Religion

Understanding Fundamentalism

Christian, Islamic, and Jewish Movements

Author: Richard T. Antoun

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742562097

Category: Religion

Page: 191

View: 1936

The second edition of Understanding Fundamentalism provides a compelling and up to date picture of religious reactions against the modern secular world. Comparing Christian, Islamic, and Jewish fundamentalist movements, anthropologist Richard Antoun shows how all three share common characteristics. The new edition addresses fundamentalism in the post-9/11 world, transnational religion, and the impact of religious migration on Afghanistan and Western Europe.
Religion

Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism

Author: George Marsden

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802805393

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 4061

In this historical overview of American fundamentalism and evangelicalism, Marsden provides an introduction to these growing religious movements and a deeper analysis of two themes that have been especially prominent and controversial in these traditions--views of science and views of politics.
Social Science

Understanding Muslim Identity

Rethinking Fundamentalism

Author: G. Marranci

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230594395

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 7544

In this timely book, Marranci critically surveys the available theories on Islamic fundamentalism and extremism. Rejecting essentialism and cultural reductionism, the book suggests that identity and emotion play an essential role in the phenomenon that has been called fundamentalism.
Psychology

The Psychology of Religious Fundamentalism

Author: Peter C. Hill,William Paul Williamson

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781593851507

Category: Psychology

Page: 247

View: 9884

"This book presents an innovative psychological framework for understanding religious fundamentalism. Blending extensive research and incisive analysis, the highly regarded authors distinguish fundamentalist traditions from other faith-based groups and illuminate the thinking and behavior of believers. Offering respectful, historically informed examinations of several major fundamentalist groups, the volume challenges many commonly held stereotypes. In the process, it stakes out important new terrain for the psychological study of religion" -- BOOK JACKET.
Religion

"Fundamentalism" and the Word of God

Author: J. I. Packer

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802811479

Category: Religion

Page: 191

View: 1968

"Fundamentalism" is just a twentieth-century name for historic Evangelicalism, says Packer. In this constructive restatement of evangelical principles, he shows what Fundamentalism is and goes on on discuss the basic question dividing Fundamentalists and their critics--the authority of Scripture.
Social Science

Fundamentalism and American Culture

Author: George M. Marsden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199741120

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 5963

Many American's today are taking note of the surprisingly strong political force that is the religious right. Controversial decisions by the government are met with hundreds of lobbyists, millions of dollars of advertising spending, and a powerful grassroots response. How has the fundamentalist movement managed to resist the pressures of the scientific community and the draw of modern popular culture to hold on to their ultra-conservative Christian views? Understanding the movement's history is key to answering this question. Fundamentalism and American Culture has long been considered a classic in religious history, and to this day remains unsurpassed. Now available in a new edition, this highly regarded analysis takes us through the full history of the origin and direction of one of America's most influential religious movements. For Marsden, fundamentalists are not just religious conservatives; they are conservatives who are willing to take a stand and to fight. In Marsden's words (borrowed by Jerry Falwell), "a fundamentalist is an evangelical who is angry about something." In the late nineteenth century American Protestantism was gradually dividing between liberals who were accepting new scientific and higher critical views that contradicted the Bible and defenders of the more traditional evangelicalism. By the 1920s a full-fledged "fundamentalist" movement had developed in protest against theological changes in the churches and changing mores in the culture. Building on networks of evangelists, Bible conferences, Bible institutes, and missions agencies, fundamentalists coalesced into a major protest movement that proved to have remarkable staying power. For this new edition, a major new chapter compares fundamentalism since the 1970s to the fundamentalism of the 1920s, looking particularly at the extraordinary growth in political emphasis and power of the more recent movement. Never has it been more important to understand the history of fundamentalism in our rapidly polarizing nation. Marsen's carefully researched and engrossing work remains the best way to do just that.
Religion

Stories of a Recovering Fundamentalist

Understanding and Responding to Christian Absolutism

Author: James C. Alexander

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1434381323

Category: Religion

Page: 200

View: 1422

This book presents a sound and practical view of the missionary world. Dr. Price leads the reader through each step, from the first urgings we feel as God begins to speak to us, to understanding God's call on our lives, and finally the essentials of getting to the field. In this process, Dr. Price insists on maintaining a healthy relationship with the home church and its leadership. This book will strengthen you, as well as deepen and challenge you as you prepare for missionary service.
Religion

