Social Science

The New Economic Sociology

Developments in an Emerging Field

Author: Marshall Meyer

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610442601

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 1030

As the American economy surged in the 1990s, economic sociology made great strides as well. Economists and sociologists worked across disciplinary boundaries to study the booming market as both a product and a producer of culture, tracing the correlations they saw between economic and social phenomena. In the process, they debated the methodological issues that arose from their interdisciplinary perspectives. The New Economic Sociology provides an overview of these debates and assesses the state of the burgeoning discipline. The contributors summarize economic sociology's accomplishments to date, identifying key theoretical problems and opportunities, and formulating strategies for future research in the field. The book opens with an introduction to the main debates and conceptual approaches in economic sociology. Contributor Neil Fligstein suggests that the current resurgence of interest in economic sociology is due to the way it brings together many sociological subdisciplines including the study of markets, households, labor markets, stratification, networks, and culture. Other contributors examine the role of economic phenomena from a network perspective. Ron Burt, for example, demonstrates how social relationships affect competitive dynamics in the marketplace. A third set of chapters addresses the role of gender in economic sociology. In her chapter, Barbara Reskin rethinks conventional notions about discrimination and points out that the law only covers one type of discrimination, while in recent years social scientists have uncovered other forms of hidden discrimination, which must be addressed as well. The New Economic Sociology also addresses the problem of economic development and change from a sociological perspective. Alejandro Portes and Margarita Mooney elaborate on one of the key emerging concepts in economic sociology, arguing that social capital—as an attribute of communities and regions—can contribute to economic and social well-being by fostering collaboration and entrepreneurship. The contributors concur that economic action must be interpreted through the cultural understandings that lend it stability and meaning. By rendering these often complex debates accessible, The New Economic Sociology makes a significant contribution to this still rapidly developing field, and provides a useful guide for future avenues of research.
Business & Economics

Innovationen in Netzwerken

Wie Humankapital und Sozialkapital zu kreativen Ideen führen

Author: Alexander Fliaster

Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag

ISBN: 386618168X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 9277

Innovative Ideen entstehen häufig durch eine neue Kombination von Technologien und Lösungsansätzen aus Wissensbereichen, die bislang als völlig fremd füreinander galten. Das vorliegende Buch befasst sich mit dieser Neukombination bzw. Fusion von Wissen, vor allem aber auch mit Menschen, die sie erfolgreich bewerkstelligen. Zwei entscheidende Erfolgsfaktoren der interdisziplinären Wissensfusionen werden dabei eingehend analysiert. Es ist einerseits das Humankapital der Wissensarbeiter, die das Neue generieren. Neben der Motivation und Kreativität steht die soziale Dialog- bzw. Netzwerkkompetenz im Fokus der Betrachtung. Damit wird der Tatsache Rechnung getragen, dass innovative Ideen selten von einzelnen Genies stammen, sondern meistens das Ergebnis von Kooperationen zwischen den Wissensarbeitern sind. Über diese Kooperationsvorteile in informellen sozialen Netzwerken definiert sich der zweite Erfolgsfaktor der Wissensfusionen: Es ist das Sozialkapital der Wissensarbeiter, vor allem ihre Beziehungen, Netzwerkstrukturen und Wissensressourcen. Diese Werttreiber des Sozialkapitals, deren Bedeutung für Innovationen noch deutlich unterschätzt wird, werden im Buch umfassend beleuchtet.
Social Science

From Communists to Foreign Capitalists

The Social Foundations of Foreign Direct Investment in Postsocialist Europe

Author: Nina Bandelj

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841259

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 7683

From Communists to Foreign Capitalists explores the intersections of two momentous changes in the late twentieth century: the fall of Communism and the rise of globalization. Delving into the economic change that accompanied these shifts in central and Eastern Europe, Nina Bandelj presents a pioneering sociological treatment of the process of foreign direct investment (FDI). She demonstrates how both investors and hosts rely on social networks, institutions, politics, and cultural understandings to make decisions about investment, employing practical rather than rational economic strategies to deal with the true uncertainty that plagues the postsocialist environment. The book explores how eleven postsocialist countries address the very idea of FDI as an integral part of their market transition. The inflows of foreign capital after the collapse of Communism resulted not from the withdrawal of states from the economy, as is commonly expected, but rather from the active involvement of postsocialist states in institutionalizing and legitimizing FDI. Using a wide array of data sources, and combining a macro-level account of national variation in the liberalization to foreign capital with a micro-level account of FDI transactions in the decade following the collapse of Communism in 1989, the book reveals how social forces not only constrain economic transformations but also make them possible. From Communists to Foreign Capitalists is a welcome addition to the growing literature on the social processes that shape economic life.
Business & Economics

