Published in 1918, The View of Life is Georg Simmel’s final work. Famously deemed “the brightest man in Europe” by George Santayana, Simmel addressed diverse topics across his essayistic writings, which influenced scholars in aesthetics, epistemology, and sociology. Nevertheless, certain core issues emerged over the course of his career—the genesis, structure, and transcendence of social and cultural forms, and the nature and conditions of authentic individuality, including the role of mindfulness regarding mortality. Composed not long before his death, The View of Life was, Simmel wrote, his “testament,” a capstone work of profound metaphysical inquiry intended to formulate his conception of life in its entirety. Now Anglophone readers can at last read in full the work that shaped the argument of Heidegger’s Being and Time and whose extraordinary impact on European intellectual life between the wars was extolled by Jürgen Habermas. Presented alongside these seminal essays are aphoristic fragments from Simmel’s last journal, providing a beguiling look into the mind of one of the twentieth century’s greatest thinkers.
Business & Economics by Alex Nicholls,Alex Murdock
The study of social innovation offers the opportunity to grapple with the central real-world challenges of our time. Indeed, rather than conceptualizing social innovation as a subset of technological-economic innovation, it may be the case that the reverse now makes a more compelling case. As this volume underlines, social innovation offers potential solutions to climate change, the crisis of the welfare state, health pandemics and failures, social dislocation and inequality, and educational failure. The need to address -- if not solve -- these 'wicked problems' presents us with global challenges that will become increasingly evident in all our everyday lives. It is, therefore, the ultimate purpose of this book to suggest that a focus on the sixth wave of social innovation represents not only a scholarly opportunity but a global imperative.
In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. Modern technologies – such as organ transplants, stem-cell research, nanotechnology, cosmetic surgery and cryonics – have changed how we think about the body. In this collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field, these issues are explored across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, including pragmatism, feminism, queer theory, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. A wide range of case studies, which include cosmetics, diet, organ transplants, racial bodies, masculinity and sexuality, eating disorders, religion and the sacred body, and disability, are used to appraise these different perspectives. In addition, this Handbook explores various epistemological approaches to the basic question: what is a body? It also offers a strongly themed range of chapters on empirical topics that are organized around religion, medicine, gender, technology and consumption. It also contributes to the debate over the globalization of the body: how have military technology, modern medicine, sport and consumption led to this contemporary obsession with matters corporeal? The Handbook’s clear, direct style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience in the social sciences, particularly for those studying medical sociology, gender studies, sports studies, disability studies, social gerontology, or the sociology of religion. It will serve to consolidate the new field of body studies.
The events of 9/11 had a profound impact on American society, but they had an even more lasting effect on Muslims living in the United States. Once practically invisible, they suddenly found themselves overexposed. By describing how Islam in America began as a strange cultural object and is gradually sinking into familiarity, Finding Mecca in America illuminates the growing relationship between Islam and American culture as Muslims find a homeland in America. Rich in ethnographic detail, the book is an up-close account of how Islam takes its American shape. In this book, Mucahit Bilici traces American Muslims’ progress from outsiders to natives and from immigrants to citizens. Drawing on the philosophies of Simmel and Heidegger, Bilici develops a novel sociological approach and offers insights into the civil rights activities of Muslim Americans, their increasing efforts at interfaith dialogue, and the recent phenomenon of Muslim ethnic comedy. Theoretically sophisticated, Finding Mecca in America is both a portrait of American Islam and a groundbreaking study of what it means to feel at home.
Existential Quests Between Berlin, Zurich, and Zion
Author: Susanne Hillman
For more than seventy years the shadow of the Holocaust has darkened modern Jewish historiography. Historians dealing with all facets of Jewish history have tended to treat the destruction of European Jewry as a foregone conclusion. This narrow focus on the "end" rather than on what came before has led to a distorted equation of Jews as nothing but victims. This dissertation, which deals with the Jewish German poet, philosopher, and literary critic Margarete Susman (1872-1966) and her fellow intellectuals, both Jews and Christians, employs a different, non-teleological approach. Susman grew up in the world of the highly assimilated Jewish-German bourgeoisie of Wilhelmine Germany. Her views were informed by the messianic ethos of reform Judaism as well as by the political project of the Left. Despite growing antisemitism and the rise of race thinking in the late 19th and early 20 th century, she regarded herself first and foremost as German; in other words, language was more important to her than blood. Her ongoing struggle with questions of self-identification and belonging throws light on the vexing question of the category "Jew." By embedding a thinker like Susman in the context of the various social and intellectual networks which she was part of, this project deliberately obfuscates conventional historiographical approaches. Starting from the premise that thinking should be studied from an embodied perspective, this study investigates thinking and living, i.e. the intellectual and the social, not as two distinct realms but as spheres of experience that continually overlap and reinforce each other. A close reading of sources ranging from archival biographical materials to newspaper articles, philosophical treatises, memoirs, and extensive correspondences reveals that the intellectual creativity of individuals like Susman, Karl Wolfskehl, Ernst Bloch, Edith Landmann, and many others was largely the result of a particular Jewish-Christian milieu that roamed geographically as well as topically. Even Hitler's rise to power and the extermination of millions could not extinguish this milieu. By examining Susman's beliefs and practices, as well as those of her peers, we arrive at a fuller understanding of Jewish German cultural and social life from the founding of the German empire to the post-Holocaust era.
Diese kleine Schrift ist eine grosse Kriegserklärung; und was das Aushorchen von Götzen anbetrifft, so sind es dies Mal keine Zeitgötzen, sondern ewige Götzen, an die hier mit dem Hammer wie mit einer Stimmgabel gerührt wird, - es giebt überhaupt keine älteren, keine überzeugteren, keine aufgeblaseneren Götzen…
Ein fesselndes Plädoyer für das WAGNIS DER LIEBE. Am Anfang ist jede Liebe leicht. Wie aber geht es mit ihr weiter? Wie gelingt es, zu zweit das Glück zu finden? In seinem neuen Roman durchleuchtet Alain de Botton gnadenlos, aber einfühlsam die Liebesgeschichte von Rabih und Kirsten. Die Wahl der Ikea-Gläser, das Kennenlernen der Schwiegereltern, die Frage, ob die Butter tatsächlich im Kühlschrank stehen soll - all das gibt Anlass für die größten Dramen. Und so wie de Botton mit seinem berühmten Scharfblick erzählt, erkennen wir jene Strukturen der Liebe, die uns allen gleichermaßen Glück und Leid bereiten.
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Zu Recht gilt Max Weber (1864–1920) heute international als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Werke zählen in den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften zu den Schlüsseltexten der wissenschaftlichen Ausbildung. Dirk Kaesler zeichnet knapp und anschaulich die entscheidenden Stationen seines Lebens und Wirkens nach und macht deutlich, wie eng sowohl die Themen der wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten Webers als auch deren Ergebnisse mit zeitgenössischen und familienbiographischen Zusammenhängen verflochten sind.
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