The Battle for God

A History of Fundamentalism

Author: Karen Armstrong

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 0307798607

Category: Religion

Page: 480

View: 2406

BONUS: This edition contains an excerpt from Karen Armstrong's Twelve Steps to a Compassionate Life. In the late twentieth century, fundamentalism has emerged as one of the most powerful forces at work in the world, contesting the dominance of modern secular values and threatening peace and harmony around the globe. Yet it remains incomprehensible to a large number of people. In The Battle for God, Karen Armstrong brilliantly and sympathetically shows us how and why fundamentalist groups came into existence and what they yearn to accomplish. We see the West in the sixteenth century beginning to create an entirely new kind of civilization, which brought in its wake change in every aspect of life -- often painful and violent, even if liberating. Armstrong argues that one of the things that changed most was religion. People could no longer think about or experience the divine in the same way; they had to develop new forms of faith to fit their new circumstances. Armstrong characterizes fundamentalism as one of these new ways of being religious that have emerged in every major faith tradition. Focusing on Protestant fundamentalism in the United States, Jewish fundamentalism in Israel, and Muslim fundamentalism in Egypt and Iran, she examines the ways in which these movements, while not monolithic, have each sprung from a dread of modernity -- often in response to assault (sometimes unwitting, sometimes intentional) by the mainstream society. Armstrong sees fundamentalist groups as complex, innovative, and modern -- rather than as throwbacks to the past -- but contends that they have failed in religious terms. Maintaining that fundamentalism often exists in symbiotic relationship with an aggressive modernity, each impelling the other on to greater excess, she suggests compassion as a way to defuse what is now an intensifying conflict.
Religion

Christian Fundamentalism in America

A Cultural History

Author: David S. New

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786490985

Category: Religion

Page: 265

View: 8007

"This book examines the history of conservative American Christianity as it interacts with liberal beliefs. With the Enlightenment, the Puritan sense of mission faded, but was rekindled with the Great Awakening. It is history with a human touch, emphasizing personalities from Jonathan Edwards and William Jennings Bryan to David Koresh and Jim Jones"--Provided by publisher.
Fiction

The Reluctant Fundamentalist

Author: Mohsin Hamid

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780156033121

Category: Fiction

Page: 192

View: 2364

Now a major motion picture Short-listed for the Man Booker Prize A New York Times bestseller A Washington Post and San Francisco Chronicle Best Book of the Year A New York Times Notable Book “Extreme times call for extreme reactions, extreme writing. Hamid has done something extraordinary with this novel.”—Washington Post “One of those achingly assured novels that makes you happy to be a reader.”—Junot Diaz “Brief, charming, and quietly furious . . . a resounding success.”—Village Voice At a café table in Lahore, a bearded Pakistani man converses with an uneasy American stranger. As dusk deepens to night, he begins the tale that has brought them to this fateful encounter . . . Changez is living an immigrant’s dream of America. At the top of his class at Princeton, he is snapped up by an elite valuation firm. He thrives on the energy of New York, and his budding romance with elegant, beautiful Erica promises entry into Manhattan society at the same exalted level once occupied by his own family back in Lahore. But in the wake of September 11, Changez finds his position in his adopted city suddenly overturned, and his relationship with Erica shifting. And Changez’s own identity is in seismic shift as well, unearthing allegiances more fundamental than money, power, and maybe even love.
Psychology

Religious Fundamentalism and Social Identity

Author: Peter Herriot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317724100

