History

The Relic State

St Francis Xavier and the politics of ritual in Portuguese India

Author: Pamila Gupta

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1526112167

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5725

This book is a study of the complex nature of colonial and missionary power in Portuguese India. Written as a historical ethnography, it explores the evolving shape of a series of Catholic festivals that took place throughout the duration of Portuguese colonial rule in Goa (1510-1961), and for which the centrepiece was the 'incorrupt' corpse of São Francisco Xavier (1506-52), a Spanish Basque Jesuit missionary-turned-saint. Using distinct genres of source materials produced over the long duree of Portuguese colonialism, the book documents the historical and visual transformation of Xavier's corporeal ritualisation in death through six events staged at critical junctures between 1554 and 1961. Xavier's very mutability as a religious, political and cultural symbol in Portuguese India will also suggest his continuing role as a symbol of Goa's shared past (for both Catholics and Hindus) and in shaping Goa's culturally distinct representation within the larger Indian nation-state.
History

Medicine, Trade and Empire

Garcia de Orta's Colloquies on the Simples and Drugs of India (1563) in Context

Author: Palmira Fontes da Costa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131709817X

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2226

Garcia de Orta’s Colloquies on the Simples and Drugs of India (1563) was one of the first books to take advantage of the close relationship between medicine, trade and empire in the early modern period. The book was printed in Goa, the capital of the Portuguese empire in the East, and the city where the author, a Portuguese physician of Jewish ancestry, lived for almost thirty years. It presents a vast array of medical information on various drugs, spices, plants, fruits and minerals native to India or adjoining territories. In addition, it includes information concerning indigenous methods of healing as well as a far-reaching assessment of ancient and modern authors on Asian materia medica. Orta’s book had a market in Asia but was particularly valuable to a European audience. It soon attracted the attention of various European authors and printers by providing the basis for adaptations, commentaries and editions in various languages, prompting a successful and complex trail of medical knowledge in transit. Authored by an interdisciplinary team of prominent international scholars, the volume takes into account recent historiographical trends and provides a contextualized and innovative analysis of the histories and reception of the Colloquies. It emphasizes the value of the work to historians today as a symbol of the impact of geographical expansion and globalization in a sixteenth-century medical world.
History

Churches of Goa

Author: Jose Pereira

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0195665414

Category: History

Page: 103

View: 395

This lively book presents a well-illustrated guide to the history and architecture of Goa's beautiful churches.
History

Portuguese Sea Forts

Goa with Chaul, Korlai and Vasai

Author: Amita Kanekar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788184957037

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 1399

The Portuguese presence on the Arabian Sea coast of the Deccan dates from the beginning of the 16th century, with the establishment of Goa as the capital of a rapidly expanding maritime enterprise that eventually encompassed much of Asia. In order to protect the ships carrying their goods, merchants, troops and missionaries to India, the Portuguese constructed a string of seaside strongholds in and around Goa, and further up the coast of what is now Maharashtra. 00This guidebook is the first to showcase the vestiges of the Portuguese sea forts of the Deccan, drawing attention to their surviving battlemented ramparts and angular bastions, watchtowers and lighthouses, chapels and churches. While some forts have recently been restored, such as Reis Magos and Tiracol in Goa, others are now dilapidated and overgrown. 00This guidebook contains descriptions of all the major Portuguese sea forts of the region, illustrated with newly commissioned photographs and site maps.
Architecture, Domestic

Lived Heritage, Shared Space

The Courtyard House of Goa

Author: Angelo Costa Silveira

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788190363471

Category: Architecture, Domestic

Page: 140

View: 7800

History

Recasting Women

Essays in Indian Colonial History

Author: Kumkum Sangari,Sudesh Vaid

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813515809

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 4135

The political and social life of India in the last decade has given rise to a variety of questions concerning the nature and resilience of patriarchal systems in a transitional and post-colonial society. The contributors to this interdisciplinary volume recognize that every aspect of reality is gendered, and that such a recognition involves a dismantling of the ideological presuppositions of the so-called gender neutral ideologies, as well as the boundaries of individual disciplines.
Social Science

