Literary Criticism

The Selfish Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192860927

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

View: 7317

An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit
Science

The Extended Selfish Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198788782

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 3734

The Selfish Gene is a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. In it Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for the replication of genes. The book provoked widespread and heated debate, which in part led Dawkins to write The Extended Phenotype, in which he gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection, as well as contributing his own development of this insight. For the first time, The Extended Selfish Gene brings these two books together, by including two key chapters from The Extended Phenotype. These chapters provide Dawkins's detailed and powerful response to two issues raised by critics of The Selfish Gene: the accusations of genetic determinism (the idea that our behaviour is entirely determined by our genes), and of "adaptationism" (that all traits are indiscriminately perceived to be adaptations resulting from natural selection). While written in particular for the biology community, Dawkins's clarity of expression allows these chapters to be accessible to all who are seriously engaged with the gene's eye view and its implications. The imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant Selfish Gene not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research. Forty years later, its insights remain as significant as on the day it was published. Along with the two extra chapters, The Extended Selfish Gene includes a new epilogue to The Selfish Gene from the author which highlights the relevance of the gene's eye view to evolutionary biology today.

The Selfish Gene

Author: Nicola Davis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351351621

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1268

Richard Dawkins provides excellent examples of his reasoning and interpretation skills in The Selfish Gene. His 1976 book is not a work of original research, but instead a careful explanation of evolution, combined with an argument for a particular interpretation of several aspects of evolution. Since Dawkins is building on other researchers' work and writing for a general audience, the central elements of good reasoning are vital to his book: producing a clear argument and presenting a persuasive case; organising an argument and supporting its conclusions. In doing this, Dawkins also employs the crucial skill of interpretation: understanding what evidence means; clarifying terms; questioning definitions; giving clear definitions on which to build arguments. The strength of his reasoning and interpretative skills played a key part in the widespread acceptance of his argument for a gene-centred interpretation of natural selection and evolution - and in its history as a bestselling classic of science writing.
Science

The Selfish Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198788606

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 991

With a new epilogue to the 40th anniversary edition.
Science

Dawkins and the Selfish Gene

Author: Ed Sexton

Publisher: Totem Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 300

Richard Dawkins made famous the theory of the 'selfish gene' - inciting one of the most controversial debates in science today. His views on evolution and genetics widely misunderstood, Dawkins has been the target for a barrage of spurious accusations. Yet he has held steadfastly to the belief in the universal objectivity of science, an unfashionable contemporary heir to the Enlightenment ideal.
Philosophy

The Solitary Self

Darwin and the Selfish Gene

Author: Mary Midgley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317488237

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 1938

Renowned philosopher Mary Midgley explores the nature of our moral constitution to challenge the view that reduces human motivation to self-interest. Midgley argues cogently and convincingly that simple, one-sided accounts of human motives, such as the 'selfish gene' tendency in recent neo-Darwinian thought, may be illuminating but are always unrealistic. Such neatness, she shows, cannot be imposed on human psychology. She returns to Darwin's original writings to show how the reductive individualism which is now presented as Darwinism does not derive from Darwin but from a wider, Hobbesian tradition in Enlightenment thinking. She reveals the selfish gene hypothesis as a cultural accretion that is just not seen in nature. Heroic independence is not a realistic aim for Homo sapiens. We are, as Darwin saw, earthly organisms, framed to interact constantly with one another and with the complex ecosystems of which we are a tiny part. For us, bonds are not just restraints but also lifelines.
Science

Why We Do it

Rethinking Sex and the Selfish Gene

Author: Niles Eldredge

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393050820

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 2812

An evolutionary biologist argues against the belief that sexual behavior is governed by genes, identifying an intricate interplay among humans that involves day-to-day survival, reproduction, and learned cultural factors.