Category: Psychology

Page: 144

View: 5429

The attacks on the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon in the United States of September 11th, 2001 brought the phenomenon of religious fundamentalism to the world's attention.Sociological research has clearly demonstrated that fundamentalists are primarily reacting against modernity, and believe that they are fighting for the very survival of their faith against the secular enemy. But we understand very little about how and why people join fundamentalist movements and embrace a set of beliefs, values and norms of behaviour which are counter-cultural. This is essentially a question for social psychology, since it involves both social relations and individual selves. Drawing on a broad theoretical perspective, social identity theory, Peter Herriot addresses two key questions: why do fundamentalists identify themselves as an in-group fighting against various out-groups? And how do the psychological needs for self-esteem and meaning motivate them? Case studies of Mohammed Atta, the leader of the 9/11 hijackers, and of the current controversy in the Anglican Church about gay priests and bishops, demonstrate how fruitfully this theory can be applied to fundamentalist conflicts. It also offers psychologically sensible ways of managing such conflicts, rather than treating fundamentalists as an enemy to be defeated. Religious Fundamentalism and Social Identity is unique in applying social identity theory to fundamentalism, and rare in that it provides psychological (in addition to sociological) analyses of the phenomenon. It is a valuable resource for courses in social psychology which seek to demonstrate the applicability of social psychological theory to the real world.
Political Science

Understanding Islamic Fundamentalism

The Theological and Ideological Basis of Al-Qa'ida's Political Tactics

Author: Sayed Khatab

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9774164997

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 5116

Beginning with an examination of medieval Islamic fundamentalist movements such as Kharjism, Ibadism, Hanbalism, and Wahhabism, Sayed Khatab looks at the similarities and differences between them and present organizations such as al-Qa'ida. It may be surprising that many of the radical narratives embraced by modern groups have not emerged recently. Identifying these roots can lead to a better understanding of al-Qa'ida's theological and intellectual narratives, and how they effectively indoctrinate youths and attract many of them to violent acts of terrorism. The book then focuses on al-Qa'ida's theology, ideology, and tactics; the geographic contours and implications of al-Qa'ida's political strategy in relation to the western and eastern countries which are considered enemy states; the impending clash of cultures; and the ideological war within al-Qa'ida. Innovative in its concept, examining political Islamic thought from a historical to a contemporary perspective, Islamic Fundamentalism generates new understanding of the many complexities of political Islam, and the role of violence and terrorism.
Religion

Reforming Fundamentalism

Fuller Seminary and the New Evangelicalism

Author: George M. Marsden

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802808707

Category: Religion

Page: 319

View: 3002

The story of the first twenty years of Fuller Seminary, recounted in Reforming Fundamentalism, tells of how these high aspirations clashed with the realities of American cultural and intellectual life and especially with the realities of American evangelicalism. Moreover, these conflicts were refracted through the institution's intriguing personalities--often with dramatic and in a sense tragic outcomes.
Biography & Autobiography

My [email protected]

How Fundamentalism Stole My Mind---and Doubt Freed My Soul

Author: Amir Ahmad Nasr

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1250016487

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 1475

Amir Ahmad Nasr is a young Muslim man with something explosive in his hands: a computer connected to the Internet. And it has the power to help ignite a revolution and blow apart the structures of ignorance and politicized indoctrination that too often still imprison the Muslim mind. Part memoir, part passionate call for liberty, reason and doing work that matters, My [email protected] tells the tale of how the internet opened the eyes and heart of a once fearful young Muslim to a world beyond the dogmatism of his upbringing, and recounts his transformation into a defiant digital activist. In his honest, provocative, and courageous debut, Nasr–a popular Afro-Arab Sudanese blogger–steps out from behind the curtain of anonymity and emerges as a voice of a new generation of tech-savvy liberal Muslims. Set in war-ravaged Sudan, oil-rich Qatar, multi-cultural Malaysia, the United States, Turkey and the new frontiers of cyberspace, My [email protected] is a fascinating prelude to the Arab Spring and a disarming and uplifting tale of doubt, soul-searching, Islam, and finding freedom in the Middle East and the rest of the Muslim world. A poignant, honest, and uplifting memoir of how blogging and the internet opened the eyes and heart of one young Muslim man to a world beyond his religious fundamentalist upbringing.
Religion

