History

The Quest for the Historical Israel

Debating Archaeology and the History of Early Israel : Invited Lectures Delivered at the Sixth Biennial Colloquium of the International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism, Detroit, October 2005

Author: Israel Finkelstein,Amihay Mazar,International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism. Colloquium

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1589832779

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 2727

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org)
Jews

Ancient Israel

From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple

Author: Hershel Shanks

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781935335412

Category: Jews

Page: 411

View: 8899

Religion

The Old Testament and the Archaeologist

Author: Hubert Darrell Lance

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 9781451409208

Category: Religion

Page: 98

View: 8019

The recovery of the history of the ancient Near East through archaeology is one of the major achievements of the modern age. Although the impact of this new knowledge on biblical matters is briefly surveyed, the main concern of this book is with the methods that archaeologists use in going about their work. Lance discusses the principles of excavation and how materials recovered are brought to bear on biblical studies. The book explains in detail the principles of stratigraphy and typology, suggests practical ways for the beginner to find needed information in the confusing array of primary and secondary publications, and takes a brief look at the future of biblical archaeology as a discipline.
Social Science

Beyond the Texts

An Archaeological Portrait of Ancient Israel and Judah

Author: William G. Dever

Publisher: SBL Press

ISBN: 0884142175

Category: Social Science

Page: 772

View: 8805

A handbook for biblical scholars and historians of the Ancient Near East William G. Dever offers a welcome perspective on ancient Israel and Judah that prioritizes the archaeological remains to render history as it was—not as the biblical writers argue it should have been. Drawing from the most recent archaeological data as interpreted from a nontheological point of view and supplementing that data with biblical material only when it converges with the archaeological record, Dever analyzes all the evidence at hand to provide a new history of ancient Israel and Judah that is accessible to all interested readers. Features A new approach to the history of ancient Israel Extensive bibliography More than eighty maps and illustrations
History

Food in Ancient Judah

Domestic Cooking in the Time of the Hebrew Bible

Author: Cynthia Shafer-Elliott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317543513

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4241

First published in 2013. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Religion

Memories of Ancient Israel

An Introduction to Biblical History - Ancient and Modern

Author: Philip R. Davies

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 0664232884

Category: Religion

Page: 182

View: 4898

Recent years have seen an explosion of writing on the history of Israel, prompted largely by definitive archaeological surveys and attempts to write a genuine archaeological history of ancient Israel and Judah. This text is an incisive critique of and alternative proposal to these approaches to biblical history.
Religion

The Bible Unearthed

Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Isreal and the Origin of Sacred Texts

Author: Israel Finkelstein,Neil Asher Silberman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743223381

Category: Religion

Page: 400

View: 6415

In this groundbreaking work that sets apart fact and legend, authors Finkelstein and Silberman use significant archeological discoveries to provide historical information about biblical Israel and its neighbors. In this iconoclastic and provocative work, leading scholars Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman draw on recent archaeological research to present a dramatically revised portrait of ancient Israel and its neighbors. They argue that crucial evidence (or a telling lack of evidence) at digs in Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon suggests that many of the most famous stories in the Bible—the wanderings of the patriarchs, the Exodus from Egypt, Joshua’s conquest of Canaan, and David and Solomon’s vast empire—reflect the world of the later authors rather than actual historical facts. Challenging the fundamentalist readings of the scriptures and marshaling the latest archaeological evidence to support its new vision of ancient Israel, The Bible Unearthed offers a fascinating and controversial perspective on when and why the Bible was written and why it possesses such great spiritual and emotional power today.
History

Who Were the Early Israelites and Where Did They Come From?

Author: William G. Dever

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802844163

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 8879

A respected archaeologist's engaging, revealing take on ancient Israel. A thorough yet readable examination of a much-debated subject -- of relevance also to the current Israeli-Palestinian situation -- this book is sure to reinvigorate discussion of the origins of ancient Israel.
History

The Lives of Ordinary People in Ancient Israel

When Archaeology and the Bible Intersect

Author: William G. Dever

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802867014

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 7252

In this book William Dever addresses the question that must guide every good historian of ancient Israel: What was life really like in those days? Writing as an expert archaeologist who is also a secular humanist, Dever relies on archaeological data, over and above the Hebrew Bible, for primary source material. He focuses on the lives of ordinary people in the eighth century B.C.E. - not kings, priests, or prophets - people who left behind rich troves of archaeological information but who are practically invisible in "typical" histories of ancient Israel. --from publisher description.
History

History, Archaeology and The Bible Forty Years After "Historicity"

Changing Perspectives 6

Author: Ingrid Hjelm,Thomas L. Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317428153

