 7979

Dare to take a journey in a discussion to change the face of our financial world. Discover a new way to run the United States economy with a simple approach that gives us all real freedom. This content will not use economic jargon and complicated graphs. It will analyze our system with simple models and theories. We will then see how a system of fairness and equality can come from the effort. This will be a true revolution in how we view money today and how we will handle it in the future. This proposal, questions and critiques our financial institutions. It says we can do better to achieve something that has never been done before. This unusual view of our financial system by spirituality and political morality will identify the hypocrisy of our times. It will show and legitimize our reasons for building a new and sustainable capitalism.
Social Science

Futures we are in

Author: F. Emery

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468484885

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 9943

After explicating the analytical framework I will proceed to develop scenarios as follows: I. General scenarios -maladaptive and adaptive. 2. The future for the Western group of societies. Within this will seek to identify the main changes in the natures of work, leisure, family organisation, education and life styles. 3. The future for the major Asian powers, China, Japan and India. 4. A world scenario centred about the first two scenarios but also aimed to locate within this pattern the most probable future for sets of the smaller societies and under-developed countries. The scenarios will be developed in that order, for good reasons. Sociological forecasting has to deal, in the first instance, with sets of societies that are closely interdependent, each with the other. A scenario for Western societies generally is required before one can hope to write one for the individual countries, e.g. France, Australia, because they are not evolving independently. The widespread upsurge of student revolts in 1967-68 well illustrates this interdependence. Some writers, like Stevens (1970) have taken the U.S.A. as the model of the future for the other smaller Western societies. There is some justifi cation for this as the U.S. has certainly been the 'leading part' in the West for some decades. However, there is danger in assuming that that will persist. A change in the near future in the problems that commonly confront Western societies may make the U.S. example 'depasee', old hat, if not down-right misleading.
Literary Criticism

Ralph Ellison and the Raft of Hope

A Political Companion to Invisible Man

Author: Lucas E. Morel

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813128337

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 9749

Counseling

Strong Helpers' Teachings

The Value of Indigenous Knowledges in the Helping Professions

Author: Cyndy Baskin

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 155130399X

Category: Counseling

Page: 278

View: 5406

Strong Helpers' Teachings provides enrichment for the helping practices of Indigenous and non-Indigenous students, practitioners, and scholars in the human services. Those in the helping professions are challenged to share these important Indigenous teachings, including holistic approaches, spirituality, and healing, without appropriating their meanings and purposes. Cyndy Baskin outlines a foundation of values and ethical principles to be applied in social work practice and offers pathways to collaboration with Aboriginal peoples. Each chapter offers an Indigenous lens to explore issues and challenges, from caring for children and families to healing justice. Strong Helpers' Teachings is a call to action for all Indigenous peoples to teach what is needed to care for their communities and for non-Indigenous peoples to listen and recognize the value of Indigenous worldviews. Features: places Aboriginal peoples and their concerns and perspectives at the centre of the social work discipline includes the voices and insights of many Indigenous and non-Indigenous students, professors, and practitioners provides concrete examples of how Indigenous approaches and knowledge can be incorporated into the helping professions in areas such as child welfare, spirituality, justice, and community