Medical

The Western Medical Tradition

800 BC to AD 1800

Author: Lawrence I. Conrad,Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475648

Category: Medical

Page: 556

View: 685

This text, written by members of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine and first published in 1995, is designed to cover the history of western medicine from classical antiquity to 1800. As one guiding thread it takes, as its title suggests, the system of medical ideas that in large part went back to the Greeks of the eighth century BC, and played a major role in the understanding and treatment of health and disease. Its influence spread from the Aegean basin to the rest of the Mediterranean region, to Europe, and then to European settlements overseas. By the nineteenth century, however, this tradition no longer carried the same force or occupied so central a position within medicine. This book charts the influence of this tradition, examining it in its social and historical context. It is essential reading as a synthesis for all students of the history of medicine.
Medical

Understanding Healthcare Information

Author: Lyn Robinson

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 1856046621

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 1932

In an age of internet resource guides, which suffer from the malaise of being outdated before they are published, this much-needed publication addresses the information chain in its entirety, offering a timeless method of understanding healthcare information resources. The author takes a holistic approach in her consideration of healthcare information, with the aim of building an overall understanding of it within the information society. The text analyses the domain of healthcare information, its organizational structures and history, and the nature of its resources and the drivers for change affecting them. It looks at examples of healthcare information resources from the perspective of different user groups, including healthcare professionals and consumers, and goes on to highlight areas of research into healthcare information, including evaluation studies, user and impact studies, bibliometrics, metadata and Web 2.0. The key areas covered are: the healthcare information domain the history of healthcare and its information environment producers and users of healthcare information healthcare information organization healthcare information sources, services and retrieval healthcare information and knowledge management. Readership: This book is written primarily for students of library and information science (LIS), studying either at masters or advanced undergraduate level, and also for practising information professionals and specialists who want to develop their knowledge and bring their skills up to date. It will also be of interest to anyone working in the field of library and information science wishing to understand healthcare information, especially public librarians, who are increasingly called on to advise on health resources, as well as anyone interested in 'healthcare literacy'.

KuBA 1/2011

Author: N.A

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643998813

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5634

History

Medizin im Konflikt

Fakultäten, Märkte und Experten in deutschen Universitätsstädten des 14. bis 16. Jahrhunderts

Author: Jana Madlen Schütte

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900433159X

Category: History

Page: 492

View: 2522

In Medizin im Konflikt, Jana Madlen Schütte analyses the position of medical doctors between university and market (from the 14th to the 16th centuries) and explores the strategies that they used to emphasize their authority and to distinguish themselves from colleagues and competitors.
History

Handbook of Medieval Culture

Author: Albrecht Classen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110377632

Category: History

Page: 824

View: 9563

A follow-up publication to the Handbook of Medieval Studies, this new reference work turns to a different focus: medieval culture. Medieval research has grown tremendously in depth and breadth over the last decades. Particularly our understanding of medieval culture, of the basic living conditions, and the specific value system prevalent at that time has considerably expanded, to a point where we are in danger of no longer seeing the proverbial forest for the trees. The present, innovative handbook offers compact articles on essential topics, ideals, specific knowledge, and concepts defining the medieval world as comprehensively as possible. The topics covered in this new handbook pertain to issues such as love and marriage, belief in God, hell, and the devil, education, lordship and servitude, Christianity versus Judaism and Islam, health, medicine, the rural world, the rise of the urban class, travel, roads and bridges, entertainment, games, and sport activities, numbers, measuring, the education system, the papacy, saints, the senses, death, and money.
Medical

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health

Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice

Author: F. Svenaeus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401594589

Category: Medical

Page: 203

View: 2160

Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical approaches, on the other hand - specifically, Heidegger's phenomenology and Gadamer's hermeneutics - are shown to have a hitherto unrealized potential for making sense of those themes long buried within Western medicine. Richard M. Zaner, Ann Geddes Stahlman Professor of Medical Ethics, Vanderbilt University
Medical

The Western Herbal Tradition E-Book

2000 years of medicinal plant knowledge

Author: Graeme Tobyn,Alison Denham,Margaret Whitelegg

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048453

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 6394

The Western Herbal Tradition provides a comprehensive and critical exploration of the use of plant medicines through 2000 years of history from Dioscorides to the present day. It follows each of the 27 herbs through a wide range of key sources from European, Arabic and American traditions including Greek, Roman and Renaissance texts. A rich discussion of the historical texts is balanced with current application and research. The herbs have been selected on the basis of common use by practising herbalists. Each illustrated monograph contains: Species, identification and botanical description A study of the characterisation and medicinal use of the plants consistently drawn from featured herbals which includes the authors’ own translations from the Latin Assessment of past and current texts in the transmission of herbal knowledge Consideration of traditional therapeutics, including humoral and physiomedical approaches Suggestions towards a modern experiential approach through Goethean methodology Current evidence on pharmacological constituents Review of evidence on safety Recommendations for internal and external uses, prescribing and dosage Excellent illustrations accompany each monograph to aid learning First book to cover broader historical perspective and discussions of issues surrounding each herb Written by leading experts who are well known in the field Includes some monographs of which there is little material already available The bibliographic evidence provided could support applications for registration of Herbal Medicinal Products under the provisions of the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Product Directive An excellent valuable resource for everyone interested in herbal medicine
Medical

