Science

The Secret Life of the Periodic Table

Unlocking the Mysteries of All 118 Elements

Author: Ben Still

Publisher: Firefly Books

ISBN: 9781770858107

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 6571

The Secret Life of the Periodic Table uncovers the fascinating stories behind the formulation of the table. It describes how and who discovered the 118 elements, and the competition and cooperation behind scientific advances. The character of the elements is brought to life in a bright and engaging way, making The Secret Life of the Periodic Table ideal for students and general readers. Spared the monotony of a school text, they can gain a basic understanding of the fundamentals of atomic science. The book covers all 118 elements in 14 chapters. They are: A brief guide to atomic physics Igor Mendeleev, arguably the most important formulator of the table, and significant others Hydrogen Alkali metals Alkaline Earth metal Transition metals Post-transition metals Metalloids Other non-metals Halogens Noble gases Lanthanoids Actinoids Transuranium elements. Each element description includes a fact box showing atomic number, atomic weight, radius, melting point, boiling point, density, and the year of its discovery and by whom. There are many sidebars, boxes and extended captions covering topics of interest, like Ernest Lawrence's 1931 cyclotron, early precursor to the 10-km radius Large Hydron Collider that he could not possibly have imagined. There is also fascinating trivia about the elements. For example, phosphorus was first isolated by an alchemist's search for gold in urine and in the 1920s, there was a fad for lethal radium cocktails. The Secret Life of the Periodic Table is accurate and entertaining, making it a helpful adjunct to student studies. General readers will find it an enjoyable trip into the world of chemistry and atomic science. It is an ideal purchase for science, middle school and general collections.
Science

The Secret Life of the Periodic Table

Author: Dr Ben Still

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1844039102

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 6739

Every element has character, be it volatile, aloof, gregarious or enigmatic. They also have incredible stories of how they came to be, how they were discovered and how their qualities have been harnessed to make everything we have in the world. The Secret Life of the Periodic Table gives a fascinating insight into the discovery and use of all 118 elements. It uncovers incredible stories of how Mendeleev's table was formulated and the individual elements found, as well as explaining the fundamentals of atomic science and each element's place in the table and our universe.
Science

Radium and the Secret of Life

Author: Luis A. Campos

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022623827X

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 3310

Long before the hydrogen bomb indelibly associated radioactivity with death, many chemists, physicists, botanists, and geneticists were excited thinking that radium held the key to the secret of life. Luis Campos examines the many and varied connections between early radioactivity research and understandings of vitality, both scientific and popular, in the first half of the twentieth century. As some physicists and chemists early on described the wondrous new element and its radioactive brethren in lifelike terms ( decay, half-life, and frequent reference to the natural selection and evolution of the elements), many biologists of the period eagerly sought to bring radium into the biological fold. They did so with experiments aimed at elucidating some of the most basic phenomena of life, including metabolism and mutation, and often saw in these phenomena properties that in turn reminded them of the new element. These initially provocative links between radium and life proved remarkably productive in experimental terms and ultimately led to key biological insights into the origin of life, the nature of mutation, and the structure of the gene. "Radium and the Secret of Life" traces the half-life of this connection between the living and the radioactive, while also exploring the approach to history that emerges when one follows a trail of associations that, asymptotically, never quite disappears."
Juvenile Nonfiction

The Disappearing Spoon

And Other True Tales of Rivalry, Adventure, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements (Young Readers Edition)

Author: Sam Kean

Publisher: Little, Brown Books for Young Readers

ISBN: 0316388254

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 240

View: 9571

A young readers edition of the New York Times bestseller The Disappearing Spoon, chronicling the extraordinary stories behind one of the greatest scientific tools in existence: the periodic table. Why did Gandhi hate iodine (I, 53)? How did radium (Ra, 88) nearly ruin Marie Curie's reputation? And why did tellurium (Te, 52) lead to the most bizarre gold rush in history? The periodic table is a crowning scientific achievement, but it's also a treasure trove of adventure, greed, betrayal, and obsession. The fascinating tales in The Disappearing Spoon follow elements on the table as they play out their parts in human history, finance, mythology, conflict, the arts, medicine, and the lives of the (frequently) mad scientists who discovered them. Adapted for a middle grade audience, the young readers edition of The Disappearing Spoon offers the material in a simple, easy-to-follow format, with approximately 20 line drawings and sidebars throughout. Students, teachers, and burgeoning science buffs will love learning about the history behind the chemistry.
Chemical elements

