Science

The Transformation of Work

Author: Steven Peter Vallas

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780762307661

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 8483

Annotation. Sociologists draw on recent developments in economic and organizational sociology to analyze exactly how work is changing as the economy moves into a post-industrial phase. Their topics include organizations, occupations, and the structuration of work; technical knowledge, rainmaking, and gender among finance executives; faculty responses to the transformation of knowledge and its uses in the life sciences; the social construction of overtime; relations in production at a cooperative workplace in Mexico; negotiating strategies and consequences of reduced-hours careers in medicine; and the flexibilization of labor in the Australian hotel industry. There is no index. c. Book News Inc.
Social Science

The Transformation of Work in Welfare State Organizations

New Public Management and the Institutional Diffusion of Ideas

Author: Frank Sowa,Ronald Staples,Stefan Zapfel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351619942

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 1196

How has New Public Management influenced social policy reform in different developed welfare states? New managerialism is conceptualized as a paradigm, which not only shapes the decision-making process in bureaucratic organizations but also affects the practice of individuals (citizens). Public administrations have been expected to transform from traditional bureaucratic organizations into modern managerial service providers by adopting a business model that requires the efficient and effective use of resources. The introduction of managerial practices, controlling and accounting systems, management by objectives, computerization, service orientation, increased outsourcing, competitive structures and decentralized responsibility are typical of efforts to increase efficiency. These developments have been accompanied by the abolition of civil service systems and fewer secure jobs in public administrations. This book provides a sociological understanding of how public administrations deal with this transformation, how people’s role as public servants is affected, and what kind of strategies emerge either to meet these new organizational requirements or to circumvent them. It shows how hybrid arrangements of public services are created between the public and the private sphere that lead to conflicts of interest between private strategies and public tasks as well as to increasingly homogeneous social welfare provision across Europe.
Social Science

Immigration and Work

Author: Jody Agius Vallejo

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784416312

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 2222

This volume investigates how larger structural inequalities in sending and receiving nations, immigrant entry policies, group characteristics, and micro level processes, such as discrimination and access to ethnic networks, shapes labor market outcomes, workplace experiences, and patterns of integration among immigrants and their descendants.
Social Science

Work and Family in the New Economy

Author: Samantha K. Ammons,Erin L. Kelly

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784416290

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1198

This volume will focus on innovative research examining how the nature of paid work intersects with family and personal life today. This collection of cutting-edge research will be instrumental in shaping the next wave of work-family scholarship.
Social Science

The Sociology of Work

Introduction

Author: Keith Grint

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745632505

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 8371

The third edition of this best-selling textbook has been carefully revised to provide an up-to-date, indispensable introduction to the sociology of work. It not only includes clear explanations of classic theories and evidence, but also covers the most cutting-edge research, data, and debates. In addition to being revised throughout, the book contains substantive new sections on globalisation, including global branding and slave labour, and a new chapter on the myths and realities of modern employment. Chapter-by-chapter, Keith Grint examines different sociological approaches to work, emphasising the links between social processes, the institutions of employment, and their social and domestic contexts. His use of an international range of empirical evidence helps to make his account especially accessible to undergraduate readers. The book has been specially designed to support students' understanding, and to develop their critical responses to the literature. Written in a lively and accessible style, it provides student-friendly chapter summaries, suggestions for further reading, a glossary and practice essay questions. This third edition will be essential reading for students of the sociology of work, industrial sociology, organisational behaviour and industrial relations. Students studying business and management courses with a sociological component will also find the book invaluable.

