Children in the Taiwanese fishing community of Angang have their attention drawn, consciously and unconsciously, to various forms of identification through their participation in schooling, family life and popular religion. They read texts about 'virtuous mothers', share 'meaningful foods' with other villagers, visit the altars of 'divining children' and participate in 'dangerous' god-strengthening rituals. In particular they learn about the family-based cycle of reciprocity, and the tension between this and commitment to the nation. Charles Stafford's 1995 study of childhood in this community (with additional material from north-eastern mainland China) explores absorbing issues related to nurturance, education, family, kinship and society in its analysis of how children learn, or do not learn, to identify themselves as both familial and Chinese.
eine Studie zur materiellen Alltagskultur bäuerlicher Gehöfte in der Manjurei
Author: Mareile Flitsch
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Category: Social Science
Im Norden Chinas bedienen sich die Menschen im Inneren ihrer Wohnhauser des Kangs, einer dem romischen Hypokaust ahnlichen beheizten Wohnplattform. Auf diesem Kang findet der Alltag statt. Hier wird gewohnt, gearbeitet, gegessen, geschlafen, geheilt, gespielt, erzogen, erzahlt, gestritten, gelebt, geliebt, geheiratet, gezeugt, geboren, gefeiert, gelitten oder getrauert. Mareile Flitsch zeichnet in ihrer Studie Bau, Funktion und Nutzung des Kangs und der Sachkultur, mit der er bestuckt wird, systematisch nach und zeigt, wie die besonderen technischen Bedingungen die soziale Nutzung des Raumes mitbestimmt haben. Fur die Darstellung dienten ihr neben Sekundarquellen und Feldforschungsmaterialien vor allem Volkslieder und Sprichworter, die die zahlreichen Facetten des Alltags auf dem Kang in beeindruckender Weise widerspiegeln. Im Laufe der Geschichte entstanden regional unterschiedliche Bauvarianten des Kang und damit verschiedene Formen der Wohnkultur. Der Kang zeugt ausserdem von einer Geschichte der Korperlichkeit, erhielten sich auf ihm doch Techniken des Bodenwohnens, die erst mit dem Ubergang zum Bettschlafen und Stuhlwohnen seltener werden. So entsteht das Bild einer auf den Menschen abgestimmten Alltagstechnik, das unser Verstandnis vom Leben in China vertieft und verandert.
Rapid industrialization, urbanization, and marketization have led to startling social changes in reform-era China. Mindful of the many forms of social theory that relate modernity to individualism, this volume addresses social and cultural change through the lens of psychological anthropology. The contributors explore Chinese modernity through the psychosocial contradictions experienced by artists, dancers, and poets; by mothers and daughters; by school children and migrant workers; the mentally ill, and others. As a whole, the book provides a disturbing but hopeful portrait of Chinese society, an opportunity to rethink the significance of the concept of modernity, and a vivid reminder of the enmeshment of individual psyches in their wider social and cultural environments.
dargestellt an der Holzschnittfolge Die feierliche Begrüßung der Mazu von Lin Chih-hsin ; begleitet von Pilgerstäben des Künstlers Ludwig Denk ; anlässlich der Ausstellung "Mazu. Chinesische Göttin der Seefahrt" im Staatlichen Museum für Völkerkunde München, 11. Februar - 4. Oktober 2009
Author: Claudius Müller
Publisher: Hirmer Verlag GmbH
Every year, the coastal cities of Taiwan and Southern China witness colorful parades and processions in honor of the sea goddess Mazu. On occasion of the 1000th anniversary of her cult in 1987, the Taiwanese artist Lin Chih-Hsin created a series of wood cuts 136 m long, which shows the parade route in 68 individual panels. German text.
History by Frank Joseph Shulman,Patricia Polansky,Anna See Ping Leon Shulman
An Annotated Bibliography of Studies in Western Languages
Author: Frank Joseph Shulman,Patricia Polansky,Anna See Ping Leon Shulman
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
The development of Chinese, Mongolian, and Tibetan Studies in the West since World War II has been accompanied by a dramatic growth in the number of doctoral degrees awarded for research concerned with the countries and civilizations of East Asia. While some of these dissertations have been cited in various sources, until now no definitive reference guide has brought together in a classified, annotated, indexed, and up-to-date manner the entire body of thesis literature on China and Inner Asia written between 1976 and 1990. Included are more than 10,000 entries for dissertations in the humanities and the social sciences, law, medicine, theology, engineering, and other disciplines, with more than half of these works not cited in Dissertation Abstracts International. The entries are classified and grouped together in topical chapters, and the volume includes a detailed table of contents, thousands of cross-references, and three extensive indexes to facilitate use. Each entry includes considerable bibliographic information and a descriptive annotation. The volume also includes information on the availability of the dissertations from UMI, the British Library Document Supply Centre, and other sources worldwide.
Based on extensive fieldwork the author provides unique insights into the functioning of a traditional form of theatre in the economically advanced region of southern Fujian, thus giving a fascinating window on contemporary China.
`This excellent text will introduce advanced students - and remind senior researchers - of the availability of a broad range of techniques available for the systematic analysis of social data that is not numeric. It makes the key point that neither quantitative nor qualitative methods are interpretive and at the same time demonstrates once and for all that neither a constructivist perspective nor a qualitative approach needs to imply abandonment of rigor. That the chapters are written by different authors makes possible a depth of expertise within each that is unusually strong' - Susanna Hornig Priest, Texas A&M University; Author of `Doing Media Research' Qualitative Researching with Text, Image and Sound off
American anthropologists' collusion with ethnic domination
Author: Keelung Hong,Stephen O. Murray
Publisher: Univ of Nebraska Pr
Anthropologists have long sought to extricate their work from the policies and agendas of those who dominate—and often oppress—their native subjects. Looking through Taiwan is an uncompromising look at a troubling chapter in American anthropology that reveals what happens when anthropologists fail to make fundamental ethnic and political distinctions in their work. Keelung Hong and Stephen O. Murray examine how Taiwanese realities have been represented—and misrepresented—in American social science literature, especially anthropology, in the post–World War II period. They trace anthropologists’ complicity in the domination of a Taiwanese majority by a Chinese minority and in its obfuscation of social realities. At the base of these distortions, the authors argue, were the mutual interests of the Republic of China’s military government and American social scientists in mischaracterizing Taiwan as representative of traditional Chinese culture. American anthropologists, eager to study China but denied access by its communist government, turned instead to fieldwork on the Republic of China’s society, which they incorrectly and disingenuously interpreted to reflect traditional Chinese society on the mainland. Anthropologists overlooked the cultural and historical differences between the island and the mainland and effectively legitimized the People’s Republic of China’s claim on Taiwan. Looking through Taiwan is a powerful critique of American anthropology and a valuable reminder of the political and ethical implications of social science research and writing.
There is very much a masculine ethos pervading Malaysia's spirit and belief in modernity and progress. This insightful and rewarding book focuses on technology and machines in relation to masculinity to provide an innovative, anthropological perspective of Malaysian society and the Chinese diaspora.
From the mid-1500s to December 1999, Macao was the longest-standing site of economic, religious and political contact between the Chinese and European worlds. Yet this surprising capacity for survival has resulted, ironically, form the very weakness of the Portuguese presence. In particular, since the foundation of Hong Kong (in 1840), Macao had depended on a creative use of its marginality - as a centre for gambling, for the coolie trade, the opium trade, the semi-clandestine gold trade and so on. As a rear window on China, Macao provides us with fascinating examples of marginality that allow us to study the limits of the systems that characterize the Chinese world.