The Extended Phenotype

The Long Reach of the Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198788916

Category:

Page: 496

View: 1853

In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins crystallized the gene's eye view of evolution developed by W.D. Hamilton and others. The book provoked widespread and heated debate. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as theunit of selection; but it did much more besides. In it, Dawkins extended the gene's eye view to argue that the genes that sit within an organism have an influence that reaches out beyond the visible traits in that body - the phenotype - to the wider environment, which can include other individuals.So, for instance, the genes of the beaver drive it to gather twigs to produce the substantial physical structure of a dam; and the genes of the cuckoo chick produce effects that manipulate the behaviour of the host bird, making it nurture the intruder as one of its own. This notion of the extendedphenotype has proved to be highly influential in the way we understand evolution and the natural world. It represents a key scientific contribution to evolutionary biology, and it continues to play an important role in research in the life sciences.The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort.Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.
Religion

Dawkins' God

From The Selfish Gene to The God Delusion

Author: Alister E. McGrath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118964780

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 8166

A fully updated new edition of a critically acclaimed examination of the theories and writings of Richard Dawkins by a world-renowned expert on the relation of science and religion Includes in-depth analysis of Dawkins’ landmark treatise The God Delusion (2006), as well as coverage of his later popular works The Magic of Reality (2011) and The Greatest Show on Earth (2011),and a new chapter on Dawkins as a popularizer of science Tackles Dawkins’ hostile and controversial views on religion, and examine the religious implications of his scientific ideas including a comprehensive investigation of the ‘selfish gene’ Written in an accessible and engaging style that will appeal to anyone interested in better understanding the interplay between science and religion
Psychology

The Selfish Gene Philosophy

Narcissistic Giving

Author: Gerald Alper

Publisher: Academica PressLlc

ISBN: 9781936320257

Category: Psychology

Page: 163

View: 8116

In his latest work Professor Alper explores how his innovative concept of narcissistic giving—that is, the dysfunctional art in which one gives without actually giving­--manifests itself all too often in the social transactions and interactions that compose everyay existence. This sense of grandiosely promising a world of happiness and satisfaction while giving so very little makes narcissistic giving not only an apt description for a pervasive,implicit philosophy of our culture but elevates it to a dynamic theory of dysfunctional psychic energy. This is the first book that shows how evolutionary psychology...the ethos of the selfish gene...gets unconsciously played out in the emotional lives of ordinary people. THE SELFISH GENE PHILOSOPHY examines how narcissistic giving intersects with and illuminates the current conflicts surrounding science and society,psychology and personal fulfillment, and the desire for simplicity in a complex world. Based on decades of clinical experience, this culminating work uses fascinating case studies and classic archetypical films, from Open Water to The King of Comedy, to reveal the inner workings and impact of narcissistic giving on our inner lives and outer world.Alper's prior books have been acclaimed. Jerome David Levin,Ph.D,author of THE CLINTON SYNDROME, acknowledges that “Alper never writes dull books...He has one of the most creative analytic minds of his generation.” Publishers Weekly has praised his books as “brillant,deft...” while Booklist calls them “convincing”.
Science

The Society of Genes

Author: Itai Yanai,Lercher Martin

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674425022

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 5957

Since Dawkins popularized the notion of the selfish gene, the question of how these selfish genes work together to construct an organism remained a mystery. Now, standing atop a wealth of new research, Itai Yanai and Martin Lercher—pioneers in the field of systems biology—provide a vision of how genes cooperate and compete in the struggle for life.
Science

Genes in Conflict

Author: Austin BURT,Robert Trivers

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674017139

Category: Science

Page: 602

View: 8932

Covering all species from yeast to humans, this is the first book to tell the story of selfish genetic elements that act narrowly to advance their own replication at the expense of the larger organism.
Biography & Autobiography