Precarious Work

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg,Steven P. Vallas

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787432882

Category:

Page: 480

View: 5319

This volume presents original theory and research on precarious work in various parts of the world, identifying its social, political and economic origins, its manifestations in the USA, Europe, Asia, and the Global South, and its consequences for personal and family life. In the past quarter century, the nature of paid employment has undergone a dramatic change due to globalization, rapid technological change, the decline of the power of workers in favor of employers, and the spread of neoliberalism. Jobs have become far more insecure and uncertain, with workers bearing the risks of employment as opposed to employers or the government. This trend towards precarious work has engulfed virtually all advanced capitalist nations, but unevenly so, while countries in the Global South continue to experience precarious conditions of work. This title examines theories of precarious work; cross-national variations in its features; racial and gender differences in exposure to precarious work; and the policy alternatives that might protect workers from undue risk. The chapters utilize a variety of methods, both quantitative statistical analyses and careful qualitative case studies. This volume will be a valuable resource that constitutes required reading for scholars, activists, labor leaders, and policy makers concerned with the future of work under contemporary capitalism.
Social Science

Divorce, Separation, and Remarriage

The Transformation of Family

Author: Giovanna Gianesini,Sampson Lee Blair

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 178635229X

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 1063

Divorce, separation, and remarriage have become a normative part of family life. These changes have led to a diversification of the behaviors, attitudes, and norms concerning marriage and family. To better comprehend these issues, this volume addresses topics including: marital instability step-parenting and extra-marital affairs, among others.
Social Science

Books in the Digital Age

The Transformation of Academic and Higher Education Publishing in Britain and the United States

Author: John B. Thompson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745684998

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 1928

The book publishing industry is going through a period of profound and turbulent change brought about in part by the digital revolution. What is the role of the book in an age preoccupied with computers and the internet? How has the book publishing industry been transformed by the economic and technological upheavals of recent years, and how is it likely to change in the future? This is the first major study of the book publishing industry in Britain and the United States for more than two decades. Thompson focuses on academic and higher education publishing and analyses the evolution of these sectors from 1980 to the present. He shows that each sector is characterized by its own distinctive ‘logic’ or dynamic of change, and that by reconstructing this logic we can understand the problems, challenges and opportunities faced by publishing firms today. He also shows that the digital revolution has had, and continues to have, a profound impact on the book publishing business, although the real impact of this revolution has little to do with the ebook scenarios imagined by many commentators. Books in the Digital Age will become a standard work on the publishing industry at the beginning of the 21st century. It will be of great interest to students taking courses in the sociology of culture, media and cultural studies, and publishing. It will also be of great value to professionals in the publishing industry, educators and policy makers, and to anyone interested in books and their future.
Political Science

Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology, and Society

Author: Daniel Lee Kleinman,Kelly Moore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113623716X

Category: Political Science

Page: 518

View: 2011

Over the last decade or so, the field of science and technology studies (STS) has become an intellectually dynamic interdisciplinary arena. Concepts, methods, and theoretical perspectives are being drawn both from long-established and relatively young disciplines. From its origins in philosophical and political debates about the creation and use of scientific knowledge, STS has become a wide and deep space for the consideration of the place of science and technology in the world, past and present. The Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology and Society seeks to capture the dynamism and breadth of the field by presenting work that pushes the reader to think about science and technology and their intersections with social life in new ways. The interdisciplinary contributions by international experts in this handbook are organized around six topic areas: embodiment consuming technoscience digitization environments science as work rules and standards This volume highlights a range of theoretical and empirical approaches to some of the persistent – and new – questions in the field. It will be useful for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities, including in science and technology studies, history, geography, critical race studies, sociology, communications, women’s and gender studies, anthropology, and political science.
Business & Economics

