A Gestalt View of the Mechanism of Conscious Experience
Author: Steven M. Lehar
Publisher: Psychology Press
The World In Your Head: A Gestalt View of the Mechanism of Conscious Experience represents a bold assault on one of the greatest unsolved mysteries in science: the nature of consciousness and the human mind. Rather than examining the brain and nervous system to see what they tell us about the mind, this book begins with an examination of conscious experience to see what it can tell us about the brain. Through this analysis, the first and most obvious observation is that consciousness appears as a volumetric spatial void, containing colored objects and surfaces. This reveals that the representation in the brain takes the form of an explicit volumetric spatial model of external reality. Therefore, the world we see around us is not the real world itself, but merely a miniature virtual-reality replica of that world in an internal representation. In fact, the phenomena of dreams and hallucinations clearly demonstrate the capacity of the brain to construct complete virtual worlds even in the absence of sensory input. Perception is somewhat like a guided hallucination, based on sensory stimulation. This insight allows us to examine the world of visual experience not as scientists exploring the external world, but as perceptual scientists examining a rich and complex internal representation. This unique approach to investigating mental function has implications in a wide variety of related fields, including the nature of language and abstract thought, and motor control and behavior. It also has implications to the world of music, art, and dance, showing how the patterns of regularity and periodicity in space and time--apparent in those aesthetic domains--reflect the periodic basis set of the underlying harmonic resonance representation in the brain.
Everything You Need to Know about the World of Professional Modelling
Author: Rachel Woods
Publisher: Thistle Publishing
Professional modelling is one of the world's most competitive, challenging and changeable industries, and it can be a daunting business for any new or aspiring model to face without guidance. The Model's Guide is a fully comprehensive handbook, written by a professional model with more than ten years' industry experience, which tells everything you need to know in order to enter and succeed in the world of modelling. The book is full of insider tips, stories and anecdotes from the lives of working models, photographers and industry professionals. There is comprehensive advice on how to find an agency, how to get work, and how to promote yourself as a freelance model. The book outlines the various different types of modelling, techniques on how to walk, dress, pose and act on shoots, how to prepare for castings and shoots, general wellbeing and beauty advice, and invaluable advice on how to avoid modelling scams. The Model's Guide captures the nature of the modelling industry and the life of an average model in a way that has never been done before.
Business & Economics by Associate Professor of History and Methodology of Economics Marcel Boumans,Marcel Boumans
Author: Associate Professor of History and Methodology of Economics Marcel Boumans,Marcel Boumans
Category: Business & Economics
Economics is dominated by model building, therefore a comprehension of how such models work is vital to understanding the discipline. This book provides a critical analysis of the economist's favourite tool, and as such will be an enlightening read for some, and an intriguing one for others.
Four Forces Shaping Civilization's Northern Future
Author: Laurence C. Smith
A vivid forecast of our planet in the year 2050 by a rising star in geoscience, distilling cutting-edge research into four global forces: demographic trends, natural resource demand, climate change, and globalization. The world's population is exploding, wild species are vanishing, our environment is degrading, and the costs of resources from oil to water are going nowhere but up. So what kind of world are we leaving for our children and grandchildren? Geoscientist and Guggenheim fellow Laurence Smith draws on the latest global modeling research to construct a sweeping thought experiment on what our world will be like in 2050. The result is both good news and bad: Eight nations of the Arctic Rim (including the United States) will become increasingly prosperous, powerful, and politically stable, while those closer to the equator will face water shortages, aging populations, and crowded megacities sapped by the rising costs of energy and coastal flooding. The World in 2050 combines the lessons of geography and history with state-of-the-art model projections and analytical data-everything from climate dynamics and resource stocks to age distributions and economic growth projections. But Smith offers more than a compendium of statistics and studies- he spent fifteen months traveling the Arctic Rim, collecting stories and insights that resonate throughout the book. It is an approach much like Jared Diamond took in Guns, Germs, and Steel and Collapse, a work of geoscientific investigation rich in the appreciation of human diversity. Packed with stunning photographs, original maps, and informative tables, this is the most authoritative, balanced, and compelling account available of the world of challenges and opportunities that we will leave for our children.