Periodic Tales

The Curious Lives of the Elements

Author: Hugh Aldersey-Williams

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141041455

Category: Chemical elements

Page: 428

View: 4522

'The history, science, art, literature and everyday applications of all the elements from aluminium to zinc' The Times Everything in the universe is made of them, including you. Like you, the elements have personalities, attitudes, talents, shortcomings, stories rich with meaning. Here you'll meet iron that rains from the heavens and noble gases that light the way to vice. You'll learn how lead can tell your future while zinc may one day line your coffin. You'll discover what connects the bones in your body with the Whitehouse in Washington, the glow of a streetlamp with the salt on your dinner table. Unlocking their astonishing secrets and colourful pasts, Periodic Tales is a voyage of wonder and discovery, showing that their stories are our stories, and their lives are inextricable from our own. 'Science writing at its best. A fascinating and beautiful literary anthology, bringing them to life as personalities. If only chemistry had been like this at school. A rich compilation of delicious tales' Matt Ridley, Prospect 'A love letter to the chemical elements. Aldersey-Williams is full of good stories and he knows how to tell them well' Sunday Telegraph 'Great fun to read and an endless fund of unlikely and improbable anecdotes' Financial Times
Health & Fitness

The Secret Life of Fat: The Science Behind the Body's Least Understood Organ and What It Means for You

Author: Sylvia Tara

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393244849

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 5663

A biochemist shows how we can finally control our fat—by understanding how it works. Fat is not just excess weight, but actually a dynamic, smart, and self-sustaining organ that influences everything from aging and immunity to mood and fertility. With cutting-edge research and riveting case studies—including the story of a girl who had no fat, and that of a young woman who couldn’t stop eating—Dr. Sylvia Tara reveals the surprising science behind our most misunderstood body part and its incredible ability to defend itself. Exploring the unexpected ways viruses, hormones, sleep, and genetics impact fat, Tara uncovers the true secret to losing weight: working with your fat, not against it.
Mathematics

The Secret Life of Equations

The 50 Greatest Equations and How They Work

Author: Richard Cochrane

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1844038637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 5317

Discover the 50 equations that have led to incredible discoveries, ground-breaking technology and have shaped our understanding of the world. From much heralded classics, like Zeno's Dichotomy and Pythagoras's Theorem, to The Schrödinger Wave Equation and Google PageRank, each equation is broken down and explained in a unique, illustrated way, so that you understand what it's about; what it's good for; its history, detail and related equations. Behind every important scientific discovery there is an equation. They are far from baffling, and now you too can understand their power and beauty!
Science

Particle Physics Brick by Brick

Author: Dr Ben Still

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1844039757

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 7842

All matter comprises of twelve 'building block' particles. This book explains how these building blocks are formed and interact, using toy building blocks to create a uniquely visual and clear depiction of the way our universe is put together. This is the perfect introduction to the enigmatic and fascinating world of Quantum Physics. Our story starts with the Big Bang, and along the way, the constructs and interactions within and among atoms and sub-atomic particles, and the forces that play upon them, are clearly explained, with each LEGO® block representing a different atomic or sub-atomic particle. The different colours and size denote what that particle is and its relationship with the other 'building blocks'. Each chapter is presented in digestible chunks, using toy building blocks to illustrate the ideas and experiments that have led to some of the biggest discoveries of the past 150 years. Soon you'll be able to construct every element in the Universe using a box of LEGO® and this book!
Science