The Transformation of Employment Relations in Europe

Institutions and Outcomes in the Age of Globalization

Author: Jim Arrowsmith,Valeria Pulignano

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135010048

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 5342

Since the 1980s, the process of European economic integration, within a wider context of globalization, has accelerated employment change and placed a new premium on ‘flexible’ forms of work organization. The institutions of employment relations, specifically those concerning collective bargaining between employers and trade unions, have had to adapt accordingly. The Transformation of Employment Relations focuses not just on recent change, but charts the strategic choices that have influenced employment relations and examines these key developments in a comparative perspective. A historical and cross-national analysis of the most important and controversial ‘issues’ explores the motivation of the actors, the implementation of change, and its evolution in a diverse European context. The book highlights the policies and the role played by different institutional and social actors (employers, management, trade unions, professional associations and governments) and assesses the extent to which these policies and roles have had significant effects on outcomes. This comparative analysis of the transformation of work and employment regulation, within the context of a quarter-century timeframe, has not been undertaken in any other book. But this is no comparative handbook in which changes are largely described on a country-by-country basis, but instead, The Transformation of Employment Relations is rather focused thematically. As Europe copes with a serious economic crisis, understanding of the dynamics of work transformation has never been more important.
Business & Economics

A Gedenkschrift to Randy Hodson

Working with Dignity

Author: Lisa A. Keister,Vincent J. Roscigno

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 178560726X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 9465

Randy Hodson was one of contemporary sociology's central figures in the study of work, occupations, and inequality. This volume pays tribute to his important scholarly contributions. Chapters by other important scholars in these fields reflect and build on his research in work conditions, worker resistance, and social stratification.
Social Science

Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Higher Education

Author: James E. Cote,Andy Furlong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317677781

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 3090

This is the first handbook to cover the sociological approaches to higher education. It is timely because of global expansions of mass higher educational systems, especially as these systems come under scrutiny by a variety of stakeholders. Questions are being raised about the value of traditional pedagogies along with calls for efficiency, accountability and cost-reduction, but above all job training. Within this neoliberal context, each chapter examines different sociological aspects of, and debates about, educational institutions as status-conferring organizations, with myriad positional characteristics, experiences, and outcomes. Many current debates concern the legitimacy of the statuses conferred, including the continuing debate regarding the role of universities in legitimating social class reproduction as well as more recent concerns about standards in mass systems. This handbook puts these issues and debates in focus in ways that will be of interest to a variety of stakeholders, within academia as well as in policy circles.
Business & Economics

The Labor of Development

Workers and the Transformation of Capitalism in Kerala, India

Author: Patrick Heller

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801486241

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 3323

The state of Kerala in southern India is notable for the ways in which lower-class mobilization and state intervention have combined to create one of the most successful cases of social and redistributive development in the Third World. In contrast to predictions that labor militancy in developing countries threatens to overload fledgling democratic institutions and derail economic growth, The Labor of Development shows that the political and economic inclusion of industrial and agricultural workers in Kerala set the stage for a democratically negotiated capitalist transformation.When compared to the other Indian states, Kerala's departure from the national pattern is tied to its history of social movements and highlights the significance of understanding sub-national patterns of democratic consolidation and state building. The case of Kerala provides important theoretical insights into the circumstances under which the expansion of political and social citizenship can become the basis for managing economic change. Using examples from agriculture, industry, and the informal sector, Patrick Heller examines the institutional and political dynamics through which the demands of organized labor and the imperatives of capitalist growth have evolved from a period of open conflict and stagnation to one of class compromise. He also demonstrates that the Kerala model has broad ramifications for understanding the relationship between substantive democracy and market economies in low-income countries.
Social Science

Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion.v.10

Author: Joanne Marie Greer,David O. Moberg

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9780762304837

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 1055

Various articles are presented covering psychological, sociological and cross-cultural topics or relevance to religious/spiritual researchers and academics.
Social Science

Working in Restructured Workplaces

Challenges and New Directions for the Sociology of Work

Author: Daniel B. Cornfield,Karen Campbell,Holly McCammon

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452262756

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 2437

Working in Restructured Workplaces addresses contradictory influences in contemporary workplace restructuring, its impact on workers' lives, and the direction and nature of future changes in the workplace. This authentic collection of sociological thought and research consists of previous works in Work and Occupations and some commissioned specifically for this book to focus on the nature, causes, and consequences of workplace restructuring.
Business & Economics

The Routledge Companion to Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Tony Dundon,Jimmy Donaghey,Alexander Colvin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317434870