Economic Sociology

An Introduction

Author: Jeff Hass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134164254

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 1235

This insightful key resource presents the clearest, most comprehensive and wide ranging account of economic sociology to date. Hass presents a critical and sophisticated yet approachable analysis of economic behaviour and phenomena. He makes the insights, claims, and logic of economic sociology interactive and accessible to students, while exposing the realities of today’s complex economic world and the challenges of studying economies and societies. This introductory text: provides a sophisticated yet approachable analysis of economic behaviour and phenomena explores economic structures and change from a global perspective-by using comparisons and data from the United States, Europe, East Asia, Latin America, and post-socialist countries shows how domestic and international economic forces work over time to shape modern economies takes a critical perspective of both economic sociology and economics to establish useful insights presents historical narratives showing the development of today’s economic structures and institutions addresses important economic issues directly impacting on students’ lives—from the more visible (economic inequality and organizations) to the less visible (international economic trends, public policy, post-socialism). Incorporating illustrations, case studies, a glossary, chapter notes, and a comprehensive bibliography, this student-friendly text also puts forward suggestions for further project work by showing the reader areas that require further investigation.
Social Science

Economic Networks

Author: David Knoke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745662900

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 1164

Social relations are crucial for understanding diverse economic actions and a network perspective is central to that explanation. Simple exchanges involving money, labor, and commodities combine into complexly connected systems. Economic networks span many levels of analysis, from persons (consumers, employees), to groups (households, workteams), organizations (corporations, interest groups), populations (industries, markets) and the rapidly expanding global economic system. David Knoke blends network theories from a range of disciplines and empirical studies of domestic and international economies to illuminate how economic activity is embedded in and constrained by social ties among economic actors. Social capital, in the form of connections to others holding valuable resources, is vital for finding a job, buying a car, creating a new industry, or triggering a global financial crisis. In nontechnical terms the author explicates the core network concepts, measures, and analysis methods behind these phenomena. The book also includes many striking network diagrams to provide visual insights into complex structural patterns. This accessible book offers an invaluable critique for both undergraduate and graduate students in economic sociology and social network analysis courses who seek a better understanding of the multifaceted economic webs in which we are all entangled.
Political Science

The Architecture of Russian Markets

Organizational Responses to Institutional Change

Author: B. Grancelli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137508493

Category: Political Science

Page: 126

View: 8598

This study analyses enterprise development and entrepreneurship and their relationship with the state and market building in Russia. It focuses on continuities and changes in the factory regime, drawing on existing literature and the author's own research and evaluation.
Business & Economics

Class, Ethnicity, Gender and Latino Entrepreneurship

Author: María Eugenia Verdaguer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135844631

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 1290

Drawing on surveys and in-depth interviews, this book examines the social and economic relations of first-generation Latino entrepreneurs. Verdaguer explores social patterns between and within groups, situating immigrant entrepreneurship within concrete geographical, demographic and historical spaces. Her study not only reveals that Latinos' strategies for access to business ownership and for business development are cut across class, ethnic and gender lines, but also that immigrants' options, practices, and social spaces remain largely shaped by patriarchal gender relations within the immigrant family, community and economy. This book is a necessary addition to the literature on immigration, class, gender relations, and the intersectionality of these issues.
Political Science