Caesar's Last Breath

Decoding the Secrets of the Air Around Us

Author: Sam Kean

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: 0316381632

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9453

The Guardian's Best Science Book of 2017 One of Science News's Favorite Science Books of 2017 The fascinating science and history of the air we breathe It's invisible. It's ever-present. Without it, you would die in minutes. And it has an epic story to tell. In Caesar's Last Breath, New York Times bestselling author Sam Kean takes us on a journey through the periodic table, around the globe, and across time to tell the story of the air we breathe, which, it turns out, is also the story of earth and our existence on it. With every breath, you literally inhale the history of the world. On the ides of March, 44 BC, Julius Caesar died of stab wounds on the Senate floor, but the story of his last breath is still unfolding; in fact, you're probably inhaling some of it now. Of the sextillions of molecules entering or leaving your lungs at this moment, some might well bear traces of Cleopatra's perfumes, German mustard gas, particles exhaled by dinosaurs or emitted by atomic bombs, even remnants of stardust from the universe's creation. Tracing the origins and ingredients of our atmosphere, Kean reveals how the alchemy of air reshaped our continents, steered human progress, powered revolutions, and continues to influence everything we do. Along the way, we'll swim with radioactive pigs, witness the most important chemical reactions humans have discovered, and join the crowd at the Moulin Rouge for some of the crudest performance art of all time. Lively, witty, and filled with the astounding science of ordinary life, Caesar's Last Breath illuminates the science stories swirling around us every second.
Science

The Lost Elements

The Periodic Table's Shadow Side

Author: Marco Fontani,Mariagrazia Costa,Mary Virginia Orna

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199383340

Category: Science

Page: 531

View: 4145

In the mid-nineteenth century, chemists came to the conclusion that elements should be organized by their atomic weights. However, the atomic weights of various elements were calculated erroneously, and chemists also observed some anomalies in the properties of other elements. Over time, it became clear that the periodic table as currently comprised contained gaps, missing elements that had yet to be discovered. A rush to discover these missing pieces followed, and a seemingly endless amount of elemental discoveries were proclaimed and brought into laboratories. It wasn't until the discovery of the atomic number in 1913 that chemists were able to begin making sense of what did and what did not belong on the periodic table, but even then, the discovery of radioactivity convoluted the definition of an element further. Throughout its formation, the periodic table has seen false entries, good-faith errors, retractions, and dead ends; in fact, there have been more elemental discoveries" that have proven false than there are current elements on the table. The Lost Elements: The Shadow Side of Discovery collects the most notable of these instances, stretching from the nineteenth century to the present. The book tells the story of how scientists have come to understand elements, by discussing the failed theories and false discoveries that shaped the path of scientific progress. Chapters range from early chemists' stubborn refusal to disregard alchemy as legitimate practice, to the effects of the atomic number on discovery, to the switch in influence from chemists to physicists, as elements began to be artificially created in the twentieth century. Along the way, Fontani, Costa, and Orna introduce us to the key figures in the development of the periodic table as we know it. And we learn, in the end, that this development was shaped by errors and gaffs as much as by correct assumptions and scientific conclusions."
Science

Scientific Sleuthing

Chemical Discoveries Made in New Zealand

Author: Rebecca Hurrell,Andrew Muscroft-Taylor,Glyn Strange,Bryce Williamson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780992251772

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 8907

Scientific Sleuthing begins with New Zealanders solving different problems: the cause of toxic honey, uses for our unique flora and fauna, paints that can withstand our harsh and temperamental climate. It then unfolds into a world where globalisation has propelled New Zealand scientists to international standing: seeking treatments for cancer; developing new processes; discovering compounds and materials that perform in ways that earlier generations could not have imagined. In their chosen fields, New Zealand chemists lead the world.
Biography & Autobiography

The Periodic Table

Author: Primo Levi

Publisher: Everyman's Library

ISBN: 0679444637

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 241

View: 350

One of Italy's leading men of letters, a chemist by profession, writes about incidents in his life in which one or another of the elements figured in such a way as to become a personal preoccupation
Art

The Secret Lives of Color

Author: Kassia St Clair

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1524704946

Category: Art

Page: 320

View: 3131

The unforgettable, unknown history of colors and the vivid stories behind them in a beautiful multi-colored volume The Secret Lives of Color tells the unusual stories of seventy-five fascinating shades, dyes and hues. From blonde to ginger, the brown that changed the way battles were fought to the white that protected against the plague, Picasso's blue period to the charcoal on the cave walls at Lascaux, acid yellow to kelly green, and from scarlet women to imperial purple, these surprising stories run like a bright thread throughout history. In this book, Kassia St. Clair has turned her lifelong obsession with colors and where they come from (whether Van Gogh's chrome yellow sunflowers or punk's fluorescent pink) into a unique study of human civilization. Across fashion and politics, art and war, the secret lives of color tell the vivid story of our culture. “A mind-expanding tour of the world without leaving your paintbox. Every color has a story, and here are some of the most alluring, alarming, and thought-provoking.” —Simon Garfield, author of Just My Type

