Science

La Logique Du Vivant

Author: François Jacob

Publisher: Princeton Science Library (Pap

ISBN: 9780691000428

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 7011

In The Logic of Life Fran�ois Jacob looks at the way our understanding of biology has changed since the sixteenth century. He describes four fundamental turning points in the perception of the structure of living things: the discoveries of the functions of organs, cells, chromosomes and genes, and DNA.
Science

The logic of life

a history of heredity

Author: François Jacob

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780394719030

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 421

Philosophy

The Taste for Ethics

An Ethic of Food Consumption

Author: Christian Coff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402045530

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 6504

The field of ethics must be extended to cover responsibility for the production and choice of foodstuffs. This book shows how the focus of ethics can be expanded from its concern for the good life with and for others to cover the good life in fair food production practices.
Science

The Causes of Evolution

Author: John Burdon Sanderson Haldane

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691024424

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 4974

J.B.S. Haldane (1892-1964), one of the founders of the science of population genetics, was also one of the greatest practitioners of the art of explaining science to the layperson. Haldane was a superb story-teller, as his essays and his children's books attest. In The Causes of Evolution he not only helped to marry the new science of genetics to the older one of evolutionary theory but also provided an accessible introduction to the genetical basis of evolution by natural selection. Egbert Leigh's new introduction to this classic work places it in the context of the ongoing study of evolution. Describing Haldane's refusal to be confined by a "System" as a "light-hearted" one, Leigh points out that we are now finding that "Haldane's questions are the appropriate next stage in learning how adaptation can evolve. We are now ready to reap the benefit of the fact that Haldane was a free man in the sense that really matters." "Haldane's work is even better than most modern popularizations in its balance between gentle rhetoric and logical rigor. . . . In addition, working through the arguments in Haldane's Appendices is still likely to produce new ideas in students of the latest topics in sociobiology and evolutionary genetics."--Henry S. Horn, Princeton University
Religion

The Creationist Debate, Second Edition

The Encounter between the Bible and the Historical Mind

Author: Arthur McCalla

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1623561108

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 2630

Whereas scholarly study of Creationism usually places it in the context of religion and the history or philosophy of science, The Creationist Debate, here revised and completely updated in its second edition, has been written in the conviction that creationism is ultimately about the status of the Bible in the modern world. Creationism as a modern ideology exists in order to defend the authority of the Bible as a repository of transhistorical truth from the challenges of any and all historical sciences. It belongs to and is inseparable from Protestant Fundamentalists' desire to resubject the modern world to the authority of the inerrant Bible. Intelligent Design creationism, to the extent that it distinguishes itself from reactionary biblicism, is a program advocating a supernaturalist, providentialist understanding of the world. Accordingly, The Creationist Debate situates Creationism and Intelligent Design in relation to the rise, from the early modern period onwards, of historical thinking in various scientific and scholarly disciplines (including theories of the earth, chronology, civil history, geology, biblical criticism, paleontology, evolutionary biology, and anthropology) in their complex relationship to the status of the Bible as an historical authority. It argues that the debate over Creationism is at bottom a debate over how to interpret the biblical text rather than over how to interpret the world.
Science

The Optics of Life

A Biologist's Guide to Light in Nature

Author: Sönke Johnsen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084066X

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 7309

Optics--a field of physics focusing on the study of light--is also central to many areas of biology, including vision, ecology, botany, animal behavior, neurobiology, and molecular biology. The Optics of Life introduces the fundamentals of optics to biologists and nonphysicists, giving them the tools they need to successfully incorporate optical measurements and principles into their research. Sönke Johnsen starts with the basics, describing the properties of light and the units and geometry of measurement. He then explores how light is created and propagates and how it interacts with matter, covering topics such as absorption, scattering, fluorescence, and polarization. Johnsen also provides a tutorial on how to measure light as well as an informative discussion of quantum mechanics. The Optics of Life features a host of examples drawn from nature and everyday life, and several appendixes that offer further practical guidance for researchers. This concise book uses a minimum of equations and jargon, explaining the basic physics of light in a succinct and lively manner. It is the essential primer for working biologists and for anyone seeking an accessible introduction to optics. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
Science