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 4034

In History, Archaeology and the Bible Forty Years after "Historicity", Hjelm and Thompson argue that a ‘crisis’ broke in the 1970s, when several new studies of biblical history and archaeology were published, questioning the historical-critical method of biblical scholarship. The crisis formed the discourse of the Copenhagen school’s challenge of standing positions, which—together with new achievements in archaeological research—demand that the regional history of ancient Israel, Judaea and Palestine be reconsidered in all its detail. This volume examines the major changes that have taken place within the field of Old Testament studies since the ground breaking works of Thomas Thompson and John van Seters in 1974 and 1975 (both republished in 2014). The book is divided in three sections: changing perspectives in biblical studies, history and cult, and ideology and history, presenting new articles from some of the field’s best scholars with comprehensive discussion of historical, archaeological, anthropological, cultural and literary approaches to the Hebrew Bible and Palestine’s history. The essays question: "How does biblical history relate to the archaeological history of Israel and Palestine?" and "Can we view the history of the region independently of a biblical perspective?" by looking at the problem from alternative angles and questioning long-held interpretations. Unafraid to break new ground, History, Archaeology and the Bible Forty Years after "Historicity" is a vital resource to students in the field of Biblical and East Mediterranean Studies, and anyone with an interest in the archaeology, history and religious development in Palestine and the ancient Near East.
History

Biblical Narrative and Palestine's History

Changing Perspectives 2

Author: Thomas L. Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317543424

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2135

Modern biblical scholarship's commitment to the historical-critical method in its efforts to write a history of Israel has created the central and unavoidable problem of writing an objective and critical history of Palestine through the biblical literature with the methods of Biblical Archaeology. 'Biblical Narrative and Palestine's History' brings together key essays on historical method and the archaeology and history of Palestine. The essays employ comparative and formalistic techniques to illuminate the allegorical and mythical in Old Testament narrative traditions from Genesis to Nehemiah. In so doing, the volume presents a detailed review of central and radical changes in both our understanding of biblical traditions and the archaeology and history of Palestine. The study offers an analysis of Biblical narrative as rooted in ancient Near Eastern literature since the Bronze Age.
Religion

David and Solomon

In Search of the Bible's Sacred Kings and the Roots of the Western Tradition

Author: Israel Finkelstein,Neil Asher Silberman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416556885

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 1836

The exciting field of biblical archaeology has revolutionized our understanding of the Bible -- and no one has done more to popularise this vast store of knowledge than Israel Finkelstein and Neil Silberman, who revealed what we now know about when and why the Bible was first written in The Bible Unearthed. Now, with David and Solomon, they do nothing less than help us to understand the sacred kings and founding fathers of western civilization. David and his son Solomon are famous in the Bible for their warrior prowess, legendary loves, wisdom, poetry, conquests, and ambitious building programmes. Yet thanks to archaeology's astonishing finds, we now know that most of these stories are myths. Finkelstein and Silberman show us that the historical David was a bandit leader in a tiny back-water called Jerusalem, and how -- through wars, conquests and epic tragedies like the exile of the Jews in the centuries before Christ and the later Roman conquest -- David and his successor were reshaped into mighty kings and even messiahs, symbols of hope to Jews and Christians alike in times of strife and despair and models for the great kings of Europe. A landmark work of research and lucid scholarship by two brilliant luminaries, David and Solomon recasts the very genesis of western history in a whole new light.
Religion

Biblical Peoples and Ethnicity

An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, and Early Israel, 1300–1100 B.C.E.

Author: Ann E. Killebrew

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1589830970

Category: Religion

Page: 362

View: 2142

Ancient Israel did not emerge within a vacuum but rather came to exist alongside various peoples, including Canaanites, Egyptians, and Philistines. Indeed, Israel’s very proximity to these groups has made it difficult—until now—to distinguish the archaeological traces of early Israel and other contemporary groups. Through an analysis of the results from recent excavations in light of relevant historical and later biblical texts, this book proposes that it is possible to identify these peoples and trace culturally or ethnically defined boundaries in the archaeological record. Features of late second-millennium B.C.E. culture are critically examined in their historical and biblical contexts in order to define the complex social boundaries of the early Iron Age and reconstruct the diverse material world of these four peoples. Of particular value to scholars, archaeologists, and historians, this volume will also be a standard reference and resource for students and other readers interested in the emergence of early Israel.
Religion

Ancient Israel: What Do We Know and How Do We Know It?