Advocacy after Bhopal

Environmentalism, Disaster, New Global Orders

Author: Kim Fortun

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226257181

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 7579

The 1984 explosion of the Union Carbide chemical plant in Bhopal, India was undisputedly one of the world's worst industrial disasters. Some have argued that the resulting litigation provided an "innovative model" for dealing with the global distribution of technological risk; others consider the disaster a turning point in environmental legislation; still others argue that Bhopal is what globalization looks like on the ground. Kim Fortun explores these claims by focusing on the dynamics and paradoxes of advocacy in competing power domains. She moves from hospitals in India to meetings with lawyers, corporate executives, and environmental justice activists in the United States to show how the disaster and its effects remain with us. Spiraling outward from the victims' stories, the innovative narrative sheds light on the way advocacy works within a complex global system, calling into question conventional notions of responsibility and ethical conduct. Revealing the hopes and frustrations of advocacy, this moving work also counters the tendency to think of Bhopal as an isolated incident that "can't happen here."
Religion

Embodying the Vedas

Traditional Vedic Schools of Contemporary Maharashtra

Author: Borayin Larios

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110517329

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 3943

Popularly Hinduism is believed to be the world’s oldest living religion. This claim is based on a continuous reverence to the oldest strata of religious authority within the Hindu traditions, the Vedic corpus, which began to be composed more than three thousand years ago, around 1750–1200 BCE. The Vedas have been considered by many as the philosophical cornerstone of the Brahmanical traditions (āstika); even previous to the colonial construction of the concept of “Hinduism.” However, what can be pieced together from the Vedic texts is very different from contemporary Hindu religious practices, beliefs, social norms and political realities. This book presents the results of a study of the traditional education and training of Brahmins through the traditional system of education called gurukula as observed in 25 contemporary Vedic schools across the state of Maharasthra. This system of education aims to teach Brahmin males how to properly recite, memorize and ultimately embody the Veda. This book combines insights from ethnographic and textual analysis to unravel how the recitation of the Vedic texts and the Vedic traditions, as well as the identity of the traditional Brahmin in general, are transmitted from one generation to the next in contemporary India.
Law

Global Nonkilling Leadership Forum Book of Proceedings

Author: Glenn D. Paige

Publisher: Center for Global Nonkilling

ISBN: 1880309114

Category: Law

Page: 369

View: 1285

There exists a long history of nonviolent cross-border interventions in situations of conflict. This history constitutes a rich source of practical experience, of lessons learned. This volume collects the stories of nonviolent cross-border intervention in one place for scrutiny. In line with a new and comprehensive typology developed for this book, various examples of nonviolent cross-border direct interventions, which have been undertaken by activists rather than by humanitarian agencies, are described here and the lessons provided by these interventions are detailed.
Arabian Peninsula

Arabia, Egypt, India

A Narrative of Travel

Author: Lady Isabel Burton

Publisher: London, W. Mullan and son

ISBN: N.A

Category: Arabian Peninsula

Page: 488

View: 1607

Social Science

No Aging in India

Alzheimer's, The Bad Family, and Other Modern Things

Author: Lawrence Cohen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520224620

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 3107

"Beautifully written, erudite, a perfect balance between theory and ethnography. The narratives are wonderful."—E. Valentine Daniel, author of Charred Lullabies "No book in medical anthropology matches No Aging in India in its extraordinary richness of ethnographic detail. A feast of stories, lives, and theory--it contains such a thickness of social experience that the reader feels he or she has become a part of India's local worlds. Lawrence Cohen has written one of the finest ethnographic monographs I have read. A triumph of field research and writing, this book will, I feel sure, set the standard for the next wave of ethnographies in medical anthropology."—Arthur Kleinman, author of Writing at the Margin
History

Socio-Religious Reform Movements in British India

Author: Kenneth W. Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521249867

Category: History

Page: 243

View: 9026

Socio-religious Reform Movements in British India will appeal to students and scholars in a wide variety of social scientific disciplines.
Dalits