What Women Want

An Agenda for the Women's Movement

Author: Deborah L. Rhode

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199348294

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2896

American women fare worse than men on virtually every major dimension of social status, financial well-being, and physical safety. Sexual violence remains common, and reproductive rights are by no means secure. Women assume disproportionate burdens in the home and pay a heavy price in the workplace. Yet these issues are not political priorities. Nor is there a consensus that there still is a serious problem. In What Women Want, Deborah L. Rhode, one of the nation's leading scholars on women and law, brings to the discussion a broad array of interdisciplinary research as well as interviews with heads of leading women's organizations. Is the women's movement stalled? What are the major obstacles it confronts? What are its key priorities and what strategies might advance them? In addressing those questions, the book explores virtually all of the major policy issues confronting women. Topics include employment and appearance discrimination, the gender gap in pay and leadership opportunities, work/family policies, childcare, divorce, same-sex marriage, sexual harassment, domestic violence, rape, trafficking, abortion, poverty, and political representation, all with a particular focus on the capacities and limits of law as a strategy for social change. Why, despite four decades of equal employment legislation, is women's workplace status so far from equal? Why, despite a quarter century's effort at reforming rape law, is America's rate of reported rape the second highest in the developed world? Part of the problem lies in the absence of political mobilization around such issues and the underrepresentation of women in public office. In an age where many women are reluctant to identify as feminists, a broad-ranging, expert look at where American women are today is more necessary than ever. This path-breaking book explores how women can and should act on what they want.
Developing countries

Peripherie

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Developing countries

Page: N.A

View: 4122

Business & Economics

Economic Sociology

A Systematic Inquiry

Author: Alejandro Portes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 307

View: 9687

The sociological study of economic activity has witnessed a significant resurgence. Recent texts have chronicled economic sociology's nineteenth-century origins while pointing to the importance of context and power in economic life, yet the field lacks a clear understanding of the role that concepts at different levels of abstraction play in its organization. Economic Sociology fills this critical gap by surveying the current state of the field while advancing a framework for further theoretical development. Alejandro Portes examines economic sociology's principal assumptions, key explanatory concepts, and selected research sites. He argues that economic activity is embedded in social and cultural relations, but also that power and the unintended consequences of rational purposive action must be factored in when seeking to explain or predict economic behavior. Drawing upon a wealth of examples, Portes identifies three strategic sites of research--the informal economy, ethnic enclaves, and transnational communities--and he eschews grand narratives in favor of mid-range theories that help us understand specific kinds of social action. The book shows how the meta-assumptions of economic sociology can be transformed, under certain conditions, into testable propositions, and puts forward a theoretical agenda aimed at moving the field out of its present impasse.
Business enterprises

Innovation, Finance, and Space

Author: Alain Thierstein,Eike W. Schamp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business enterprises

Page: 216

View: 5568

Sociology

American Sociological Review

Author: Frank Hamilton Hankins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 6412

Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."
Sociology

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 9071

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Social Science

Race and wealth disparities

a multidisciplinary discourse

Author: Beverly I. Moran

Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer

ISBN: 9780761839255

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 4349

Race and Wealth Disparities is a multidisciplinary reader on the subject of race and wealth primarily, yet not exclusively, within the United States.
Business & Economics

Valuing the Unique

The Economics of Singularities

Author: Lucien Karpik

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 7526

"With his economics of singularities, Lucien Karpik has given researchers even more than a masterpiece of economic sociology. He introduces new methods, new concepts, and new results. He shows how the differences between markets are more important than their similarities, and how our approach to markets should deal first and foremost with qualities. This book puts economics back on the road toward generality!"--Olivier Favereau, Universite Paris X and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique ""Valuing the Unique" is an exciting foray onto new ground for economic sociology. In studying markets of singularities, Lucien Karpik provides a wealth of fascinating examples of judgment devices whereby we value goods and services that are incommensurable. A singular achievement!"--David Stark, author of "The Sense of Dissonance: Accounts of Worth in Economic Life" "This is one of these rare books that reveals a new economic province. Far removed from the familiar domain of customary economics there lies the realm of singularities--goods and services for which the issue of quality lies beyond any question of price. By successfully integrating culture and market, and the politics of the market, "Valuing the Unique" has implications for general and theoretical sociology. It presents a most lively and useful read for those interested in the manner in which markets actually function."--Philippe Steiner, Universite Paris-Sorbonne ""Valuing the Unique" is the most important book to be published in economic sociology in many years. Karpik develops a full-fledged sociological alternative to understanding the problem of singularities, and offers conceptual breakthroughs that make hitherto puzzling issues much easier to comprehend. No debates on the issue of the valuation of goods will be able to ignore Karpik's theoretical contribution."--Jens Beckert, director of the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies "This is a wonderfully stimulating book--evocative, provocative, ambitious, and certain to spark debate. It poses important questions and offers new conceptual tools for economic sociology. There is a lot to think about here."--Bruce Carruthers, Northwestern University "