Lehrbuch osteopathische Medizin in einem Band DEUTSCH

Author: Johannes Mayer,Clive Standen

Publisher: "Elsevier,Urban&FischerVerlag"

ISBN: 3437296396

Category: Medical

Page: 918

View: 2116

Erstmals legt hier ein 60-köpfiges, international renommiertes Team ein an klinischen Bildern orientiertes Lehrwerk der osteopathischen Medizin vor. Die Darstellung der wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zeigt deutlich, wie sehr die Osteopathie auf der Grundlage auch schulmedizinisch gesicherter Erkenntnisse beruht. Das Kernstück bilden mehr als 40 Kapitel zu therapeutischen Strategien in der osteopathischen Praxis. Es werden Strategien nach Körperregionen behandelt und nach Spezialdisziplinen wie Osteopathie in der Pädiatrie, Geriatrie, Psychologie, Schmerztherapie, Neurologie, Rheumatologie oder Sportmedizin. Das Besondere: In den klinischen Kapiteln wird die osteopathische Therapie in der Gesamtheit dargestellt, in der sie auch zur Anwendung kommt, also ohne künstliche Trennung von parietaler, viszeraler und kraniosakraler Behandlung. Dabei wird zunächst das Krankheitsbild aus schulmedizinischer Sicht dargestellt und dann die osteopathische Sicht und Behandlung aufgezeigt.
History

The Western Medical Tradition

1800-2000

Author: W. F. Bynum,Anne Hardy,Stephen Jacyna,Christopher Lawrence,E. M. Tansey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475655

Category: History

Page: 614

View: 2781

This book, first published in 2006, is a detailed and authoritative account of the last two centuries of the development of 'Western' medicine, a tradition now important everywhere in the world. It is written by leading experts who not only describe the most important people, events, and transformations, but give explanations for why medicine developed as it did, becoming as important as it has in the modern world. It contains one of the first historical summaries of the development of medicine after the Second World War. It is an authoritative source of new information as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge on this fascinating subject. The Western Medical Tradition, 1800-2000 is a companion volume to The Western Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800.
Science

Health and Healing from the Medieval Garden

Author: Peter Dendle,Alain Touwaide

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 1843839768

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 2483

Fresh examinations of the role of medicinal plants in medieval thought and practice and how they contributed to broader ideas concerning the body, religion and identity.
Literary Criticism

The Culture of the Book in Tibet

Author: Kurtis R. Schaeffer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519184

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 264

View: 6874

The history of the book in Tibet involves more than literary trends and trade routes. Functioning as material, intellectual, and symbolic object, the book has been an instrumental tool in the construction of Tibetan power and authority, and its history opens a crucial window onto the cultural, intellectual, and economic life of an immensely influential Buddhist society. Spanning the fourteenth to the eighteenth centuries, Kurtis R. Schaeffer envisions the scholars and hermits, madmen and ministers, kings and queens who produced Tibet's massive canons. He describes how Tibetan scholars edited and printed works of religion, literature, art, and science and what this indicates about the interrelation of material and cultural practices. The Tibetan book is at once the embodiment of the Buddha's voice, a principal means of education, a source of tradition and authority, an economic product, a finely crafted aesthetic object, a medium of Buddhist written culture, and a symbol of the religion itself. Books stood at the center of debates on the role of libraries in religious institutions, the relative merits of oral and written teachings, and the economy of religion in Tibet. A meticulous study that draws on more than 150 understudied Tibetan sources, The Culture of the Book in Tibet is the first volume to trace this singular history. Through a single object, Schaeffer accesses a greater understanding of the Tibetan plateau.
Literary Criticism

Shakespearean Sensations

Experiencing Literature in Early Modern England

Author: Katharine A. Craik,Tanya Pollard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107311195

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 4634

This strong and timely collection provides fresh insights into how Shakespeare's plays and poems were understood to affect bodies, minds and emotions. Contemporary criticism has had surprisingly little to say about the early modern period's investment in imagining literature's impact on feeling. Shakespearean Sensations brings together scholarship from a range of well-known and new voices to address this fundamental gap. The book includes a comprehensive introduction by Katharine A. Craik and Tanya Pollard and comprises three sections focusing on sensations aroused in the plays; sensations evoked in the playhouse; and sensations found in the imaginative space of the poems. With dedicated essays on Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello and Twelfth Night, the collection explores how seriously early modern writers took their relationship with their audiences and reveals new connections between early modern literary texts and the emotional and physiological experiences of theatregoers.
History