Biblical Fundamentalism

What Every Catholic Should Know

Author: Ronald D. Witherup

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 9780814627228

Category: Religion

Page: 90

View: 4587

One of the most significant changes initiated by the Second Vatican Council was the direct encouragement for Catholics to rediscover the Bible. Unfortunately, education has lagged behind Catholic interest in exploring the Bible and its mysteries. Consequently, vital questions, including how to read and interpret the Bible, remain unanswered for many Christians. In Biblical Fundamentalism, Father Ronald Witherup offers Catholics a guide to the questions that arise when they desire to use ?the good book? in their personal lives. Father Witherup provides an overview of the origins, history, basic tenets, and problems with biblical fundamentalism and its influence in contemporary culture. He summarizes Catholic teaching on the Bible and points out both the strengths and the weaknesses in the fundamentalist approach to the Bible. He also provides a concise but thorough response to questions that Catholics have about fundamentalism and discusses resources for further study. Biblical Fundamentalism is divided into five chapters. The first chapter explains the historical origins of Christian biblical fundamentalism and why it is a uniquely American phenomenon. The second chapter outlines the main tenets of fundamentalist faith and how it approached the Bible. The third chapter does the same for the Catholic faith. The fourth chapter explores why biblical fundamentalism is attractive in our day and offers a critique of it. Finally, the fifth chapter imparts some practical advice about how to fashion a sensible (and courteous) Catholic response to fundamentalism. Chapters are ?The Origins of Biblical Fundamentalism,? ?Bible Basics: A Fundamentalist Approach to the Bible,? ?Bible Basics: A Catholic Approach to the Bible,? ?Evaluating Fundamentalism,? and ?A Catholic Response to Fundamentalism.??This is a very helpful and appropriate work for anyone living in our pluralistic society.? Liguorian?... you distill down top-notch contemporary scholarship into a readable and easily-digestible form, appropriate for parish groups or introductory college classes.? Murray Watson Pontificio Collegio Canadese Rome, Italy?There are few pastoral resources that could be more welcome than this. Anyone who has had to deal with biblical fundamentalism?in their parish, in their family, or at the office?will be grateful for this thorough, thoughtful, and pastorally sensitive approach to the issue. Catholic readers will find here what fundamentalism entails, how it differs from Catholic teaching, and ways to deal in a Christian spirit with fundamentalists themselves.? Donald Senior, C.P. President Catholic Theological Union?Here is a clearly written volume that summarizes what every Catholic needs to know about fundamentalism and the Bible. Those who read it appreciate anew the genius of Catholicism and its interpretation of the Bible.? Frank J. Matera Professor of New Testament The Catholic University of America?This is an important book. Father Witherup offers all interested Christians, especially Roman Catholics, a much needed, readable, intelligible, intelligent, and reliable study of biblical fundamentalism. Readers will learn much, so that they will understand how to evaluate and know how to relate to this kind of religious attitude in its multiple manifestations. This study is particularly helpful for those who are interested in serious study of Scripture.? Marion L. Soards Professor of New Testament Studies Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary Louisville, Kentucky?With knowledge, insight, and pastoral sensitivity, Witherup explains what biblical fundamentalists and Roman Catholics believe?where they agree and where they differ.... He invites Catholics to discover a more dynamic biblical faith within their own tradition, demonstrating how for them, too, the Bible can come alive in ways that are relevant for their daily lives.? Mark Allan Powell Trinity Lutheran Seminary Columbus, Ohio?Biblical fundamentalism poses a real threat to Roman Catholics and their view of the Scriptures. With the learning and good judgment that comes from serious study and wide experience, Fr. Witherup responds to the threat and exposes the inadequacies of fundamentalism. His real interest, however, is in showing Catholics how to read the Bible in the traditional Christian way, a way that engages their interest and deepens their faith. I highly recommend this book.? Richard J. Clifford, S.J. Professor of Bible Weston Jesuit School of Theology?At a time when literal interpretations of the Scriptures have become a significant part of contemporary social culture, Witherup provides Catholics with answers to many of the questions posed by evangelical fundamentalism. Through his primary focus is biblical interpretation, he offers a fine summary of various manifestations of religious fundamentalism. In addition to his clear explanation of this complex and challenging phenomenon, he suggests both ?do?s? and ?don?ts? for dealing with it. Witherup?s honest and insightful treatment is both informative and pastoral in its implications. It should lay to rest the concerns of many even as it stimulates their interests.? Dianne Bergant, C.S.A. Professor of Old Testament Studies Catholic Theological Union
Religion