Secrets of the Core

Book One of the Chronicles of the Elements

Author: Darren Howard

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781508626480

Category:

Page: 214

View: 8381

What begins as any other day for strangers Emma, Will, Alex, and Fira, transforms into an amazing adventure, when the eleven-year-olds are unexpectedly teleported from their separate countries into the mind-boggling world of the Inner Core Kingdoms at the center of the Earth. The four kids quickly discover that they've been chosen to help solve a series of mysterious abductions; the elements are disappearing. As they discover and test their new powers, the young humans begin to uncover clues about an evil plan that lies at the heart of the Core. The question is; can they figure out who's behind the plot and stop them before it's too late? Secrets of the Core is the first book in the Chronicles of the Elements; an imaginative series that introduces readers to the periodic table by turning the elements into a cast of intriguing characters who live in a technologically advanced secret world deep inside the Earth. Embark on an unforgettable adventure with four unexpected heroes as they fight monsters with their incredible new abilities and find that courage and friendship create an even more powerful combination.
Industrial arts

The Secret of Everyday Things

Informal Talks with the Children

Author: Jean-Henri Fabre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Industrial arts

Page: 381

View: 6182

Science

A World From Dust

How the Periodic Table Shaped Life

Author: Ben McFarland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190275022

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 4958

A World From Dust describes how a set of chemical rules combined with the principles of evolution in order to create an environment in which life as we know it could unfold. Beginning with simple mathematics, these predictable rules led to the advent of the planet itself, as well as cells, organs and organelles, ecosystems, and increasingly complex life forms. McFarland provides an accessible discussion of a geological history as well, describing how the inorganic matter on Earth underwent chemical reactions with air and water, allowing for life to emerge from the world's first rocks. He traces the history of life all the way to modern neuroscience, and shows how the bioelectric signals that make up the human brain were formed. Most popular science books on the topic present either the physics of how the universe formed, or the biology of how complex life came about; this book's approach would be novel in that it condenses in an engaging way the chemistry that links the two fields. This book is an accessible and multidisciplinary look at how life on our planet came to be, and how it continues to develop and change even today. This book includes 40 illustrations by Gala Bent, print artist and studio faculty member at Cornish College of the Arts, and Mary Anderson, medical illustrator.
Comics & Graphic Novels

Wonderful Life with the Elements

The Periodic Table Personified

Author: Bunpei Yorifuji

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593274238

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 208

View: 3050

From the brilliant mind of Japanese artist Bunpei Yorifuji comes Wonderful Life with the Elements, an illustrated guide to the periodic table that gives chemistry a friendly face. In this super periodic table, every element is a unique character whose properties are represented visually: heavy elements are fat, man-made elements are robots, and noble gases sport impressive afros. Every detail is significant, from the length of an element's beard to the clothes on its back. You'll also learn about each element's discovery, its common uses, and other vital stats like whether it floats—or explodes—in water. Why bother trudging through a traditional periodic table? In this periodic paradise, the elements are people too. And once you've met them, you'll never forget them.
Mathematics

The Secret Life of Equations

The 50 Greatest Equations and How They Work

Author: Rich Cochrane

Publisher: Firefly Books

ISBN: 9781770858084

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 3214

A new way to understand the nature of equations with a look at 50 of the most important ones.

Brains Explains Quantum Physics

Author: ITV Ventures Limited

Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson

ISBN: 9781844038299

Category:

Page: 96

View: 6594

Chemical elements

Elements

The Ultimate Guide to the Building Blocks of Our Universe

Author: Jack Challoner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780233005508

Category: Chemical elements

Page: 160

View: 8468

The Elements: An Interactive Guide to the Building Blocks of Our Universe is an illustrated reference book to the elements that make up everything in our universe. General information about the properties, behaviour and occurrence of the elements, their main compounds and their principal uses is given. It is authoritative and accessible, with a sense of wonder about the way the material world works, thanks to the protons, neutrons and electrons that make up the atoms of the elements.