History in the Comic Mode

Medieval Communities and the Matter of Person

Author: Rachel Fulton Brown,Bruce W. Holsinger

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231508476

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 336

In this groundbreaking collection, twenty-one prominent medievalists discuss continuity and change in ideas of personhood and community and argue for the viability of the comic mode in the study and recovery of history. These scholars approach their sources not from a particular ideological viewpoint but with an understanding that all topics, questions, and explanations are viable. They draw on a variety of sources in Latin, Arabic, French, German, Middle English, and more, and employ a range of theories and methodologies, always keeping in mind that environments are inseparable from the making of the people who inhabit them and that these people are in part constituted by and understood in terms of their communities. Essays feature close readings of both familiar and lesser known materials, offering provocative interpretations of John of Rupescissa's alchemy; the relationship between the living and the saintly dead in Bernard of Clairvaux's sermons; the nomenclature of heresy in the early eleventh century; the apocalyptic visions of Robert of Uzès; Machiavelli's De principatibus; the role of "demotic religiosity" in economic development; and the visions of Elizabeth of Schönau. Contributors write as historians of religion, art, literature, culture, and society, approaching their subjects through the particular and the singular rather than through the thematic and the theoretical. Playing with the wild possibilities of the historical fragments at their disposal, the scholars in this collection advance a new and exciting approach to writing medieval history.
Psychology

The Emotional Power of Music

Multidisciplinary perspectives on musical arousal, expression, and social control

Author: Tom Cochrane,Bernardino Fantini,Klaus R. Scherer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191504963

Category: Psychology

Page: 392

View: 4649

How can an abstract sequence of sounds so intensely express emotional states? How does music elicit or arouse our emotions? What happens at the physiological and neural level when we listen to music? How do composers and performers practically manage the expressive powers of music? How have societies sought to harness the powers of music for social or therapeutic purposes? In the past ten years, research into the topic of music and emotion has flourished. In addition, the relationship between the two has become of interest to a broad range of disciplines in both the sciences and humanities. The Emotional Power of Music is a multidisciplinary volume exploring the relationship between music and emotion. Bringing together contributions from psychologists, neuroscientists, musicologists, musicians, and philosophers, the volume presents both theoretical perspectives and in-depth explorations of particular musical works, as well as first-hand reports from music performers and composers. In the first section of the book, the authors consider the expression of emotion within music, through both performance and composing. The second section explores how music can stimulate the emotions, considering the psychological and neurological mechanisms that underlie music listening. The third section explores how different societes have sought to manage and manipulate the power of music. The book is valuable for those in the fields of music psychology and music education, as well as philosophy and musicology
History

Hermaphrodites in Renaissance Europe

Author: Kathleen P. Long

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754656098

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 2072

Kathleen Long analyzes works from a range of disciplines and domains, medical, alchemical, philosophical, poetic, and political, to explore the reasons for the centrality of the hermaphrodite in early modern European thought. She explores the significance of this figure for the elaboration of notions of gender, national, racial, and religious identity.
Medical

Mental Health Nursing E-Book

An Evidence Based Approach

Author: Rob Newell,Kevin Gournay

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702040797

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 8949

This new edition of Mental Health Nursing: an evidence-based approach has been fully updated to include the latest research-based guidance. A wide variety of client problems is covered with , so that students are assured that what they learn is underpinned by a sound evidence base for treatment, and qualified mental health nurses can be confident that their practice is informed by the most up-to-date research. Skills acquisition is emphasised and experiential exercises encourage connections between theory and practice. Based on up-to-date, evidence-based information Emphasises skills acquisition Puts the nurse's role central to mental health care Contributors and editors are national and international experts in their fields Uses experiential exercises to reinforce learning and encourage connections from theory to practice
Language Arts & Disciplines

Medical Firsts

From Hippocrates to the Human Genome

Author: Robert E. Adler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 8895

A 2,500-year history of medical advances and discoveries organizes entries chronologically and provides vivid capsule information on the industry's milestones, breakthroughs, and significant contributors.
Bibles

Health Care and the Rise of Christianity

Author: Hector Avalos

Publisher: Hendrickson Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibles

Page: 166

View: 1925

"In "Health Care and the Rise of Christianity" Avalos helpfully turns our attention to the care of bodies as fundamental to the growth and expansion of early Christianity. Response to basic issues" such as cost, access to care, and perceived efficacy" helped to fashion an early Christian system of health care that was distinct from contemporary approaches. Avalos raises eminently relevant questions about the role of ideas and practices of health care in the attractiveness of new religious movements, both historically and today." " Nancy L. Eiesland, Candler School of Theology, Emory University "Professor Avalos brings his considerable expertise in medical anthropology to the study of health care systems in the ancient cultures out of which Christianity arose. His analysis of the role played by health care in the advent of Christianity is carefully constructed through cross-cultural and interdisciplinary methodologies, and presented in a readable format which makes his results easily accessible to the specialist and layperson alike. This book is a must for anyone interested in the topic, or concerned about the ethical and long term implications of a modern health system care in crisis." " Carole R. Fontaine, Andover Newton Theological School
Medical

From demons and evil spirits to cancer genes

the development of concepts concerning the causes of cancer and carcinogenesis

Author: Patrick J. Fitzgerald,Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (U.S.)

Publisher: American Registry of Pathology

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 250

View: 2950