Stealing Jesus

How Fundamentalism Betrays Christianity

Author: Bruce Bawer

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 0609802224

Category: Religion

Page: 340

View: 5443

Explores the dangerous influence of fundamentalism on Christianity, explaining how the emphasis on judgment and lack of compassion and understanding are at odds with the teaching of Christ
Social Science

Islamic Fundamentalism: An Introduction, 3rd Edition

An Introduction, Third Edition

Author: Lawrence Davidson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440829446

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 9927

This review of the evolution of Islamic fundamentalism and Western-Muslim relations—from the events of September 11, 2001, to the present day—offers insight into the movement's historical roots and growing contemporary influence. • Compares fundamentalism in Iran and Saudi Arabia • Features short biographies of prominent Islamists • Considers provocative issues such as Islam and democracy, and women's role in Muslim society
Fiction

Fed Up With Fundamentalism

A Historical, Theological, and Personal Appraisal of Christian Fundamentalism

Author: Seat Leroy

Publisher: 4 L Publications

ISBN: 9781595268594

Category: Fiction

Page: 283

View: 1331

Forthrightly, but without rancor, this text elucidates the major weaknesses of and problems with Christian fundamentalism without condemning or rejecting fundamentalism. (Christian)
History

Antifundamentalism in Modern America

Author: David Harrington Watt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501708538

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 4741

David Harrington Watt's Antifundamentalism in Modern America gives us a pathbreaking account of the role that the fear of fundamentalism has played—and continues to play—in American culture. Fundamentalism has never been a neutral category of analysis, and Watt scrutinizes the various political purposes that the concept has been made to serve. In 1920, the conservative Baptist writer Curtis Lee Laws coined the word "fundamentalists." Watt examines the antifundamentalist polemics of Harry Emerson Fosdick, Talcott Parsons, Stanley Kramer, and Richard Hofstadter, which convinced many Americans that religious fundamentalists were almost by definition backward, intolerant, and anti-intellectual and that fundamentalism was a dangerous form of religion that had no legitimate place in the modern world. For almost fifty years, the concept of fundamentalism was linked almost exclusively to Protestant Christians. The overthrow of the Shah of Iran and the establishment of an Islamic republic led to a more elastic understanding of the nature of fundamentalism. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Americans became accustomed to using fundamentalism as a way of talking about Muslims, Jews, Hindus, Sikhs, and Buddhists, as well as Christians. Many Americans came to see Protestant fundamentalism as an expression of a larger phenomenon that was wreaking havoc all over the world. Antifundamentalism in Modern America is the first book to provide an overview of the way that the fear of fundamentalism has shaped U.S. culture, and it will lead readers to rethink their understanding of what fundamentalism is and what it does.
Religion

Revive Us Again

The Reawakening of American Fundamentalism

Author: Joel A. Carpenter

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195129075

Category: Religion

Page: 335

View: 5174

Skillfully blending painstaking research, telling anecdotes, and astute analysis, Carpenter - a scholar who has spent twenty years studying American evangelicalism reveals that, contrary to the popular opinion of the day, fundamentalism was alive and well in America in the late 1920s, and used its isolation over the next two decades to build new strength from within. The book describes how fundamentalists developed a pervasive network of organizations outside of the church setting and quietly strengthened the movement by creating their own schools and oragnizations, may of which are prominent today, including Fuller Theological Seminary and the publishing and radio enterprises of the Moody Bible Institute. Fundamentalists also used youth movements, missionary work and, perhaps most significantly, the burgeoning mass media industry to spread their message, especially through the powerful new medium of radio. Indeed, starting locally and growing to national broadcasts, evangelical preachers reached millions of listeners over the airwaves, in much the same way evangelists preach through television today. All this activity received no publicity outside of fundamentalist channels until Billy Graham burst on the scene in 1949. Carpenter vividly recounts how the charismatic preacher began packing stadiums with tens of thousands of listeners daily, drawing fundamentalism firmly back into the American consciousness after twenty years of public indifference. Alongside this vibrant history, Carpenter also offers many insights into fundamentalism during this period, and he describes many of the heated internal debates over issues of scholarship, separatism, and the role of women in leadership. Perhaps most important, he shows that the movement has never been stagnant or purely reactionary. It is based on an evolving ideology subject to debate, and dissension: a theology that adapts to changing times.