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 1051

Comprising five thematic sections, this volume provides a critical, international and interdisciplinary exploration of employment relations. It examines the major subjects and emerging areas within the field, including essays on institutional theory, voice, new actors, precarious work and employment. Led by a well-respected team of editors, the contributors examine current knowledge and debates within each topic, offering cutting-edge analysis and reflection. The Routledge Companion to Employment Relations is an extensive reference work that offers students and researchers an introduction to current scholarship in the longstanding discipline of employment relations. It will be an essential addition to library collections in business and management, law, economics, sociology and political economy.
Computers

Work at the Boundaries of Science

Information and the Interdisciplinary Research Process

Author: C.L. Palmer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401598436

Category: Computers

Page: 174

View: 4284

Interdisciplinary inquiry has become more pervasive in recent decades, yet we still know little about the conduct of this type of research or the information problems associated with it. This book is one of few empirical studies of interdisciplinary knowledge practices. It examines how interdisciplinary scientists discover and exchange information and knowledge, highlighting how the boundaries between disciplines affect how information is used and how knowledge is constructed. It is written for scholars and practitioners with an interest in developing information systems and research environments to foster innovative scientific work. Target groups include researchers in information science, science studies, communication, as well as research administrators and information professionals.
History

The Construction of Communities in the Early Middle Ages

Texts, Resources and Artefacts

Author: Richard Corradini,Maximilian Diesenberger,Helmut Reimitz

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004118624

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 532

This volume provides a complex discussion of the variety of social efforts which were undertaken to create meaningful communities in the process of the formation of the early medieval gentes and kingdoms in the post-Roman west.
Social Science

What’s Happened To The University?

A sociological exploration of its infantilisation

Author: Frank Furedi

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315449595

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 2930

The radical transformation that universities are undergoing today is no less far-reaching than the upheavals that it experienced in the 1960s. However today, when almost 50 per cent of young people participate in higher education, what occurs in universities matters directly to the whole of society. On both sides of the Atlantic curious and disturbing events on campuses has become a matter of concern not just for academics but also for the general public. What is one to make of the growing trend of banning speakers? What’s the meaning of trigger warnings, cultural appropriation, micro-aggression or safe spaces? And why are some students going around arguing that academic freedom is no big deal? What's Happened To The University? offers an answer to the questions of why campus culture is undergoing such a dramatic transformation and why the term moral quarantine refers to the infantilising project of insulating students from offence and a variety of moral harms.
Business & Economics

Employing Bureaucracy

Managers, Unions, and the Transformation of Work in the 20th Century, Revised Edition

Author: Sanford M. Jacoby

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1410610144

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 6209

Deftly blending social and business history with economic analysis, Employing Bureaucracy shows how the American workplace shifted from a market-oriented system to a bureaucratic one over the course of the 20th century. Jacoby explains how an unstable, haphazard employment relationship evolved into one that was more enduring, equitable, and career-oriented. This revised edition presents a new analysis of recent efforts to re-establish a market orientation in the workplace. This book is a definitive history of the human resource management profession in the United States, showing its diverse roots in engineering, welfare work, and vocational guidance. It explores the recurring tension between the new professional order and traditional line management. Using a variety of sources, Jacoby analyzes the complex relations between personnel managers, labor unions, and government from the late 19th century to the present. Employing Bureaucracy: *analyzes the origins of the modern employment relationship's distinctive features; *combines a variety of disciplinary perspectives, from business and labor history to economics, sociology, and management; *shows the transformation of the American workplace over the course of the 20th century, from market-oriented to bureaucratic to recent efforts to move back to a market orientation; and *provides the single-best and most sophisticated history of the origins and development of the modern "HR" profession. For historians, social scientists, and practitioners, this book is a readable and rewarding study. With the future of work currently under debate, it is critical that the historical process that produced the modern American workplace is understood. Read the Workforce Management Magazine review about Employing Bureaucracy at www.erlbaum.com.