An Appetite for Wonder

The Making of a Scientist

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062225812

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 8785

With the 2006 publication of The God Delusion, the name Richard Dawkins became a byword for ruthless skepticism and "brilliant, impassioned, articulate, impolite" debate (San Francisco Chronicle). his first memoir offers a more personal view. His first book, The Selfish Gene, caused a seismic shift in the study of biology by proffering the gene-centered view of evolution. It was also in this book that Dawkins coined the term meme, a unit of cultural evolution, which has itself become a mainstay in contemporary culture. In An Appetite for Wonder, Richard Dawkins shares a rare view into his early life, his intellectual awakening at Oxford, and his path to writing The Selfish Gene. He paints a vivid picture of his idyllic childhood in colonial Africa, peppered with sketches of his colorful ancestors, charming parents, and the peculiarities of colonial life right after World War II. At boarding school, despite a near-religious encounter with an Elvis record, he began his career as a skeptic by refusing to kneel for prayer in chapel. Despite some inspired teaching throughout primary and secondary school, it was only when he got to Oxford that his intellectual curiosity took full flight. Arriving at Oxford in 1959, when undergraduates "left Elvis behind" for Bach or the Modern Jazz Quartet, Dawkins began to study zoology and was introduced to some of the university's legendary mentors as well as its tutorial system. It's to this unique educational system that Dawkins credits his awakening, as it invited young people to become scholars by encouraging them to pose rigorous questions and scour the library for the latest research rather than textbook "teaching to" any kind of test. His career as a fellow and lecturer at Oxford took an unexpected turn when, in 1973, a serious strike in Britain caused prolonged electricity cuts, and he was forced to pause his computer-based research. Provoked by the then widespread misunderstanding of natural selection known as "group selection" and inspired by the work of William Hamilton, Robert Trivers, and John Maynard Smith, he began to write a book he called, jokingly, "my bestseller." It was, of course, The Selfish Gene. Here, for the first time, is an intimate memoir of the childhood and intellectual development of the evolutionary biologist and world-famous atheist, and the story of how he came to write what is widely held to be one of the most important books of the twentieth century.

The Selfish Gene

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781442097766

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5102

Science

The Greatest Show on Earth

The Evidence for Evolution

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781416597780

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 8760

Richard Dawkins transformed our view of God in his blockbuster, The God Delusion, which sold more than 2 million copies in English alone. He revolutionized the way we see natural selection in the seminal bestseller The Selfish Gene. Now, he launches a fierce counterattack against proponents of "Intelligent Design" in his New York Times bestseller, The Greatest Show on Earth. "Intelligent Design" is being taught in our schools; educators are being asked to "teach the controversy" behind evolutionary theory. There is no controversy. Dawkins sifts through rich layers of scientific evidence—from living examples of natural selection to clues in the fossil record; from natural clocks that mark the vast epochs wherein evolution ran its course to the intricacies of developing embryos; from plate tectonics to molecular genetics—to make the airtight case that "we find ourselves perched on one tiny twig in the midst of a blossoming and flourishing tree of life and it is no accident, but the direct consequence of evolution by non-random selection." His unjaded passion for the natural world turns what might have been a negative argument, exposing the absurdities of the creationist position, into a positive offering to the reader: nothing less than a master’s vision of life, in all its splendor.
Science

The Music of Life

Biology beyond genes

Author: Denis Noble

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191578809

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 4358

What is Life? Decades of research have resulted in the full mapping of the human genome - three billion pairs of code whose functions are only now being understood. The gene's eye view of life, advocated by evolutionary biology, sees living bodies as mere vehicles for the replication of the genetic codes. But for a physiologist, working with the living organism, the view is a very different one. Denis Noble is a world renowned physiologist, and sets out an alternative view to the question - one that becomes deeply significant in terms of the living, breathing organism. The genome is not life itself. Noble argues that far from genes building organisms, they should be seen as prisoners of the organism. The view of life presented in this little, modern, post-genome project reflection on the nature of life, is that of the systems biologist: to understand what life is, we must view it at a variety of different levels, all interacting with each other in a complex web. It is that emergent web, full of feedback between levels, from the gene to the wider environment, that is life. It is a kind of music. Including stories from Noble's own research experience, his work on the heartbeat, musical metaphors, and elements of linguistics and Chinese culture, this very personal and at times deeply lyrical book sets out the systems biology view of life.
Philosophy

The selfish gene pool

an evolutionary stable system

Author: Donald Mackay Wonderly

Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 234

View: 7958

This work discusses the claim that people are destined to act selfishly because their fitness in resulting generations depends on it. The book provides an overview of a motivation model designed to support an interpretation of altruistic behaviour and ques.
Science

The Blind Watchmaker

Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe Without Design

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393315707

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 7574

Clarifies the seemingly implausible aspects of Darwin's theory, drawing on the famous watch comparison argued by William Paley, the eighteenth-century theologian