Science by M. Bloch,D. Kennedy,T. Lightfoot,D. Weyenberg
Education and the Configuration of a Universal, Modern, and Globalized Childhood
Author: M. Bloch,D. Kennedy,T. Lightfoot,D. Weyenberg
The contributors look at universalizing discourses concerning young children across the globe, which purport to describe everyone in a scientific and neutral way, but actually create mechanisms through which children are divided and excluded. The contributors to this book employ post-structuralist, postcolonial, and feminist theoretical frameworks.
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS by The Late Frederic S. Lee,Bruce Cronin
Despite the important methodological critiques of the mainstream offered by heterodox economics, the dominant research method taught in heterodox programmes remains econometrics. This compelling Handbook provides a comprehensive introduction to a range of alternative research methods, invaluable for analysing the data prominent in heterodox studies. Providing a solid basis for a mixed methods approach to economic investigations, the expertly crafted contributions are split into three distinct sections: philosophical foundation and research strategy, research methods and data collection, and applications. Introductions to a host of invaluable methods such as survey, historical, ethnographic, experimental and mixed approaches, together with factor, cluster, complex and social network analytics, are complemented by descriptions of applications in practice. Practical and expansive, this Handbook is highly pertinent for students and scholars of economics, particularly those dedicated to heterodox approaches, as it provides a solid reference for mixed methods not available in mainstream economics research methods courses.
Mental Representations and the Sciences of the Mind
Author: Anne Jaap Jacobson
Drawing on a wide range of resources, including the history of philosophy, her role as director of a cognitive neuroscience group, and her Wittgensteinian training at Oxford, Jacobson provides fresh views on representation, concepts, perception, action, emotion and belief.
Our era is defined by the model. From Victoria’s Secret and America’s Next Top Model to the snapshots we post on Facebook and Twitter, our culture is fixated on the pose, the state of existing simultaneously as artifice and the real thing. In this bold view of contemporary culture, Wendy Steiner shows us the very meaning of the arts in the process of transformation. Her story begins at the turn of the last century, as the arts abandoned the representation of the world for a heady embrace of the abstract, the surreal, and the self-referential. Today though, this “separate sphere of the aesthetic” is indistinguishable from normal life. Media and images overwhelm us: we gingerly negotiate a real-virtual divide that we suspect no longer exists, craving contact with what J. M. Coetzee has called “the real real thing.” As the World Wide Web renders the lower-case world in ever-higher definition, the reality-based genres of memoir and documentary are displacing fiction, and novels and films are depicting the contemporary condition through model-protagonists who are half-human, half-image. Steiner shows the arts searching out a new ethical potential through this figure: by stressing the independent existence of the model, they welcome in the audience in all its unpredictability, redefining aesthetic experience as a real-world interaction with the promise of empathy, reciprocity, and egalitarian connection. A masterly performance by a penetrating, inquisitive mind, The Real Real Thing is that rarest of books, one whose provocations and inspirations will inspire readers to take a new—and nuanced—look at the world around them.
Religious believers understand the meaning of their lives and of the world in terms of the way these are related to God. How, Vincent BrÜmmer asks, does the model of love apply to this relationship? He shows that most views on love take it to be an attitude rather than a relationship: exclusive attention (Ortega y Gasset), ecstatic union (nuptial mysticism), passionate suffering (courtly love), need-love (Plato, Augustine) and gift-love (Nygren). In discussing the issues, BrÜmmer inquires what role these attitudes play within the love-relationship and examines the implications of using the model of love as a key paradigm in theology.
What has gone wrong with economics? Economists now routinely devise highly sophisticated abstract models that score top marks for theoretical rigour but are clearly divorced from observable activities in the current economy. This creates an 'uneconomic economics', where models explain relationships in blackboard rather than real-life markets.
In this second edition of his well-received introductory overview of the Model Penal Code, Markus Dubber retains the book's original aim to serve as an accessible companion to the Code. Professor Dubber unlocks the Model Penal Code's potential as a key to the study of American criminal law for law students and teachers, and for anyone else with an interest in understanding the basic contours of American criminal law. While the book's general goal and basic approach remain unchanged, its content has been thoroughly revised. Citations to primary and secondary materials have been updated and supplemented where appropriate. The American Law Institute's ongoing revision of the Code's sentencing and sexual offense provisions has been taken into account. Also, the comparative analysis found sporadically throughout the original edition has been expanded in places to provide additional context.