The Serengeti Rules

The Quest to Discover How Life Works and Why It Matters

Author: Sean B. Carroll

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140088554X

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7845

How does life work? How does nature produce the right numbers of zebras and lions on the African savanna, or fish in the ocean? How do our bodies produce the right numbers of cells in our organs and bloodstream? In The Serengeti Rules, award-winning biologist and author Sean Carroll tells the stories of the pioneering scientists who sought the answers to such simple yet profoundly important questions, and shows how their discoveries matter for our health and the health of the planet we depend upon. One of the most important revelations about the natural world is that everything is regulated—there are rules that regulate the amount of every molecule in our bodies and rules that govern the numbers of every animal and plant in the wild. And the most surprising revelation about the rules that regulate life at such different scales is that they are remarkably similar—there is a common underlying logic of life. Carroll recounts how our deep knowledge of the rules and logic of the human body has spurred the advent of revolutionary life-saving medicines, and makes the compelling case that it is now time to use the Serengeti Rules to heal our ailing planet. A bold and inspiring synthesis by one of our most accomplished biologists and gifted storytellers, The Serengeti Rules is the first book to illuminate how life works at vastly different scales. Read it and you will never look at the world the same way again.
Medical

The Influence of Genetics on Contemporary Thinking

Author: Anne Fagot-Largeault,Shahid Rahman,Juan Manuel Torres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402056642

Category: Medical

Page: 216

View: 719

This interdisciplinary volume reflects on the effects of recent discoveries in genetics on a broad range of scientific fields. It shows the way in which those discoveries influence genetics itself and many other fields, and explains the impact of genetics on contemporary culture. The volume contains the most recent views of the Nobel Laureate François Jacob on genetics and the nature of living things.
Mathematics

The Natural Law of Cycles

Governing the Mobile Symmetries of Animals and Machines

Author: James H. Bunn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351478958

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 9443

The Natural Law of Cycles assembles scientific work from different disciplines to show how research on angular momentum and rotational symmetry can be used to develop a law of energy cycles as a local and global influence. Angular momentum regulates small-scale rotational cycles such as the swimming of fish in water, the running of animals on land, and the flight of birds in air. Also, it regulates large-scale rotation cycles such as global currents of wind and water.James H. Bunn introduces concepts of symmetry, balance, and angular momentum, showing how together they shape the mobile symmetries of animals. Chapter 1 studies the configurations of animals as they move in a head-first direction. Chapter 2 shows how sea animals follow currents and tides generated by the rotational cycles of the earth. In chapter 3, Bunn explores the biomechanical pace of walking as a partial cycle of rotating limbs. On a large scale, angular momentum governs balanced shifts in plate tectonics.Chapter 4 begins with an examination of rotational wind patterns in terms of the counter-balancing forces of angular momentum. The author shows how these winds augment the flights of birds during migrations. A final chapter centres on the conservation of energy as the most basic principle of science. Bunn argues that in the nineteenth century the unity of nature was seen in the emergent concept of energy, not matter, as the source of power, including the movements of animals and machines. In each chapter Bunn features environmental writers who celebrate mobile symmetries. This book will interest students, naturalists, and advocates of the environmental movement.
Science

Mathematical Evolutionary Theory

Author: Marcus W. Feldman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400859832

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 8748

An international group of distinguished scientists presents an up-to-date survey of quantitative problems at the forefront of modern evolutionary theory. Their articles illustrate results from the latest research in population and behavioral genetics, molecular evolution, and ecology. Each author gives careful attention to the exposition of the models, the logic of their analysis, and the legitimacy of qualitative biological inferences. The topics covered include stochastic models of finite populations and the sorts of diffusion approximations that are valid for their study, models of migration, kin selection, geneculture coevolution, sexual selection, life-history evolution, the statistics of linkage disequilibrium, and the molecular evolution of repeated DNA sequences and the HLA system in humans. The fourteen contributions are presented in two sections: Part I, Stochastic and Deterministic Genetic Theory, and Part II, Behavior, Ecology, and Evolutionary Genetics. Marcus W. Feldman provides an introduction to each part. The contributors are J. G. Bodmer, W. F. Bodmer, L. L. Cavalli Sforza, F. B. Christiansen, C. Cockerham, W. J. Ewens, M. W. Feldman, J. H. Gillespie, R. R. Hudson, N. L. Kaplan, S. Lessard, U. Liberman, M.E.N. Majerus, P. O'Donald, J. Roughgarden, S. Tavar, M. K. Uyenoyama, G. A. Watterson, and B. Weir. Originally published in 1989. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Science

