History

The Victorian Internet

The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's On-line Pioneers

Author: Tom Standage

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1635573963

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 2762

A new edition of the first book by the bestselling author of A History of the World in 6 Glasses-the fascinating story of the telegraph, the world's first "Internet," which revolutionized the nineteenth century even more than the Internet has the twentieth and twenty first. The Victorian Internet tells the colorful story of the telegraph's creation and remarkable impact, and of the visionaries, oddballs, and eccentrics who pioneered it, from the eighteenth-century French scientist Jean-Antoine Nollet to Samuel F. B. Morse and Thomas Edison. The electric telegraph nullified distance and shrank the world quicker and further than ever before or since, and its story mirrors and predicts that of the Internet in numerous ways.

Das viktorianische Internet

die erstaunliche Geschichte des Telegraphen und der Online-Pioniere des 19. Jahrhunderts

Author: Tom Standage

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783907100721

Category:

Page: 246

View: 546

Biography & Autobiography

Carl von Siemens

1829-1906

Author: Martin Lutz

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406645445

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 415

View: 8792

Drei Brüder waren es, die zusammen mit ihrem Partner Johann Georg Halske ab Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts aus der kleinen Berliner «Telegraphen-Bauanstalt von Siemens & Halske» eine Weltfirma machten: Werner, Wilhelm und Carl von Siemens. Martin Lutz legt die erste Biographie des jüngsten der drei Brüder vor und liefert damit gleichzeitig eine anschaulich geschriebene Frühgeschichte der Firma Siemens, deren heutiges Selbstverständnis wesentlich mit auf diesen Pionier der Globalisierung zurück geht. «Ich scheine von der Natur für große Unternehmungen geschaffen zu sein, denn wo ich bis jetzt hingekommen, ist stets großes entstanden», schrieb Carl im Jahr 1888 an Werner. Tatsächlich war er es, der maßgeblich dazu beitrug, das internationale Telegrafengeschäft von Siemens & Halske aufzubauen. In Paris gründete der 23-Jährige 1852 die erste Beteiligungsgesellschaft des Unternehmens außerhalb Deutschlands. Drei Jahre später sollte sich der russische Telegrafenbau unter seiner Führung sehr positiv entwickeln; er war zeitweise der wichtigste Geschäftszweig des Hauses. In den späten 1860er Jahren war Carl im Kaukasus am Bau der spektakulären Indo-Europäischen Telegrafenlinie von London nach Kalkutta beteiligt. Von London aus bereitete er wenige Jahre später die Verlegung des ersten Transatlantik-Kabels des Unternehmens vor; die er 1874/75 an Bord des Dampfers «Faraday» persönlich leitete. Auch über das elektrotechnische Kerngeschäft hinaus entfaltete Carl von Siemens eine große unternehmerische Energie – und ging dabei erhebliche finanzielle und persönliche Risiken ein: Im Kaukasus betrieb er eine der größten Kupferhütten Russlands, auch war er ein Wegbereiter der europäischen Erdölförderung. Als Siemens & Halske 1897 in einer Aktiengesellschaft aufging, wurde Carl Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender eines der weltgrößten Elektrounternehmen.
Literature and science

"Fülle der combination"

Literaturforschung und Wissenschaftsgeschichte

Author: Bernhard J. Dotzler,Sigrid Weigel

Publisher: Wilhelm Fink Verlag

ISBN: 3770540778

Category: Literature and science

Page: 397

View: 1518

Unter den kulturellen Selbstbeschreibungsversuchen der Gegenwart hat ihre Definition als Wissenskultur zunehmend an Plausibilität gewonnen. Damit einhergehend erlangten zum einen Fragen der Wissenschaftsforschung neues Gewicht. Zum anderen hat sich die Wissenschaftsgeschichtsschreibung ihrerseits in Richtung einer Kulturgeschichte des Wissens und der Wissenschaften geöffnet. Zunehmend erweisen sich die science studies von Begriffen geprägt, die - wie >Repräsentation, Text, Metapher - dem Bereich der literary studies entstammen. Dadurch wächst der Literaturforschung mit ihren Methoden der Philologie, Rhetorik-Forschung, Metaphorologie und Diskursanalyse eine neue Rolle als Grundlagenforschung auf dem Gebiet der Wissenskultur(en) zu. Wenn also bereits Jacob Grimm bemerkte, es stünden die philologen und historiker an fülle der combination den gewandtesten naturforschern nicht eben nach
Social Science