Revised Edition

Author: Lester L. Grabbe

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567670449

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 2957

In Ancient Israel Lester L. Grabbe sets out to summarize what we know through a survey of sources and how we know it by a discussion of methodology and by evaluating the evidence. The most basic question about the history of ancient Israel, how do we know what we know, leads to the fundamental questions of Grabbe's work: what are the sources for the history of Israel and how do we evaluate them? How do we make them 'speak' to us through the fog of centuries? Grabbe focuses on original sources, including inscriptions, papyri, and archaeology. He examines the problems involved in historical methodology and deals with the major issues surrounding the use of the biblical text when writing a history of this period. Ancient Israel provides an enlightening overview and critique of current scholarly debate. It can therefore serve as a 'handbook' or reference-point for those wanting a catalogue of original sources, scholarship, and secondary studies. Grabbe's clarity of style makes this book eminently accessible not only to students of biblical studies and ancient history but also to the interested lay reader. For this new edition the entire text has been reworked to take account of new archaeological discoveries and theories. There is a major expansion to include a comprehensive coverage of David and Solomon and more detailed information on specific kings of Israel throughout. Grabbe has also added material on the historicity of the Exodus, and provided a thorough update of the material on the later bronze age.
Religion

Consider Leviathan

Narratives of Nature and the Self in Job

Author: Brian R. Doak

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 145148951X

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 5408

Theologians and philosophers are turning again to questions of the meaning, or non-meaning, of the natural world for human self-understanding. Brian R. Doak observes that the book of Job, more than any other book in the Bible, uses metaphors drawn from the natural world, especially of plants and animals, as raw material for thinking about human suffering. Doak argues that Job should be viewed as an anthropological “ground zero” for the traumatic definition of the post-exilic human self in ancient Israel. Furthermore, the battered shape of the Joban experience should provide a starting point for reconfiguring our thinking about “natural theology” as a category of intellectual history in the ancient world. Doak examines how the development of the human subject is portrayed in the biblical text in either radical continuity or discontinuity with plants and animals. Consider Leviathan explores the text at the intersection of anthropology, theology, and ecology, opening up new possibilities for charting the view of nature in the Hebrew Bible.
Religion

Festive Meals in Ancient Israel

Deuteronomy's Identity Politics in Their Ancient Near Eastern Context

Author: Peter Altmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110255375

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 5326

This study investigates the festive meals in Deuteronomy’s laws in comparison to depictions of meals in other biblical texts, as well as ancient Near Eastern texts and iconography. Its eclectic, interdisciplinary approach includes discussion of the archaeology of meals in the ancient Levant and recent anthropological findings on meals in order to emphasize the centrality of meals for identity formation as well as for political and religious rhetoric in the texts of Deuteronomy.
Religion

Contextualizing Israel’s Sacred Writing

Ancient Literacy, Orality, and Literary Production

Author: Brian B. Schmidt

Publisher: SBL Press

ISBN: 1628371196

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 7442

An essential resource exploring orality and literacy in the pre-Hellenistic southern Levant and the Hebrew Bible Situated historically between the invention of the alphabet, on the one hand, and the creation of ancient Israel's sacred writings, on the other, is the emergence of literary production in the ancient Levant. In this timely collection of essays by an international cadre of scholars, the dialectic between the oral and the written, the intersection of orality with literacy, and the advent of literary composition are each explored as a prelude to the emergence of biblical writing in ancient Israel. Contributors also examine a range of relevant topics including scripturalization, the compositional dimensions of orality and textuality as they engage biblical poetry, prophecy, and narrative along with their antecedents, and the ultimate autonomy of the written in early Israel. The contributors are James M. Bos, David M. Carr, André Lemaire, Robert D. Miller II, Nadav Na'aman, Raymond F. Person Jr., Frank H. Polak, Christopher A. Rollston, Seth L. Sanders, Joachim Schaper, Brian B. Schmidt, William M. Schniedewind, Elsie Stern, and Jessica Whisenant. Features Addresses questions of literacy and scribal activity in the Levant and Negev Articles examine memory, oral tradition, and text criticism Discussion of the processes of scripturalization
Religion

Historical Roots of the Old Testament (1200–63 BCE)

Author: Richard D. Nelson

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1628370068

Category: Religion

Page: 314

View: 2748

A thorough overview of the history of ancient Israel for research and classroom use Richard D. Nelson charts the beginning of the Iron Age and the emergence of Israel and its literature, including the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the downfall of Israel, Judah in the Assyrian and Babylonian periods, Yehud and Persia, and the Hellenistic period. Each chapter provides a summary of the period under consideration, a historical reconstruction of the period, based on biblical and extrabiblical evidence; a critical study of the biblical literature deriving from or associated with the period, and theological conclusions that readers may draw from the relevant biblical texts. Features: Balanced coverage of controversial topics Extensive bibliographies at the beginning of each chapter Lists of rulers and key dates for reference and classroom use
Law

A History of Western Public Law

Between Nation and State

Author: Bruno Aguilera Barchet

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331911803X

Category: Law

Page: 775

View: 1339

The book outlines the historical development of Public Law and the state from ancient times to the modern day, offering an account of relevant events in parallel with a general historical background, establishing and explaining the relationships between political, religious, and economic events.