Laws of the Game

How the Principles of Nature Govern Chance

Author: Manfred Eigen,Ruthild Winkler

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691025667

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 353

Using game theory and examples of actual games people play, Nobel laureate Manfred Eigen and Ruthild Winkler show how the elements of chance and rules underlie all that happens in the universe, from genetic behavior through economic growth to the composition of music. To illustrate their argument, the authors turn to classic games - backgammon, bridge, and chess - and relate them to physical, biological, and social applications of probability theory and number theory. Further, they have invented, and present here, more than a dozen playable games derived from scientific models for equilibrium, selection, growth, and even the composition of RNA. These games, complete with instructions and boards in color, are a source of learning and entertainment.
Science

How the Leopard Changed Its Spots

The Evolution of Complexity

Author: Brian C. Goodwin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691088099

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 9128

Do genes explain life? Can advances in evolutionary and molecular biology account for what we look like, how we behave, and why we die? This intervention into biological thinking argues that such genetic reductionism has limits. It shows how an understanding of the self-organizing patterns of networks is necessary for making sense of nature.
Nature

The history of natural history

an annotated bibliography; a guide to sources of information histories, bibliographies, biographies, library resources, etc

Author: Gavin D. R. Bridson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 1032

View: 3170

Architecture

Use & Adaptation of Precedents in Architectural Design

Toward an Evolutionary Design Model

Author: Karina Moraes Zarzar

Publisher: Delft University Press

ISBN: 9789040724183

Category: Architecture

Page: 274

View: 4766

"This is a Ph.D. thesis. For centuries, architects have used design precedents in the conception of new design solutions. Whether explicitly - as in the case of Le Corbusier, James Stirling and Jo Coenen - or implicitly - as with J.J.P. Oud, Aldo van Eyk, "
Mathematics

Chance and Chaos

Author: David Ruelle

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691021003

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

View: 6245

How do scientists look at chance, or randomness, and chaos in physical systems? In answering this question for a general audience, Ruelle has produced an authoritative and elegant book--a model of clarity, succinctness, and with humor bordering on the sardonic. Ruelle is a professor of theoretical physics in France.
Business & Economics

The Logic of Life

The Rational Economics of an Irrational World

Author: Tim Harford

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 0812977874

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 255

View: 7052

The author of The Underground Economist weaves together real-life scenarios, from a Las Vegas casino to a barroom speed date, to analyze the underlying economic logic behind seemingly irrational behavior, explaining how people respond to future costs and benefits and how socially tragic outcomes have their roots in individually rational decisions. Reprint. 40,000 first printing.
Biography & Autobiography

Life Sciences in the Twentieth Century

Biographical Portraits

Author: Everett Mendelsohn,Brian Scott Baigrie

Publisher: Charles Scribners Sons/Reference

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 207

View: 7848

Profiles the men and women who made important discoveries in anthroplogy, bacteriology, immunology, organic chemistry, crystallography, and other life sciences during a century that witnessed monumental discoveries.
Science

Live Long and Evolve

What Star Trek Can Teach Us about Evolution, Genetics, and Life on Other Worlds

Author: Mohamed A. F. Noor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691184119

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5215

An engaging journey into the biological principles underpinning a beloved science-fiction franchise In Star Trek, crew members travel to unusual planets, meet diverse beings, and encounter unique civilizations. Throughout these remarkable space adventures, does Star Trek reflect biology and evolution as we know it? What can the science in the science fiction of Star Trek teach us? In Live Long and Evolve, biologist and die-hard Trekkie Mohamed Noor takes readers on a fun, fact-filled scientific journey. Noor offers Trekkies, science-fiction fans, and anyone curious about how life works a cosmic gateway into introductory biology, including the definitions and origins of life, DNA, reproduction, and evolutionary processes, such as natural selection and genetic drift. For instance, he shows how the rapid change in a population of nanite robots follows basic principles of natural selection that apply to species on Earth. He explains how certain creatures depicted in the series are bisexual, not asexual, and what evolutionary advantage that difference provides. And he considers factors that affect successful interspecies mating and delves into what keeps species distinct. Noor discusses the importance of research and how Star Trek has influenced scientists to engage in cutting-edge work. Giving readers irresistible and entertaining insights, Live Long and Evolve looks at some of the powerful science behind one of the most popular and longest-running science-fiction series.
American literature

The Publishers Weekly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3214

Science

The Possible and the Actual

Author: François Jacob

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780295973418

Category: Science

Page: 71

View: 6454