Kings and Untouchables

A Study of the Caste System in Western India

Author: Rosa Maria Perez

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788180280146

Category: Dalits

Page: 234

View: 8870

This Book Presents Fieldwork Done On The Vankar A Caste Of Untouchable Weavers In Gujarat. This Book Confronts The Western Perception Of Untouchability With The Notion Of Reversibility, And A Fresh Translation Of Social Norms.
Fiction

Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard

Author: Kiran Desai

Publisher: Grove Press

ISBN: 9780802144508

Category: Fiction

Page: 209

View: 9576

Sampath Chawla, a young postal worker who never feels as though he fits into the small Indian town into which he is born, one day climbs up a tree, only to become a famous holy man.
History

Journeys and dwellings

Author: Helene Basu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 345

This collection of essays makes a significant and innovative contribution to the emerging field of Indian Ocean Studies. New perspectives come into view that highlight movement and exchange across borders, travelling actors, cultures and faiths as well as processes of cultural re-localisation, mixture and assimilation. While these processes are more often associated with late twentieth-century globalisation and West South relationships of dominance, Journeys and Dwellings focuses on historical and contemporary movements and exchanges along a South South (Indian Ocean) axis. How did these contribute to the emergence of plural regional / littoral societies in South Asia? What are the consequences of the displacement of people, flows of culture and labour for a society organised along caste lines in terms of social and religious constructions of reality. The majority of the contributors to this volume address these questions in regard to movements and connections between South Asia and East Africa, but exchanges with Arabia and Lakshadweep Islands are also considered. Studying the diversity of ways of life in the Indian Ocean World, primarily from South Asian sites, the contributors adopt an interdisciplinary approach by combining historical and anthropological methods.
Areal linguistics

Language and Society in South Asia

Author: Michael C. Shapiro,Harold F. Schiffman

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe

ISBN: 9788120826076

Category: Areal linguistics

Page: 293

View: 7200

During the past two decades there has been a significant amount of research and publication concerning the sociolinguistics of South Asian languages. Language and Society in South Asia is the first major attempt to assess the impact of this new literature. It exposits the methodological and theoretical assumptions of sociolinguistic descriptions of south Asian languages, and contrasts them with the assumptions of earlier characterizations of these languages. An important feature of this book is its detailed examination of numerous schools of linguistic analysis within which most past descriptive work on South Asian languages has been carried out. This is done in language accessible both to the professional linguist and to non-linguists interested in social aspects of language use in South Asia. Among the topics treated in this book are traditional taxonomies of South Asian languages, South Asia as a linguistic area, social dialectology, bi- and multilingualism in South Asia, pidginization, creolization, and South Asian English, ethnographic semantics, and the ethnography of speaking. The work also contains an extensive bibliography of the scholarly literature pertinent to the study of South Asian languages in their social contexts.
Christianity

A History of Missions in India

Author: Julius Richter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Christianity

Page: 469

View: 3516

History

Marvelous Possessions

The Wonder of the New World

Author: Stephen Greenblatt

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022652518X

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9658

A masterwork of history and cultural studies, Marvelous Possessions is a brilliant meditation on the interconnected ways in which Europeans of the Age of Discovery represented non-European peoples and took possession of their lands, particularly in the New World. In a series of innovative readings of travel narratives, judicial documents, and official reports, Stephen Greenblatt shows that the experience of the marvelous, central to both art and philosophy, was manipulated by Columbus and others in the service of colonial appropriation. Much more than simply a collection of the odd and exotic, Marvelous Possessions is both a highly original extension of Greenblatt’s thinking on a subject that has permeated his career and a thrilling tale of wandering, kidnapping, and go-betweens—of daring improvisation, betrayal, and violence. Reaching back to the ancient Greeks, forward to the present, and, in his new preface, even to fantastical meetings between humans and aliens in movies like Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Greenblatt would have us ask: How is it possible, in a time of disorientation, hatred of the other, and possessiveness, to keep the capacity for wonder—for tolerant recognition of cultural difference—from being poisoned?