The Manipulation of Online Self-Presentation

Create, Edit, Re-edit and Present

Author: A. Attrill

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137483415

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 1026

This book explores psychological theories around the ways in which people present themselves online. The role of dispositional and situational factors along with the motivations that drive self-presentation across diverse Internet arenas are considered.
Law

Beyond the Republic

Meeting the Global Challenges to Constitutionalism

Author: Charles J. G. Sampford,Tom Round

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 9781862873773

Category: Law

Page: 344

View: 3227

The Encyclopedia of American Poetry: The Twentieth Century contains over 400 entries that treat a broad range of individual poets and poems, along with many articles devoted to topics, schools, or periods of American verse in the century. Entries fall into three main categories: poet entries, which provide biographical and cultural contexts for the author's career; entries on individual works, which offer closer explication of the most resonant poems in the 20th-century canon; and topical entries, which offer analyses of a given period of literary production, school, thematically constructed category, or other verse tradition that historically has been in dialogue with the poetry of the United States.
Business & Economics

Media Organizations and Convergence

Case Studies of Media Convergence Pioneers

Author: Gracie L. Lawson-Borders

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135607133

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 7828

This volume offers a timely examination of technology's impact on media companies and the results of convergence among media industries, considering the effects on journalistic, business, and economic practices. Media Organizations and Convergence: Case Studies of Media Convergence Pioneers considers the many definitions of convergence and explores the changes in communication technologies. Author Gracie L. Lawson-Borders provides a brief history of media segments and their evolutions as they adapt to emerging technologies, media conglomeration, and the competitive and global changes that have occurred in the industry. She also examines the theoretical implications of technology and convergence in the operations and practices of media organizations. The case studies included here profile three media convergence pioneers--Tribune Company in Chicago, Media General in Richmond, and Belo Corporation in Dallas--that have incorporated convergence into their journalistic practices. Lawson-Borders considers the social, cultural, and political implications of convergence, and presents issues and concerns for the future of convergence in the media industry. As a snapshot of media convergence at the current stage in its evolution, this book offers important insights into the business of media at a time of dramatic change. It will be a valuable resource for scholars and students in media management, mass media, and related areas of the media industry.
Social Science

The Measure of Civilization

How Social Development Decides the Fate of Nations

Author: Ian Morris

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400844762

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 9233

In the last thirty years, there have been fierce debates over how civilizations develop and why the West became so powerful. The Measure of Civilization presents a brand-new way of investigating these questions and provides new tools for assessing the long-term growth of societies. Using a groundbreaking numerical index of social development that compares societies in different times and places, award-winning author Ian Morris sets forth a sweeping examination of Eastern and Western development across 15,000 years since the end of the last ice age. He offers surprising conclusions about when and why the West came to dominate the world and fresh perspectives for thinking about the twenty-first century. Adapting the United Nations' approach for measuring human development, Morris's index breaks social development into four traits--energy capture per capita, organization, information technology, and war-making capacity--and he uses archaeological, historical, and current government data to quantify patterns. Morris reveals that for 90 percent of the time since the last ice age, the world's most advanced region has been at the western end of Eurasia, but contrary to what many historians once believed, there were roughly 1,200 years--from about 550 to 1750 CE--when an East Asian region was more advanced. Only in the late eighteenth century CE, when northwest Europeans tapped into the energy trapped in fossil fuels, did the West leap ahead. Resolving some of the biggest debates in global history, The Measure of Civilization puts forth innovative tools for determining past, present, and future economic and social trends.
Nature