Berty Chase knew nothing of Fairies, Elves and Dragons until he was chosen to cross through the portal. He discovers a magical world hidden from the normal world into which he was born. Falling in love, he can not imagine his life without this incredible world. Getting caught in the battle for magic, Berty invokes ancient magic that changes his life and the lives of those around him forever.
Built around hundreds of hours spent in galleries, artists? studios and on the road from 0Brisbane to Detroit to Venice, this is a deeply personal journey through the contemporary New Zealand art world. It?s a book about major figures like Yvonne Todd, Shane Cotton, Billy Apple, Peter Robinson, Judy Millar and Simon Denny, and emerging artists such as Luke Willis Thompson, Shannon Te Ao and Ruth Buchanan. It?s about severed heads and failed cities; about hot young things and old men with a final point to prove; about looking for God and finding Edward Snowden; and it?s about what it means to investigate the boundary where our bodies hit the world. A deeply personal journey through the contemporary New Zealand art world. 00Anthony Byrt is an award-winning critic and journalist. He is a regular writer for ?Metro?, and contributes to the world?s two leading contemporary art magazines, ?Artforum 0International? and frieze. In 2013 he was Critical Studies Fellow at Cranbrook Academy of Art, Michigan, and was New Zealand?s Reviewer of the Year at the 2015 Canon Media Awards. 0.
Africa, Sub-Saharan by Gustavo Ramirez,Paulo Flavio Nacif Drummond
This paper investigates the impact of a global slowdown on individual African countries using a series of dynamic panel regressions for countries in the region, relating real growth in domestic output to world growth in trade weighted by partner countries and several control variables: oil prices, non-oil prices, financial variables, and country fixed effects. Estimates are then applied to prepare country-specific simulations. The model, which is shown to estimate well out-of-sample spillover effects in the region, shows that countries in the region are significantly affected by lower external demand for their exports, declines in commodity prices and the terms of trade, and tighter financial conditions abroad. The last, proxied by the spread of three-month Libor to US treasury bills, is to our knowledge one of the first applications of such a measure of financial conditions for countries in the region.
An E-Commerce Law For the World: The Model Electronic Transactions Act contains summaries of E-commerce laws of the United Nations, the European Union, and more than 120 countries on six continents. At the end, the best attributes of those laws are incorporated into a model E-commerce statute for consideration for enactment by lawmakers all over the world. This is Volume 2 of the E-COMMERCE LAW TRILOGY. Volume 1, E-Commerce Law Around the World, was released in 2011; and Volume 3, Certification Authority Law Around the World, is scheduled for release in 2013. All of them will become available for purchase at Xlibris.com, Amazon.com, BarnesAndNoble.com, law bookstores and other outlets.
All religions make statements about God or the Absolute and about "the beginning": about the beginning of the world and the beginning and nature of the human person. Propositions about God, the human person, and the world, statements about God's eternity or process of becoming, about the status and nature of the human person as the "image of God", and about the beginning of the world are woven into "religious speculations about the beginning". The theology, anthropology, and cosmology of the world religions determine the image of the human person and the image of the world in the world cultures shaped by the different religions. They stand in a tense relationship with the anthropologies and cosmologies of modern science, which in turn challenge the religions to deepen their image of the human person. With this volume leading thinkers of Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam provide the reader with a first-hand source for understanding the five world religions and their teaching about God, the human person, and the origin of the world.
The past century of labor was definitively captured by theories like Fordism and Taylorism, or scientific managment, but how do we make sense of global production today? This short book takes a panoramic view of the candidates for the most succinct theory of the 21st century division of labor, including post-Fordism, flexible accumulation, McDonaldization, Waltonism, Nikeification, Gatesism and Siliconism, shareholder value, and lean production and Toyotism. Authors Thomas Janoski and Darina Lepadatu argue that lean production in a somewhat expanded version presents three variations: Toyotism (the strongest form), Nikeification (a moderate form with off-shored plants lacking teamwork) and Waltonism (the merchandising form that presses for off-shoring). While all three share strong elements of "just in time" (JIT) production and supply chain management, they differ in how teamwork and long-term philosophies are valued. This critical review of dominant established theories serves to inform subsequent research on the contemporary international division of labor.