State of the World 2000

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610916395

Category: Nature

Page: 268

View: 473

State of the World 2000 shines a sharp light on the great challenge our civilization faces: how to use our political systems to manage the difficult and complex relationships between the global economy and the Earth's ecosystems. If we cannot build an environmentally sustainable global economy, then we have no future that anyone would desire.
Business & Economics

Beyond the Fruited Plain

Food and Agriculture in U. S. Literature, 1850-1905

Author: Kathryn Cornell Dolan

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803269447

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 9627

Agriculture in the United States has changed dramatically in the last two hundred years. Economic transformation marked by the expansion of the industrial economy and big business has contributed to an increase in industrial food production. Amid this change, policymakers and cultural critics have debated the best way to produce food and wealth for an expanding population with imperialistic tendencies. In a sweeping overview, Beyond the Fruited Plain traces the connections between nineteenth-century literature, agriculture, and U.S. territorial and economic expansion. Bringing together theories of globalization and ecocriticism, Kathryn Cornell Dolan offers new readings on the texts of such literary figures as Herman Melville, Frank Norris, Mark Twain, Henry David Thoreau, and Harriet Beecher Stowe as they examine conflicts of food, labor, class, race, gender, and time—issues still influencing U.S. food politics today. Beyond the Fruited Plain shows how these authors use their literature to imagine agricultural alternatives to national practices and in so doing prefigure twenty-first-century concerns about globalization, resource depletion, food security, and the relation of industrial agriculture to pollution, disease, and climate change.
History

Nachrichten als Handelsware zwischen Zeitungen, Nachrichtenagenturen und Telegraphie im 19. Jahrhundert

Author: Katharina Wohlfart

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668842736

Category: History

Page: 24

View: 1843

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2018 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Moderne Geschichte, Note: 1,0, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Heutzutage kann man sich im Internet kostenlos darüber informieren, was in der Welt gerade geschieht. Die globale Vernetzung, die sich vor allem durch das World Wide Web entwickelt hat, ist für uns Menschen heute normal. Doch im 19. Jahrhundert war das anders: Nachrichten und Informationen benötigten sehr lange, bis sie beispielsweise die Distanz zwischen zwei Kontinenten überwunden hatten. Das änderte sich erst um 1850 durch die Telegraphie und die Etablierung von Nachrichtenagenturen. Diese nutzten die neue Technologie, um in erster Linie die Zeitungen, aber auch Privatpersonen mit den neuesten Nachrichten zu versorgen. Erstmals war die Nachrichtenübermittlung unabhängig vom Wetter oder von der Geschwindigkeit des Transportmittels bzw. des Trägers der Nachricht, zum Beispiel Bote, Schiff oder Bahn. Wie änderte sich durch diese neue Art des Nachrichtenhandels zwischen Nachrichtenagenturen, Telegraphengesellschaften und Zeitungen die Natur der Nachrichten, das heißt insbesondere ihre Definition und Funktion? Wie global und wie objektiv waren die telegraphischen Nachrichten tatsächlich? Mit der Beantwortung dieser Fragen beschäftigt sich die vorliegende Arbeit.
Fiction

The Year's Best Science Fiction: Sixteenth Annual Collection

Author: Gardner Dozois

Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin

ISBN: 0312264747

Category: Fiction

Page: 624

View: 9258

The past through tomorrow are boldly imagined and reinvented in the twenty-five stories collected in this showcase anthology. Many of the field's finest practitioners are represented here, along with stories from promising newcomers, including: William Barton * Rob Chilson * Tony Daniel * Cory Doctorow * Jim Grimsley * Gwyneth Jones * Chris Lawson * Ian McDonald * Robert Reed * William Browning Spencer * Allen Steele * Michael Swanwick * Howard Waldrop * Cherry Wilder * Liz Williams A useful list of honorable mentions and Dozois's insightful summation of the year in sf round out this anthology, making it indispensable for anyone interested in SF today.

Der Türke

die Geschichte des ersten Schachautomaten und seiner abenteuerlichen Reise um die Welt

Author: Tom Standage

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783833303173

Category:

Page: 223

View: 4479

Literary Criticism

Postal Plots in British Fiction, 1840-1898

Readdressing Correspondence in Victorian Culture

Author: L. Rotunno

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137323809

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 522

By 1840, the epistolary novel was dead. Letters in Victorian fiction, however, were unmistakably alive. Postal Plots explores how Victorian postal reforms unleashed a new and sometimes unruly population into the Victorian literary marketplace where they threatened the definition and development of the Victorian literary professional.
History

The Rise of Western Power

A Comparative History of Western Civilization

Author: Jonathan Daly

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441144757

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 7894

The West's history is one of extraordinary success; no other region, empire, culture, or civilization has left so powerful a mark upon the world. The Rise of Western Power charts the West's achievements-representative government, the free enterprise system, modern science, and the rule of law-as well as its misdeeds-two frighteningly destructive World Wars, the Holocaust, imperialistic domination, and the Atlantic slave trade. Adopting a global perspective, Jonathan Daly explores the contributions of other cultures and civilizations to the West's emergence. Historical, geographical, and cultural factors all unfold in the narrative. Adopting a thematic structure, the book traces the rise of Western power through a series of revolutions-social, political, technological, military, commercial, and industrial, among others. The result is a clear and engaging introduction to the history of Western civilization.
History

Information Strategy and Warfare

A Guide to Theory and Practice

Author: John Arquilla,Douglas A. Borer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113598414X

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 3618

This volume develops information strategy as a construct equal in importance to military strategy as an influential tool of statecraft. John Arquilla and Douglas A. Borer explore three principal themes: the rise of the ‘information domain’ and information strategy as an equal partner alongside traditional military strategy the need to consider the organizational implications of information strategy the realm of what has been called ‘information operations’ (IO) - the building blocks of information strategy - has been too narrowly depicted and must be both broadened and deepened. Information Strategy and Warfare will be essential reading for students and practitioners of information strategy, as well as scholars of security studies and military strategy in general.
Political Science

Cybersecurity and Cyberwar

What Everyone Needs to Know?

Author: P.W. Singer,Allan Friedman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199364575

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1602

A generation ago, "cyberspace" was just a term from science fiction, used to describe the nascent network of computers linking a few university labs. Today, our entire modern way of life, from communication to commerce to conflict, fundamentally depends on the Internet. And the cybersecurity issues that result challenge literally everyone: politicians wrestling with everything from cybercrime to online freedom; generals protecting the nation from new forms of attack, while planning new cyberwars; business executives defending firms from once unimaginable threats, and looking to make money off of them; lawyers and ethicists building new frameworks for right and wrong. Most of all, cybersecurity issues affect us as individuals. We face new questions in everything from our rights and responsibilities as citizens of both the online and real world to simply how to protect ourselves and our families from a new type of danger. And yet, there is perhaps no issue that has grown so important, so quickly, and that touches so many, that remains so poorly understood. In Cybersecurity and CyberWar: What Everyone Needs to Know?, New York Times best-selling author P. W. Singer and noted cyber expert Allan Friedman team up to provide the kind of easy-to-read, yet deeply informative resource book that has been missing on this crucial issue of 21st century life. Written in a lively, accessible style, filled with engaging stories and illustrative anecdotes, the book is structured around the key question areas of cyberspace and its security: how it all works, why it all matters, and what can we do? Along the way, they take readers on a tour of the important (and entertaining) issues and characters of cybersecurity, from the "Anonymous" hacker group and the Stuxnet computer virus to the new cyber units of the Chinese and U.S. militaries. Cybersecurity and CyberWar: What Everyone Needs to Know? is the definitive account on the subject for us all, which comes not a moment too soon. What Everyone Needs to Know? is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

Marconis magische Maschine

ein Genie, ein Mörder und die Erfindung der drahtlosen Kommunikation

Author: Erik Larson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783502150084

Category:

Page: 447

View: 7313

Business & Economics

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 8903

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“